HU OSA 350-4-3 Iraq

Identity statement

Reference code
HU OSA 350-4-3
Title
Iraq
Date(s)
1980 - 2001
Description level
Series
Extent and medium (processed)
165 Beta SP, 4.95 linear meters
2 VHS, 0.05 linear meters

Content and structure

Scope and Content (Abstract)
The Iraq series covers extensively the Persian Gulf War (invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi troops, the U.N.-authorized war waged against Iraq, and the liberation of Kuwait) and the situation of the Kurds in the 1980s and 1990s (Iran–Iraq War, the anti-Kurdish Al-Anfal Campaign, the Kurdish uprising and exodus). A significant part of the collection consists of news reports and television programs broadcast by US, UK and Canadian media (ABC, CBS, CBC, CNN, NBC, PBS), as well as a large number of documentaries. The collection includes rare recordings of the genocide committed against the Iraqi Kurds and brutalities against the Kuwaitis, and reports about Saddam Hussein’s regime including testimonies of victims of torture, and Iraqi state television propaganda.
Accruals

Not expected

Conditions of access and use

Conditions governing access
Open to the public.
Conditions governing reproduction
Copyrights are held by creators/producers (no rights are held by OSA at CEU).
Languages
Arabic, Danish, English, French, German, Japanese, Kurdish, Persian, Turkish
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
167 Beta Tapes (NTSC and PAL)
Call Number Description
Beta SP #1
350-4-3:1/1
Frontline: Saddam's Killing Fields
TV documentary about expat architect and activist Kanan Makiya, who, after 20 years, secretly returns to Iraq to investigate rumors of an official extermination program aimed at the Kurds: the Anfal. Makiya travels from town to town, sifting through documents, audiotapes, and video footage kept for years by the Iraqi secret police and captured by the Kurds in the uprising. The records detail the horrifying scale of the Iraqi state's routine surveillance, torture, and murder.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Date Aired: 1992-03-31, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #2
350-4-3:2/1
[1/3] Frontline: The Gulf War
Part one of a TV documentary that reconstructs the events leading up to the Gulf War, the chronicle of the war itself, and its aftermath. The film portrays the events via first hand accounts by major American players: Generals Schwarzkopf and Powell, President Bush, Brent Scrowcroft, Mid East Advisor Richard Haass, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moshe Arens, Iraqi soldiers, several American advisors and policy makers, Generals Calvin Waller, John Leide, Buster Glossen, Robert Gates, Bernard Trainor, Walter Boomer, Waf iq Sammarai, Chuck Horner, and David Baker.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1996, Date Aired: 1996-01-09, Duration: 92 min.
Beta SP #3
350-4-3:3/1
[2/3] Frontline: The Gulf War
Part two of a TV documentary that reconstructs the events leading up to the Gulf War, the chronicle of the war itself, and its aftermath. The film portrays the events via first hand accounts by major American players: Generals Schwarzkopf and Powell, President Bush, Brent Scrowcroft, Mid East Advisor Richard Haass, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moshe Arens, Iraqi soldiers, several American advisors and policy makers, Generals Calvin Waller, John Leide, Buster Glossen, Robert Gates, Bernard Trainor, Walter Boomer, Waf iq Sammarai, Chuck Horner, and David Baker.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 93 min.
Beta SP #4
350-4-3:4/1
[3/3] Frontline: The Gulf War
Part three of a TV documentary that reconstructs the events leading up to the Gulf War, the chronicle of the war itself, and its aftermath. The film portrays the events via first hand accounts by major American players: Generals Schwarzkopf and Powell, President Bush, Brent Scrowcroft, Mid East Advisor Richard Haass, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev, Moshe Arens, Iraqi soldiers, several American advisors and policy makers, Generals Calvin Waller, John Leide, Buster Glossen, Robert Gates, Bernard Trainor, Walter Boomer, Waf iq Sammarai, Chuck Horner, and David Baker.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 47 min.
Beta SP #5
350-4-3:5/1
[News Reports on Flooding of Marsh Shiite Lands]
A Sky News report on Saddam Hussein's destruction of the Marsh Arabs' ecology; a BBC News report on the alleged controlled flooding that displaced tens of thousands of Marsh Shiites; a Channel 4 News report on the destruction of hundreds of Shiite settlements; and an MSC Network news report about the Marsh Arabs' plight in Arabic.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1994, Duration: 22 min.
VHS #6
350-4-3:6/1
Viewpoint '93: Saddam's Killing Fields
A three-episode report about the aftermath of the Gulf War, and Saddam Hussein's systematic persecution of the Marsh Arabs and Kurds, as well as the humanitarian disaster that followed. The film contains rare amateur footage of the destruction caused by Saddam Hussein and his regime.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 53 min.
Beta SP #7
350-4-3:7/1
Iraq Winter Shelter Program
Report on the Iraq Winter Shelter Program for Kurdish refugees aimed at helping them to build shelters and rebuild their homes for the upcoming winter.
television program, Japanese language, Date of Production: ca. 1993, Duration: 9 min.
Beta SP #8
350-4-3:8/1
Kurdish Exodus
Report on the situation of Kurdish refugees located at the Iraq-Iran border, and on the visit of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata, to the refugee camps.
television program, Danish language, Date of Production: ca. 1993, Duration: 7 min.
Beta SP #9
350-4-3:9/1
Marsh Arabs of Southern Iraq
Interviews with Marsh Arabs concerning the bombing and flooding of the marshes by Saddam Hussein, and interviews with Emma Nicholson during her visit with the Marsh Arabs.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1993, Duration: 44 min.
Beta SP #10
350-4-3:10/1
News Report
Brief news report about the torture of civilians.
television program, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1993, Duration: 2 min.
Beta SP #11
350-4-3:11/1
Saddam's Latest War
A film about the situation of the Shiites and Marsh Arabs in southern Iraq following the Gulf War, their failed uprising against the oppressive Iraqi regime, and Saddam Hussein's retaliation.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1994, Duration: 56 min.
Beta SP #12
350-4-3:12/1
What is Saddam Hiding?
Report about Iraq's biological capabilities three years after the Gulf War. Interview with General Wafiq Sammarahi about Saddam Hussein's alleged efforts to conceal the making of chemical and biological weapons.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1997, Duration: 13 min.
Beta SP #13
350-4-3:13/1
Dispatches: Saddam's Secret Time-Bomb
Report tracing the trails of Saddam Hussein's production and testing of chemical weapons in Iraq. Report on Halabja ten years after the alleged UN cover-up of Western countries having supplied Saddam with chemical weapons. Professor Christine Gosdin of Liverpool University, geneticist, joins the team to study the long-term effects of chemical weapons on civilians.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1998, Duration: 41 min.
Beta SP #14
350-4-3:14/1
The Road Back to Hell
In 1992, opposition activist and writer Kanan Makiya went back to Iraq in the hope of finding documentary evidence of Saddam Hussein's human rights abuses. This documentation, containing scenes of torture and public executions, with archival footage of chemical attacks on Iraqi Kurds, was believed to have been captured by Kurdish rebel forces.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 45 min.
350-4-3:14/2
Dispatches: Kurdistan - A Dream Betrayed
A report on the aftermath of the liberation of Iraqi Kurdistan following the end of the Gulf War, the return of the exiled Kurds, and the brief period of Kurdish control of northern Iraq.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 19 min.
Beta SP #15
350-4-3:15/1
Dispatches: Kurdistan - A Dream Betrayed
Gwynne Roberts was the first western journalist to enter northern Iraq after the Gulf War. He filmed the joy and then the agony of the Kurds as they saw their uprising collapse. The film shows the aftermath of the liberation of Iraqi Kurdistan following the end of the Gulf War; the return of the exiled Kurds and the brief period of Kurdish control of northern Iraq; and the recapture of northern Iraq by Saddam's troops. The film further investigates atrocities committed by the Iraqi police against the Kurdish people and also contains rare footage of the victims of nerve gas attack on Kurdish civilians.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 83 min.
Beta SP #16
350-4-3:16/1
UNSCOM 210
1998, regular inspection: sampling of mustard gas traces from munitions.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 4 min.
350-4-3:16/2
ITN World News Report
Brief report on the Iraqi secret weapons program.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1992, Duration: 2 min.
Beta SP #17
350-4-3:17/1
UNSCOM 29, 138
UNSCOM (The United Nations Special Commission on Iraq) footage of bunker #73; remains of 122 mm rockets; open storage area; leaked 122 mm CW rockets; search for buried rockets; excavation of buried rockets; decontamination procedures; destruction of rockets in Iraqi desert; and canisters of chemicals.
raw material, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: 1991-10-26, Duration: 27 min.
Beta SP #18
350-4-3:18/1
UNSCOM 210
UNSCOM (The United Nations Special Commission on Iraq) footage of rockets in the Iraqi desert; scenes of explosions; men in chemical protection gear; site inspection in the desert.
raw material, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: 1998-06, Duration: 27 min.
Beta SP #19
350-4-3:19/1
UNSCOM Excavation in Nibai, Iraq
UNSCOM (The United Nations Special Commission on Iraq) footage of weapons inspector talking about methods of the mission, describing types of weapons, and the process of identification and deactivation.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1997, Duration: 71 min.
Beta SP #20
350-4-3:20/2
[1/2] UNSCOM, Iraq
Footage of UNSCOM headquarters in Iraq; the interior of a factory; investigators at work; the inspection of missiles; and UN ambassador Rolf Ekeus meeting Tareq Aziz about cooperation with UN inspectors.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1997, Duration: 82 min.
Beta SP #21
350-4-3:21/3
[2/2] UNSCOM, Iraq
Raw footage of divers pulling rockets and other pieces of weaponry out of a river; footage of Antonov 124-100 supply plane unloading; setting up of video monitoring systems; inspections of sites in the desert of partially destroyed; weapons components and equipment; and confrontation between inspectors and Iraqi officials attempting to prevent them from recording inspections.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1995, Duration: 42 min.
Beta SP #22
350-4-3:22/1
Children of the Cradle
Documentary about the effects of UN sanctions imposed on Iraq after the Gulf War. UN Resolution 986 limited Iraqi oil sales and determined fund allocation that left Iraqi citizens with less than 25 cents for food and medication per day. A delegation from Medicine for Peace went to Iraq in 1991–92 to assess the medical situation there. The film especially addresses the desperate situation of children of Iraq who were among the most affected.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1995, Duration: 29 min.
Beta SP #23
350-4-3:23/1
60 Minutes: An American Dilemma
Special report about the fate of the Kurds in Iraq and Turkey.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 15 min.
Beta SP #24
350-4-3:24/1
The Iraq Campaign 1991: A Television History in Color
Filmmaker Phil Patiris condensed 750 hours of film into a satirical pastiche of short clips, Desert Storm events, news reports, Superbowl clips, advertisements, the Rodney King beating, and war and science fiction movies, to show how American commercialism and sports hype influenced the public attitude toward the Gulf War.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 14 min.
Beta SP #25
350-4-3:25/1
Kuwait - Bringing Back the Sun: The Al-Awda Project
Documentary produced by Kuwait about the environmental disaster caused by Iraq after the Gulf War, the burning of the Kuwaiti oil fields, and the international effort to put out the fires.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 28 min.
Beta SP #26
350-4-3:26/1
The Oil Lakes
Documentary film showing the environmental damage inflicted on Kuwait by the oil fires and the formation of oil lakes as a result of the flow of oil from the wells in Kuwait after the Gulf War. Shows environmental efforts to contain the fires and environmental dangers.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 22 min.
Beta SP #27
350-4-3:27/1
Demonstration in Kuwait City
Footage of anti-Saddam demonstration in Kuwait.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1990-08-08, Duration: 21 min.
Beta SP #28
350-4-3:28/1
Iranian Prisoners of War in Iraq
Documentary about Iranian exiles living in Iraq.
documentary film, Persian language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 60 min.
Beta SP #29
350-4-3:29/1
Chemical Attack on Halabja
Documentary film about the attack on Halabja, produced by an Iranian film crew. The Halabja poison gas attack occurred in the period March 16–17, 1988, during the Iran-Iraq War. Chemical weapons (CW) were used by the Iraqi government forces in the Iraqi Kurdish town of Halabja. The attack instantly killed thousands of people (between 3,200 and 5,000) and injured 7,000–10,000, most of them civilians. Includes shots of Halabja streets and people, possibly before the attack; and subsequent shots of the devastating effects of the chemical attack.
documentary film, Persian language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 60 min.
Beta SP #30
350-4-3:30/1
Kuwait Protest
Shots of protest in an unidentified city in Kuwait following the invasion by Iraq; a news report; and shots of a demonstration by women.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 65 min.
Beta SP #31
350-4-3:31/1
[1/2] Kurdistan Solidarity
First part of a video documenting the work of the organization Kurdistan Solidarity. It includes interviews with villagers, footage of refugees, destroyed villages, landmine clearing, and education and reconstruction projects.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1992, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #32
350-4-3:32/1
[2/2] Kurdistan Solidarity
Second part of a video documenting the work of Kurdistan Solidarity. It includes interviews with villagers, footage of refugees, destroyed villages, landmine clearing, and education and reconstruction projects.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1992, Duration: 59 min.
Beta SP #33
350-4-3:33/1
BBC Report on Southern Iraq
Brief news report on the Iraqi army's attacks on Shiite Marsh Arabs, and an interview with Emma Nicholson, Conservative MP, founder of Amar Appeal.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 6 min.
Beta SP #34
350-4-3:34/1
The News Hour with Jim Lehrer: The Kurds - In Search of History
Overview of Kurdish history in Turkey, Iraq, and Iran. Book review of Kurdistan: In the Shadow of History, by Susan Meiselas.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1998, Duration: 15 min.
Beta SP #35
350-4-3:35/1
Impact: High Noon In Baghdad
Overview of the UN Weapons Inspection in Iraq after the Gulf War. Interviews with Scott Ritter, UN Weapons Inspector; Tariq Aziz; and UNSCOM inspectors General Amer Rasheed, Charles Duelfer, and Gabriel Kraatz-Wadsack.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #36
350-4-3:36/1
[1/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Operation Provide Comfort and Provide Comfort II were military operations by the United States and some of its Gulf War allies, starting in April 1991, to defend Kurds fleeing their homes in northern Iraq in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War. This is a collection of 19 tapes containing raw footage of these operations provided by the Department of the Air Force: footage of humanitarian aid delivered to Kurdish refugees by U.S. Joint Services Task Force and Coalition forces; Kurdish camps and towns in the mountains along the Iraqi-Turkish border; and Joint Task Forces (JTF) organizing camps, distributing food, and providing medical care.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 61 min.
Beta SP #37
350-4-3:37/1
[2/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: interviews with U.S. Special Forces personnel explaining food and water distribution as well as medical assistance provided to Kurdish refugees; SF personnel and UN High Commissioner for Refugees visiting camps; and various shots of the conditions in the camps and refugees.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 59 min.
Beta SP #38
350-4-3:38/1
[3/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: helicopters including USA CH-47s transporting supplies, medics treating patients, and shots of a Kurdish refugee camp.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 55 min.
Beta SP #39
350-4-3:39/1
[4/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: Kurdish refugee camp Yekmal; refugees loading their possessions onto trucks returning to Iran; an interview with Maj. Rick Helfer on CCT activities; troop re-deployment; reenlistment ceremony in front of Saddam Hussein's summer palace at Sarseng, Iraq; Psychological Operations personnel patrolling through small towns in HMMWV, interacting with children, and giving maps of food distribution points to men; and a church food-distribution point.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #40
350-4-3:40/1
[5/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: refugee camp at Sinji, Iraq, on May 14, 1991; interview with a Special Forces medic explaining camp conditions; USA UH-60 medevacing patients; Psychological Operations team broadcasting on a portable loudspeaker system offering free fuel to all those leaving the camp; an interview with a Psychological Operations member explaining their mission; and Kurdish refugees preparing to return.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 56 min.
Beta SP #41
350-4-3:41/1
[6/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: refugee camp at Sinji, Iraq, on May 15–16, 1991; Kurdish refugees returning home; a road map showing food and fuel stops; interviews with Special Forces personnel explaining the relocation of refugees back to their homes in Iraq; and an interview with Maj. Gregory J. Cosgrove, commander, 10th Special Forces Group, explaining his company's activities in the area.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 42 min.
Beta SP #42
350-4-3:42/1
[7/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: Zakho camp on May 16, 1991; an interview with a sergeant about the logistics of setting up camps; and interviews with Kurdish families.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 56 min.
Beta SP #43
350-4-3:43/1
[8/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: June 5, 1991, Incirlik AB, Turkey; an interview with U.S. Psychological Operations colonel about the challenges of returning refugees to Iraq; CWO Compton discussing Psychological Operations support; an interview with Maj. Reister; and generals Zinni and Jammerson discussing Psychological OPS activities.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-06-05, Duration: 45 min.
Beta SP #44
350-4-3:44/1
[9/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: British CH-47s airlifting Kurdish refugees to political asylum in Turkey on June 6, 1991.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-06-06, Duration: 60 min.
Beta SP #45
350-4-3:45/1
[10/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: footage of camp Isikveren, Turkey, April 23, 1991; Kurdish refugees; civilian relief organizations Red Crescent and Red Cross; an interview with Special Forces captain; and footage of activities in Silopi, Turkey, April 19, 1991.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-04, Duration: 60 min.
Beta SP #46
350-4-3:46/1
[11/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: interviews with communications personnel working in Zakho, air base defense personnel in Sirsenk, medical teams, and CCT at Yekmal; further interviews on operations and challenges of the mission with Gen. Richard Potter, Cmdr. Task Force Alpha; Lcol. Bob Allen (USAF); Col. Clarence Moran; Lcol. Richard Goff; and Radm. Layton W. Smith.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #47
350-4-3:47/1
[12/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: interviews with Seabees and Marines; introduction of Coalition forces' medical teams and Psychological Operations; and footage of supply delivery.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-05, Duration: 57 min.
Beta SP #48
350-4-3:48/1
[13/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: interviews with U.S. security police at Silopi, a joint operation with Turkish and coalition personnel; footage of a hospital tour at Dahauk; various other footage including French and U.S. soldiers parajumping together; funeral services for French soldiers killed by land mines; food distribution to Kurdish refugees; munitions depot; helicopter-fueling facility; and an interview with UNHCR representative Helga Griffin explaining why Kurds are being transported to political asylum in Turkey.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-05, Duration: 56 min.
Beta SP #49
350-4-3:49/1
[14/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: report on dehydrated children; troop pullout and convoy deployment; head of the UN office at Zakho talks about OPC; July 4 at Zakho; and redeployment of troops and equipment.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-05-25, Duration: 60 min.
Beta SP #50
350-4-3:50/1
[15/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: covers the cargo ship "Cape Domengo" entering the harbor at Iskenderun, Turkey, on May 22, 1991, docking and offloading heavy equipment and vehicles as part of “Operation Provide Comfort.”
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-05-22, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #51
350-4-3:51/2
[16/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: recordings at Silopi, Turkey, of UH-60s at Drop Zone (DZ) picking up cargo slings; British air traffic controllers manning DZs; cooks cooking and soldiers eating in their camps; USA CH-47D unloading British jeeps and trailers; British Chinook CH-47 lifting off and hooking up to a truck in a cargo sling; and a forklift unloading Air Transportable Hospital equipment and airmen unpacking and assembling sections into large hospital tents. Includes an interview with Sgt. Timothy Payne, from Joint Helicopter Support Unit, United Kingdom.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-04-29, Duration: 60 min.
Beta SP #52
350-4-3:52/1
[17/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: covers Seabees (Construction Battalions of the United States Navy) unloading equipment with forklifts in Zakhu, Iraq on April 29, 1991. The tape shows troops with field packs walking through the fields, and USMC CH-46Es unloading pallets of cartons of supplies. Contains interviews with individual Seabees. Also, documented here are the Kurdish refugee camps in the mountains of Northern Iraq and Turkey on May 1, 1991. Contains Joint Task Force groups meeting; USA medics giving measles inoculations to children; and an interview with Sgt. Avery (USA), the medical coordinator of the camp.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-05-01, Duration: 52 min.
Beta SP #53
350-4-3:53/1
[18/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: introduces the exterior and interior of a truck terminal in Silopi, Turkey, on May 3, 1991. Contains a female U.S. soldier speaking to Turkish drivers manipulating loaded trucks away; an interview with Specialist Tulyef Korman (USA) on voluntary assignment as a Turkish interpreter; combat air controllers seated on ATVs and talking on hand phones; "Yekmal" indication signs; German and U.S. soldiers preparing coiled hoses and connecting them to a German Huey UH-1H; Combat Control Teams guiding air traffic; a Kurdish refugee camp—Number 6; female medics washing equipment; Kurds leveling the ground and erecting hospital tents; various views of camps Cukurca and Uzumla; and FV USA CH-47D lifting off.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-05-03, Duration: 59 min. 50 sec.
Beta SP #54
350-4-3:54/1
[19/19] Operation Provide Comfort
Relief footage continued: AVs approaching Sirsenk, Iraq, on May 25, 1991. The recording contains images of the AVs camps, Sirsenk city, the streets of Dahuk, and the captured munitions. The tape contains interviews with Maj Richard (USA); a Kurdish man; PFC Lospino (USA); and Specialist Ronald T. Westcott (USA), who explains the activities and the mission of the Psychological Operations (PSY 90S) Battalion.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 1991-05-25, Duration: 43 min. 34 sec.
Beta SP #55
350-4-3:55/1
60 Minutes: Halabja - Ten Years after
In this program, Ed Bradley interviews British physician, Dr. Christine Gosdin, who traveled to Halabja, a small village in northern Iraq, ten years after the mixed poison gas attack (mustard gas, and the nerve agents sarin, tabun and VX) which was ordered by Saddam Hussein and resulted in almost 5,000 dead and around 10,000 more injured. The chemical weapons were used by the Iraqi government forces in the Kurdish town of Halabja in response to the village's support of Iran during the Iraq-Iran war. Ten years after the attack, the international relief agencies had still not launched a serious investigation into the medical needs of the Kurdish-controlled town. Dr. Gosdin decided to go on her own to identify the effects of gas poisoning on the remaining population. This program documents part of the physician's time in Halabja, focusing on the severe genetic alterations the nerve gas has caused, and the implications these mutations have for future generations in the village.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1998, Duration: 13 min.
Beta SP #56
350-4-3:56/1
Operation Provide Comfort
“Operation Provide Comfort” refers to humanitarian relief given to Kurdish refugees by the U.S. Joint Services Task Force and the Coalition forces. This tape contains the coverage of an intelligence briefing situation (operations analysis, overview of tactical area of operations, background on the Kurds, order of battle, maps and locations, terrorism, and OPSEC) to officers of the 24th MEU onboard the USS Guadalcanal (LPH 7) concerning the humanitarian mission in Northern Iraq.
propaganda film, English language, Date of Production: 1991-04-12, Duration: 47 min.
Beta SP #57
350-4-3:57/1
[1/4] Outtakes from Saddam's Killing Fields
Outtakes from the three-episode documentary “Viewpoint 1993: Saddam's Killing Fields,” which investigates the aftermath of the Gulf War, Saddam Hussein's systematic persecution of the Marsh Arabs and Kurds, as well as the humanitarian disaster that followed. The tape includes an interview with an Iraqi political prisoner, outtakes of scenes with Thaer al-Hadairi in Tehran, shots of villages in the marshes of Southern Iraq, and interviews with Iraqi villagers in Southern Iraq.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 92 min.
Beta SP #58
350-4-3:58/1
[2/4] Outtakes from Saddam's Killing Fields
Outtakes from Michael Wood’s three-episode documentary “Saddam's Killing Fields” continued: footage of villages in Southern Iraq, their inhabitants, and the living conditions. The tape contains interviews with the villagers.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 41 min.
350-4-3:58/2
[Horiozon/ Nova]
Excerpts from an unidentified episode of the documentary series “Horizon” (or “Nova”). Images were recorded in June 1992. Topics covered include overpopulation, poverty, natural resources, and over-consumption. Includes an interview with activist Efua Dorkenoo from the Foundation for Women’s Health, Research and Development.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1993, Duration: 16 min.
Beta SP #59
350-4-3:59/1
[3/4] Outtakes from Saddam's Killing Fields
Outtakes from the three-episode documentary “Viewpoint 1993: Saddam's Killing Fields” continued. Villagers in Southern Iraq express their opinion about the crimes committed by Saddam's regime in the early 1990s, including those committed during the 1991 uprising. It contains scenes of the villages and shots of the marshes in Southern Iraq, as well as fragments of Michael Wood’s presentation.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 94 min.
Beta SP #60
350-4-3:60/1
[4/4] Outtakes from Saddam's Killing Fields
Outtakes from the three-episode documentary “Viewpoint 1993: Saddam's Killing Fields” continued: more villagers in Southern Iraq express their opinion about the crimes committed by Saddam's regime in the early 1990s and the effects of these crimes on their lives.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 37 min.
350-4-3:60/2
[Part Two and Part Three of an Unidentified Documentary]
Short presentations of victims of WWII. Mentioned here by their families and loved ones are Donald Treacher who died on June 5, 1942; Cpl. Joseph Stainton who died on November 2, 1942, in El Alamein, North Africa; Captain J.R.O Thompson, GC, age 32, who died on January 24, 1944; Sgt. Pilot Bob Bennet who was shot down during a bombing raid on Hamburg on August 3, 1943; telegraphist William McInally who was killed on August 7, 1944, age 19; Major Edward C. Wicker, age 33, who was killed on January 1, 1945; Lilian Rolfe, Croix de Guerre, MBE, executed at age 30 in the Ravensbrück concentration camp, in February 1945; and Sgt. Robert Hannay, age 30, killed on April 14, 1945.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1992, Duration: 26 min.
Beta SP #61
350-4-3:61/1
Chemical Attack on Halabja
Halabja is a small Kurdish town in northern Iraq where chemical weapons were used by the Iraqi government forces in March 1991 in response to the village's support of Iran during the Iraq-Iran war. The mixed poison gas attack (mustard gas, and the nerve agents sarin, tabun and VX), ordered by Saddam Hussein, killed thousands of people instantly (3,200–5,000) and injured around 7,000–10,000 more—most of them civilians. This tape contains raw footage shot by Iranian news crews in the aftermath of the gas attack.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 32 min.
Beta SP #62
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Marshes of Southern Iraq During the Uprising
Raw footage taken in the Marsh region of Southern Iraq during and after the rebellion of the people against Saddam Hussein at the end of the Gulf War in 1991. It includes footage of craters, burnt out villages and settlements, hospitals and refugees, as well as interviews with villagers from the Marsh region and the rebels involved in the uprising.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 70 min.
Beta SP #63
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[1/2] Iraq Video
Raw footage of the Arab uprising in Southern Iraq after the Gulf War in 1991. It contains shots of people fighting in Basra and Najaf; interviews with the villagers expressing their views about Saddam Hussein’s policies; people attesting to having been tortured; images of soldiers fighting in the Iran-Iraq War; images of the victims of the war and the regime; excerpts from Saddam Hussein’s speeches and meetings; fragments of news reports; and parts of documentaries about the history of Iraq and its colonial past.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1991-03, Duration: 97 min.
Beta SP #64
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[2/2] Iraq Video
Raw footage of the Arab uprising in Southern Iraq after the Gulf War in 1991. It contains images of the victims of the war in the south and of the victims the Gulf War.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1991-03, Duration: 19 min.
Beta SP #65
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Marsh Arab Clip-Reels
“Iraq - Marsh Arabs and Human Rights” is a short documentary offering a view into Iraq's Southern Marshes by using some of the pre-edited footage described above. The film is centered on Dr. Al Hakim, a leading Iraqi human rights activist, who visited the Marshes in the extreme south and found evidence of an escalating military campaign against the Marsh Arabs. Living an ancient life style, the Marsh Arabs are fighting for autonomy from Baghdad—and while Iraqi rulers have historically accepted their isolation, Saddam Hussein has not. Apart from daily bombardments in the early 90s, Saddam’s army nearly completed a vast engineering project to drain the marshes and thus facilitate the entry of the Iraqi troops. On the Iranian border, thousands of refugees have fled the attacks and live in makeshift camps. Shocking pictures of the execution of three Kurds by Iraqi soldiers, soldiers ill-treating Marsh Arab prisoners, images from the refugee camps, and black and white footage of Iraqi forces attacking the Kurds in 1988, are all illustrative of the hardships faced by the Marsh Arabs in Southern Iraq.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 26 min.
350-4-3:65/2
Iraq - Marsh Arabs and Iraqi Human Rights
“Iraq - Marsh Arabs and Human Rights” is a short documentary offering a view into Iraq's Southern Marshes by using some of the pre-edited footage described above. The film is centered on Dr. Al Hakim, a leading Iraqi human rights activist, who visited the Marshes in the extreme south and found evidence of an escalating military campaign against the Marsh Arabs. Living an ancient life style, the Marsh Arabs are fighting for autonomy from Baghdad—and while Iraqi rulers have historically accepted their isolation, Saddam Hussein has not. Apart from daily bombardments in the early 90s, Saddam’s army nearly completed a vast engineering project to drain the marshes and thus facilitate the entry of the Iraqi troops. On the Iranian border, thousands of refugees have fled the attacks and live in makeshift camps. Shocking pictures of the execution of three Kurds by Iraqi soldiers, soldiers ill-treating Marsh Arab prisoners, images from the refugee camps, and black and white footage of Iraqi forces attacking the Kurds in 1988, are all illustrative of the hardships faced by the Marsh Arabs in Southern Iraq.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 7 min.
350-4-3:65/3
Iraq - The Fall of Dohuk
On March 14, 1991, the Kurdish people of the city of Dohuk in Kurdistan, Iraq, rose up against Saddam Hussein’s Iraq. The Gulf War forced Saddam to arm the Kurds, who turned their weapons against him. But victory was short-lived and Saddam retaliated, deciding to retake the city. This feature follows the Peshmergas (‘armed Kurdish fighters’) as well as the Kurdish people as they seek refuge after the failure of the 1991 Kurdish rebellion. The film includes rare footage with officers admitting they had been ordered by Saddam to kill 95 percent of the Kurds in the Al-Anfal Campaign (1988), as well as images with Kurds marching for more than 60 km to a remote mountain as a result of the interdiction to enter and seek shelter in Turkey.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 13 min.
350-4-3:65/4
A New Kurdish Crisis (Iraqi, Turkish, and Iranian Kurds)
A short inquiry into the strange wars of Kurdistan in the early 90s, when ferocious battles broke out between Turkish, Iranian, and Iraqi Kurds. The Iraqi Kurds, in cooperation with the Turks, took up arms against their Kurdish brethren, the PKK guerilla army. As a result, the PKK guerillas, about 10,000 of them, were caught between the Turks and Iraq's Kurdish Peshmerga fighters. In addition, the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI) stepped up to the Iranian shelling of the Kurds. These intricate overlaps of forces produced numerous victims, mostly among the civilian Kurds. “A New Kurdish Crisis” is a short documentary exploring the forces dividing the Kurds, the Peshmerga fighters, the PKK, and the KDP.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 25 min.
Beta SP #66
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Tides of War - Eco Disaster in the Gulf 1990-1992
When Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990, the tragic loss of human life was compounded by a deliberate and massive sabotage of the environment. "Tides of War" presents the rich and varied marine life of the Gulf, the delicate beauty of the desert and, with the outbreak of war, follows the escalating catastrophe from the first oil slick to the capping of the last burning oil well. As the fire fighting teams confront the disaster, the film follows Kuwaiti Petroleum engineer, Sarah Akbar, and her colleagues as they battle to control the burning wells.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 52 min.
Beta SP #67
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Frontline: The Survival of Saddam
An intimate portrait of Saddam Hussein's private and political life, the film examines Saddam's uncanny ability to outmaneuver his enemies, exploit their weaknesses and, against all odds, to remain in power. The filmmaker spent months gaining special access to research and film in Iraq. The result is an in-depth look at Saddam's career and the secrets behind his survival—from his days as a young hit man in the Ba'ath Party to his rise to power with CIA help; from his successful exploitation of superpower rivalry in the 1970s to his miscalculations in invading Kuwait 20 years later; and from CIA-backed coup attempts and internal rebellions against him throughout the 1990s to his successful stand-off with UN weapons inspectors. Featuring an in-depth interview with biographer Said K. Aburish, as well as interviews with Iraqi opposition leaders, CIA officers, U.S. Middle East diplomats, and Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz, this report reveals how, like many dictators, Saddam's rise to leadership can be attributed to a unique mixture of intelligence and brutality.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 2000, Date Aired: 2000-01-25, Duration: 55 min.
Beta SP #68
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Genocide by Sanctions
“Genocide By Sanctions” is a short documentary investigating the consequences of one of the toughest economic sanctions in human history. The film follows former Attorney General of the United States, Ramsey Clark, as he goes to Iraq in 1997 to investigate the consequences of the economic sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council on Iraq since 1990. UNICEF, the Red Cross, and other world organizations estimated that around 5,000 children were dying every month in Iraq, due to the near-total financial and trade embargo. The film follows Ramsey Clark as he goes into the hospitals to talk with Iraqi doctors, patients and civilians, all of whom suffer in various degrees because of the sanctions.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 2000, Duration: 25 min.
Beta SP #69
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[1/2] [Kurdish Tape]
A series of recordings with Kurds in Northern Iraq. It contains interviews with landmine victims, and victims of chemical attacks showing their injuries and evidence of the injuries inflicted on them during the repeated attacks of the Iraqi regime against the Kurds at the end of the 1980s (Al-Anfal Campaign, including Halabja in 1988). Doctors and nurses are also interviewed. The interviews are done by an unidentified German journalist—the location for some of them is Sulaymaniyah prison, where prisoners were allegedly tortured.
raw material, German language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 64 min.
Beta SP #70
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[2/2] [Kurdish Tape]
Continuation of the “Kurdish Tape” series. It contains shots of Kurdish art exhibits; footage with people and Kurdish forces digging up mass graves; statements by Kurdish survivors about Saddam Hussein's chemical weapons attacks; recordings of a sheikh giving a sermon over the graves; and an interview with a child prisoner.
raw material, German language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 70 min.
Beta SP #71
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[1/2] [Kurdish Tape]
Continuation of the “Kurdish Tape” series. It contains recordings of mass graves with people and specialists surrounding the sites and collecting bone fragments; footage of people marching and carrying signs in Halabja, demonstrating against the regime; images of demonstrators coming to the mass graves; and shots of UN officers at the scene taking photographs. There are several short interviews with the locals.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #72
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[2/2] [Kurdish Tape]
Continuation of the “Kurdish Tape” series. It contains shots of injured Kurds, among them children, describing injuries from chemical weapons, land mines, and assault.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 63 min.
Beta SP #73
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[1/2] [Kurdish Tape]
Continuation of the “Kurdish Tape” series. Footage from a moving car shows the outskirts of Kirkuk municipality immediately after the Gulf War: people defacing pictures of Saddam Hussein; destroyed buildings, tanks and wrecked cars; security offices with Kurdish soldiers on the side of the road. The tape also includes brief interviews with Kurds discussing the post-war situation, describing the experiences in prison camps, and assessing their situation after being released. It contains images of children injured in hospitals, victims of Iraqi chemical attacks, and interviews with their parents explaining what happened to them. The medical staff provide details of the emergency supplies. The tape continues with footage of people digging up the ground to search for bodies, where their friends and relatives might be buried. It continues with women giving detailed accounts of rape, and the locations where it happened. The tape ends with images from a meeting with various Peshmerga fighters and images of refugees on the roads of Kurdistan.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 94 min.
Beta SP #74
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[2/2] [Kurdish Tape]
Continuation of the “Kurdish Tape” series. Footage of refugees walking in mud by the road with their children, and recordings of the conditions in refugee camps.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 26 min.
350-4-3:74/21
BBC Newsnight: Investigation against Chemical Weapons (Middle East Watch)BBC Newsnight: Investigation Against Chemical WeaponsBBC News: Middle East Watch/Newsnight Broadcast
BBC News program on Saddam Hussein's vendetta against the Kurds. Based on the existing evidence, the television series investigates Saddam Hussein’s attempt to totally annihilate the Kurds. The report tells the story of ethnic hatred through shots of the Arbil Municipal cemetery and its use as a dumping ground by Iraqi security forces; exhumations by Kurds after the Iraqi troops left; destruction of villages and eyewitness accounts of the destructions caused by the chemical attacks on Goptapa; voice recordings of Ali Hassan al-Majid advocating the use of chemical weapons against the Kurds, as well as mass killings; an interview with two of the survivors of firing squads; the site of burials near Kirkuk, where the women and children were taken away while men were tossed into a hole and killed; footage with women holding pictures of lost men; evidence of another massacre; scenes of torture chambers; undefended borders and the powerlessness of the Kurds against the Iraqi army; the lack of allied response to protect the Kurds on the ground; and footage of various attacks and assaults on Kurds.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Date Aired: 1993-06-22, Duration: 39 min.
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BBC News - Newsline
BBC News report about the situation of the Kurds in Iraq presented by Linda Duberley based on reporter Ed Bradley’s investigations of the mass grave sites found in remote villages in Northern Iraq. Forensic anthropologists examining mass graves corroborate the story of mass murders by Saddam Hussein. Andrew Whitley, the Director of Human Rights Watch, talks about Saddam's problem with the Kurds while Jamal Amin, a Kurdish political prisoner, tells the story of his imprisonment by the Iraqi secret police. The report contains excerpts from Ali Hassan al-Majid’s recorded conversations on how to handle the resistance and the Kurds, as well as a short interview with Taymour Abdullah Ahmad, one of the few survivors of the mass killings executed by the Iraqi forces in Anfal.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 12 min.
350-4-3:74/23
[Unrelated Material]
Two minutes of unrelated material about the political situation in the United Kingdom.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 2 min.
Beta SP #75
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[1/2] [Kurdish Tape]
A collection of British News Clips on the creation of safe havens for the Kurds and the situation of the Kurds fleeing the troops of Saddam Hussein after the Kurdish uprising following the Gulf War. Clip 1: Discussion of the situation of the Iraqi refugees in Iran and Turkey, containing interviews with John Scofield (World News Desk), loadmaster Kevin Boone (U.S. Army), Ann Clwyd (Labour Foreign Affairs Spokeswoman), and David Nabarro (Ch. Advisor, Overseas Dev. Administration). Clip 2: Discussion in the British Parliament about overthrowing Saddam Hussein and aiding the Kurdish Refugees. Speakers: Douglas Hurd, MP Robert Hughes, and Ann Clwyd. Clip 3: Discussion in the House of Lords about the failure of various governments to help the Kurds and Shiites in Iraq. Speakers: Lord Cledwyn of Penrhos (Leader of Labour Peers), Lord Caithness (Foreign Office Minister), and Lord Bonham-Carter (Liberal Democrat). Clip 4: Report on Kurdish refugees inside Sar Dasht, Iran. Clip 5: Report on the deaths among the Kurdish refugees along the Kurdish border. Contains criticism of the George H.W. Bush administration and excerpts from one of Bush’s spokesperson's speeches. Clip 6: Report on Peshmerga guerillas. ITN reporter Andrew Simmons presents the situation of the demobilized guerilla fighters and their families. Clip 7: Report on the situation of the Kurdish refugees in Sar Dasht, Iran, and the UN aid. Contains footage of refugees showing their living conditions, presenting the possibilities for their children to survive, and describing the sufferings caused by injuries resulting from chemical attacks. Clarence Mitchell (BBC News reporter) and David Wyatt (British Red Cross) speak on the underestimation of the Kurdish post-war refugee crisis, the scale of the crisis, and criticize the governments for allowing the situation to exist in the first place. Clip 8: MP Neil Kinnock, Leader of Labour Opposition brings forward the law articles on genocide that would constitute the basis of a trial case against Saddam Hussein. Clip 9: ITN reporter Glen Oglaza reports on the Turkish border situation and the distribution of aid to Kurdish refugees. He provides insights into the atrocities committed by Saddam Hussein. Clip 10: Reports on sending troops into Iraq to help distribute aid for humanitarian assistance and call for action to help the Kurds. Speakers are Gavin Esler (BBC Presenter) and Bob Hall (Pentagon Spokesman). Clip 11: Report on aid missions at the Turkish-Iraqi border by Jeremy Bowen (the BBC’s Middle East correspondent). Report on aid missions at the Iran-Iraq border, in Sar Dasht, by BBC Reporter Clarence Mitchell. Clip 12: SIX News presents the situation of the Kurds in South Eastern Turkey, at the border camp in Silopi, by engaging correspondent Michael Macmillan. Clip 13: SIX News covers a discussion about the issue of safe havens offered for the Kurds. John Major seeks legal advice on genocide terms in relation to Saddam Hussein, while the Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim Akbulut speaks about the necessity of foreign aid to complement the Turkish one. Foreign Affairs Correspondent for SIX News: Brian Hanrahan. Clip 14: Iraqi Prime Minister Saadoun Hammadi talks about elections in Iraq. Clip 15: Report on Channel Four News about the Kurdish refugee crisis. Topics covered: the possibility of sending British troops to aid the Kurds at the borders, the living conditions in refugee camps in Turkey (Isikveren, Silopi) and Iran (Piranshahr, Paveh, and Nowsud), the situation of the Shiite refugees in Iran, the estimated number of refugees in Iran and Turkey, and the number of internally displaced people in Iraq. David Jones (Oxfam), Douglas Hurd MP (Foreign Secretary), Eric Suy (UN envoy to Iraq), Yildirim Akbulut (Turkish Prime Minister), and Ann Perkins (political correspondent) appear in this report and they analyze John Major’s proposal of creating a safe haven for the Kurds. Clip 16: Cpl. Kevin High from the Royal Air Force talks abo
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 93 min.
Beta SP #76
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[2/2] [Kurdish Tape]
Compilation of British News Clips continued. Clip 1: Continues with Gerald Kaufman MP (Shadow Foreign Secretary) who talks about Saddam’s statement about giving autonomy to Kurds and the plan to use British soldiers in mercy missions to protect the Kurdish refugees. Clip 2: Michael Brunson talks about humanitarian missions, UN backed operations, and politics in what concerns the Kurds in Northern Iraq. Clip 3: The One O'Clock News on the BBC covers the relief operation for the Kurds and Baghdad's opposition to it. Contains an interview with John Major about the militarization of the safe haven in Iraq. President George H.W. Bush and Hoshyar Zebari (Kurdistan Front) discuss the implications of the safe haven. Reports about the situation in Kurdistan, the relief organizations, and the Kurds in the mountains are provided by Defense Correspondent David Shukman. Other participants in this news report are Aga Khan (Personal Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Humanitarian Assistance Relating to the Crisis between Iraq and Kuwait), French president François Mitterand, Bernard Kouchner (Aid Minister), and Peres de Cuellar (UN Secretary General). Clip 4: Peter Gould reports on Lynda Chalker MP (Overseas Development Minister) facing the committee in the British Parliament on refugees and the British plan to help them. Clip 5: Reports on the conditions in the mountains being crossed by the Kurds; condemnation of the safe haven plan by the Iraqi government; the consequences of the safe haven proposal on the UN’s ability to offer aid to the Iraqi people; the cancellation of the agreement between the UN and Iraq concerning the aid. Clip 6: Channel Four News report on American troops being sent to the Iraqi-Turkish border and the long term consequences of sending the troops. Clip 7: Debates about sending troops to Iraq: Abdul Amir al-Anbari (Iraqi Ambassador to the UN) opposes the sending of troops to Iraq; Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd speaks up on the temporary nature of camps; in a statement, Gerald Kaufman MP (Shadow Foreign Secretary) details the British plan; Douglass Hogg MP and Pete Williams (U.S. Defense Dept. spokesman) provide details on the American plan; John Kerry (U.S. Senator) talks about the involvement of the U.S., while Peter Galbraith (Senate Foreign Relations Committee) discusses the immorality of the Bush administration. Correspondent: David Smith, ATN, Washington. Clip 8: Richard Armitage (US State Department) discusses the American involvement and defends the American policy while comparing the Kurd situation and the safe havens to the Israeli-Palestinian situation. Clip 9: Channel Four News reports on the problems met by the humanitarian efforts to alleviate the Kurds’ situation. Includes footage of Kurdish refugees in Turkey, Nadhim Zahawi (Kurdish exile) speaking about the Kurds’ fears and hopes, and Lynda Chalker MP analyzing the priorities in the refugee camps. Clip 10: Report on the humanitarian camps and the number of refugees in or near Zakho, Dahuk, and Cukurca. Contains footage with Abdul Amir al-Anbari and French Doctor Pierre Barel aiding the sick in the refugee camps. Political Editor Michael Brunson reports on the latest developments of John Major’s idea of safe havens for the Kurds in Iraq. Clip 11: Richard Armitage (US Special Envoy to Middle East) talks about the changes in American policy towards the Kurds. Peter Galbraith (Senate Foreign Relations Committee) and several journalists reply on the same topic. Clip 12: Report by Nick Gowing, Diplomatic Editor at ITN Channel Four News, about having a cautious skepticism towards Iraq and Saddam Hussein’s promises. Includes an interview with Rosalyn Higgins, Professor of International Law at LSE in which she compares the Kurdish and Palestinian camps. Clip 13: News report detailing the Kurdish situation along the Turkish and Iranian borders. Contains details about the Anglo-American French operations and their declared purpose of easing the pre
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 71 min.
Beta SP #77
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[Kurdish Tape] Dispatches Documentary: Christmas In Kurdistan
The film documents the outcomes of the safe havens designed to facilitate the return of the Kurds to northern Iraq, and reveals new evidence about the new threats facing them—the bombing of their homes and the attempt of the Iraqi forces to re-occupy their towns, forcing them to sleep in tents in the mountains during the winter. The program looks at the seeming lack of activity on the part of the West while Saddam Hussein continues to flout UN humanitarian resolutions. Taking part in the film are Jalal Talabani (Leader, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan), Jim Reynolds (UN High Commissioner for Refugees), Michael Stopford (Chief Officer, UN Gulf Aid), Ann Clwyd MP (Shadow Minister for Overseas Aid), and Douglas Hogg MP (Minister of State, Foreign Office).
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 40 min.
350-4-3:77/8
[Kurdish Tape] Dispatches Documentary: The Audit of War
A look at how the West won the Gulf War in military and business terms, while many poorer countries lost out. A film that counts the cost of war and publishes the relevant figures for each side involved in the conflict. It contains interviews with Gordon Adams (Defense Budget Analyst), George Joffe (Economist Intelligence Unit), Dr. Paul Rogers (Bradford University), Jean Dreze (author of "Hunger and Poverty in Iraq"), Humphrey Harrison (Analyst, Middle East Affairs), Admiral Gene Le Roque (Center for Defense Information), Congressman Lee Hamilton (Middle East Subcommittee), Dr. Hassan Makki (Deputy Prime Minister, Yemen), Dr. Abdul Aziz (Editor, Yemen Times), Stuart McNab (UNICEF), Badar al-Humadi (Director, Kuwait Development Fund), Hermann Simon (Manager, Kuwait International Hotel), David Gund (Editor, Gulf Reconstruction Report), Geoff Chandler (Graffiti Clean), Bill Richardson (Babcock Construction), John Royall (President , ICMX, Washington), Paul Horsman (Greenpeace), Dr. Fatima Abdali (Kuwaiti Research Scientist), Peter Odell (International Oil Consultant), Senator Joseph Lieberman, and Congressman Lee Hamilton.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 40 min.
Beta SP #78
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[Kurdish Tape - Various British Television News Clips]
A collection of British News Clips about the Kurdish refugee situation in the aftermath of the Gulf War. Clip 1: News report about the lack of supplies for the Kurds in the refugee camps. Interview with Dale Campbell Savours MP (Shadow Overseas Development Spokesman). Clip 2: Fundraising effort launched by Jeffrey Archer to serve the Kurdish refugees’ cause. Interviewed here are Michael Stopford (UN Spokesman) and Lynda Chalker (Overseas Development Minister). Clip 3: Jeremy Bowen reports for BBC News, from Halabja, about the life of the people who survived the Halabja chemical attacks and decided to return to the village to rebuild their lives. The report looks into the schooling system in Halabja. Contains an interview with Mahdi Abid (Halabja Education Committee) and footage with the children. Clip 4: Report about the Government’s blockade on Kurdistan being lifted. Jeremy Bowen reports for SIX News. Clip 5: Reporter Terry Lloyd and cameraman Mike Ingles travel to Kurdistan to investigate the Kurdish situation close to the Iranian border. Their report covers Zakho, Penjwin, Arbil and Sulaymaniyah areas. The report includes footage with the living conditions in Kurd villages and refugee camps. Interviewed here are Jalal Talabani (Kurdish Leader) and Ann Clwyd. The news report continues with a guest speaker, Mark Turpin from Oxfam, who addresses the issue of mismanaged UN funds. Clip 6, 7 (incomplete): Reporter Terry Lloyd and cameraman Mike Ingles travel to Kurdistan to investigate the Kurdish situation close to the Iranian border. They report from Sulaymaniyah, Iraq on the Kurdish Peshmerga guerilla fighters. The report contains footage with the Iraqi torture blocks and a video with a Kurd being interrogated by the Iraqi Secret Police. Former Kurdish prisoners, among which Jamal Amen, give detailed accounts of the prison chambers and torture techniques used by the Iraqi forces. Clip 8: Interview with Iraqi Diplomat Zuhair Ibrahim. Clip 9: Newsnight report about funds destined for aiding the Kurds ending up in Saddam Hussein’s hands. Interview with Dr. Goren Jamal from the Kurdish Relief Association and Mike Whitlam, Director General of British Red Cross. Clip 10: Interview held in a refugee camp in Northern Iraq with a member of Medicine Sans Frontières. Clip 11: News report about celebrating Christmas in Iraqi Kurdistan where there are around 2000 Kurdish Christians. Contains an interview with Jalal Talabani (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan). Reporter: Jonathan Rugman for BBC News from Northern Iraq. Clip 12: Report by Jonathan Rugman on the high prices and declining economy in Kurdistan. Clip 13: Report about what has been done with the available UN funds in order to assist the Kurdish refugees. Contains a report by Michael Nicholson on Jeffrey Archer’s exploration of Northern Iraq—Archer wants to find out what has happened with the money he collected in the “Simple Truth Campaign.” Interview with Mohammed Assadalah (UN Relief Team). Clip 14: Brief report about the Kurds encouraging Turkey to break the UN economic blockade on Iraq. Clip 15: News report about winter in Iraqi Kurdistan and its effects on the refugees. Interview with Ekber Menemencioglu, UN Representative. Clip 16: Footage with Jeffrey Archer meeting Kurds and assessing their situation in Arbil, Iraq. Clip 17: Report by Bob Simpson (Foreign Affairs Correspondent) covering the torture and elimination of the Kurds by Ali Hassan al-Majid and Saddam Hussein.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 52 min.
350-4-3:78/9
[Kurdish Tape] The Road Back to Hell
One of Saddam Hussein’s leading opponents returns to Iraq after 22 years, still regarded by the regime as an enemy of the state. Following dissident Iraqi writer Kanan Makiya, the film explores the remaining evidence of physical and psychological torture against the Kurds, and reports on the systematic campaign to exterminate the Kurds in northern Iraq.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 5 min.
Beta SP #79
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[Kurdish Tape]
Fragment of a documentary about the situation of the Kurds in the aftermath of the Gulf War. It contains footage of the victims of the Iraqi troops and of dead Iraqi soldiers. Interviews with Kurds reveal how Iraqi troops operated and how the Peshmergas answered. It contains detailed accounts of the persecution of the Kurds, and of the reprisals for anyone who was not cooperating with the Iraqi regime: torture, including sexual abuse, committed in front of family members; kidnapping; executions; and imprisonment.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 8 min.
350-4-3:79/10
[Kurdish Tape - Kirkuk]
Raw footage taken in a hospital where a father is assisting his injured child and a doctor is aiding the rest of the patients. The patients are victims of the bombing of Kirkuk by the Iraqi forces. It contains images of Kirkuk after the attacks, footage of the exodus of the Kurds, and footage of burial ceremonies.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 23 min.
350-4-3:79/11
[1/2] [Kurdish Tape - News Reports]
Brent Sadler reports from Freedom Hospital in Northern Iraq. His report contains information about the chemical attacks launched by the Iraqi forces, the effects of the chemical weapons, the hospital conditions for the victims, the death toll, and the subsequent flight of the civilian population. Matthew Amroliwala is along the Turkey-Iraq border, reporting on the condition of the refugees and the temporary camps in Southern Turkey. Andrew Simmons reports from eastern Turkey, covering the flow of refugees entering Turkey. Michael Macmillan is in Southern Turkey and reports on the insufficient Turkish aid and possible future UN assistance. Carol Walker reports from inside Iran, near the Iraqi border, on the insufficiency of the aid to keep the refugees alive: no food, no sanitation, no water, no clothes, and no clinics. Michael Nicholson reports from Iraq-Turkey border on the arrival of aid and its maladministration. Jonathan Birchall is in south-eastern Turkey talking about the closing of the borders, the lack of water, and the chaotic distribution of food. Ben Brown reports from Southern Turkey on the Turkish army preventing refugees from entering Turkish territory. Peter Sharp reports from the Iran-Iraq border and describes the numerous deaths among refugees caused by lengthy travel; lack of food, water and medicine; exhaustion; and unfavorable weather conditions. Michael Nicholson reports from Cukurca, Turkey. Michael Macmillan reports for SIX News on the bread delivery in Cukurca. Gleon Oglaza’s report form Turkey provides further insight into the world of the Kurdish refugees and their plights.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 33 min.
Beta SP #80
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[2/2] [Kurdish Tape - News Reports]
Continuation of the news reports about the flight of Kurds from Iraq. Jeremy Bowen reports from Cukurca, Turkey, about the conditions in the refugee camps. Several news reports describe the sanitary conditions, the lack of water and food, health deterioration, and the increasing number of deaths. Interviews with Iraqi Kurds are included in these reports. Later reports describe the situation as stable, though not much better. Philippe Chazerand, a doctor in the camp, argues that there is no possibility of the refugees returning home, given that they are in poor health, scared, and weak from the previous journey. Those who consider doing the return journey are still waiting for the allies to secure their villages. Debi Davies reports from the refugee camps and the hospitals set up to help the people who are in a critical condition. Doctors expect 90 percent of the patients to die due to a lack of resources, including essential medicine (Dr. Ahmed Rafiq and Dr. Ken Hines). Contains footage of the improvised mortuaries and of the numerous inert bodies placed there. Katie Adie provides a report on the Kurds who decided to return home to their villages in Iraq. Footage of the houses reveals that there is nothing left for the returnees to start afresh. A short news report describes the damage caused by Saddam Hussein on a national level followed by footage of Kurds fleeing the country.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 39 min.
Beta SP #81
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[Kurdish Tape - The Anfal Reports]
Recording of a Kurdish television program about the persecution of the Kurdish nation. The reports shown here provide data about the attacks, the exact locations and their dates, the targets and the weapons used. The program provides a run-down of the events and the forces involved. Contains news reports about the Anfal Campaigns and interviews with survivors, who provide detailed accounts of the suffering endured during the campaign implemented by Saddam Hussein and enforced by the Iraqi military.
documentary film, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1998, Duration: 44 min.
350-4-3:81/12
[Kurdish Tape]
Kurdish television program containing several interviews with unidentified men.
television program, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 20 min.
Beta SP #82
350-4-3:82/12
[Kurdish Tape] Blood and Belonging: The Kurds Dreaming a Nation
The film follows writer Michael Ignatieff as he visits Iraqi Kurdistan with the intention of finding out whether the Kurds’ nationalism can overcome the political, linguistic, and geographical divisions among them. More broadly, Michael Ignatieff and the filmmakers want to find out if nationalism can create a nation. The film analyzes the newly emerging Kurdish state structures within Iraq. Participants in the film are Massoud Barzani (President of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region and the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party), Halabja survivors, Peshmerge fighters, PKK members, leaders of the Kurdish Political Parties, and Turkish officials, as well as supporters of Kurdistan as an independent and sovereign state.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1993, Duration: 50 min.
Beta SP #83
350-4-3:83/13
[Kurdish Tape]
Footage 1: Amateur footage of land and children, made by members of the Kurdistan Teachers Union, stressing the need to continue educating their children despite Saddam Hussein’s regime. Contains recordings of a speech delivered to the children, demonstrations, and scenes of destruction; and images of refugees, schools, and classrooms. Footage 2: Teachers giving lectures to Kurdish children in 1985–1986. Contains recordings of children studying. Footage 3: Documents the attack of a Kurdish school and the effects of the attack on the village. Shows children and teachers rushing to shelter; wounded people, as well as children in hospital; burning houses and homeless people. Footage 4: Shows planes and helicopters attacking a Kurdish village and people looking for shelter.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1993, Duration: 45 min.
350-4-3:83/14
[Kurdish Tape] Dispatches Documentary Turkey: Trading with Torture
Documentary report on the continued use of torture in Turkey, despite its desire to join the EEC, which bans such practices. Includes graphic personal accounts of the use of torture, as well as interviews with Margaret Thatcher (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom); Dr. Ali Bozer (Turkish Minister of State, EC Affairs); the President of Human Rights Association in Turkey—who speaks about the case of Mustafa Gulmez; Sedat Cener (Ex-Torturer); Sir James Spicer MP (Vice Chairman Conservative Party, UK); Gerd Lemmer (EC Delegation head to Turkey); Mary Staunton (Amnesty International); Dr. Gencay Gursoy (Consultant Surgeon); Halil Berktay (Journalist); Mehmet Ali Birand (Journalist); and Mihriban Kirdok (Lawyer).
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1988, Duration: 41 min.
350-4-3:83/15
[Kurdish Tape] Everyman: Iraq, Enemies of the State
A documentary that reveals the human rights record of Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Journalist Charles Glass interviews a number of former detainees, now Iraqi refugees in Iran, and presents their testimonies about torture and human rights abuses.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 8 min.
Beta SP #84
350-4-3:84/14
[Kurdish Tape] Everyman: Iraq, Enemies of the State
A documentary that reveals the human rights record of Saddam Hussein's Iraq. Journalist Charles Glass interviews a number of former detainees, now Iraqi refugees in Iran, and presents their testimonies about torture and human rights abuses. It contains footage of executions of Iraqis and archival footage of Saddam Hussein and his government; footage with the Halabja chemical attacks, the immediate consequences and the after effects; Shiite persecution in Southern Iraq and testimonies from those who have suffered because of the regime. Includes interviews with Kanan Makiya in disguise before he revealed that he is the author of "Republic of Fear," Iraqi victims of repression; Kurds from northern Iraq and Shiites from the south; Mustafa Mahmoud, a Peshmerga fighter who in 1987 found out his food was poisoned; Sahib al-Hakim who tells the story of the persecution of his family; and Dr. Azmi Shafiq Al-Salihi, the Ambassador of the Republic of Iraq in London.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 38 min.
350-4-3:84/16
[Kurdish Tape British News Clips]
Clip 1: “News at Ten” report on attempts to export nuclear trigger devices to Iraq. Participants in the report: Joseph Agini (Employee at Euromac London, Ltd.), Douglas Hurd MP (Foreign Secretary), Abdul Razzak al-Hashemi (Ambassador of Republic of Iraq to Paris), Richard Testut (Chairman, CSI Technologies), and Jerry Kowalski (President, CSI Technologies). Reporter: Ken Rees. Clip 2: “One O'Clock News” report on the issue of Iraqi weapon acquisition. British customs officers have discovered huge metal tubes about to be shipped to Iraq; while the Iraqis say the tubes are part of an oil pipeline, the experts suspect they're actually parts of the barrel for a large gun. Participants: Bob Cryer MP (Labor Defense Committee), Henry Dodds (Jane’s Defence Weekly), Dr. Azmi Shafiq Al-Salihi (The Ambassador of the Republic of Iraq in London), and Douglas Tweedle (Chief Customs Investigator). Reporters: Michael Stewart, Ben Brown, and Robin White.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 14 min.
Beta SP #85
350-4-3:85/15
[Kurdish Tape] Panorama: the Secrets of Samarra
"Panorama" documentary on the production of a deadly nerve gas at a secret factory in Samarra, Iraq to be used as a chemical weapon against Iran. It details the chemical weapons production capabilities of Saddam Hussein and includes information about the Western companies that supplied Iraq with the materials needed to produce these weapons. It is also an investigation into the proliferation of chemical weapons across the world. Participants in the film include: Timothy Renton MP (Minister of state, Foreign Office), Gerald Baldit (International Pesticide Plant Consultant), Robert Harris (Political Editor, Reporter), Ali Reza Yaghoubi (Iranian soldier, victim of chemical attacks), Dr. Graham Pearson (Director, Chemical Defence Establishment, Porton Down), and Julian Perry Robinson (Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex).
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1986, Duration: 17 min.
350-4-3:85/16
[Kurdish Tape - British News Clips]
Clip 1: ”News at Ten” reports on the chemical attack on Halabja and offers a coverage of the debate concerning the origins of the attack (Iran vs. Iraq). Terry Lloyd is reporting from occupied Iraq. Contains an interview with Dr. Mohammed Sadiq Al-Mashat (Iraqi Ambassador). Clip 2: News coverage of the Iraqi attacks on the Iranian town of Mirivan as well as of Halabja, an Iraqi town taken over by the Iranian and Kudish forces. Contains amateur footage made by the Kurdish Guerilla. Contains interviews with: Jalal Talabani (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan—PUK), Hoshyar Zebari (Kurdish Democratic Party), Hazhir Teimourian (Middle East Specialist, The Times), and Dr. Alistair Hay (Chemical Pathologist, Leeds University). Clip 3: “Channel 4 News” reports on Kurdish refugees fleeing northern Iraq and the massacre near Dohuk. Interviews with: Hoshyar Zebari and Ambassador Sadiq al-Mashat. Clip 4: “Channel 9 News” reports on the Iraqi massacre near Dohuk and the chemical weapons attack on civilian forces. Middle East Correspondent: Keith Graves. Clip 5: News report on the gravity of the situation in Northern Iraq. Speaking from Uludere, at the Iraq-Turkish border, is Adrian Foreman. Contains footage with the refugees and the protests held at the UN headquarters. Interviews with: Hazhir Teimourian, Dr. Alistair Hay, Temucin Tuzecan (BBC Turkish Service), and Dr. Mohammed Sadiq Al-Mashat. Clip 6: Report on the Iraq-Iran war and the use of chemical weapons against Halabja. Reporter John Buckley. Interview with Shirwan Dizayee from the Kurdish Democratic Party and Dr. Mohammed Sadiq Al-Mashat (Iraqi Ambassador) who refutes the idea put forth in the media that Iraq is responsible for the attacks. Victims of the attacks testify that their injuries were caused by the Iraqi forces. Clip 7: “Channel One” reports on the expulsion of Iraqi diplomats. Interview with Dr. Mohammed Sadiq Al-Mashat. Reporting: Laurie Margolis. Clip 8: Report on the situation of the Kurdish refugees in Britain and Turkey, most of them victims of torture. Interview with Dr. Ton Landau (Medical Center for the Victims of Torture). Reporting: Penny Marshall.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 40 min.
Beta SP #86
350-4-3:86/16
[Kurdish Tape]
Amateur footage taken from a car, presenting destroyed homes and villages in Kurdistan; raw footage, partially edited, with people digging up a mass grave and collecting the remains; a large crowd witnessing the burial of the bodies; lists of victim’s names in Kurdish together with pictures of their remains; and soldiers at the mass graves.
raw material, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: ca. 1991-11-01, Duration: 37 min.
350-4-3:86/17
[Kurdish Tape - News Clips]
Clip 1: MBC (Arabic satellite TV station) news broadcast discussing the Ba’ath regime and the Kurdish situation, presenting soldiers on the field and images of what appears to be Kurdish guerilla training and fighting. Clip 2: Dubai TV report on Kurdish resistance. Clip 3: MBC news report about the Kurdish rebels in Kurdistan and their relations with Turkey and the UK. Clip 4: News reports on Kurdish refugees.
television program, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 12 min.
350-4-3:86/18
[Kurdish Tape - Consequences]
Recording of the British news show "Consequences" where reporter and presenter Jon Snow discusses the consequences of the Gulf War. People who have been involved directly in the wars in the Middle East, particularly the Gulf War, discuss the issue: Dr. Salah Shaikhly (The Iraqi National Accord Movement), Edward Derejian (Assistant Secretary of State for the Near-Eastern Affairs), Sir Percy Cradock (PM's Foreign Policy Advisor), Sir Allen Munro (Former British Ambassador to Saudi Arabia), General Thomas Kelly (Director of Operations, Joint Chief of Staff), Dr. Sabah al-Mukhtar (President, League of Arab Lawyers), Baroness Emma Nicholson (liberal Democratic spokesperson, House of Lords), and Tim Trevan (Former Senior Advisor, UNSCOM).
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 10 min.
Beta SP #87
350-4-3:87/17
[Kurdish Tape - Refugees]
Raw footage of Kurdish refugees fleeing Iraq and crossing the mountains together with their sick and wounded children. Contains images of refugees in the mountains of Kurdistan; bombed houses; exploded bombs in the fields with chemical waste around them; and victims showing the physical effects of chemical weapons. The footage includes testimonies of the survivors of the attacks.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 30 min.
350-4-3:87/19
[Kurdish Tape - Mass Graves]
Footage of mass graves and burial sites where it is presumed that more than 500 Iraqi soldiers from the 5th Squad are buried. They died as a result of their refusal to fight in the war against Kuwait and were buried in the northern part of Iraq so that their families and friends would not find and identify them.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 32 min.
Beta SP #88
350-4-3:88/18
[Kurdish Tape - Testimony]
Interview with a Kurdish man, a victim of the systematic arrests performed by the Iraqi troops. He describes how the Iraqi forces entered his house, performed searches, and arrested him. Provides insight into the jail system in Iraq at the time, and details about the security prison in Sulaymaniyah.
documentary film, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 17 min.
350-4-3:88/19
[Kurdish Tape - Mass Graves]
The footage documents the search for mass graves in the Iraqi countryside. It shows people digging, their findings, and the inconveniencies encountered by the filming crew when trying to record such scenes.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991-12-26, Duration: 12 min.
350-4-3:88/20
[1/2] [Kurdish Tape - Interview]
Interview with an Iraqi Kurdish military intelligence officer. His interview contains information about training with Iraqi forces, working with the security forces, meeting Saddam Hussein, his contribution in Anfal, his reaction to the secret operations aiming to eliminate the Kurds, insights into the “behind-scene” talks about the chemical attacks to be performed on the Kurds, the situation of the prisoners, and the use of torture in the Iraqi prisons.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 35 min.
Beta SP #89
350-4-3:89/19
[2/2] [Kurdish Tape - Interview]
Continuation of the interview with an Iraqi Kurdish military intelligence officer. His interview contains information about training with Iraqi forces, working with the security forces, meeting Saddam Hussein, his contribution in Anfal, his reaction to the secret operations aiming to eliminate the Kurds, insights into the “behind-scene” talks about the chemical attacks to be performed on the Kurds, the situation of the prisoners, and the use of torture in the Iraqi prisons.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 47 min.
350-4-3:89/21
[Kurdish Tape - Mass Graves]
Footage of mass graves, documenting people digging, collecting the remains, and conserving the belongings of the dead ones. Continues with footage from the medical units specialized in performing bone analysis, and the specialists’ conclusions about the causes of death in each of the cases investigated.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 43 min.
Beta SP #90
350-4-3:90/1
Paying the Price: Killing the Children of Iraq
Film exposing the devastating effects that UN sanctions had on Iraqi children during the 1990s. John Pilger and Alan Lowery travel to Iraq with Denis Halliday, a former assistant secretary-general of the United Nations who resigned over what he called the “immoral policy” of economic sanctions. There they find a suffering nation held hostage to the compliance of a dictator, Saddam Hussein, over whom they have no control. Interviewees: Dennis Halliday (Former Asst. Secretary General, United Nations), Robert Gates (CIA Director, 1991–1993), Hans von Sponeck (Chief UN co-ordinator, Iraq), Ambassador Peter van Walsum (Chairman, UN Sanctions Committee), Professor Karol Sikora (Former Chief of Cancer Programme, World Health Organization), James Rubin (US State Department spokesman), Scott Ritter (UN Weapons Inspector, 1991–1998), Said Aburish (Author, “Saddam Hussein: The Politics of Revenge”), Mohammed Amin Ezzet (Conductor, Iraqi National Orchestra), Anupama Rao Singh (UNICEF Representative, Iraq), Professor Doug Rokke (Former US Army health physicist), Dr. Jinan Ghalib Hassen (Pediatrician), Dr. Jawad Al-Ali (Cancer specialist), Laith Kubba (Iraqi opposition exile), Felicity Arbuthnot (Journalist), and Hussain Jarsis (Shepherd).
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 2000, Duration: 87 min.
Beta SP #91
350-4-3:91/1
Baghdad Television Summary
Footage with Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council (RCC) members, and Ba’ath party members listening to the Head of the Presidential Office, Ahmad Hussain Khudayyir, as he presents the awards for the members of the RCC and the medals of valor for the outstanding Ba’ath party members. The ceremony continues with Saddam Hussein personally decorating the officials with their medals, addressing the officials and congratulating them on the blessed month of Ramadan. Saddam’s speech is followed by that of Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri (Vice President and Deputy Chairman of the RCC), Taha Yasin Ramadan al-Jizrawi (Vice President of Iraq and member of RCC), and Badr-al-Din Muddaththir (member of the Iraqi Ba'ath Party's national command in Sudan), who all congratulate the president on the blessed month of Ramadan, praise his leadership, and pledge to continue under his leadership. Saddam Hussein concludes the ceremony with his thoughts on Iraq and its people.
television program, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1999, Duration: 63 min.
Beta SP #92
350-4-3:92/1
Amnesty International. Kuwait: Electronic News Release (ENR)
Hanny Megally (International Secretariat of Amnesty International), Dr. Bernard Knight (Pathologist), and Sean Stiles (International Secretariat of Amnesty International) lead a mission team to Kuwait after the Gulf War to record testimony from Kuwaitis concerning human rights violations by Iraqi forces. The report focuses on several individual cases, with people describing their personal experiences and revealing the physical evidence.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1998, Duration: 20 min.
Beta SP #93
350-4-3:93/1
Amnesty International: Iraq Kurdistan Mission Rushes
Footage of Iraqi Kurdistan: detention centers, Sulaymaniyah Central Prison, Asayish Prison, the torture cells, the mountain landscapes, and various construction and transportations sites.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1998, Duration: 25 min.
Beta SP #94
350-4-3:94/1
[1/2] Amnesty International: Iraqi Kurds in Iran
Recording from the Amnesty International mission to Kurdistan at the time of the exodus of the Iraqi Kurds to neighboring states including Iran, in March 1991, just after the Gulf War. Footage includes scenes from refugee camps and the living conditions of the Kurds, as well as Amnesty delegates interacting with and interviewing Kurdish refugees in the refugee centers.
documentary film, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 2000, Duration: 26 min.
Beta SP #95
350-4-3:95/1
[2/2] Amnesty International: Iraqi Kurds in Iran
Continuation of the recording from the Amnesty International mission to Kurdistan at the time of the exodus of the Iraqi Kurds to neighboring states including Iran, in March 1991, just after the Gulf War. Footage includes scenes from refugee camps and the living conditions of the Kurds, as well as Amnesty delegates interacting with and interviewing Kurdish refugees in the refugee centers.
documentary film, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 2000-04-15, Duration: 45 min.
Beta SP #96
350-4-3:96/1
The Destruction of the Ministry of Communications / Al-Dimar fi Wizarat al-Muwasilat
A documentary about the destruction of the Kuwaiti Ministry of Communications as a result of the Iraqi attacks. It contains footage with wrecked and demolished institutions, as well as destroyed technologies within them. The comments included provide details about the communication centers as they were before the destruction.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1998, Duration: 30 min.
Beta SP #97
350-4-3:97/1
End of Mission - The Devastation of Kuwait University
Documentary about the destruction of Kuwait University, and the fate of education and teaching staff. All documents used in this film were found at the campus of Kuwait University immediately after the liberation. They are now kept at the National Center for Documents of Iraqi Aggression on Kuwait under the title “End of Mission.” Some of the material is presented in this film.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 30 min.
Beta SP #98
350-4-3:98/1
And Kuwait Remains
A film documenting the invasion of Kuwait by Iraqi forces in 1990 and the destruction that occurred in the following seven months during Iraqi occupation. It contains footage from the days preceding the invasion, the first days of the invasion, and the effects of the occupation. The film presents the nature and the size of the damage inflicted upon governmental institutions, cultural centers, infrastructure, and the civilian people of Kuwait.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 52 min.
Beta SP #99
350-4-3:99/1
Kuwaiti Survivors Tape - Prisoners of War
After Iraqi troops occupied Kuwait in August 1990, hundreds of Kuwaitis and nationals of other countries went missing. This is a film about the missing Kuwaitis, featuring interviews with members of their families who lived through the invasion and occupation of their country. They recount the events before and after their loved ones went missing. Included here are interviews with people describing their sufferings and in some cases their direct experiences with the Iraqi forces and the prisons.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 76 min.
Beta SP #100
350-4-3:100/1
A Suivre: Iraq
Belgian television program in two parts about Iraq and the Gulf in 1984. The first part discusses the history and state of the regime existing in Iraq. The program touches upon the cult of the leader, the Ba’ath party and its origins, the educational system, the separation of the church and the state in Iraq in opposition to the situation in Iran, the position and influence of Saddam Hussein, the history of Saddam's rise to power, the Kurdish war, the rupture with the Soviet Union, and the war with Iran. Contains interviews with Kendal Nezan, president of the Kurdish Institute of Paris. Part two of the program covers the Gulf countries and their oil situation in relation to the west.
television program, French language, Date of Production: 1984, Duration: 21 min. 45 sec.
Beta SP #101
350-4-3:101/1
A Suivre: Iran-Iraq War
Belgian television program about the Iran-Iraq War in 1980. It starts with a war propaganda piece made by the Iraqis in which they denounce the Iranian regime. The television program concentrates on the cult of personality of Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi dictatorial regime, and the consequences of the escalation of the Iran-Iraq war. The program contains one of Saddam Hussein speeches and numerous recordings with him attending various events and ceremonies in which he and his leadership are being praised. The program also touches upon Iraqi nationalism, Iraqi fundamentalism, the Iraqi Kurds and their “arabization,” and communism in Iraq.
television program, French language, Date of Production: 1980, Duration: 40 min.
Beta SP #102
350-4-3:102/1
To See: Dying for the Gulf? / C'est A Voir: Mourir Pour Le Gulfe?
Belgian television program in three parts about the Persian Gulf and the war between Iran and Iraq in the 1980s. The first part discusses the position of Belgian naval vessels in the Gulf and the Belgium dependence on Gulf oil. It presents an analysis of the war from a Belgian point of view, touching upon the position of the U.S. in the war and their efforts to overthrow the Iranian regime. It includes interviews with Véronique Maurus (journalist, “Le Monde”), Paul-Marie de la Gorce (journalist, “France Inter” and “Le Monde diplomatique”), and Alain Gresch (journalist, “Le Monde diplomatique”). The second part of the program is a report from Basra during war. The analysis includes information about Saddam Hussein’s propaganda war against the Iranian regime, footage from Iraqi television showing the efforts of Iraqi troops in the war and their patriotism, footage of injured children in the Iraqi hospitals, and footage of a patriotic parade which followed the bombing of an Iraqi school. It further contains interviews with civilian Iraqis in Basra about Ayatollah Khomeini and the destructions caused by the war on the civilian population of Basra. The last section of the program is about Kuwait, the oil industry, and the necessity of exporting oil in the Persian Gulf. It covers the attacks on Kuwaiti oil tankers by Iranian troops, the political situation in Kuwait, and the impact of the Iran-Iraq war on the country. The program concludes with a discussion on the possibility of internationalizing the Gulf.
television program, French language, Date of Production: 1987, Date Aired: 1987, Duration: 61 min.
Beta SP #103
350-4-3:103/1
[1/4] CNN News Broadcasts of the Gulf War
CNN broadcast coverage of the ground war in the Gulf from late February to Early March, right after the Gulf War ended in February 1991. Clip 1: CNN News report presenting Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf’s (Cmdr. of Operation Desert Storm) military briefing. Contains images of Saddam Hussein and President George. H.W. Bush. Clip 2: Interviews with David Hollingsworth (US Army’s 18th artillery posted in Kuwait) and Capt. Allan Sheyzer (2nd Division of the U.S. Marine Corps). Contains footage from Iraqi television and of with the attacks on Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Reporter for CNN: Jennifer Michael. Clip 3: CNN’s Military Affairs Correspondent Wolf Blitzer reports from the Pentagon on the developments of the ground war in the Gulf. Contains interviews with Dick Cheney (U.S. Defense Secretary), United States Representative Les Aspin (Chairman of the Armed Services Committee), and Robert Hunter (Middle East Analyst). Clip 4: Jonathan Mann reports for CNN on the Gulf War, day 39, and discusses the approval rate for President George H.W. Bush on handling the Gulf Crisis. Contains interviews with U.S. soldiers engaged in the conflict and footage with Baghdad. Continues with a report by Richard Roth from Tel Aviv, Israel about a missile attack on Israel in connection with the ground war in the Gulf. Correspondent Frank Sesno reports from the White House about the U.S. involvement in the ground war in the Gulf. Contains an interview with Brent Scowcroft (U.S. National Security Adviser). Clip 5: Interview with Henry Kissinger, Former U.S. Secretary of State. Clip 6: Reporter Brian Jenkins is reporting live from North Eastern Saudi Arabia, close to Kuwait border, on the war situation in Kuwait. Clip 7: Don Miller presents the news about the Gulf War while Greg LaMotte and Charles Jaco report from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait about the ground invasion. Clip 8: Doug James is with the U.S. 1st Infantry Division and reports on the Gulf War from Iraq. Clip 9: Susan Rook who reports on the latest developments in Kuwait is followed by Bernard Shaw’s “Gulf Talk,” where the guests are Charles Jaco (CNN Correspondent in Kuwait), James Blackwell (CNN Military Analyst), Kenneth Katzman (Middle East Analyst), and Peter Rodman (Former NSC Staffer).
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 57 min.
350-4-3:103/2
[1/2] Frontline: The Mind of Hussein
The documentary investigates the personal and political history of Saddam Hussein and attempts to explain the rationale behind the actions of the Iraqi leader. Frontline correspondent Hodding Carter peels back the layers of this controversial dictator, revealing a politically savvy, highly intelligent man, hell-bent on notoriety and tyranny. Through interviews with Hussein's former neighbors, members of his government, military leaders, political rivals, Iraqi and Western journalists, and Middle East experts, Hodding Carter reveals the fears, the passions, and the intellect of the man behind the dictator.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 36 min.
Beta SP #104
350-4-3:104/1
[2/2] Frontline: The Mind of Hussein
Continuation of the Frontline documentary that investigates the personal and political history of Saddam Hussein in order to find out the rationale behind the actions of the Iraqi leader.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 22 min.
350-4-3:104/2
[2/4] CNN News Broadcasts of the Gulf War
CNN live coverage of the ground war in the Persian Gulf containing military briefings, statements from Iraqi officials, and coverage from the White House and Kuwait City. Clip 1: News report by Gene Randall, CNN live at the Pentagon. Clip 2: The news coverage about the Gulf War continues with CNN anchors Reid Collins and Bobbie Battista, featuring Charles Jaco who reports live from Kuwait City and talks about mines, the U.S. military actions, torture victims, and Iraqi prisoners of war; meteorologist Valerie Moss who describes the weather in the Kuwait area; CNN correspondent Mike Chinoy in Saudi Arabia; Larry King in interview with Senator Robert Dole (Minority Leader); Col. Barry Stevens (British Army) who is in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and provides a military briefing about the situation in the Gulf; Charles Feldman from the United Nations (UN); the Iraqi Ambassador to the UN Abdul Amir-al-Anbari; CNN’s Senior White House Correspondent Charles Bierbauer who talks about the UN Resolutions and sanctions; U.S. Defense Secretary Dick Cheney who speaks from Washington about the role of the U.S. military in the Middle East; Jeanne Moons from the UN, who talks about the necessary conditions for a cease fire to take place; CNN journalist and news anchor Bernard Shaw; excerpts from Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf’s (Cmdr., Allied Forces) military briefing in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; and David Gergen (U.S. News & World Report) and Mark Shields (Washington Post), who are guests in a talk-show. Clip 3: “The Gulf War – Day 42” news presented by Bernard Shaw (CNN Washington) and Susan Rook (CNN Center, Atlanta). The coverage includes excerpts from President George H. W. Bush’s declaration of victory in liberating Kuwait; the assessment of the war casualties among the coalition forces made by Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf in a military briefing; and Frank Sesno’s report from the White House.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 64 min.
Beta SP #105
350-4-3:105/1
[3/4] CNN News Broadcasts of the Gulf War
Continuation of the CNN live coverage of the ground war in the Persian Gulf and ABC News coverage of the situation in the Gulf. Contains military briefings, statements from Iraqi officials, and coverage from the White House and Kuwait City. Clip 1: News anchors Bernard Shaw (CNN Washington) and Susan Brook (CNN Center) report live about the developments of the ground war in Kuwait. Correspondent Frank Sesno from the White House, Wolf Blitzer from the Pentagon, and Dan Blackburn from the U.S. Marine base in Camp Pendleton, California, report on the ending of the ground war in Kuwait. Contains interviews with U.S. Marine Corps Capt. Rose-Ann Sgrignoli, Master Serg. Graff Sosebee, C.W.O. Paul Miner, Maj. Mary Forde, and Sgt. Steve Castonguay. Clip 2: Interviews with U.S. soldier deployed in Eastern Saudi Arabia. Clip 3: Susan Brook reports in “The Gulf War – Day 42” about the liberation of Kuwait. Contains footage and interviews with Kuwaitis and members of the coalition forces. Clip 4: Bernard Shaw presents the highlights of the liberation of Kuwait. CNN correspondents Charles Jaco and Tom Mintier report from Kuwait about the destruction that took place during the occupation of Kuwait by the Iraqi forces and the events following the liberation. Clip 5: Rick Moore and Molly McCoy from CNN Center present “Toward Peace in the Gulf,” which contains excerpts of George H. W. Bush’s speech about the liberation of Kuwait; a fragment of Tariq Aziz’s (Iraqi Foreign Minister) statement about complying with the UN resolutions; footage with Baghdad (Iraq) under attack; Mary Tillotson’s report from CNN White House; Richard Roth’s report from Tel Aviv (Israel); Tony Clark’s report from Amman (Jordan); an interview with Nachman Shai (IDF Spokesman); a discussion with CNN’s Military Analyst Maj. Gen. Perry Smith about the tactics used in the ground war; a live report by CNN correspondent Gene Randall from the Pentagon about a potential breach in the cease fire agreement; a discussion with Stuart Varney (CNN Business News Desk) and Robert Hormats (Vice Chairman, Golden Sachs Intl.) about the implications of the cease fire on the world financial markets; ITN correspondent Jeremy Thompson’s report from Kuwait; Bill Blakemore’s (ABC News) news briefing from Baghdad; Jerry King’s news report about the reactions throughout the region—Egypt, Jordan, and Syria—to the cease fire agreement; an interview with Mohammed Sayed Ahmed (Arab Analyst); Dean Reynolds’ news report from Egypt to ABC News; and an interview with Benjamin Netanyahu (Dep. Israeli Foreign Minister). Clip 6: Rebecca Chase reports on “American Agenda” about Clarke County, Alabama, where the community encounters difficulties because of the absence of many of the members of their community who left the town to engage in the Gulf War. Clip 7: Mark Coogan reports about the light casualties the U.S. has suffered as a result of their involvement in the Gulf War. David Ochmanek (Rand Corp. Military Expert) explains the conditions for this development. Clip 8: Interviews with Iraqis on peace and war in Iraq and Kuwait. Clip 9: Jeremy Thompson reports from Kuwait City about Kuwaitis celebrating the liberation, but also considering the destruction caused by the war. Clip 9: News report about pro-Iraqi demonstrators in Jordan and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) calling for the UN to back up the Palestinians. Clip 10: Judy Woodruff interviews Mohammad Abulhasan (UN Ambassador, Kuwait) inquiring about the diplomatic and military storms in Kuwait. Clip 11: interview with Israeli Ambassador to the U.S., Zalman Shoval. Clip 12: Talk-show on the post-war future in the Middle East with: Richard Helms (Former CIA director and U.S. Ambassador to Iran), Edward Said (Member of the Palestine National Council, Professor of Comparative Literature), Gary Sick (Member of the U.S. National Security Council in the Ford and Carter Administration), Daniel Pipes (Former Middle East Analyst at the U.S. State D
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 94 min.
Beta SP #106
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[4/4] CNN News Broadcasts of the Gulf War
Clip 1: Continuation of “The MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour” coverage of the Gulf War (Clip 13 from “CNN News Broadcasts of Gulf War – 3”). Contains news reports, military press briefings, interviews with analysts, coverage of the end of the ground war, footage with Iraqi prisoners of war, footage with U.S. soldiers in action, and a discussions of Bush’s policy towards the Middle East. News anchors and journalists: Robert MacNeil and Jim Lehrer. Clip 2: Interviews with Lt. Col. Ali Dashatii (Kuwait Army), Ali Essa Al-Bloushi (Resistance Unit Leader), and Yaser Gradansar (Resistance Unit Leader), in Brian Jenkins’ CNN report. Clip 3: Susan Rook (CNN Central) and Bernard Shaw (CNN Washington) report on the situation in the Gulf after the end of the war. The report includes a discussion between World Affairs Correspondent Ralph Begleiter and Germany’s Foreign Minister and Vice Chancellor Hans-Dietrich Genscher. Clip 4: Interviews with U.S. soldiers after hearing the news that there is a cease fire in the Gulf. Clip 5: Peter Arnett reports from Baghdad in the first night after the cease fire was declared. Clip 6: Reunion of a Kuwaiti soldier with his relatives. Clip 7: Bernard Shaw is moderating a discussion between Nicholas Veliotes (Former U.S. Ambassador to Egypt) and Lawrence Korb (Former U.S. Asst. Defense Secretary for Manpower, Reserve Affairs, and Logistics). Clip 8: Sam Donaldson (journalist and news anchor at ABC News) reports from liberated Kuwait City where its people were divided between joy and sorrow. Contains footage of destroyed infrastructure, U.S. Army operations, dead Kuwaiti civilians, and testimonies of abuse and torture suffered at the hand of the Iraqi forces. Clip 9: Report on Saddam Hussein and his possible options after the end of the Gulf War. Clip 10: Report from Safwan, Iraq, on the official meetings and talks to sign the cease fire agreement in the Gulf. Contains excerpts of one of Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf’s (Cmdr. of Operation Desert Storm) speeches. Clip 11: CNN correspondent Mike Chinoy reports from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia about the cessation of hostilities, the peace talks between the ally forces and the Iraqi officials, and the possibility of exchanging prisoners of war. Clip 12: Gene Randall reports live from the Pentagon about the non-hostile deaths that occurred after the war between Iraq and Kuwait ended. Clip 13: Talk show covering topics such as Saddam Hussein’s war crimes, Iraq’s international responsibility, and Iraq’s war debts. Among the participants: James Baker (U.S. Secretary of State), Thomas Friedman (writer and columnist, New York Times), and John Dancy (NBC News correspondent). Clip 14: Recording of a discussion with Abbas Amirie (Middle East Analyst) and Fouad Ajami (Middle East Analyst), moderated by Robert MacNeil. Topics covered: the devastation in Iraq, the problems posed by Saddam Hussein, and the future of the country. Clip 15: Recording of a discussion with Mark Shields (Washington Post) and David Gergen (U.S. News & World Report). Clip 16: Robert MacNeil presents a report about the reaction of the people in the U. S. at the announcement of the coalition victory in the Persian Gulf. Contains excerpts from an address made by President George H. W. Bush at the beginning of the Gulf War. Footage with U.S. Secretary Dick Cheney, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Collin Powell, and Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf’s (Cmdr. of Operation Desert Storm). The report includes an exposure of the effects of the Gulf War presented by journalist and writer Roger Rosenblatt.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 82 min.
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[1/4] CNN, NBC, ABC News
Clip 1: Recording of the “CNN Newsday” report about the crisis in the Gulf presented by Mary Ann Loughlin and Don Miller. Includes Bernard Shaw’s updates from CNN Washington; correspondent Jonathan Mann’s live report from Cairo; fragments of Saddam Hussein’s spokesman's statements on Iraqi TV; correspondent Frank Sesno’s report from Kennebunkport, Maine, on President George H.W. Bush’s activities; excerpts form a press conference with Brian Mulroney, Canada's Prime Minister, in which he explains Canada’s involvement in the Persian crisis; footage from the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf accompanied by a discussion on the military capabilities of the allied forces; a Tom Mintier report from Pope Air Force Base in North Carolina. Clip 3: News report about Iraq sealing foreigners inside their borders. Contains footage with people stuck at the Jordan-Iraq border. Clip 4: “The MacNeil/Lehrer News Hour” contains Jim Lehrer’s report on Saddam Hussein’s call to war against the Western countries; a report by correspondent Alex Thomson on the Arab summit taking place in Cairo, Egypt; Lehrer’s report about the deployment of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia; news about NATO’s involvement in the Gulf crisis; and Jim Lehrer’s report about George H.W. Bush’s reaction to Saddam Hussein’s intention to wage a war with western countries. Includes an interview with President H.W. Bush. Contains a discussion about Saddam’s call for a “Holy War” against the U.S. and Saudi Arabia. Participants: Raghida Dergam (Arab Newspaper Reporter), Hisham Melhem (Lebanese Newspaper Reporter), Mohammed Hakki (Former Egyptian Official), and Osama Siblani (Arab-American Newspaper Editor). The “News Hour” continues with Jim Lehrer offering five perspectives on the Gulf War with the help of his guests Richard Murphy (Former State Department Official), Yitzhak Rabin (Former Prime Minister, Israel), Fouad Ajami (Middle East Analyst), Graham Fuller (Middle East Analyst), and Bruce Van Voorst (Time Magazine). Clip 5: CNN News update on the crisis in the Gulf presented by Mary Ann Loughlin, with information about the build-up in Iraq and the Americans stuck in Iraq after the invasion of Kuwait. Clip 6: Bobbie Battista presents the updates on the “Crisis in the Gulf” which includes information on the situation at the Iraqi border; solutions for the end of the conflict in the Gulf; footage from the mini-summit in Alexandria, Egypt; interview with King Hussein of Jordan; foreign troops arriving in Saudi Arabia; Correspondent Robert Halls’ report from the summit in Cairo, Egypt; interview with Egyptians about the Arab-Western relation; and pro-Iraqi supporters in Yemen. Clip 7: ABC News report presented by Carole Simpson. Includes news about the Americans that were stuck at the Iraq-Jordan border; an interview with John Owens, U.S. Embassy Spokesman; John Donvan’s report from Amman, Jordan, about Saddam Hussein’s supporters across the Arab world; interview with Penelope Nabokov’s father; information about the arrival of troops in Saudi Arabia as a result of the Arab Summit in Cairo; ABC News correspondent Barry Dunsmore’s report on the Arab leaders and their views on the Iraq-Kuwait situation; President Bush’s position on Saddam Hussein and his response to the crisis in the Middle East; Ann Compton’s news report from Kennebunkport, Maine; deployment of troops, U.S. Infantry division, in Saudi Arabia; the Israeli situation and their response to the crisis in a report by Dean Reynolds from Tel Aviv, Israel; the Soviet response to the crisis presented by Jim Laurie in a report from Moscow; and the situation of Penelope Nabokov. Clip 8: News anchor David French presents the CNN evening news.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 90 min.
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[2/4] CNN, NBC, ABC News
Clip 1: Continuation of the CNN Evening News presented by David French. The news provide information about the deployment of U.S. troops in the Middle East within the Operation Desert Shield—the U.S. military deployment to defend Saudi Arabia after Saddam Hussein declared Kuwait Iraq’s 19th province. The news also includes CNN Time polls covering opinions on the U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, the seriousness of the invasion, President H.W. Bush’s performances, and U.S. actions and objectives; Tony Clark’s report about farmers and rice production affected by the Gulf crisis, from Katy, Texas; interviews with Jim Willis (USA Rice Council), Bob Mitchell (Brig. Gen. U.S.A.F Deputy Director of Plans), President George H.W. Bush, Arabs who support Saddam Hussein and wish to join the Iraqi forces, and Dr. Hanan Ashrawi (Palestinian Teacher). The Evening News continues with a report by Linda Scherzer from the West Bank in which she interviews Saeb Arakot (Political Scientist) about the role of the Palestinians to bring peace in the Middle East. Clip 2: NBC News containing footage from Michigan presenting the Arab community dealing with the news that Kuwait was attacked by Iraq. Contains interviews with various personalities offering explanations for Saddam Hussein’s aggressive actions as well as interviews with Arabs showing support or disdain for the Iraqi leader. The report contains NBC News television correspondent Bob Simmon’s coverage from Cairo about tensions and existing alliances in Egypt, Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia in the context of a new conflict in the Middle East. The NBC News, coordinated by news anchor Tom Brokaw, continues with the “Meet the Press” report, where Garrick Utley moderates a discussion between guests Prince Bandar Bin Sultan of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Ambassador to the U.S.), Dick Cheney (U.S. Defense Secretary), and the panelists John Cochran (NBC News White House Correspondent) and Fred Francis (Pentagon Correspondent). Clip 3: CNN Newsday presents and discusses excerpts from a speech held by Saddam Hussein’s spokesman on Iraqi TV and reports live from Kennebunkport, Maine, on President George H.W. Bush keeping track of the crisis in the Gulf. News anchors: Sheryl Atkinson and Patrick Greenlaw. CNN Live correspondents: Jim Clancy (Cairo), Frank Sesno (Kennebunkport, Maine), Anthony Collings (the Pentagon). Interviewees: Dean Fischer (Time Magazine) and James Akins (U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, 1973–1975) on the emerging tensions between Iraq, Israel, and the Western nations; President Bush on UN sanctions; and Dick Cheney (Defense Secretary) on the U.S. military capability in the Gulf. Clip 4: ABC News with newscaster Sam Donaldson about the invasion of Kuwait and the U.S. response to Iraq. The news correspondents are John McKenzie reporting from London (UK), Barry Dunsmore reporting from Cairo (Egypt), and Bob Jamieson reporting from the White House (U.S.). The reports contain: footage from the first days of the invasion of Kuwait by the Iraqi forces, footage with Tariq Aziz (Iraqi Foreign Minister) giving a speech, images from various meetings between Iraqi and Arab officials, an interview with President George H. W. Bush, and archival footage illustrating Saddam’s previous actions in the war with Iran. Interviewees include Anthony Cordesman (Former Professor at Georgetown University and national security analyst for ABC New) and Irwin Kellner (Manufacturers Hanover Trust). Guests on the program are Turgut Ozal (Turkish President), Abdul Amir al-Anbari (Iraqi ambassador to UN), and James Baker (U.S. Secretary of State): they take part in a discussion with Pierre Salinger (ABC News) and Cokie Roberts (ABC News).
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 89 min.
Beta SP #109
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[3/4] CNN, NBC, ABC News
Clip 1: Continuation of the ABC News. Continues with newscaster Sam Donaldson having a discussion with Pierre Salinger (ABC News), Cokie Roberts (ABC News) and David Gergen (U.S. News & World Report) about the blockades imposed on Iraq, and the U.S. and Iraqi military capabilities. Clip 2: David French broadcasts the news on “CNN Prime News.” The news program contains live reports by Jonathan Mann from CNN news center in Cairo and Gene Randall, CNN National Correspondent, from the Pentagon, concerning the troop movements to the Middle East and the stranded Americans in the Iraqi and Kuwaiti war zones. CNN Prime news continues with a report on Penelope Nabokov, a U.S. citizen returning from Iraq, and includes excerpts from a press conference with Penelope Nabokov and her family. Linda Scherzer reports on the Israeli reaction as Iraq tries to dictate the withdrawal terms to Israel in what concerns the occupied territories. Features interviews with Avi Pazner (Senior Advisor to Israel’s Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir), Benjamin Netanyahu (Israel’s Deputy Foreign Minister), Ariel Sharon (Cabinet Minister, Israel), Faisal Husseini (Palestinian Activist), and Dore Gold (Strategic Analyst). Also includes a short report on President Bush’s reaction to Saddam’s declaration against Israel, an interview with James Baker (U.S. Secretary of State), and Frank Sesno’s report on the naval quarantine imposed on Iraq. The news continues with a discussion between broadcaster David French and Former U.S. Ambassador to Qatar, Andrew Killgore. Clip 3: “NBC Nightly News” reports on Saddam Hussein’s conditions for ending the occupation of Kuwait. Newscaster: Tom Brokaw. NBC News Correspondents: Garrick Utley in Cairo and John Cochran at the White House. Interviewees: President George H. W. Bush reacting to Saddam’s proposal, James Baker (U.S. Secretary of State) on U.N. resolutions, and Brent Scowcroft (National Security Affairs Advisor) on Saddam Hussein. Contains excerpts form NBC television program “Meet the Press” with Dick Cheney. John Dancy reports from the State Department about the possible U.S. strategies and the reactions to Saddam’s proposal. The report contains an interview with Saud bin Nasir Al-Sabah (Kuwaiti Ambassador) and brief comments about the U.S. economy, including the issue of oil. Continues with Jim Maceda’s report from Moscow about the Soviet response to the Gulf crisis and a report about the 10-year-old traveler Penelope Nabokov’s who was reunited with her family after being restrained in Iraq. Newscaster Tom Brokaw and NBC News Correspondent Garrick Utley report on Islamic fundamentalism and Arab nationalism among the Arabs in the Middle East. Clip 4: “CNN – The Week in Review” examines the daily news about the invasion and annexation of Kuwait to Iraq. Includes: an interview with Dick Cheney (U.S. Defense Secretary) about the presence of the U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia; the translation of Saddam Hussein’s statement of annexing Kuwait to Iraq broadcast on Iraqi TV through his official spokesperson; President Bush’s reaction to Saddam’s plans; an interview with Major Michael Setnor (U.S. Air Force F-15 Pilot); an interview with Abdul Amir al-Anbari (Iraqi Ambassador to UN) guaranteeing that chemical weapons will not be used by the Iraqi forces against the U.S. troops; and Collin Powell’s briefing. Clip 5: “CNN World Day” with newscasts Bobie Battista and Reid Collins. Correspondent Jim Clancy reports from Cairo about the early days of the invasion of Kuwait and the U.S. blockade on Iraq. The report contains interviews with Morsie Saad el Din (Editor, Cairo Today) and Col. Harry Summer (CNN Military Analyst). Carl Rochelle reports from Saudi Arabia about the troops deployed in Kuwait. Bobbie Battista presents the news about the conflict in Liberia and interviews Thomas Woewiyu (Liberia Rebel Defense Minister, Head of the NPFL fighting forces). “World Day” continues with correspondent Peter Arnett’s report from Aqaba (Jordan) a
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 94 min.
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[4/4] CNN, NBC, ABC News
Clip 1: “CNN Evening News” with Patrick Emory broadcasts on the 3,000 Americans stranded in Iraq and Kuwait, U.S. deployment of forces in the Middle East, and Iraq’s difficulties in finding viable allies supporting its actions. Correspondent Wolf Blitzer reports from the Pentagon about the political situation in all of Iraq’s neighboring countries. The news includes an interview with Dick Cheney (U.S. Defense Secretary) and footage from Fort Stewart in Georgia. In a report by CNN correspondent Tony Clark, Military History Professor Spencer Tucker, Associate Professor of Economics Scott Havakla, and Grain Analyst Steve Freed describe the effects of the military tactic of withholding food from the Iraqis. Clip 2: ABC News Nightline broadcast from New York with Chris Wallace as its news anchor. Ted Koppel, the first Western reporter allowed into Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait reports from Baghdad on the situation of the Americans stranded in Iraq and on Jordan’s position in the Gulf crisis. Contains a phone interview with Bob Vinton, an U.S. Businessman held in Iraq. Clip 3: News anchor Reid Collins and Bobbie Battista present “CNN World Day.” Issues covered: King Hussain’s arrival in Washington with a message form Baghdad, U.S. warships testing their missiles in the Middle East waters, U.S. troop movements in the Persian Gulf, and the role of women in the military. Jim Clancy reports live from Cairo, Egypt, about the crisis in Kuwait. Interviews with Salah Bassiouny (Director at Center for Middle East Studies) and a Royal Saudi Air Force Pilot. Charles Bierbauer reports live form the Pentagon. “World Day” continues with a discussion on the role of women in the conflict. Also includes interviews with an U.S. Air Force Staff Sergeant and Brig. Gen. Turki Bin Nasser from the Saudi Air Force. Frank Sesno’s report from Kennebunkport, Maine, contains excerpts from Dick Cheney and President Bush’s speeches. CNN Crossfire features a discussion with Jean Abi Nader (US-Arab Chamber of Commerce), where he explains the purpose of King Hussain’s visit to the U.S. From Orlando, Florida, correspondent Charels Jaco reports about the departure of the U.S. military medical personnel. Contains an interview with Lt. Keith Proctor (Naval Hospital, Orlando). Clip 4: ABC Nightline with Barbara Walters, where she reports on the detained Americans in Iraq by moderating a discussion between Ted Koppel (ABC News Correspondent) and Mohammed Al-Mashat (Iraqi Ambassador to the United Nations). Contains footage with Tariq Aziz (Iraqi Foreign Minister) assuring the media that keeping the Americans in Iraq is a temporary measure. Other guests in the program: Admiral William J. Crowe (Former Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff) and Les Aspen (Chairman of the Armed Services Committee). Ann Compton reports live from Kennebunkport, Maine, on President Bush’s possible stance on the issue of trapped civilians in Iraq.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 92 min.
Beta SP #111
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Frontline: Spying on Saddam
"Spying on Saddam" chronicles the UN's dramatic, thwarted eight-year long effort to find and dismantle Saddam Hussein's secret weapons of mass destruction. While the achievements of the UN weapons inspection mission (UNSCOM) were considerable—destroying more of Iraq's weapons than were eliminated in the Gulf War—it fell short in eliminating all deadly arsenals. In December 1998, Iraq expelled all UNSCOM weapons inspectors on the charge that UNSCOM had become a spy agency. This Frontline report traces the history of UNSCOM from its birth at the end of the Gulf War, to its daring inspections and confrontations with the Iraqi military, to the final events leading up to the expulsion. The story's central figure is Scott Ritter, former U.S. Marine and UNSCOM inspector, who claims that U.S. Intelligence destroyed UNSCOM's credibility when American spies penetrated and compromised the UN arms inspection teams. Frontline investigates Ritter's charges and asks: who really killed UNSCOM?
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1999, Date Aired: 1999-04-27, Duration: 55 min.
Beta SP #112
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Frontline: The Mind of Hussein
The documentary investigates the personal and political history of Saddam Hussein and attempts to explain the rationale behind the actions of the Iraqi leader. Frontline correspondent Hodding Carter peels back the layers of this controversial dictator, revealing a politically savvy, highly intelligent man, hell-bent on notoriety and tyranny. Through interviews with Hussein's former neighbors, members of his government, military leaders, political rivals, Iraqi and Western journalists, and Middle East experts, Hodding Carter reveals the fears, the passions, and the intellect of the man behind the dictator.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 55 min.
Beta SP #113
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Frontline: The Arming of Iraq
"The Arming of Iraq" examines how Saddam Hussein built Iraq's massive arsenal of tanks, planes, missiles, and chemical weapons during the 1980's with external foreign support. Correspondent Hodding Carter investigates the complicity of the U.S., European governments, and Western corporations in creating the Iraqi military machine.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Date Aired: 1990-09-11, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #114
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Frontline: The War We Left Behind
“The War We Left Behind” investigates the hidden strategies of the air war against Iraq and its devastating impact on Iraqi civilians. The program reveals how the war destroyed Iraq's power stations-leaving many Iraqis without electricity, sewage lines, or purified water, vulnerable to hunger and disease, and part of the 'slow motion disaster' in post-war Iraq.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Date Aired: 1991-10-29, Duration: 58 min.
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Frontline: To the Brink of War
On January 15, 1991, the United Nations resolution that allowed the use of force against Saddam Hussein took effect. Frontline correspondent Hodding Carter examines the critical decisions inside the White House, the State Department, and the Pentagon that had brought the American nation to the brink of war. In the program: Thomas Friedman (Correspondent, NY Times), Robin Wright (Correspondent, LA Times), Margaret Tutwiler (Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs), Rick Atkinson (Reporter for Washington Post), and Ann McDaniel (Correspondent, Newsweek). The program contains footage with the Iraqi army in Kuwait during the first days of the invasion.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Date Aired: 1991-01-15, Duration: 58 min.
Beta SP #116
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The Testimony of Kuwait's Ruin
Short documentary exposing the destruction of Kuwait during the invasion and its subsequent occupation by the Iraqi forces. The images and the footage presented reveal the nature and the size of the damage inflicted upon Kuwaiti governmental institutions, cultural centers, infrastructure and the people of Kuwait.
documentary film, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 29 min.
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Oil Exclusive Report
Kuwait Television documentary on the Kuwaiti oil fires during the Gulf War. Nearly 700 oil wells were set ablaze in February 1991 by the retreating Iraqi army. The fires were not fully extinguished for eight months. This short documentary contains footage of burning oil wells, revealing the effects of the Iraqi operations on the people, the environment, and the economy of the country.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 22 min.
Beta SP #118
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Peter Jennings Reporting: Unfinished Business: The CIA and Saddam Hussein
ABC News special report on the CIA's expensive and unsuccessful operation to eliminate Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. The details of the covert operation to get rid of Saddam Hussein are revealed through interviews with CIA Iraqi infiltrators, various Iraqi oppositionists, U.S. and Iraqi officials. Issues covered: Iraqi and Kurdish rebellion, the lack of western support, the Kurdish exodus, KDP and PUK, the situation of the Iraqi Army and Saddam Hussein’s position, the CIA role and the failure of the sponsored coup. Features interviews with Ahmed Chalabi (Member of the Iraqi opposition group, the Iraqi National Congress, INC), Brent Scowcroft (United States National Security Advisor), Peter Galbraith (Professional staff member for the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations), Massoud Barzani (President of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, KDP), Lieutenant General Wafiq Al-Samurai (Former Chief of Iraqi General Military Intelligence), Frank Anderson (CIA Near East Bureau Chief), John Rendon (Communications Services, Rendon Group), Hoshyar Zebari (Foreign Spokesperson for the KDP), General Adnan Nouri (Former Republican Guard Officer), Albert Arnold Al-Gore (Vice President of the United States), Nabeel Musawi (Leading member, INC), Robert Pelletrau (Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs), Warren Marik (Former CIA case officer), John M. Deutch (Director of Central Intelligence Agency), and Jalal Talabani (Leader, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan).
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1997, Date Aired: 1997-06-26, Duration: 57 min.
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Good Kurds, Bad Kurds: No Friends But the Mountains
With a population of 25 million spilling across the borders of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and the former Soviet Union, the Kurds have maintained their way of life for more than 2,000 years, despite attempts by various empires and nation states to eradicate their culture. Forbidden in Turkey to speak their own language, to sing their own songs, even to call their children by Kurdish names, the Kurds for generations have struggled to preserve their identity and to foster their traditions. In the early nineties, the Kurds of nearby Iraq found themselves suddenly supported in their old war for independence against Baghdad, when their interests coincided with those of Western powers fighting against Saddam Hussein. In contrast, Kurds living across the border in Turkey, waging a similar battle for survival, were not supported in their uprising against Turkey, a vital American ally with U.S. bases. This film brings into sharp focus U.S. human rights and a foreign policy with different rules for different people. It provides the perspectives of Turkish, U.S., and European officials, as well as human rights representatives, and it includes exclusive footage shot behind the lines of Kurdish guerrillas in Iraq and Turkey.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 2000, Duration: 79 min. 12 sec.
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Kuwait Tourist Enterprises Co.: After the Destruction
Video montage showing the devastation of Kuwait after the Iraqi invasion. The video concentrates on the beaches and theme parks that were destroyed, leading to the degradation of the tourist industry.
documentary film, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: ca. 1998, Duration: 19 min. 30 sec.
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Iraq: The New Babylon
A short film about the Iraqi regime’s desire to reconstruct and restore the monuments that tie Iraqi identity to the history of Babylon. It contains references to Saddam Hussein and Nebuchadnezzar, as he sees Nebuchadnezzar as the first Iraqi revolutionary and a role model to follow.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1997, Duration: 5 min.
Beta SP #122
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Saddam's Reign
An International Monitor Institute (IMI) production about major human rights violations in Iraq in the late 80s and early 90s.
documentary film, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: ca. 1996, Duration: 16 min.
Beta SP #123
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Iraq – Kurdish in Fighting
An inquiry into the numerous Kurdistan-related conflicts that spread across Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey. This short documentary looks at Northern Iraq where the fighting between the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) was triggered by KDP’s deal with Saddam Hussein. Massoud Barzani, the KDP leader, and the architect of the deal, insists he would not have dealt with the Iraqi leader if the West had agreed to assist the Kurds of Iraq. The rupture between KDP and PUK is revealed in the light of the already existing threats to the Kurds, as well as the role of the Iraqi National Congress (INC) in the conflict.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1996-10, Duration: 15 min.
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Iraq - Depleted Uranium
Over a million rounds of depleted uranium (DU) shells were fired during the short round of bombing in the Gulf War. The fallout from DU shells raised a series of fierce debates about the consequences they might have on human health. In the hospitals of Basra doctors are speaking of a crime against humanity blaming the Western forces for the illnesses affecting a large number of Iraqis and the generations to come. British investigators into Gulf War syndrome deny that DU could be responsible for the scale of cancers and congenital defects afflicting Iraq. So could the reasons for Iraq’s health problems lie elsewhere, including Saddam Hussein's own use of chemical weapons? In order to provide some answers, this documentary interviews Nuclear Consultant John Range, Doctor Abdul Karin, and former Head of Iraqi Intelligence Wafiq Samarrai.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1999-06, Duration: 21 min.
Beta SP #125
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Kuwait - An Oily War
With oil as a point of departure, the film profiles Kuwait City five years after the Gulf War ended and after the city has been completely rebuilt. It contains interviews with several Kuwaiti officials and oil business representatives.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1996-03, Duration: 14 min.
Beta SP #126
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Iraq - Sanctioned and Suffering
Investigation of the effects of the UN sanctions imposed on Iraq during and after the Gulf War. The film briefly presents the health care system, which in a decade of sanctions has been “reduced from first-world standards to a third-world disaster,” as one reporter describes it. The international community blames Saddam Hussein whilst the regime and most of its suffering people blame the sanctions. Both sides accuse the other for the increasing number of deaths and illnesses among the Iraqi civilians. This short documentary tries to address the issue of blame.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 2000-07, Duration: 20 min. 30 sec.
Beta SP #127
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Kuwait - Delicate Diplomacy
Short documentary about Kuwait’s political and diplomatic position in the Arab world. Memories of the 1990 Iraqi invasion are still fresh in the minds of Kuwaitis. The film focuses on the daily pain of a Kuwaiti mother whose son is still a prisoner of war in Iraq. Through her story the film tackles the issue of Kuwait’s alliances and enemies. Their security lies in the U.S., however Iraq can not be put aside. Also, Kuwaiti’s wildly pro-U.S. stance sours relations with other Arab states. How will Kuwait find stability?
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1998-02, Duration: 20 min.
Beta SP #128
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Iraq Marshes - A Good Reason for Sanctions
A short report about the situation of the Marsh Arabs in the south of Iraq in the early 90s. A representative of Amnesty International talks about human rights in Iraq and the necessity to pressure the UN to adopt measures to protect the civilians. A leading Iraqi human rights activist, Dr. Al Hakim, visits the marshes in the extreme south of Iraq and finds evidence of an escalating military campaign against the Marsh Arabs. Contains footage of Iraqis shelling the Arabs by mortar, pictures of an execution of three Kurds by Iraqi soldiers, and black and white footage of Iraqi attacks on the Kurds, in 1988.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1995, Duration: 7 min.
Beta SP #129
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CBC TV News in Review: The Persian Gulf Crisis
CBC news report about the attack of Kuwait in August 1990. It contains footage of the attacks; the voice of Michael Trew (British Financial Consultant) reporting on the situation in Kuwait; images from Iraqi National Television broadcasting the news about the annexation of Kuwait to Iraq; scenes from the Iraqi Parliament congratulating Saddam Hussein on the victory; scenes from UN meetings and talks about imposing economic sanctions on Iraq; an interview with the Prime Minister of Canada justifying the sending of warships to the Gulf; an interview with President George H.W. Bush; Alison Smith’s report on the U.S. troops getting ready for deployment in Saudi Arabia; a report about support offered to Saddam Hussein from the Arab nations; a report about the oil crisis and the U.S. intervention; a report about the Canadian citizens trapped in Iraq and Kuwait which contains an interview with Monique Landry (Minister for External Relations) and footage from the Iraqi TV where Saddam Hussein explains why foreigners can not go home; a report about the closing of the Embassies in Kuwait by the Iraqi forces; and an interview with Steve Morton (Naval Lieutenant) while preparing to leave the U.S. for the Gulf.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Date Aired: 1990-09, Duration: 16 min.
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CBC TV News in Review: The Persian Gulf Oil Crisis
CBC news with Knowlton Nash about the oil crisis and how it affects Canada. It contains information about the world price for oil, the lack of oil supply from Iraq, the increased oil production in Saudi Arabia which keeps the oil supply constant, the unjustified prices in the Canadian system, the issues directly associated with and affected by the oil prices (i.e. transport, agriculture), and the general economic situation.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Date Aired: 1990-11, Duration: 9 min.
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CBC TV News in Review: The Persian Gulf War
"CBC News in Review" with Alison Smith covering the six weeks of war in the Persian Gulf, including its ending and the remaining casualties. It contains interviews with, and excerpts from speeches by, U.S. President George H. W. Bush, Dick Cheney (U.S. Secretary of Defense), Brian Mulroney (Prime Minister of Canada), Abdul Razzak Al-Hashimi (Iraqi Ambassador to France), Brian Hulls (BBC Cameraman), Gen. Colin Powell (Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff), Pete Williams (Pentagon Spokesman), Abdul Aziz Al-Hokail (Saudi Environment Official), King Hussein of Jordan, Vitaly Churkin (Soviet Foreign Ministry Spokesman), Javier Perez de Cuellar (Secretary General, UN), Lt. Gen. Thomas Kelly (Joint Chiefs of Staff), and Major Mel Storrier (Canadian Armed Force).
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Date Aired: 1991-03, Duration: 17 min.
350-4-3:129/4
CBC TV News in Review: The Persian Gulf War – Aftermath
CBC news reports about Kuwait in the aftermath of the Gulf War. It contains reports on the environmental disaster in Kuwait, the scale of the destruction to infrastructure, and the suffering of the people. Includes a report about the possibilities of achieving peace in Middle East.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Date Aired: 1991-04, Duration: 13 min.
350-4-3:129/5
CBC TV News in Review: Desert Fox - Degrading Saddam Hussein?
CBC coverage of the 1998 bombing of Iraq by the U.S. and the UK in the context of the impeachment hearing of President Bill Clinton. It contains excerpts from the official speeches held before and after the bombing, as well as interviews with critics of the attack. Among them, included in this report, are U.S. President Bill Clinton, British Prime Minister Tony Blair, U.S. Secretary of Defense William Cohen, Republican Representative Bob Barr, Republican Representative Bob Livingston, Democratic Leader Richard Gephardt, Gen. Henry Shelton (Chairman, U.S. Joint Chief of Staff), Mohammed Said Al-Sahaf (Iraqi foreign Minister), Tony Cordesman (Military Analyst), David Bonior (Democratic Representative), Martin Frost (Democratic Representative), and Tariq Aziz (Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq).
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1999, Date Aired: 1999-02, Duration: 13 min.
Beta SP #130
350-4-3:130/1
CBC TV News in Review: The Path to the War in the Persian Gulf
“CBC News in Review” with Knowlton Nash covering the conflict in the Persian Gulf, Canada’s role in the war, the role of the UN and the U.S., and the peace manifestations across the globe. It contains excerpts of official speeches, interviews with representatives of various governments and NGOs, as well as interviews with critics of the military actions of the U.S. Included in this report are Yves Fortier (Canadian UN Ambassador), U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Dick Cheney (U.S. Secretary of Defense), Iraq’s official spokesperson, King Hussein (King of Jordan), Brian Mulroney (Prime Minister of Canada), Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Tariq Aziz (Iraqi Foreign Minister), President of Iraq Saddam Hussein, Lloyd Axworthy (Liberal External Affairs Critic), Audrey McLaughlin (NDP Leader), Joe Clark (Minister of External Affairs), Svend Robinson (NDP External Affairs), Capt. Duncan Miller (Canadian Naval Task Force Commander), Douglas Hurd (British Foreign Secretary), Isidore Malmierca (Cuban Foreign Minister), Abdul Al-Ambari (Iraqi UN Ambassador), Gen. colin Powel, Sam Nunn (Senate Armed Forces Committee), Latif Nassif Al-Jassem (Iraqi Information Minister), John Major (British Prime Minister), Marlin Fitzwater (White House Spokesman), James Baker (U.S. Secretary of State), Javier Perez de Cuellar (UN Secretary General), and Jean Chretien (Liberal Party Leader).
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Date Aired: 1991-02, Duration: 22 min.
350-4-3:130/2
CBC TV News In Review: The Kurds Another Displaced People
“CBC News in Review” with Knowlton Nash presenting a program about the Kurdish exodus in the early 1990s. Survivors and historians talk about genocide and exodus stories throughout recent history drawing an analogy with the plight of the Kurds.
television program, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Date Aired: 1991-05, Duration: 10 min.
Beta SP #131
350-4-3:131/1
CNN: The Unfinished War – A Decade Since the Desert Storm
To commemorate the Gulf War anniversary, CNN's Beirut Bureau Chief, Brent Sadler, looks back at issues which still linger in Iraq 10 years after Operation Desert Storm. The program retraces the events set in motion when Iraq invaded its oil-rich neighbor, Kuwait, and the resulting retaliatory military action, coup attempts, and economic sanctions. The documentary features David Welch (U.S. Assistant Secretary of State), Gen. Brent Scowcroft (Former National Security Advisor), Said K. Aburish (journalist and writer), Scott Ritter (Former UNSCOM Weapons Inspector), Hussein Kamel (Former Iraqi Minister), Hans Blix (Executive Chairman, UN Monitoring AND Verification Commission), Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf’s (U.S. Cmdr. of Operation Desert Storm), U.S. President George H.W. Bush, Gen. Amer Rashid (Iraqi Minister for Oil), Ahmed Chalabi (Iraqi National Congress), Tariq Aziz (Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq), U.S. President Bill Clinton, Sir Jeremy Greenstock (British Ambassador to the UN), Sergey Lavrov (Russian Ambassador to the UN), Hans von Sponeck (Former UN Assistant Secretary General), Colin Powell (U.S. Secretary of State), Andrew Mack (Director of Strategic Planning Office of the UN Secretary General), and Mohammed Al-Sarah (Kuwaiti Ambassador to the U.S.). The documentary includes Iraqi file footage, material shot by the embedded journalists, and images of the military air operations in Baghdad.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 2001, Date Aired: 2001-01-05, Duration: 55 min.
Beta SP #132
350-4-3:132/1
Testimony of Mish'al Mubarak
Testimony of Mr. Misha'l Mubarak about being tortured during the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait.
television program, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 2000, Duration: 26 min.
Beta SP #133
350-4-3:133/1
Testimony of Bader al-Qurqawi
Testimony of Mr. Bader al-Qurqawi about being tortured during the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait.
television program, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 2000, Duration: 22 min.
Beta SP #134
350-4-3:134/1
Testimony of Abdul Reda Al-Ramzi
Testimony of Mr. Abdul Reda Al-Ramzi about being tortured during the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait.
television program, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 2000, Duration: 24 min.
Beta SP #135
350-4-3:135/1
Confession of Iraqi Security Officer Khalid al-Janabi
Interview of unknown provenance with Khalid al-Janabi, former security officer with the Iraqi Intelligence Service, Mukhabarat.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: 2000-09-09, Duration: 76 min.
Beta SP #136
350-4-3:136/1
Interview with Khalid al-Janabi
Interview by IMI’s Middle East Archivist with Khalid al-Janabi, former security officer with the Iraqi Intelligence Service, Mukhabarat.
raw material, English language, Date of Production: 2001-01-06, Duration: 79 min.
Beta SP #137
350-4-3:137/1
When Human Beings Lose Principles and Morals
Video montage of Kuwait during and after the invasion and occupation by Iraq, which preceded the Gulf War. It contains scenes of the destruction of the environment, the infrastructure, and the lives of the people.
documentary film, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: 2001-10-01, Duration: 10 min.
Beta SP #138
350-4-3:138/1
[1/2] Al-Dimar fi al-Mudaris wa al-Aswaq min Athar al-Ghazwa
Images of Kuwait after the invasion and occupation by Iraq. It contains raw footage illustrating the destructions caused to Kuwait City’s environment and infrastructure, with a focus on the damages caused to universities and markets during the occupation.
raw material, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: ca. 2000, Duration: 95 min.
Beta SP #139
350-4-3:139/1
[2/2] Al-Dimar fi al-Mudaris wa al-Aswaq min Athar al-Ghazwa
Continuation of the raw footage illustrating the consequences of the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait. It contains images of the destruction of universities and markets during the occupation.
raw material, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: ca. 2000, Duration: 30 min.
Beta SP #140
350-4-3:140/1
Kan wa Yakun
Documentary about the consequences of the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait. The film contains footage of the destruction of Kuwait City, the devastation of its main institutions, research facilities and infrastructure, and footage from Kuwait as it was before the invasion and its annexation to Iraq. Included here are several interviews with Kuwaitis which tell the story of the invasion at a personal level.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 2000, Duration: 23 min.
Beta SP #141
350-4-3:141/1
Meta Yaqoduna: When Are They Going to Return
After Iraqi troops occupied Kuwait in August 1990, hundreds of Kuwaitis and nationals of other countries went missing. This is a short film about the missing Kuwaitis featuring interviews with members of their families.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1998, Duration: 28 min.
Beta SP #142
350-4-3:142/1
Those Who Have Survived
Testimony from Kuwaitis who lived through the occupation of their country by Iraq: those who survived the Iraq-Kuwait war tell the story of those who did not, and those who are unaccounted for. Friends and family members recount the events before and after their loved ones went missing. The film also reveals the Kuwaitis’ struggle to recover the remains of their loved ones from the Iraqi territories in order to proceed with identification.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 50 min.
Beta SP #143
350-4-3:143/1
Athar ad-Dimar lil-Ghazwa Al-Iraqi
Footage illustrating the consequences of the Iraqi invasion and occupation of Kuwait. It contains images of ruins of institutions, research facilities, and infrastructure. Includes images of the destruction of the palaces of the Kuwaiti rulers.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 75 min.
Beta SP #144
350-4-3:144/1
The Remaining (Stories about Iraqi Culture Now)
The General Union of Iraqi Writers and Journalists produced a documentary about the state of Iraqi artists in forced exile, most of them refugees in Canada, Australia, and the U.S. They speak about the culture of the country they have left behind. They are Ali Abdul Ameer (poet and critic, Editor in Chief of Al-Masla Magazine), Abdul Sattar Nasir (novelist and writer), Abdul Ameer Jaras (poet and writer), Saif Shaheen (musician), Hadi Mahood (director), Abdul Khalik Gittan (poet and journalist), Ali Al-Sudani (short story writer, journalist), Salih Hassan Sarheed (journalist and academician), Adnan Falih (poet and writer), Asma Kheder (lawyer and human rights activist), and Salah Saif (painter). The film ends with a music video featuring Saif Shaheen.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1991, Duration: 40 min.
Beta SP #145
350-4-3:145/1
Kuwait - The Aftermath
A reflection on the destruction caused by the Iraqi troops during their invasion and occupation of Kuwait in 1990. Kuwaitis and nationals of other countries who witnessed the invasion tell the story of the invasion through their own personal experiences. Contains amateur footage taken in the first two days of the invasion, shots of injured people, documentation of the destruction inflicted on Kuwait’s architecture, infrastructure, and environment, and the testimonies of the Kuwaitis about their own experiences during the war.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 56 min.
Beta SP #146
350-4-3:146/1
Saddam Hussein: Defying the World - A Visual Biography
The documentary charts Saddam Hussein's rise to power and discusses his political opportunism and the atrocities committed by his government—including the targeted attacks on the Kurds and the invasion of Kuwait. The film begins with amateur footage from the first day of the invasion of Kuwait and continues with stock historical footage from early Iraqi history, including the colonial involvement of America and Britain. Blending archival footage with more recent footage of Saddam Hussein, Al Qassem, the Ba’ath Party, and Colonel Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, the film presents Iraq's history and the part Saddam Hussein has played in it.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1990, Duration: 34 min.
Beta SP #147
350-4-3:147/1
The End of Eden
A documentary detailing the history of the Marsh Arabs of Southern Iraq, concentrating on the persecution they had endured during Saddam Hussein’s regime. The film focuses on the destruction of one of the world’s greatest wetland ecosystems and the decimation of its population.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 15 min.
Beta SP #148
350-4-3:148/1
The Dear Land from Destruction to Construction
Short film about the history of Kuwait documenting the occupation by Iraq and the reconstruction that occurred after the withdrawal of the Iraqi troops. The film centers on the role of the Public Authority for Agricultural Affairs who was responsible to green Kuwait after the devastating oil spills and the intense bombings. It includes footage of the occupation.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 16 min. 24 sec.
Beta SP #149
350-4-3:149/1
[1/3] K Archives
Raw footage containing images of hideouts with TNT; explosive material and other rudimentary weaponry; arrests, detainees, and executions; the demolition of buildings; and the mass execution of members of the Barzani tribe. The tape was obtained by Gwynne Roberts on his last trip to Iraqi Kurdistan, was funded in part by IMI.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 62 min.
Beta SP #150
350-4-3:150/1
[2/3] K Archives
The Anfal campaign was a genocidal campaign against the Kurdish people and other minorities in Iraqi Kurdistan. Led by Saddam Hussein, the campaign began in 1986 and lasted until 1989. It included the use of ground offensives, aerial bombing, systematic destruction of settlements, mass deportation, firing squads, and chemical warfare against the populations. This tape contains raw footage documenting the destruction of the villages located in northern Iraq in April 1987 as well as Iraqi recordings of a mass execution of the Barzanians—both events part of the Anfal campaign.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1987, Duration: 62 min.
Beta SP #151
350-4-3:151/1
[3/3] K Archives
Raw footage of Barzan Anfal continued: Unidentified men reporting on the destruction of a car loaded with vegetables and the killing of its Kurdish passengers; destroyed villages; and interviews with survivors of the Anfal attacks.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 12 min.
Beta SP #152
350-4-3:152/1
Free Kurdistan: A Year After the Gulf War - Between Hope and Doubt / Le Kurdistan libéré: Un an après la guerre du Golfe - Entre l'espoir et le doute
Short collection of images made by the French relief organization “France Libertés” documenting the situation in Kurdistan after the Gulf War, with a focus on the elections of 1992.
documentary film, French language, Date of Production: 1992-05, Duration: 12 min.
Beta SP #153
350-4-3:153/1
The Kurds: History’s Forgotten / Kurdes: Les oubliés de l'histoire
French television program hosted by Daniel Bilalian about the Kurds. It contains a discussion with various French journalists, activists, and politicians about the Kurdish issue. Present in the studio are Kendal Nezan (Director of the Paris Kurdish Institute), Mahmoud Osman (Kurdish Socialist Party), and Dr. Frederic Tissot who has been involved with Kurdish issues in France. The program includes interviews with Hamed Youssef Hamadi (Iraqi Minister of Information), Henry Kissinger (former U.S. Secretary of State), Jean-Francois Deniau (Deputy of the French Democratic Union Party), Jean-Paul Tixdmeras (Médecins Sans Frontière), and Kurdish refugees in France. Also contains a report from a special envoy in Turkey led by Jerome Bony. The program includes footage of the exodus of 1991, as well as peshmerga fighting the guerilla war against Iraq.
television program, French language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 60 min.
Beta SP #154
350-4-3:154/1
Reports on the Kurdish Exodus and Shiite revolt / Reportages sur l'exode kurde et la révolte des chiites
A collection of American and German news reports on the Kurdish exodus refugee crisis following the end of the Gulf War and the uprisings in 1991. CNN and German network news document the refugee crisis and report on the Kurdish plight. It includes reports on refugee camps in Saudi Arabia and in Kuwait, near Safwar.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 53 min.
Beta SP #155
350-4-3:155/1
[The Kurds: A People's Death Foretold] / Curdi: morte annunciata di un popolo
A montage made by the Italian foundation “Insieme per la Pace” about the Kurdish refugee crisis following the end of the Gulf War and the uprisings in 1991. It contains footage from the refugee camps, including the arrival and distribution of international aid.
documentary film, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 9 min.
Beta SP #156
350-4-3:156/1
We Are Not Animals
Excerpts from “We Are Not Animals,” a documentary about the Kurds and their life in the mountains at the Iran-Iraq border following the end of the Gulf War. This tape contains footage from the refugee camps, including the arrival and distribution of international aid; interviews with Kurdish leaders and Peshmerga fighters, including Massoud Barzani (KDP leader) and Jalal Talabani (PUK leader); footage from Kurdish and Peshmerga gatherings; scenes from a hospital where wounded children are treated; and recording of a live Kurdish musical event.
documentary film, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991, Duration: 28 min.
Beta SP #157
350-4-3:157/1
10 ans au Kurdistan
A short documentary made by Aide Médicale Internationale (AMI) about the history of the Kurds and their deteriorating situation at the end of the Gulf War. AMI staff traveled to Kurdistan to give assistance to the people who were geographically difficult to access for other aid organizations. The film covers some of the refugee camps spread between Iraq, Iran and Turkey, revealing the precarious living conditions and the suffering of the people.
documentary film, French language, Date of Production: 1992, Duration: 17 min.
Beta SP #158
350-4-3:158/1
Iraqi Kurdistan after the Gulf War / Kurdistan d’Irak après la Guerre du Golfe
A documentary about the situation of the Kurds after the 1991 Gulf War. This tape contains footage from the refugee camps, including the arrival and distribution of the international aid; interviews with Kurdish refugees, Kurdish leaders and Peshmerga fighters, including Massoud Barzani (KDP leader) and Jalal Talabani (PUK leader); footage from Kurdish and Peshmerga gatherings; scenes from a hospital where wounded children are being cared for; a recording of a Kurdish live musical event; footage of desolated fields and villages bearing the signs of the war; and interviews with Kurds in their cars fleeing Iraq.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1995, Duration: 52 min.
Beta SP #159
350-4-3:159/1
The Situation of Iraqi Kurdistan after the Gulf War / La situation du Kurdistan Irakien après la Guerre du Golfe
The Kurdish town of Duhok in Northern Iraq has seen little peace throughout the 1980s and 1990s; it was shelled regularly during the eight-year war with Iran, attacked by the Iraqi regime, and later became a war casualty in the war waged by the U.S. against Saddam Hussein. The film reveals the town of Dohuk and its people. It speaks about the attacks committed by the Iraqi Government Security Forces, the first reactions to the fierceness of the attacks among the people of Dohuk and the Peshmerga fighters, the fleeing from Iraq, and the lack of support for the Kurds from neighboring countries.
documentary film, French language, Date of Production: ca. 1995, Duration: 14 min.
Beta SP #160
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Resistance / Résistance
A French television program about the Kurdish resistance in the north of Iraq. The moderator of the program, Noel Mamere, and his guests, Patrice Franceschi (member of “Solidarites” Association) and Jean-Christophe Rufin (author and founder of Médecins Sans Frontières), debate the Kurdish issue in relation to Iraq’s neighboring countries and the existing western support. The reports from Kurdistan contain interviews with humanitarian workers, western officials, Peshmerga fighters, Kurdish civilians, and even Kurdish children who are actively engaged in the Kurdish Resistance Movement. Topics covered: the situation of the Kurds in Baghdad, Erbil, Dohuk and Halabja; the use of chemical weapons and the systematic destruction of the Kurds; the Kurdish refugee crisis; the Gulf War and the role of the international community in providing humanitarian relief to the Kurds.
documentary film, French language, Date of Production: 2001-08-15, Duration: 45 min.
VHS #161
350-4-3:161/1
Ali Hassan al-Majid’s Crimes in Southern Iraq / Les crimes d'Ali Hassan al-Majid dans le Sud d'Irak
Filmed by members of the Iraqi Army, the tape reveals a series of events which provide insight into the brutality of the Iraqi regime during the reign of Saddam Hussein. Identified on the tape: Iraqi Army troop movements and the repercussions for deserting the army.
documentary film, Arabic language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 93 min.
Beta SP #162
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Bread and Freedom / Nan û Azadî
Filmed in liberated areas of Kurdistan in the early 1980s, “Bread and Freedom” presents Kurdish people both as fighters resisting subjugation, and as civilians carrying on their daily lives in the spirit of their culture and traditions, despite the unfavorable conditions.
documentary film, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1984, Duration: 94 min.
Beta SP #163
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Exodus - Spring 1991 / Exode - printemps 1991
An Iranian documentary about the mass exodus of Kurdish refugees to the borders of Turkey and Iran after the failed uprising in 1991 against Saddam Hussein’s oppression in Iraq.
documentary film, (No dialogue) language, Date of Production: ca. 1990, Duration: 54 min.
Beta SP #164
350-4-3:164/1
Iraqi Regime's Crimes: Discovery of a Mass Grave in 1994 / Crimes du régime Irakien: Découverte d'une fosse commune en 1994
The tape contains recordings from a mass grave located near Dabshan, Sulaymaniyah city in Iraqi Kurdistan where people and specialists are surrounding the sites and collecting bone fragments. The footage exposes people digging, grieving, and showing their findings: the remains of their loved ones as well as photographic pictures with those who were identified.
raw material, Arabic language, Date of Production: 1994-09-24, Duration: 24 min. 6 sec.
Beta SP #165
350-4-3:165/1
Kurdistan Gulf: Men Abandoned by God / Du Golfe au Kurdistan: Des Hommes Abandonnes de Dieu
A documentary that touches upon the politics of water in Iraq, and the consequences of the years of embargo upon the Iraqi people. Pursuing the course of the Euphrates, the film starts off with the story of an Iraqi fishermen and the problems he has had since the end of the Gulf War, including the situation around the town of Fao, which was occupied by the Iranians for two years during the first Persian Gulf War. It continues with shots of a rally for the anniversary of the liberation of Fao, engineered by Iraqi soldiers; the personal situation of the family of a fisherman in Barah who discusses the uprising in the south after the end of the Gulf War; the situations of Najaf and Karbala—the sacred cities of the Shiites; the story of the Marsh Arabs; and the drying of the marshes. The film includes shots of Iraqi rebels in Southern Iraq and images from Camp Atrush in Kurdistan. It also documents the Turkish policies against the Kurdish populations in southeast Turkey and the problems with building dams in the Kurdish region. Includes an interview with Turkish President Süleyman Demirel about the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and their influence on the water politics of the Middle East. The documentary then shifts to Syria and the polluted water which crosses from Turkey into Syria and destroys the Syrian crops. The film proceeds with the description of the living conditions in Diyarbakir, a Kurdish city in southeast Turkey and ends in Halabja, Iraq, at the memorial to the victims of the Halabja gas attack which occurred in the late 1980s.
documentary film, French language, Date of Production: 1997-12, Duration: 90 min.
Beta SP #166
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[1/2] Kurdish Exodus Footage
Raw footage shot in Kurdistan in unidentified cities shortly after the Kurdish uprising in 1991. It includes shots of Ali Hassan al-Majid's palace, street shots of people, and images with the surrounding areas.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991-03-21, Duration: 7 min.
350-4-3:166/2
[2/2] Kurdish Exodus Footage
Footage of Kurdish refugees in the mountains during the exodus from Iraqi Kurdistan. The Kurds were fleeing Iraq after the suppression by the Iraqi forces of the 1991 uprising. The material illustrates the living conditions of the Kurds during this time.
raw material, Kurdish language, Date of Production: 1991-04-06, Duration: 39 min.
Beta SP #167
350-4-3:167/1
Saddam's Revenge
A documentary film about Saddam Hussein and the likelihood of the existence of biological and chemical weapons in Iraq. Appearing in the documentary are Najib as-Salihi, who discusses Saddam Hussein's willingness to use terror tactics and unconventional means; Ahmed Chalabi (President of the INC); Muhammed Rijab, who, despite being in exile in Jordan, is under constant threat from the regime; Terry Taylor (UN inspection team); Dr. Taha Rihab (Iraqi chemical weapons expert) touring the al-Hakim plant; Kenneth Timmerman (author), who discusses the gyroscopes found in Iraq and their use for long range missiles; Rolf Ekeus (Chairman of the UN Special Commission on Iraq); and Laurie Mylroie (author), who speaks about Abdul Rahman Yasin.
documentary film, English language, Date of Production: 1996, Duration: 38 min.
350-4-3:167/4
[BBC News Reports on Rwanda]
Clip 1: BBC World News Report about Rwandese refugees returning home. BBC Correspondent Ben Brown reports from the Rwanda-Zaire border on the situation of the returnees who cross Goma, Zaire, to arrive in Gisenye, Rwanda. Owen Bennett-Jones reports from Geneva about UNHCR’s role in the crisis and the possibility of closing the Rwandese border. Jane Standley reports from Goma on the situation of the several hundreds of thousands of people marching towards the border. Clip 2: Presenter Mikle Embley provides a summary of the world news on BBC World. It includes a short report about the situation at the borders of Rwanda.
television program, English language, Date of Production: ca. 1994, Duration: 7 min.