HU OSA 300-1-1 Rome Bureau

Identity statement

Reference code
HU OSA 300-1-1
Title
Rome Bureau
Date(s)
1963 - 1979
Description level
Series
Extent and medium (processed)
21 Archival box, 2.63 linear meters

Content and structure

Scope and Content (Abstract)
Radio Free Europe ran a special information bureau in Rome in order to keep up to date with political and diplomatic developments in the Vatican and in Italy. The bureau collected news agency reports and articles mainly from the Italian press,as well as reports by Western news agencies. Some of the official communiqués of the Vatican can also be found among the documents. The series contains official Vatican press releases, news agency reports and articles from the Italian and English-language press that relate to the diplomatic relationship between the Vatican and Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine and the Soviet Union. The documents of the Synod of Bishops are also filed in this part of the collection. The description of the documents dealing with Vatican-Hungarian affairs is more detailed, and highlights certain developments that deserve special attention. This is due to the unique political conflicts surrounding the Church in Hungary in the post-1956 era. Special focus falls on Cardinal József Mindszenty, archbishop of Esztergom, who took refuge in the U.S. Embassy in Budapest in 1956. The issue of his removal from his official position and his subsequent fate caused lasting diplomatic tension between the U.S. and Hungary as well as between Hungary and the Vatican. Press documents, mostly articles and reports from the Italian press cover the activities of the Red Brigades, the violent extreme left-wing terrorist group in Italy, and political developments within and around the Italian Communist Party. Special attention was devoted to the PCI-Soviet relationship. Press and court documents relate to and cover the attempted assassination of John Paul II by an assailant of Turkish origin, Ali Agca, in 1981. The documents are divided into three sections. Italian and English press documents on the attack itself, subsequent events and the trial of Ali Agca. Press reports and articles, mainly from the Italian press, that cover the supposed involvement of the Bulgarian secret service in the attack and press reports on the trial of the alleged Bulgarian secret agent Antonov and his accomplices and records of the verdict of the Tribunal in Rome that tried Antonov`s case. Documents collected by the RFE Rome Bureau deal with human rights issues in the Soviet Bloc in the light of the agreements of the “third basket" of the 1975 Helsinki Treaty. The documents are divided into two sections: human rights issues in the Soviet Union; and documents related to the second 'Sakharov Hearings’ held in Rome, 26-29, November 1977. The idea of the 'Sakharov Hearings’ emerged soon after the human rights clauses of the Helsinki Treaty were signed in 1975. The hearings followed the pattern of the famous 'Vietnam Hearings’ organized by Bertrand Russell and other influential Western intellectuals roughly a decade earlier, with the intention of uncovering and discussing the alleged war crimes committed by the U.S. Army during the Vietnam war. For the 'Sakharov Hearings’ a committee of prominent intellectuals from the West and the East was set up in order to discuss the violations of the human right clauses of the Helsinki Treaty that took place in the Soviet bloc. The procedure, as in the case of the 'Vietnam Hearings’, took the form of a court trial. The first session of the 'Sakharov Hearings’ took place in Stockholm in 1976, the second session was held in Rome in November 1977. Some of the documents (Human Rights in the Soviet Union) would appear to belong to the first session of the 'Sakharov Hearings’, though this is not explicitly stated. Documents from the second session in Rome were collected and filed by the RFE Rome Bureau. The Commission used reports (Documents) as well as testimonies (Witnesses, Testimonianze), which are filed separately.
Accruals

Not expected

Conditions of access and use

Conditions governing access
Unknown
Languages
English, Italian
Call Number Description
Archival boxes #1
300-1-1:1/1
Vatican – Hungary: Bishops Endre Havas and Pál Brezanóczy visit to Rome for the coronation of Pope Paul VI., 1963
300-1-1:1/2
Vatican – Hungary: An analysis of the agreement between the Holy See and the Hungarian Government (Az Apostoli Szentszék és a magyar kormány által aláírt okmányok tartalma és jelentősége), 1964
300-1-1:1/3
Vatican – Hungary: Hungarian prelates visit to Rome, 1965
300-1-1:1/4
Vatican – Hungary: Diplomatic Relationship, 1966
300-1-1:1/5
Vatican – Hungary: Resignation of Hungarian bishops, 1967
300-1-1:1/6
Vatican – Hungary: Gyula Dér visits Rome, 1967
300-1-1:1/7
Vatican – Hungarian relations, 1967
300-1-1:1/8
Vatican – Hungary, general: Renewal of Talks, 1968
300-1-1:1/9
Nomination of Hungarian bishops, 1969
300-1-1:1/10
Vatican – Hungarian relations, 1969
300-1-1:1/11
Persecution of Hungarian priests, 1965 - 1967
300-1-1:1/12
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1970
300-1-1:1/13
János Péter, Hungarian foreign minister in Rome, 1971
300-1-1:1/14
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1971
300-1-1:1/15
Hungarian pilgrimage in Rome, 1972
300-1-1:1/16
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1972
300-1-1:1/17
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1973
300-1-1:1/18
Removal of Cardinal József Mindszenty, archbishop of Esztergom, 1974
300-1-1:1/19
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1974
300-1-1:1/20
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1975
300-1-1:1/21
Appointment of János Lékai, new Hungarian archbishop of Esztergom, 1976
300-1-1:1/22
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1976
Archival boxes #2
300-1-1:2/1
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1977
300-1-1:2/2
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1978
300-1-1:2/3
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1979
300-1-1:2/4
Vatican – Hungary, general, 1980
300-1-1:2/5
Vatican – Hungary: Cardinal József Mindszenty, 1963 - 1969
300-1-1:2/6
Vatican – Hungary: Cardinal József Mindszenty, 1970 - 1974
Archival boxes #3
300-1-1:3/1
Vatican – Poland, 1973
300-1-1:3/2
Vatican – Poland, 1974
300-1-1:3/3
Vatican – Poland, 1975
300-1-1:3/4
Vatican – Poland, 1976
300-1-1:3/5
Vatican – Poland, 1977
300-1-1:3/6
Vatican – Poland, 1978
300-1-1:3/7
Vatican – Poland, 1979
Archival boxes #4
300-1-1:4/1
Vatican – Poland, 1980
300-1-1:4/2
Vatican – Poland, 1981
300-1-1:4/3
Vatican – Poland, 1982
300-1-1:4/4
Vatican – Poland, 1983
Archival boxes #5
300-1-1:5/1
Vatican – Poland, 1984
300-1-1:5/2
Vatican – Poland, 1985
300-1-1:5/3
Vatican – Poland, 1986
Archival boxes #6
300-1-1:6/1
Vatican – ČSSR, 1970 - 1972
300-1-1:6/2
Vatican – ČSSR, 1973 - 1974
300-1-1:6/3
Vatican – ČSSR, 1975 - 1976
300-1-1:6/4
Vatican – ČSSR, 1977 - 1978
300-1-1:6/5
Vatican – ČSSR, 1979 - 1980
Archival boxes #7
300-1-1:7/1
Vatican – ČSSR, 1981 - 1982
300-1-1:7/2
Vatican – ČSSR, 1983
300-1-1:7/3
Vatican – ČSSR, 1984
300-1-1:7/4
Vatican – ČSSR, 1985
Archival boxes #8
300-1-1:8/1
Vatican – Ukraine, 1969 - 1980
300-1-1:8/2
Vatican – Ukraine, 1981 - 1985
300-1-1:8/3
Vatican – Ukraine, 1986 - 1987
300-1-1:8/4
Vatican – Ukraine, 1988
Archival boxes #9
300-1-1:9/1
Vatican – Soviet Union, 1967 - 1980
300-1-1:9/2
Vatican – Soviet Union, 1981 - 1987
300-1-1:9/3
Vatican – Soviet Union, 1987 - 1988
Archival boxes #10
300-1-1:10/1
Synod of Bishops, 1974
300-1-1:10/2
Synod of Bishops, 1975
300-1-1:10/3
Synod of Bishops, 1985
Archival boxes #11
300-1-1:11/1
Italian Extreme Left, 1971 - 1977
300-1-1:11/2
Italian Extreme Left, 1978 - 1979
300-1-1:11/3
Italian Extreme Left, 1980
Archival boxes #12
300-1-1:12/1
Italian Extreme Left, 1981
300-1-1:12/2
Italian Extreme Left, 1981
300-1-1:12/3
Italian Extreme Left, 1981
300-1-1:12/4
Italian Extreme Left, 1981
300-1-1:12/5
Italian Extreme Left, 1982
300-1-1:12/6
Italian Extreme Left, 1982
Archival boxes #13
300-1-1:13/1
Italian Communist Party, 1962 - 1967
300-1-1:13/2
Italian Communist Party, 1968 - 1969
300-1-1:13/3
Italian Communist Party, 1970 - 1976
300-1-1:13/4
Italian Communist Party, 1977 - 1984
Archival boxes #14
300-1-1:14/1
Italian Communist Party and the Soviet Union, 1969 - 1972
300-1-1:14/2
Italian Communist Party and the Soviet Union, 1973 - 1975
300-1-1:14/3
Italian Communist Party and the Soviet Union, 1976
300-1-1:14/4
Italian Communist Party and the Soviet Union, 1977
300-1-1:14/5
Italian Communist Party and the Soviet Union, 1978 - 1979
300-1-1:14/6
Italian Communist Party and the Soviet Union, 1980 - 1982
Archival boxes #15
300-1-1:15/1
Papal Assault, 1981-05
300-1-1:15/2
Papal Assault: Ali Agca`s Trial, 1981-07
300-1-1:15/3
Papal Assault, 1982
300-1-1:15/4
Papal Assault, 1983-01
300-1-1:15/5
Papal Assault, 1983-06
Archival boxes #16
300-1-1:16/1
Papal Assault: Bulgarian connection, 1984
300-1-1:16/2
Papal Assault: Bulgarian connection, 1984
300-1-1:16/3
Papal Assault: Bulgarian connection, 1985-01
Archival boxes #17
300-1-1:17/1
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial, 1985-05
300-1-1:17/2
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial, 1986-06
300-1-1:17/3
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial, 1985-09
300-1-1:17/4
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial, 1986-01
Archival boxes #18
300-1-1:18/1
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Content, 1986
300-1-1:18/2
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 1-100, 1986
300-1-1:18/3
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 101-200, 1986
300-1-1:18/4
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 201-300, 1986
300-1-1:18/5
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 301-400, 1986
300-1-1:18/6
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 401-500, 1986
300-1-1:18/7
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 501-640, 1986
Archival boxes #19
300-1-1:19/1
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 641-746, 1986
300-1-1:19/2
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 747-855 (Pages from 856 to 882 are missing.), 1986
300-1-1:19/3
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 883-1022, 1986
300-1-1:19/4
Papal Assault: Antonov`s trial. Records of the Tribune of Rome: Text of the verdict, pp. 1023-1243, 1986
Archival boxes #20
300-1-1:20/1
Human Rights in the Soviet Union: Dissidents in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Press materials. (Solzhenitsyn's and Sakharov`s statements., 1973 - 1975
300-1-1:20/2
Human Rights in the Soviet Union: Dissidents in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Press materials. (Solzhenitsyn's and Sakharov`s statements., 1976 - 1978
300-1-1:20/3
Human Rights in the Soviet Union: Documents from Estonia on the violation of human rights. Stockholm, 1977
300-1-1:20/4
Human Rights: Valentyn Moros: Biography and Statements, 1979
300-1-1:20/5
Human Rights in the Soviet Union: Yurij Orlov`s nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize, 1977
300-1-1:20/6
Human Rights in the Soviet Union: Valentyn Moroz: Instead of a Final Statement. Booklet. 1978 Valentyn Moroz`s speeches and public statements, 1979
Archival boxes #21
300-1-1:21/1
Sakharov Hearings: Introduction, content, 1977
300-1-1:21/2
Sakharov Hearings: Sakharov`s message to the Organisational Committee, 1977
300-1-1:21/3
Sakharov Hearings: Simon Wiesenthal`s address to the committee, 1977
300-1-1:21/4
Sakharov Hearings: Message from Alexander Solzhenitsyn to the committee, 1977
300-1-1:21/5
Sakharov Hearings: Principles, 1977
300-1-1:21/6
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: Orlov`s defence, 1977
300-1-1:21/7
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: The Group to Promote the Observance of the Helsinki Agreements in the USSR, 1977
[Christmas repressions in the USSR; On the abuse of Psychiatric Hospitals; Flagrant violation of National Minorities; Emmigrate for religious reasons; Emilia Ilina`s struggle; About prisoners of conscience]
300-1-1:21/8
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: The gravest violations of human rights in GDR, 1977
300-1-1:21/9
Sakharov Hearings: Documents (In Italian): Il gruppo di intervento per l` attuazione degli accordi di Helsinki, 1977
[La formazione del gruppo; Ai capi di governo; Ai governi di partecipanti; Il sistema degli Ostaggi; Documento riassuntivo; Una scelta di lettera ricevute; Doc. n. 9. Dichiarazione del gruppo; Note generali ai documenti n. 11 e 14; Document n. 12. I profughi dell` Ucraina; Doc n. 14. La battaglia di Emilija Il`ina; Doc n. 20. Violazione dei diritti … all` emigrazione]
300-1-1:21/10
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: Il gruppo ucraino di intervento …, 1977
[La formazione del gruppo; Memorandum n. 1. Influenza della conferenza Europea; Memorandum n. 4. Le nuove repressioni in Ucraina; Memorandum n. 9. La incredibile violazione … – processuale nel caso di M. Rudenko;]
300-1-1:21/11
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: Il gruppo lituano di intervento…, 1977
[- Document n. 2. Document n. 2; Document n. 5]
300-1-1:21/12
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: Open letters/Lettera aperta, 1977
[Lettera aperta al signor Harry Bridges; Lettera aperta da Seryj Leonid Mihalovic al Leonid Brezhnev; Lettre ouverte du Pere Marian Wisniewski au Edmund Gierek]
300-1-1:21/13
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: La sentenza di Monastyrskij, 1977
300-1-1:21/14
Sakharov Hearings: Documents: Commissione di lavoro di indagine sull` uso della psichiatria a fini politici, 1977
300-1-1:21/15
Sakharov Hearings: Witnesses, 1977
[Deposition of Ljudmilla Alekseeva, Ivan Bunar, Edmund Hulsz, Jaroslav Kraje, Lyudmil Minev, Serge Pirogov, Alexi Stankov Popov]
300-1-1:21/16
Sakharov Hearings: Testimonianze, 1977
[Ivan Binar, Nina Ivanovna Bukovskaja, Vassil Christov Koujouharov, Jan Lestinsky, Kronid Ljubarskij, Helmuth Nitsche, Riassunto della deposizione di Leonid Pljushch, A. Rozanskij, Adam Rosenbush, Virgil Tanase, Dumitru Tsenepag]