HU OSA 331-0-2 Interviews with Chernobyl survivors

Identity statement

Reference code
HU OSA 331-0-2
Title
Interviews with Chernobyl survivors
Date(s)
1996
Description level
Series
Extent and medium (processed)
14 VHS, 0.35 linear meters
Total: 0.35 linear meters

Content and structure

Scope and Content (Narrative)
44 hours of video interviews entitled the “Living Voices of Chernobyl" were conducted by journalists Svetlana Alexievich and Tatiana Loginova. Among interviewees are local scientists, engineers, Communist Party officials, priests, politicians, mothers of children with leukemia, medical radiologists, immigrants, and others from the "zone." Of particular value are the interviews with Vasilii Nesterneko, former director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Belarus Academy of Sciences, who describes the impotence and hypocrisy of the Soviet authorities following the Chernobyl explosion. Also important are interviews with leading Belarus scientists about the dangers of Chernobyl and the strategies for confronting the various effects of the disaster. Doctors’ accounts are likewise informative. The interviews also document the nature of the decontamination work, peoples’ ignorance about radiation, and daily life after the explosion when people remained uninformed about the events at Chernobyl.
Accruals

Not expected

Conditions of access and use

Conditions governing access
Open to the public.
Conditions governing reproduction
Copyright held by the interviewers.
Languages
Russian, Belarusian

Allied materials

Related Units
HU OSA 331-0 2 Interviews with Chernobyl survivors

Description control

Description notes
Processed by Marina Nistotskaya (CEU, Political Science PhD) February 2004.
Call Number Description
VHS #1
331-0-2:1/1
Roslava, Natal'ia Arsen'evna and Tolstik, Nikolai Nikolaevich (Journalist, former editor-in-chief of 'Mogilevskaia Pravda')
Interview with a chemical engineer and politician about the long-term impact of Chernobyl on individual life-styles and social development in Belarus; erosion of the Soviet way of thinking after the catastrophe; resettlement of the 30 km zone.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995,
331-0-2:1/2
Unidentified journalist; Litin, Aleksandr and Roslava, Natal'ia Arsen'evna
Interview with a former teacher, former Komsonol official, and a photographer about decontamination measures taken by the Communist authorities right after the explosion; social benefits for people affected by radiation; evacuation of the territories most affected by radiation in 1986-1990; public ignorance about the impact of radiation on health; Chernobyl and the West; diminishing of the Chernobyl theme in social discourse in Belarus.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 53 min.
331-0-2:1/3
Nechaeva, Galina Grigor'evna and Nechaev, Ivan Ivanovich
Interview with the director of the Vetka museum of Old Believers' icons and an artist. Description of the artifacts in the museum of Old Believers' icons in Vetka; Chernobyl catastrophe through the prism of the Old Believers' worldview; rich ethnographic description of the Old Believers' culture of the region.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 68 min.
331-0-2:1/4
Miadelko, Mikhail
Interview with an Orthodox priest about church under the Communist rule.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 27 min.
VHS #2
331-0-2:2/1
Ivanov, Vladimir Matveevich
Interview with a former first secretary of the Slavgorod regional committee of the Communist Party of the USSR about the ambiguous impact of radiation on health; evacuation of people from the most affected areas as a major strategy of the authorities to combat the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe; burial grounds for contaminated materials and subjects; personal history; evaluation of Chernobyl-related decisions taken by the central Soviet and regional governments.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996,
331-0-2:2/2
Litovchenko, Galina Grigor'evna
Interview with an engineer-radiologist about the Chernobyl-related activities of the radiological laboratory where she worked at the end of the 1980s; public ignorance the impact of radiation on health.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 18 min.
331-0-2:2/3
Zhitkov, Ivan Nikolaevich
Interview with an engineer and chemist-decontaminator about the mobilization of reservists in June 1986; description and evaluation of decontamination work performed by reservists; living conditions and regime of reservists in camps; health and psychological states of reservists; behavior of reservists from different republics of the USSR.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 60 min.
331-0-2:2/4
Unidentified teacher of music; Roslava, Natal'ia Arsen'evna and Zhitkov, Ivan Nikolaevich
Interview with an engineer-chemist and a politician About individual protective measures taken by people against radiation; a discussion on what to remember Chernobyl for.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 27 min.
331-0-2:2/5
Studnik, Gennadii Vital'evich
Interview with an editor at Mogilev TV about the coverage of Chernobyl events in the Soviet media; journalists and authorities; censorship; Chernobyl and the dissolution of the USSR; Chernobyl as a topic in contemporary journalism.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 21 min.
331-0-2:2/6
Roslava, Natal'ia Arsen'evna
Interview with an engineer-chemist and politician about the Humanitarian aid from the West.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 7 min.
331-0-2:2/7
[1/2] Gotovchits, Anatolii
Interview with a journalist about censorship in the coverage of Chernobyl events in the Soviet media; evacuation from the 30-km zone and unwillingness of people to leave their residences; about local and regional officials who evacuated their own families and took individual protective measures against radiation while the general public remained uninformed and unprotected.
raw material, Belarusian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 28 min.
VHS #3
331-0-2:3/1
[2/2] Gotovchits, Anatolii
Interview with a journalist about individual protective measures against radiation; psychological inability of people to cope with the Chernobyl-related problems; the place of Chernobyl in contemporary Belarus journalism and literature; Chernobyl and Belarus independence.
raw material, Belarusian language, Date of Production: 1996,
331-0-2:3/2
Unidentified Pediatrician
Interview about the impact of radiation and ecological factors on the incidence of cancer among children; results of the treatment of leukemia; social adaptation of children with cancer.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 14 min.
331-0-2:3/3
Lavshuk, Larisa Aleksandrovn and Egorova, Lubov' Mikhaiilovna
Interview with the mothers of children with leukemia about medical treatment of children suffering from leukemia; social problems of children with leukemia.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 14 min.
331-0-2:3/4
Iarutskaia, Raisa Ivanovna
Interview with the Head Physician in one of the maternity homes in Mogilev and an unidentified gynecologist about the dynamics and nature of diseases among new-born children in Mogivel; diagnostics and preventive measures in pathological pregnancies; Chernobyl and the growth of genetic diseases in Belarus.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 34 min.
331-0-2:3/5
Shepilo, Igor' Aleksandrovich and Bogaten'ko, Nina Timofeevna
Interview with a pediatrician and a doctor's assistant about the behavior of people during the first weeks after the explosion; the functioning of medical services after the explosion; cancer of the thyroid gland as the only established medical Chernobyl-related pathology in the region; problems with proper nutrition for people affected by radiation; humanitarian aid; treatment of children abroad; child mortality.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 54 min.
VHS #4
331-0-2:4/1
Goncharenko, Grigorii Grigor'evich; Podutov, Vladimir Evgen'evich
Interview with the director, deputy-director, and and several employees of the Gomel' laboratory of molecular genetics about the genetic school of the USSR; suppression of facts about the explosion and its impact on the efficiency of the fight against the consequences of Chernobyl; disagreements among Belarus scientists concerning strategies for combating the consequences of Chernobyl; current research into the Chernobyl-related damage in hereditary genetic material; the growth of mutations and congenital diseases.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996,
331-0-2:4/2
Firsakova, Slava Konstantinovna
Interview with the director of the Gomel' research institute of agricultural radioecology about national sanitary standards; the safety of nuclear energy; the rehabilitation of natural resources in Belarus; major dangers of Chernobyl are in the past; about the evacuation program as an exaggeration; need to combat Chernobyl psychologically; criticism of 'alarmists' scientists.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 79 min.
VHS #5
331-0-2:5/1
Nesterenko, Vasilii Borisovich
Interview with the former director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences, director of the non-governmental institute of radiation safety about his vain attempts to persuade the top officials of the republic to undertake preventive measures and the reaction of the authorities; Chernobyl-related activities of the Institute 1986-1987; evaluation of the current governmental strategies for combating the consequences of Chernobyl; accumulation of strontium as a main danger for health; about the institution of radiation safety.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996,
331-0-2:5/2
Rychkov, Aleksandr
Interview with a sociologist about the Chernobyl catastrophe in the context of the dissolution of the USSR; inability of society and authorities react adequately to threatened catastrophe.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 67 min.
VHS #6
331-0-2:6/1
Kudan, Petr Mikhailovich
Interview with a representative of local authorities about how the local authorities were left uninformed about the explosion; immigration from the former USSR republics to Belarus in the 1990s; current Chernobyl-related tasks for local authorities; coordination of activities between central and local authorities in Soviet times and in Belarus in the 1990s.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995,
331-0-2:6/2
Cherkas, Nikolai Sergeevich
Interview with the director of the experimental state farm of the Belarus Academy of Sciences about cases of fraud and corruption during operations intended to clean up the consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophe
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 14 min.
331-0-2:6/3
Sadchenko, Nikolai Ivanovich and unidentified farmers
About immediate measures taken by the local authorities; cooperation between the region and the Obninsk Institute of agricultural radiology and Minsk dispensary of radiological medicine.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 25 min.
331-0-2:6/4
Aleshina, Valentina Pavlovna
Interveiw with the director of the cheese factory in Khoiniki about the suspension of cheese production on May 2, 1986 due to the Chernobyl accident.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 10 min.
331-0-2:6/5
Shnarevich, Petr Sergeevich
Interview with a forest-guard about changes in flora and fauna after Chernobyl
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 4 min.
331-0-2:6/6
Patarocha, Nina Fedorovna, Patarocha Nikolai Ivanovich and an Unidentified Official
Interview about the evacuation of the family in autumn 1986 and its voluntary return in spring 1988.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 23 min.
331-0-2:6/7
Klavdia Vasil'evna
Interview with a former resident of the 30-km zone about the evacuation, temporary housing and final re-settlement
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 7 min.
VHS #7
331-0-2:7/1
Tsukerman, Mikhail Arkad'evich
Interview with a journalist about immigration from Kyrgyzstan to a region of Belarus affected by radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995,
331-0-2:7/2
The Degovtsev Family
Interview about immigration from Kyrgyzstan to a region of Belarus affected by radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 12 min.
331-0-2:7/3
Gorlov, Dmitrii and Gorlova, Olga
Interview about international strife in Tajikistan; immigration from Tajikistan to a region of Belarus affected by radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 32 min.
331-0-2:7/4
Akhmedova
Interview about immigration from Azerbaijan to a region of Belarus affected by radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 22 min.
331-0-2:7/5
Paliashvili
Interview about immigration from Abkhazia to a region of Belarus affected by radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 16 min.
331-0-2:7/6
Unidentified Family
Interview about immigration from Tajikistan to a region of Belarus affected by radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 28 min.
331-0-2:7/7
Kovalenko, Zinaida Evdokimovna
Interview with a resident of the 30-km zone about evacuation from the worst-affected areas and voluntary return; cases of corruption and fraud during evacuation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 19 min.
331-0-2:7/8
Unidentified Re-settlers
Interview with the former residents of the 30-km zone about living in a village especially built for evacuees from the areas most affected by radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 32 min.
VHS #8
331-0-2:8/1
Verzhbikovskii, Nikolai
Interview with a liquidator about shooting domestic animals in the 30 km zone; about cases of looting.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 32 min.
331-0-2:8/2
Bakhtiiarov, Baurzhan
Interview with a liquidator about being forced to spend his military service for a fixed period in the Belarus in 1986.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 7 min.
331-0-2:8/3
Avramenko, Svetlana
Interview about husband suffering from leucosis.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 18 min.
331-0-2:8/4
Avramenko, Igor'
Interview about farm works in the 30km zone in summer 1986.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 17 min.
331-0-2:8/5
Blin, Kazimir Evgen'evich and Pavlov, Oleg Leonidovich
Interview with a pilot and a helicopter mechanic about air force operations related to cleaning up the consequences of the explosion; ignorance of officers about radiation and uneven effect of radiation on pilots and liquidators; evaluation of the organization of the air force operations.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 55 min.
331-0-2:8/6
Romanchuk, Lidiia Fedorovna
Interview about the family history; about son (liquidator) suffering from leukemia.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 27 min.
VHS #9
331-0-2:9/1
Koryt'ko, Sergeii Sergeevich and Belookaia, Tamara Vasil'evna
Interview with the director of the Institute of Radiation Medicine and a doctor-radiologist about the profile of diseases among the Belarus population; Chernobyl as a complex factor affecting health; resettlement as a risk factor for health; about difficulties in establishing direct causal relationship between radiation and diseases; inability of society successfully to combat the consequences of Chernobyl.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995,
331-0-2:9/2
Loiko, Alla Leonidovna
Interview with a doctor of the Institute of Radiation Medicine about resettlement as a major health risk factor for elderly people; difficulties with the medical treatment of the Institute's patients.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 8 min.
331-0-2:9/3
Unidentified patients of the Institute of Radiation Medicine
Description and evaluation of decontamination work; individual protective measures; cases of looting.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 33 min.
331-0-2:9/4
Lichkovako, Raisa Ivanovna and Belookaia, Tamara Vasil'evna
Interview with a psychiatrist of the Institute of Radiation Medicine and a radiologist about Chernobyl as a complex factor affecting health; examples of psychological disorders; ways of overcoming psychological consequences of Chernobyl.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 31 min.
331-0-2:9/5
Belookaia, Tamara Vasil'evna
Interview with a radiologist and the president of 'Children of Chernobyl' Fund on the current Chernobyl-related government programs; ignorance of the general public and medical specialists about radiation; continuous need to explain the danger of radiation to the general public; Chernobyl and children's health.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 71 min.
VHS #10
331-0-2:10/1
Kolesnikova, Nina Stepanovna and Panasevich, Valentina
Interviews with the liquidators's widows about their families, disease and death of husbands; social benefit for the widows of Chernobyl liquidators.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995,
331-0-2:10/2
Sobolev, Sergei Vasil'evich
Interview with a retired officer, vice-chairman of the NGO 'Shield of Chernobyl' about the organization which helps Belarus liquidators from the army and police forces; inability of the civil and military authorities to organize decontamination in such a way as to protect the liquidators; about firemen who extinguished the blaze at the reactor right after the explosion; about the Ignatenko family; continuing ignorance about radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 47 min.
VHS #11
331-0-2:11/1
Sobolev, Sergei Vasil'evich
Interview with a retired officer and the vice-chairman of the NGO "Shield of Chernobyl" about low levels of individual protection provided for people doing decontamination work; inefficiency of decontamination work due to the fact that it was organized by the Communist authorities instead of professionals; chapel-museum dedicated to those involved in cleaning up after Chernobyl
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995,
VHS #12
331-0-2:12/1
Ignatenko, Tat'iana Pertrovna and Shur, Gertruda
Interview with the mother of fireman Ignatenko and a journalist. Vasilii Ivanovich extinguished the blaze at the reactor. His mother speaks about her son's work for fire brigade in Pripiat'; Vasilii and other firemen being treated at a Moscow hospital; firemen's funeral at Mitino cemetery; the history of the family after the evacuation of the village where they lived.
raw material, Ukrainian language, Date of Production: 1996,
331-0-2:12/2
Sobolev, Sergei Vasil'evich
Interview with a retired officer, vice-chairman of the NGO 'Shield to Chernobyl' about the organization which helps Belarus liquidators from the army and police forces; inability of the civil and military authorities to organize decontamination work in a safe way; about firemen who extinguished the blaze at the reactor right after the explosion; about the Ignatenko family; continuing ignorance about radiation.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 50 min.
VHS #13
331-0-2:13/1
Ignatenko, Ludmila
Interview with the widow of fireman Ignatenko, Vasilii Ivanovich who died on May 13, 1986 about the fire at the nuclear plant; life in Pripiat' during first days after the explosion; the fate of Vasilii and five other firemen who extinguished the blaze at the reactor after the explosion up to their deaths.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 158 min.
VHS #14
331-0-2:14/1
Afanas'ev, Ivan Mikhailovich
Interview with a philologist about Chernobyl as a worldview in contemporary Belarusian literature; why Belarusian literature lacks any worthwhile work about Chernobyl; about existential questions raised by Chernobyl and the degree to which they are understood by Belarus society.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996,
331-0-2:14/2
Gaiko, Irina L'vovna
Interview with a psychologist about the established correlation between cumulative levels of radionucleids and the psychic health of rural children of Belarus; explanation of the Chernobyl catastrophe from the point of view of bioenergetics.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 63 min.
331-0-2:14/3
Char'kov, Nikolai Prohorovich and Char'kova, Nina Konstantinovna
Interview with the teachers about the life of one of the rural schools after the explosion; about unprofessional measures taken and mistakes made by the authorities; evaluation of the national program for the improvement of children's health.
raw material, Russian language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 48 min.