HU OSA 350-1-1 Balkan Archive

Identity Statement

Reference Code
HU OSA 350-1-1
Title
Balkan Archive
Date(s)
1990 - 2001
Description Level
Series
Extent and medium (processed)
1246 BetaSP NTSC, 37.38 linear meters
57 VHS NTSC, 1.43 linear meters
15 VHS PAL, 0.38 linear meters
10 BetaSP PAL, 0.3 linear meters

Content and Structure

Scope and Content (Abstract)
The video collection of the Balkan Archive is unique in the sense that it combines a wide variety of materials relating to the war in former Yugoslavia. It covers the period from 1990 (and, in some cases, earlier footage) to the end of that decade. Balkan Archive include television recordings and documentaries from most of the republics (and subsequent warring sides) of the former Federation, presenting extremely divergent views and versions of the conflict; television coverage of the events by the Western media (mostly American, British, and German), and journalistic and amateur footage that has captured the etnic cleansing, mass murdering, genocide in all its immediacy. It also contains several narrative films that shed light on the conflict, its origins and its aftermath, including Theo Angelopoulous' Award-winning film "Ulysses' Gaze."

The Balkan Archive is of great interest to researchers of natioanlism studies and history of the Balkans. Trial proceedings of ICTY, chronicling the proceedings of the International War Crime Tribunal in Hague, may be of value to students of international law, while the television treatment of the same events, from the Croatian and then Bosnian war in 1991-95 to the NATO bombings in 1999, can serve as a source to those working in media studies and analyzing such subjects as propaganda and agenda setting. The collection, in its entirety, will be extremely useful to specialists in political science and modern history.
Accruals

Not Expected

Conditions of Access and Use

Conditions governing access
Open to the public.
Languages
Albanian, Arabic, Belarusian, Bosnian, Croatian, Dutch; Flemish, English, French, German, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Spanish; Castilian

Notes

Note
One factor that may complicate the work of future researchers is that detailed description of the contents is not always available, and in these cases has not been included in the electronic catalogue. Needless to say, the knowledge of Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian and other relevant language is a prerequisite, since most of the locally produced television programs do not have voiceover or subtitles. Video cassettes of the Balkan Archives -- 350-1-1: from 1327 to1531 (250 Beta Sp video cassettes) with Croatian evening news programs are unprocessed. They're temporarily moved to fonds 902. After electronic catalogue (database) is done, this part of the Balkan Archives is to be merged with those 1326 itmes in 350-1-1. Zsuzsanna Zadori
Call Number Description
BetaSP NTSC #1
350-1-1:1/1
ABC Nightline: Bosnia: The Hidden Horrors [1/2]
Correspondent Dave Marash investigates the policy of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. Eight Bosnian Muslim refugees in Croatia, former prisoners from the Keraterm camp near Prijedor, describe events in the camp and reveal the dates when massacres were committed by the Serbs (July 24 and July 20, 1992). After the Keraterm camp was closed, prisoners were transported to the Trnopolje camp. Footage from Sarajevo, Kozarac, the refugee camp in Karlovac, Keraterm, Trnopolje, and Manjaca is included. An August 1992 statement by President Clinton and an interview with Elie Wiesel, human rights activist, are included.
English language, Date of air: 1992-11-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000001
350-1-1:1/2
Nightline: Bosnia: The Hidden Horrors [2/2]
Dave Marash continues investigating the policy of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. Several Bosnian Muslim refugees in Croatia and former prisoners from the Trnopolje and Omarska prison camps near Prijedor, including Nedzad Jakupovic, Edin Kararic, and Dr. Idriz Merdzic, describe the rape, torture, castration, and killings in the two camps. Footage from Sarajevo, Trnopolje, Omarska, and Manjaca is included. An interview with Elie Wiesel, human rights activist, is continued from part 1. Statements by Bosnian Serb Commanders, Momir Talic, Stojan Zuplijanin, and Zeljko Mejakic (indicted for war crimes) are also featured.
English language, Date of air: 1992-11-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000001
BetaSP NTSC #2
350-1-1:2/1
The Cook Report: Arkan
Robin Cook investigates the involvement of Zeljko Raznjatovic, also known as "Arkan," and his paramilitary brigade (the Serbian Volunteer Brigade often called "Arkan's Tigers") in crimes committed in Northern Croatia and Bosnia, focusing on events in Vocin and Lesevo. Graphic footage is shown, including photographs of atrocities committed by Arkan's soldiers. A broad array of interviews presented includes an interview with Arkan in Belgrade and statements by witnesses of atrocities, local government officials, survivors of massacres, and Milos Vasic (Belgrade journalist). Footage from Vocin, Lesevo, Vukovar, Lastovo, Bijeljina (TV Novi Sad), Erdut, and Belgrade is included.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000002
350-1-1:2/2
World News Tonight
Peter Jennings gives a brief update on another incident of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia. A map is used to illustrate areas under Serbian control, including Kamenica and Cerska. "In two towns under siege by Serbian forces, several thousand Muslim men, women and children have been forced to abandon their homes and walk 20 miles to another town because they have no food left."
English language, Date of air: 1993-02-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000002
350-1-1:2/3
Channel 7: Children of Croatia
Chuck Goudie reports from Croatia on activities of Miroslav Kovacevic, a Croatian-American doctor from Chicago, during his visit to Croatia. Dr. Kovacevic runs the Save the Children of Croatia Fund that provides clothes, medical supplies and money to needy children and other victims of war. Reports from the refugee camp in Gasinci, Croatia (home to 3,500 refugees from Bosnia), Osijek, and a visit to a Croatian family are included. Interviews with the refugees, local residents and a refugee camp doctor are included to illustrate difficulties experienced by the refugees. Destruction in Osijek, including the shelling of a hospital, is shown.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000002
BetaSP NTSC #3
350-1-1:3/1
Atrocities: Travnik and Vlašići
This film shows amateur video of the town of Travnik/Vlasici. A number of mutilated male corpses can be seen, as well as freshly turned fields.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993-05-23,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000003
VHS NTSC #4
350-1-1:4/1
Bosnia: The Untold Story
This film focuses on Serbian claims to the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Graphic footage is shown, including scenes from the Vase Miskina St. Massacre (Bread Line Massacre) and the Ahatovici Massacre. Imagery includes slaughtered men, injured children, and archival footage from WWII. Very little identification is provided. Footage from the Trnopolje prison camp is also included with a brief interview with a prisoner. Rape is mentioned as well.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000004
BetaSP NTSC #5
350-1-1:5/1
OKRUG: Tuzla Hospital
This broadcast features refugees who have come to Tuzla from Srebrenica and other surrounding towns. Much of the footage shows the refugees in the hospital. Many of these refugees have wounds that have not been looked at in two months. As doctors remove bandages, much of the flesh has rotted away. Many amputations and other medical operations are performed without local anesthesia.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000005
BetaSP NTSC #6
350-1-1:6/1
Nightline: Rape in Bosnia
Interviews of raped Serbian, Croatian, and Muslim women. One victim said that Serb soldiers raped women of all ages, from six-year-olds to 80-year-olds. The women are not identified by name nor location. Karen Landgren, of the UN Refugee Commission, talks about her experience in working with these rape victims.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000006
BetaSP NTSC #7
350-1-1:7/1
Preliminary Archeological Survey in the Former Yugoslavia
This film is amateur video footage of Dr. Clyde Snow, forensic anthropologist, taking a preliminary archeological survey of the Vukovar mass grave site. The excavation of two bodies is shown, with evidence of many more awaiting further investigation.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of air: 1992-12-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000007
BetaSP NTSC #8
350-1-1:8/1
The MacNeil and Lehrer Newshour
Larry Hollingworth, UNHCR official in Bosnia, discusses the situation in Srebrenica, including the lack of food and how residents are facing desperation because the UN aid supplies are expected to last only five days. Hollingworth predicts bloodshed if the UN doesn't take drastic measures to ensure the safety of people in Srebrenica. He also expresses his opinion about General Morillon's role in the situation. In the following interview, Reginald Bartholomew (U.S. Ambassador and Special Envoy to the Former Yugoslavia) provides his perspective on the war in Bosnia.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000008
BetaSP NTSC #9
350-1-1:9/1
Bosnia: The Untold Story
This film focuses on Serbian claims to the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Graphic footage is shown, including scenes from the Vase Miskina St. Massacre (Bread Line Massacre) and the Ahatovici Massacre. Imagery includes slaughtered men, injured children, and archival footage from WWII. Very little identification is provided. Footage from the Trnopolje prison camp is also included with a brief interview with a prisoner. Rape is mentioned as well.
English language, Date of air: 1993,
BetaSP NTSC #10
350-1-1:10/1
PBS: The MacNeil and Lehrer Newshour
BBC's Martin Bell reports on how people cope with harsh living conditions caused by heavy fighting and cold weather in the besieged city of Sarajevo and Serb-held Grbavica, and the failure of diplomatic measures to bring peace. Bell interviews Sarajevans in a shelter, refugees in the Hotel Europa, and anonymous rape victims from the alleged rape center in Sokolac. The interviews include a young boy who lost his entire family in a massacre near the brewery. Statements included feature David Owen, Radovan Karadzic, Alija Izetbegovic, Safet Tokaca (Bosnian Army commander) and a Bosnian Serb soldier. Serb positions along the old road to Pale are also shown.
English language, Date of air: 1993-02-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000010
BetaSP NTSC #11
350-1-1:11/1
NBC News Today
Margaret Larson interviewed Radovan Karadzic, the leader of the Bosnian Serbs, during his stay in New York for scheduled peace negotiations. Karadzic expresses his desire to get an autonomous region for the Bosnian Serbs, in order to "get out of any possibility for being dominated by the Muslim community." He denies all reports suggesting Bosnian Serb involvement in crimes of mass rape and ethnic cleansing. It is "a big mistake of media to buy this kind of story," says Karadzic. He characterizes the war in Bosnia as "the worst kind of inter-ethnic and inter-religious civilian war." Karadzic comments on his restricted status in the U.S.
English language, Date of air: 1993-02-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000011
350-1-1:11/2
Street Stories with Ed Bradley: Cry for Help
This report focuses on the experiences of rape victims in the former Yugoslavia and the activities of Judy Darnell. Darnell is a former volunteer combat nurse on the front lines in Croatia who revisited the region in order to learn about the experiences of raped women and provide them with support and help. Darnell interviews female victims of rape, most of whom are Bosnian Muslim refugees in Croatia, and the perpetrators, Bosnian Serb soldiers in a Bosnian prison. Darnell's opinion is that rape is being used by the Serb soldiers as a weapon in the Bosnian conflict, "as a part of their ethnic cleansing campaign." Forced impregnation also discussed. Scene of woman in pink scarf retelling her rape.
English language, Date of air: 1993-02-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000011
350-1-1:11/3
CNN Newsday
Jennifer Nadel reports from Croatia on rape as a weapon of war that is being used by all sides in the war in Bosnia. Interviews with several victims of rape who fled to Croatia (some of whom were impregnated) and Marie de la Soudiere (United Nations High Commissioner for Refuges) are included. The Medical Faculty of Zagreb University, which collects evidence on war crimes for the Croatian government, issued a report indicating that the Serbs are to be held responsible for most of the rapes committed against Muslim women. Another report, issued by the UN, indicates that there has been no effort by those in authority to curb the atrocities.
English language, Date of air: 1993-02-13,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000011
BetaSP NTSC #12
350-1-1:12/1
ITN News at Ten: Report from Serb-held Detention Camps, Omarska and Trnopolje, Northern Bosnia
ITN's Penny Marshall and Ian Williams of Channel 4 News were invited by the Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, to visit Omarska and Trnopolje prison camps in Northern Bosnia. Constant images of emaciated prisoners are shown. The ITN crew was only allowed to visit a dining hall in the Omarska camp. Camp guards refused to let them see the living accommodations for prisoners there. Prisoners who were transported from Omarska to the Trnopolje prison camp give brief statements. A boy is interviewed, age 13, who came to Trnopolje voluntarily, claiming he was used as a human shield by extremist Muslims and that his mother was taken by the Serbs. Bosnian Serb administrators of the camps such as Simo Drljaca and Nada Balaban are shown.
English language, Date of air: 1993-10-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000012
BetaSP NTSC #13
350-1-1:13/1
Commission of Experts Film: Testimonies [1/2]
This film features interviews with Boro Herak, Sretko Damjanovic, and Nada Tomic, all prosecuted and convicted in a Sarajevo Court.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992-11-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000013
BetaSP NTSC #14
350-1-1:14/1
Commission of Experts Film: Testimonies [2/2]
This film features interviews with Boro Herak, Sretko Damjanovic, and Nada Tomic, all prosecuted and convicted in a Sarajevo Court.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992-11-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000014
BetaSP NTSC #15
350-1-1:15/1
Rights & Wrongs: Crimes Against Humanity
This program focuses on the establishment of the International War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Cherif Bassiouni, DePaul Univ. law professor heading the UN War Crimes Commission, speaks about the character of the Tribunal. Statements by Clyde Snow (forensic anthropologist), Aryeh Neier (Executive Director, Human Rights Watch), Madeleine Albright, Elie Wiesel, Lawrence Eagleberger, Feryal Gharahi (Equality Now), Zeljko Raznjatovic (aka "Arkan"), and Radovan Karadzic are included. Brief reports on other human rights issues in the world and a video-spot by a Croatian musician, Nenad Bach, are also included. Footage of prison camps, massacres, and the Nuremberg trials, is shown.
English language, Date of air: 1993-04-23,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000015
BetaSP NTSC #16
350-1-1:16/1
Testimonies about Abuse of Women / Svedočenja o zlostavljanju žena
Two Bosnian Serb women, victims of rape, featured. J.I. (age 28, from Bosnia), describes how she had to leave Croatia and how Serb women from Kninska Krajina were tortured and raped by Croats (she calls them "Ustase") and Muslims in Slavonski Brod and Odzak. J.I. was pregnant and didn't want to see her child when it was born. S.K. (age 20 from Sarajevo) describes how she was held captive in Pofalici, in a prison run by Ismet Bajramovic (aka "Celo"), who raped her. S.K. was also pregnant and gave birth to a child. Two doctors from Belgrade hospitals speak of late pregnancies ending in abortions and the traumas endured by victims of rape.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000016
BetaSP NTSC #17
350-1-1:17/1
Croatia and the Croatians
This documentary provides an overview of geographic and demographic facts about Croatia, Croatian cultural achievements and the history of the region from a Croatian perspective. The history of Croatia from 1918 to the present is portrayed as being characterized by Serb dominance and the oppression of Croatian political freedom. Bosnia and Herzegovina is referred to as a part of Croatia. A brief history of Jewish settlement of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina is also discussed. Archival footage of Stjepan Radic, King Alexander, Ante Pavelic, Tito, and Alojzije Stepinac is included. Martin Sheen narrates at the very end.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000017
BetaSP NTSC #18
350-1-1:18/1
The Yugoslav Army is Assisting in Serbian Terrorism
This film, narrated by actor Martin Sheen, attempts to show how the war in the former Yugoslavia has been waged by the former Yugoslavian Federal Army (JNA). The Yugoslav Army is accused of openly fighting for the interests of greater Serbia and supporting terrorism. The film attempts to provide a brief historical background of the region in an effort to show Serbia's domination over Croatia, especially during Tito's Yugoslavia. Atrocities committed throughout Croatia are mentioned, accompanied by graphic images of murdered persons, archival and amateur footage, and pictures from HTV, and HTV Studio Osijek.
English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000018
BetaSP NTSC #19
350-1-1:19/1
Massacres in Croatia and Bosnia
This film attempts to show, in graphic detail, the killing and torture of Croatian civilians. Many killings are shown, but specific locations, names, witnesses, and sources are not offered. Extremely graphic footage of tortured and maimed bodies and corpses are shown. Coverage of children in hospitals, countless women behind barbed wire and roadsides littered with the bodies of people who tried to escape the camps are also featured.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000019
BetaSP NTSC #20
350-1-1:20/1
Tuzla
This film shows several Bosnian Government Army soldiers in Tuzla, and female Bosnian soldiers in training near Tesanj, located near Tuzla, struggling to defend the long tradition of multi-ethnic coexistence in this Bosnian city. In Tuzla, Muslims, Croats, Serbs, and men and women of mixed heritage are seen fighting together. Several of these men and women briefly describe their experiences, attitudes toward war and their enemy, and their reasons for fighting. The Serbian church and cemetery in Tuzla are shown preserved in perfect condition, while the Mosques are shown desecrated.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000020
BetaSP NTSC #21
350-1-1:21/1
Borislav Herak Trial in Sarajevo [1/2]
This broadcast features a war crimes trial held in Sarajevo. Borislav Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier; Sretko Damjanovic; and Nada Tomic are accused of murder, rape, and theft committed against Bosnian Muslim civilians. Herak has confessed to his involvement in the killing of at least 220 Bosnian Muslims. Herak describes, in detail, how he committed murders and acts of rape. He claims to have carried out orders. A report by Kim Acker is included, which provides background on the Yugoslavian conflict and is accompanied by commentary from Catherine MacKinnon, a specialist in human rights law, and Michael Posner from the Lawyer's Committee for Human Rights.
English language, Date of air: 1993-04-23,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000021
BetaSP NTSC #22
350-1-1:22/1
Borislav Herak Trial in Sarajevo [2/2]
This broadcast features a war crimes trial held in Sarajevo. Borislav Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier; Sretko Damjanovic; and Nada Tomic are accused of murder, rape, and theft committed against Bosnian Muslim civilians. Herak has confessed to his involvement in the killing of at least 220 Bosnian Muslims. Herak describes, in detail, how he committed murders and acts of rape. He claims to have carried out orders. A report by Kim Acker is included, providing background on the Yugoslavian conflict. The broadcast is accompanied by commentary from Julie Mertus from the Center of Reproductive Law and Policy.
English language, Date of air: 1993-05-07,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000022
BetaSP NTSC #23
350-1-1:23/1
ABC World News Tonight with Peter Jennings
This report focuses on the rising crime and its perpetrators in Belgrade, Serbia. Zeljko Raznjatovic, aka "Arkan," is cited as one of the most influential criminals, also wanted by Interpol in several European countries and accused by the West of committing war crimes in Croatia and Bosnia. The report portrays him as a hero in Serbia and a member of Serbian Parliament. Serbian TV and the Serbian Orthodox Church are shown to openly support Belgrade gangsters. Brief statements on Serbian TV by several Belgrade gangsters and a local criminologist are included. An anonymous male points to the likely involvement of higher government officials in a circle of crime and black marketeering in Belgrade.
English language, Date of air: 1993-06-07,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000023
BetaSP NTSC #24
350-1-1:24/1
The Destruction of Croatian Churches
This film seeks to emphasize how Serbs are deliberately destroying Croatian churches to eradicate Croats and destroy elements of their own history. According to the video, "Croatia is being attacked by some primeval darkness that's deeply rooted in the aggressor; they need to humiliate, to desecrate, to rape." The film also states that 350 churches have been destroyed or damaged throughout Croatia. HTV and amateur footage from 1991 show churches destroyed and damaged. Names and locations of churches are not identified. Images of Cardinal Franjo Kuharic are also included.
English language, Date of production: 1992-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000024
BetaSP NTSC #25
350-1-1:25/1
ITN News at Ten: Dubrovnik
Paul Davis reports from the city of Dubrovnik where battles between the Yugoslavian Federal Army (JNA) and Croatian forces are in progress on Mount Srdj, above Dubrovnik. The report shows how the JNA attacks from air, land and sea. According to the hospital reports, the victims are mostly civilians. The Old City and residential areas in Dubrovnik are shown under bombardment. Boats in the main and old ports and hotels are shown in flames. Statements by EC observers, a Franciscan monk, and Sarah Maraeka, Britain's Consul to Dubrovnik, are also included.
English language, Date of air: 1991-11-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000025
BetaSP NTSC #26
350-1-1:26/1
The Lasting Genocide
This program focuses on war crimes committed against the Bosnian Muslims. The film begins with a chronology portraying a long history of genocide against the Bosnian Muslims. Many cases of atrocities committed against Bosnian Muslims in this century are mentioned, including the "great Serbian genocide over the Bosnian Muslims in 1918." The program attempts to explain a driving force in the policy of genocide, or "Cetnik ideology," that propagates the "physical extermination of Bosnian Muslims." Graphic images are shown of those murdered and massacred persons, as well as footage of the destruction of Bosnian towns. Networks such as HTV, SKY News, TV NS and TV BiH are featured, including archival stills and footage.
English language, Date of production: 1992-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000026
BetaSP NTSC #27
350-1-1:27/1
Between the Lines [1/2]
This report features Canadians detailing the Serbian side of the war. A refugee camp is visited where Muslim women and children are treated kindly. The report seeks to show unfair the coverage of Serbs during the war is. A panel discussion is included.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000027
BetaSP NTSC #28
350-1-1:28/1
Between the Lines [2/2]
This report features Canadians detailing the Serbian side of the war. A refugee camp is visited where Muslim women and children are treated kindly. The report seeks to show unfair the coverage of Serbs during the war is. A panel discussion is included.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000028
BetaSP NTSC #29
350-1-1:29/1
Flashpoint: Inside Serbia
Steve Platter, an American reporting on the Serb side of war, interviews Metropolitan Jovan (Zagreb/Ljubljana) Colonel Momcilo Momcilovic. German weapons are shown, allegedly seized from Croatian soldiers. Includes depictions of political speeches, and the history behind the Serbs' quest of independence.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000029
BetaSP NTSC #30
350-1-1:30/1
NBC News at Sunrise
Jeremy Bowen, a BBC correspondent, reports from the besieged city of Sarajevo on a Sunday when 20 people were killed and nearly 200 wounded as a result of heavy shelling by the Bosnian Serbs. At this time, the Serbs are on the counter-attack because of advancements by the Bosnian government forces' on Mt. Trebevic. The hospitals in Sarajevo are full, due to the many civilian and Bosnian government soldier casualties. Bowen gives some brief information on the situation in Gorazde, another UN Safe Haven under siege. This report also focuses on a beauty contest held in Sarajevo during the same weekend, amid heavy pounding by Bosnian Serb artillery on the surrounding hills.
English language, Date of air: 1993-05-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000030
350-1-1:30/2
CNN Newshour
This broadcast features some brief information about the UN resolution concerning Safe Havens, followed by a report from Srebrenica, one of six cities designated as a Safe Haven in Bosnia. The harsh living conditions of Muslim refugees in this town are shown, including problems caused by overpopulation, due to an influx of refugees from the surrounding areas. The report discusses how humanitarian aid is the main source of food, cigarettes have become currency, and prostitution is increasing. At the time of the report, the Serbs were within a few hundred yards of the demilitarized zone. Statements by a UNHCR official and a Bosnian Serb Army commander, Cvijetin Vuksic, are included.
English language, Date of air: 1993-06-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000030
BetaSP NTSC #31
350-1-1:31/1
CNN News: Collage of Six Reports
These reports investigate the effectiveness of the UN operation in the former Yugoslavia, the attitude of the United States towards the conflict in Bosnia, rape and its consequences (two slightly different reports on rape by Christiane Amanpour are both featured), the progress of the war crimes trial in Sarajevo, protests organized in the U.S. against the policy of rape in the former Yugoslavia, and the conclusion of a war crimes trial in Sarajevo. An ITN report on survivors of the Omarska prison camp, Nusreta Sivac, Jadranka Cigelj, Zlata and two other men, is also included. Survivors identify individual Bosnian Serb soldiers as the perpetrators of crimes in the prison camp at Omarska.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000031
BetaSP NTSC #32
350-1-1:32/1
Commission Film
Humanitarian team "ECMY-Zagreb" (European Community Monitors - Yugoslavia, Zagreb) visits a totally destroyed church in Centigrad (near Slunj).
Danish language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000032
BetaSP NTSC #33
350-1-1:33/1
Report about Raped Serb Women in Bosnia [1/x] / Izveštaj o silovanju srpskih žena u Bosni [1/x]
Bosnian Serb women, all victims of rape, describe their experiences in brief statements. The women are from Bosanski Brod, Novi Grad near Odzak, Vrbovacki Lipik near Odzak, Derventa, and Borci near Boracko Jezero. According to the report, women of all ages were assaulted, mostly by their former neighbors. Some of the women interviewed reveal the names of the men who assaulted them, describing the perpetrators as being ethnically Croatian, or simply referring to them as the "Ustasa." The subtitles in English incorrectly refer to the rapists as "Muslim neighbors."
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000033
BetaSP NTSC #34
350-1-1:34/1
Film Commission
This video features amateur video of a village as visited by civilians and paramilitary after an ethnic cleansing. Includes footage of livestock running wild, the bodies of many civilians, and excessive destruction of civilian property.
Danish language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000034
BetaSP NTSC #35
350-1-1:35/1
Interviews with Civilian Victims of War
Belgrade Television recording: an interview with a woman in front of her house, utterly destroyed. Also interviewed are other civilian victims of war. The content does not correspond to the IMI description.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000035
BetaSP NTSC #36
350-1-1:36/1
Herzegovina: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow [1/x] / Herzegovina: juče, danas, sutra [1/x]
Bosnian history from the Serbs' perspective, testimony from soldiers concerning rape and killing: graphic footage. Includes depictions of severe malnutrition amongst the prisoners.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000036
BetaSP NTSC #37
350-1-1:37/1
The Year of Living Dangerously: Sarajevo '92.
Discussion with doctor about various illnesses, wounds he's treated relating to the siege, and his opinions. Interview with a mother and children about their fleeing Sarajevo, asking if they will ever return.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000037
BetaSP NTSC #38
350-1-1:38/1
Press Conference: Report from UN War Crimes Commission
This report features a discussion of projects such as the study of the rape in the former Yugoslavia, the investigation and scrutiny of specific laws of war conflict, and a general review of what happened during the battle of Sarajevo, concentrating on "law of arm" conflict violations. Rape victims give testimony in addition to eye witnesses, doctors, and other hospital administrators, all within the context of the siege of Sarajevo.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000038
VHS PAL #39
350-1-1:39/1
Heart of Yugoslavia / Herz Jugoslawiens
ORF reporter Claudia Neuhauser interviews citizens in pre-war Bosnia for their opinions on an independent Bosnia. As the war in Croatia escalates and the Yugoslav federation falls apart, the Bosnian government application for international recognition and independence from Yugoslavia is pending. The report cites the extensive ethnic and cultural mix of Bosnia's 4.2 million people: 44% Muslim, 31% Serb, and 17% Croat. Ejup Ganic of the Bosnian government explains how Bosnia's mixed cultural and ethnic heritage makes it a unique area. Ganic also states that recognition of an independent Bosnia is the solution to the Yugoslav crisis. The creation of Tito's communist Yugoslavia is then detailed. Jajce is exemplified as being a model for a Yugoslavia where all nationalities enjoy the same rights. Interviewed is Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Serbian Democratic Party, who states that an independent Bosnia is unacceptable to the Bosnian Serbs. According to Karadzic's plan, Bosnian should be split up, with the 600,000 Bosnian Serbs receiving 60% of the territory which would remain under the auspices of Yugoslavia. His plan also includes the designation of a bridge in Sarajevo which would separate Serbian Bosnia from the independent Bosnia. The report explains that the war in Croatia has affected the Bosnian economy whose monthly inflation is 20%, which will not change as long as Bosnia is a part of Yugoslavia. Banja Luka, the capital of the self-proclaimed Bosnian (Serb) Krajina, is then analyzed, where soldiers are a common sight on the streets, and the government receives direction from Yugoslavia. Finally, Claudia Neuhauser explains that the film crew was arrested by the Banja Luka police. At the police station the crew was interrogated, accused of Croat espionage, and their film material confiscated by the military police. Statements are made by three unidentified Bosnian men, two unidentified Bosnian women, and Habib Hadziosmanovic, a former partisan. Footage includes a Bosnian Muslim graveyard, a Bosnian Muslim praying in a Mosque, JNA soldiers, landscapes of Bosnia, Jajce waterfall, the room where Tito proclaimed Yugoslavia a new country, a sculpture of Tito, streets of Jajce, a Jajce marketplace, a map of Bosnia's pre-war ethnic makeup, a map of Karadzic's plan for the division of Bosnia, Sarajevo's pre-war National Library, a grocery store (presumably in Sarajevo), apartment buildings in Sarajevo, a poster of Captain (Kapetan) Dragan, and JNA soldiers in Banja Luka.
German language, Date of air: 1992-01-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/2
Wounds of War / Wunden des Krieges
The bombardment of a multi-ethnic Sarajevo is focused on.
German language, Date of air: 1992-01-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/3
Negotiation and Armament / Verhandeln und Rüsten
This broadcast focuses on Bosnia and Herzegovina just before the war. Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, is interviewed and gives his psychiatric analysis of the conflict. Also interviewed are Goran Milic, Director of the independent television station Yutel in Sarajevo; Marko Orsolic, theologian and political theorist; and Muhamed Filipovic, head of the Muslim Movement. The varying opinions illustrate the dichotomy between those supporting continued integration and those for ethnic partition. The report also concentrates on pre-war tension in Sarajevo, political rhetoric and the subsequent arming of the opposing sides.
German language, Date of air: 1992-03-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/4
The Other Balkan / Der andere Balkan
The focus of the report is Macedonia and its newly-gained independence. The main issues covered are Greek animosity towards an independent Macedonia, and questions regarding the Serbian and Albanian minorities. Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov comments on the issue, stating that Macedonian people only want their independence. Greece opposes Macedonia's independence, contending that Macedonia is a Greek territory. Gligorov further states that the economy remains unstable and that Greece's economic embargo on Macedonia conflicts with EU free-trade agreements. The report further states that after gaining independence from Yugoslavia, Gligorov's goal for Macedonia is to show that peaceful coexistence in the Balkans is possible. The difficulty for Macedonians to receive visas from Greece is also mentioned. Elizabeta Dadovska, a Macedonian born in Greece, talks about her inability to visit the Greek village where she was born and partially raised. Her mother Sofija Kuleva and Vasil Kulev, her brother, comment on Greece's frustration with Macedonia. Both Jana Popovska, a teacher, and Goko Gosevski, an Ohrid museum curator, give brief accounts of Macedonian history and independence. Gosevksi states that the worst aggression Macedonia ever suffered was from Serbs in WWII. The report claims that Serbia has always regarded Macedonia as a colony, a part of land which has to be protected. Todorska Kozewska, a Macedonian worker married to a Serb, talks about being taught that Macedonia exists only as a part of Yugoslavia. Sahade Aliv, an Albanian girl, talks about the oppression Albanians endure in Macedonia. Also interviewed is Naser Zyberi, leader of the Albanian Party for Progress, who states that although Albanians are constitutionally equals to other ethnicites, they do not feel treated as equals. The report ends with a brief account of how farmers are coping with the economic crisis. In the past, they were seen as poor, but currently, villages are seen as being fully capable of fending for themselves. Other footage includes the night of Macedonia's independence celebration, St. Clement Orthodox Monastery, antique furniture of the Urania trade family, Macedonian villagers, and Albanian houses built within Macedonia with money earned by Albanian men working in Western countries.
German language, Date of air: 1992-03-24,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/5
Sarajevo in a Chokehold / Sarajewo im Würgegriff
This broadcast focuses on problems and dilemmas faced by Sarajevo as a besieged city. The report shows empty grocery stores and how the general infrastructure has collapsed. Frustration with Europe and the U.S. is apparent in interviews with civilians, soldiers, and businessmen. The report states that Bosnians were the strongest believer in multi-ethnic cooperation, and therefore the war comes to them as a nightmare. The report gives an example of a Sarajevo building whose inhabitants decided to create a multi-ethnic self-defense system. A young Serbian man talks about the ethnically mixed makeup of the tenants. Two ethnically unidentified men exclaim that it is the war that made them aware of their neighbors' ethnicity. They consider the three ethnicities to be all the same people. An older Muslim refugee woman gives an account of having her home destroyed by the army. Interviewed is also Bozidar Matic, president of Energoinvest, the largest Bosnian company. He talks about the general disbelief that U.S./EU mediation between the three parties (Serbs, Croats, and Muslims) will bring about any solutions. Ejup Ganic, member of the Bosnian parliament., states that under the leadership of Milosevic, Serbia has managed to destroy the dream of Yugoslav unity by wanting too much control. Other footage includes: Bosnian soldiers trying to recapture a building in Sarajevo, pictures of Sarajevo's old town [Bascarsija], refugees cramped into a school watched by Bosnian forces, people waiting in line to get food supplies, empty Sarajevo grocery stores, and Energoinvest.
German language, Date of air: 1992-04-21,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/6
The Next Crisis / Die nächste Krise
This broadcast focuses on Kosovo as an area where conflict may potentially reappear. The report details how Kosovo is revered by Serbs as the cradle of Serbian culture, featuring a brief historical account of Kosovo and the significance of the Battle of Kosovo Polje in 1389. The modern state of the economy is then focused on, showing the dire poverty of the region and how the illegal trading in foreign hard currency is some of the only work available. Having always been the poorest part of Yugoslavia, Kosovo's ethnic make-up is then examined, detailing showing how many Serbs have emigrated to cities in Serbia proper, creating an even larger ethnic Albanian majority. The report talks about the police state existing in Kosovo and the ethnic Albanians' desire to gain full independence. The report includes an interview with Ibrahim Rugova, ethnic Albanian leader of the LDK; several other ethnic Albanian leaders; and Serbian officials in Kosovo. The report details how the Serbian Orthodox Church aids in the oppression of the Albanian majority, featuring interviews with Fathers Atanasije Rakita and George Trajkovic, Serbian Orthodox priests in the Prizren diocese, who state that Serbs have deeper roots in Kosovo and that it has always been Serbian territory. According to the priests, Muslims have been continuously endangering Serbian churches and their priesthood with little tolerance towards Christianity—especially, they claim, after the 300,000 Albanian Muslims settled after WWII, offsetting the Serbs' historical ethnic majority. Alushi A. Gashi, an Albanian doctor and human rights activist, states that Serbia has created a state of apartheid in Kosovo, experiencing oppression in every aspect of daily life. A Serbian female student at the University of Pristina is also interviewed, saying that, as a member of the Serbian minority, she feels very unsafe in Kosovo. Radivoje Popovic, Serbian President of the University of Pristina, claims that demands for political secession are coming from the Albanian side, namely out of ethnic Albanian student organizations, and that there will be no negotiations over the issue of to whom Kosovo belongs. Ibrahim Rugova gives his view on how Serbian propaganda has been used to skew the reality that Serbs have succeeded in controlling all public institutions in Kosovo and forbidding official use of the Albanian language. He also touches on Kosovar Albanians' desire to be an independent state and the possibility of uniting with Albania. Other footage includes monasteries in the Prizren area (Decani); the ruins in Kosovo Polje; street life and markets in Kosovo; Albanian writers and intellectuals meeting at the Literary Society of Kosovo; impoverished living conditions among Albanian families in their homes; and Albanian children being taught in private homes.
German language, Date of air: 1992-05-19,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/7
Neighbor in Need [1/2] / Nachbar in Not [1/2]
Life of the Bosnian refugees in the camps in Istra, Croatia.
German language, Date of air: 1992-06-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/8
Neighbor in Need [2/2] / Nachbar in Not [2/2]
Produced by the Catholic relief agency Caritas, this broadcast reports on the destruction and humanitarian crisis caused by the war in the former Yugoslavia, and makes an appeal for contributions. Destruction of towns and cities, refugee camps, military personnel, and dead civilians are shown throughout. The destruction from the war is focused on to garner support for Caritas' relief activities. Sarajevan civilians living under siege comment on their situation with pleas for help. The bombardment of a multi-ethnic Sarajevo is focused on as well, including brief interviews with Bosnian Serb soldiers giving justification for their siege.
German language, Date of air: 1992-06-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/9
The Serbian Soul / Die serbische Seele
This broadcast features an exploration of the Serbian folk consciousness and how it has contributed to the arming of civilians and the military might of Serb forces in the war in the former Yugoslavia. The influence of political systems and history are discussed, creating what the reporter refers to as a "militaristic neurosis," said to remain embedded within the Serbian national character. Nationalist politicians such as Vuk Draskovic and Vojislav Seselj are also shown at rallies. The influential role of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Serbian monarchy, and other elements culturally relevant to the Serbs are discussed as well.
German language, Date of air: 1992-06-30,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
350-1-1:39/10
Fight to Survive / Der Kampf ums Überleben
This broadcast focuses on Sarajevo during the war, and, more specifically, on how one family continues to survive everyday life in the besieged city. Many key shots of war-time Sarajevo are featured as the news crew follow the mother and father of the family on their way to work and interview them at their respective workplaces. The family's mother is also shown at the market and on her way back home. The family's older son is interviewed from his hospital bed, injured from a grenade blast. The reporter goes in-depth into what the family must endure, both emotionally and mentally, on a daily basis under siege in Sarajevo.
Georgian language, Date of air: 1992-07-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000039
VHS NTSC #40
350-1-1:40/1
ABC News: While America Watched: The Bosnia Tragedy
Peter Jennings examines, in detail, the reasons why the U.S. and European Community have been hesitant from the beginning to get involved in the war in the former Yugoslavia. A variety of opinions are expressed through commentary by Jandranka Cigelj, Roy Gutman, various State Department and military officials, UN workers, former Secretary of State Laurence Eagleburger, and former Ambassador to Yugoslavia, Warren Zimmerman, among others. There is a lot of footage of civilian destruction, dead bodies, prisoners in death camps, and refugees.
English language, Date of air: 1994-03-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000040
BetaSP NTSC #41
350-1-1:41/1
ABC-Nightline: US Bosnian Policy: Politics, Careers & Principles
This program includes a report by Dave Marash about the consequences of the war in Bosnia, and an interview conducted by Barbara Walters with two former U.S. State Department officials, George Kenney and Marshall Freeman Harris, both of whom resigned in protest over the U.S. policy in Bosnia. The report by Marsh includes brief interviews with victims of rape, torture, and ethnic cleansing. Most of these statements were previously featured in other ABC programs. Discussions are held with Professor Cheriff Bassiouni, UN Commission of Experts for the former Yugoslavia; Lawrence Eagleburger, U.S. State Department; Eric Stover, Physicians for Human Rights; and Elie Wiesel, human rights activist.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-05,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000041
BetaSP NTSC #42
350-1-1:42/1
Heather Felsinger: Genocide Against the Serb People in Croatia, 1941-1991 [1/5] / Heather Felsinger: Genocid nad srpskim narodom u Hrvatskoj 1941-1991 [1/5]
Tape features RTB footage of destruction of civilian property and amateur footage of murdered civilians. Archival footage of WWII victims, WWII battles, Hitler meeting Pavelic, Ante Pavelic, and concentration camps featured. Interviews with Jasenovac survivors featured. Statements by Dr. Milan Bulajic, historian; Marijan Juric, HDZ representative in Croatian Parliament; John Paul II; Stevan Veselinovic, JNA officer from Zadar (July 21, 1991); various victims of the Ustasha terror, including small children; Zeljko Raznatovic Arkan; a Serbian Orthodox priest; and other officials. Footage of the Prebilovci pit (from September 23, 1991), shows the remains of the victims of the Ustasha terror; Zabreb (1990); Croats attacking JNA soldiers in Split (from May 6, 1991); massacred Serbian fighters, and their grieving families.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000042
BetaSP NTSC #43
350-1-1:43/1
Heather Felsinger: Massacre in Divoš Village [2/5]
Massacre of Serbs by Croatian army in Divos village. The tape shows many dead bodies—skeletons, fingers cut off—and Ustashi graffities on walls, with messages such as "Ustashi ruling here." After this, a man gives a lengthy account from a hospital bed of an attack on his village. Then many civilians are interviewed about the impact on their lives and future. The last sections deal with the destruction of a Franciscan monastery in Vukovar, built in 1723, which uncovered a wealth of valuables in catacombs belonging to the Count Philip family, and arguments about who killed Varga Laszlo.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000043
BetaSP NTSC #44
350-1-1:44/1
Heather Felsinger: Program on Civilian Casualties in Vukovar [3/5] / Heather Felsinger: Civilne žrtve u Vukovaru [3/5]
The tape begins with a narrator proclaiming that the "one-and-a-half-year rule of HDZ (Croatian Democratic Union) over Vukovar resulted in horrific terror, such as: hundreds of dead, wounded, and maimed civilians; many destroyed families, resettled and humiliated citizens; thousands of elderly, women, and children in refuge; cruel crimes; [HDZ's] bestial free reign; countless human tragedies; destruction, and despair." The rule of the HDZ has brought on the tragic destruction of Vukovar. The narrator also provides a chronology of HDZ rule and violence in Vukovar. Footage from November 15, 5, 21, 18, 19, and 22, 1991, is featured. Croatian soldiers are shown. Images of dead civilians, many of whom are disfigured, are displayed with somber classical music in the background. Certain streets and civilian houses identified. Statements by civilians and soldiers featured (they testify about the gruesome crimes of the Ustasha forces; no one is identified). Gruesome crimes against hundreds of Serb civilians, including young children, and members of the Yugoslav army, are enumerated over footage of dead bodies in the streets of what is presumably Vukovar. Footage from Radio Television Belgrade (RTB) featured at 00:13:00. Branimir Aleksandric of the Medical Faculty in Belgrade testifies about the nature of the injuries inflicted on Vukovar's Serb civilians, most of whom were murdered. Jovan Stepanovic, a JNA soldier, is interviewed amidst the rubble and destroyed houses in Vukovar. Novi Sad footage (00:16:15) of the Center for Identificaton, Vukovar. Interview with a civilian with regards to forensic investigation. (00:16:40) Dr. Zoran Stankovic, a forensic medicine specialist, is featured. Graphic images of naked, dead bodies shown as Stankovic describes the origin of their injuries. (00:20:00) Member of the Council of National Guard (ZNG): on-camera statement of his experiences in Vukovar. (0:21:00) Croatian soldiers shown surrendering their weapons.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000044
BetaSP NTSC #45
350-1-1:45/1
Heather Felsinger: Genocide Against the Serb People in Croatia, 1941-1991 [4/5] / Heather Felsinger: Genocid nad srpskim narodom u Hrvatskoj 1941-1991 [4/5]
The first 32 minutes of the tape are the same as the container No. 42, but in Latin alphabet, and with slightly different editing. In this program, Ustasa atrocities against Serbs in Croatia are shown. Archival WWII footage is used, seeking to draw a parallel between the crimes of the WWII Ustasa state under Ante Pavelic and the modern-day conflict.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000045
BetaSP NTSC #46
350-1-1:46/1
Heather Felsinger: Various Serbian Broadcasts on Atrocities against the Serbs [5/5] / Heather Felsinger: Različiti programi o zločinima protiv Srba [5/5]
The program features interviews with a rape victim; a prisoner, Alija Selimagic, member of the Green Berets, who discusses how he raped and killed young women (from Zip, political news magazine program produced by Serbian TV); a woman accused by the Croatian police of having ties to the Chetniks discusses her imprisonment, rape, and mistreatment. An interview with an American soldier is also featured.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000046
BetaSP NTSC #47
350-1-1:47/1
A Day in the Death of Sarajevo / Eine Tag im Sterben von Sarajevo
In this documentary, philosopher and filmmaker Bernard-Henri Lévy examines the effects of war on Sarajevo and its inhabitants. He focuses on the psychological effects as well as the physical. Daily life under siege is shown through numerous interviews with Sarajevo residents. Many physical and historical structures are shown burning as well, including the National Library. The approach of the film is to show the suffering and humiliation endured by the residents of Sarajevo. This is achieved through Lévy's interviews with various Bosnian Croat, Serb, and Muslims throughout the city
French, English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000047
BetaSP NTSC #48
350-1-1:48/1
Peace Rally in Sarajevo / Miting za mir u Sarajevu
After first ethnic incidents in Sarajevo was organized mass rally for peace and understanding between peoples and against nationalism. One of the posters says: "Let us be students, not soldiers". News broadcasts on the peace rallies through Bosnia.
Bosnian language, Date of air: 1992-03-05,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000048
VHS PAL #49
350-1-1:49/1
Massacre in Bosnia [1/2]
This video focuses on the town of Turbe in the area around Mt. Vlasic, near Travnik. The town, destroyed by the Bosnian Serbs, had a pre-war population composed of Serbs, Croats, and Muslims. Graphic footage of dead, naked bodies is included. Amateur footage is also included of people uncovering mass graves and identifying the dead bodies of massacred civilians. Mostar, Donja Mahala and the entire left bank of the Neretva River are shown to have been completely ruined.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000049
VHS PAL #50
350-1-1:50/1
Fascism '92 / Fasizam '92
Produced in September 1992, this film begins with footage of the Berlin Wall being destroyed, combined with the images of Serb soldiers pointing their guns at Sarajevo, people running to avoid sniper fire and the general destruction of Sarajevo. Hotel Europe, Zetra stadium, the Sarajevo library and the Parliament building are shown burning. Footage from HTV, TVS and amateur video show the Ahatovici massacre on June 15, 1992, including graphic images of murdered civilians. Information from the 1991 census in Bosnia and maps of the ethnic make-up of Bosnia are also shown, as well as the Jewish community's history there. Archival footage from WWII and images from the war in Bosnia are combined, including the Bread Line Massacre.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000050
VHS PAL #51
350-1-1:51/1
Report about Raped Serb Women in Bosnia - Part 1 [1/x] / Izveštaj o silovanju srpskih žena u Bosni [1/x]
Bosnian Serb women, all victims of rape, describe their experiences in brief statements. The women are from Bosanski Brod, Novi Grad near Odzak, Vrbovacki Lipik near Odzak, Derventa, and Borci near Boracko Jezero. According to the report, women of all ages were assaulted, mostly by their former neighbors. Some of the women interviewed reveal the names of the men who assaulted them, citing the perpetrators as being ethnically Croatian, or they simply refer to them as the "Ustasa."
Bosnian, German language, Date of production: 1993,
BetaSP NTSC #52
350-1-1:52/1
100 Days of Vukovar [1/2] / 100 dana Vukovara [1/2]
Shows placid pre-war Vukovar contrasted with the destruction and devastation caused by the war.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000052
BetaSP NTSC #53
350-1-1:53/1
100 days of Vukovar [2/2] / 100 dana Vukovara [2/2]
Shows placid pre-war Vukovar contrasted with the destruction and devastation caused by the war.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000053
BetaSP NTSC #54
350-1-1:54/1
Massacre in Croatia and Bosnia [2/2]
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000054
BetaSP NTSC #55
350-1-1:55/1
UN Material
Interview with Vera Sabotic and her brother Esko from Mostar, who are of mixed descent. Their parents and older brother were murdered, and Vera raped; and they wish to take revenge for these actions against them. There is also an interview with a Croatian woman who was robbed, imprisoned, and raped.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000055
BetaSP NTSC #56
350-1-1:56/1
These Are Our Children / Evo naše djece
About Mostar and Medjugorje.
Bosnian, French language, Date of production: 1991,
VHS PAL #57
350-1-1:57/1
Tomorrow is a New Day / Demain est un nouveau jour
A chronology of the conflict in Croatia, with its historical background; shots of devastation; and interviews with victims.
French language, Date of production: 1992-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000057
BetaSP NTSC #58
350-1-1:58/1
Testimonies
Mediha Bekic (her face concealed to preserve her anonymity), from Vogosca near Sarajevo, describes how she was raped and beaten by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Saida and Samira Ajanovic (filmed on May 22,1993) from Sljedovici, Rogatica, describe how their village was attacked. Incidents of rape, ethnic cleansing and forced conversion of Muslims to Orthodox Christian faith are discussed. Perpetrators are identified from Pale, Rogatica, Serbia and Pakrac. Other rape victims describe their experiences as well (TV BiH, SAT3). A testimony is featured by a convicted perpetrator, Borislav Herak (TV BiH), a Bosnian Serb soldier, and is accompanied by commentary from Sister Ancilla and Dr. Ante Drozanovic (TV BiH) about the traumas endured by rape victims.
Bosnian language, Date of air: 1993-06-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000058
BetaSP NTSC #59
350-1-1:59/1
Sarajevo's Children / Djeca Sarajeva
Footage from April 1992 to February 1993, showing child victims of war in a crowded, inadequate hospital in Sarajevo.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000059
BetaSP NTSC #60
350-1-1:60/1
Island to Island
This tape features a short promotional video for the Global Children's Organization's Island to Island program, a self-described "place for children traumatized by war and intolerance in former Yugoslavia." Children are shown playing and interacting at the island camp. Short interviews are included with campers and counselors.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000060
BetaSP NTSC #61
350-1-1:61/1
Zlounj 4 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Survivors from various Serb villages discuss the atrocities committed by Muslims and Croats. Mostly amateur footage—some of it very graphic—accompanied by the testimonies of survivors of massacres.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000061
BetaSP NTSC #62
350-1-1:62/1
Crimes Against Humanity
Emsuda Mujagic, President of Women of Bosnia and Herzegovina; Dr. Faruk Konjhodzic, chief neurosurgeon at Sarajevo Hospital; Elie Wiesel; James O'Day, Amnesty International; Tadeusz Mazowietski; Bernard Koucher, former French Minister of Health and Humanitarian Action; Teleford Taylor, prosecutor, Nuremberg Trials; Dame Ann Warburton; Professor Bassiouni; Ron Redman; Francoise Saulina; Dr. Clyde Snow; and Alain Pellet.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000062
VHS NTSC #63
350-1-1:63/1
ABC Nightline: Children of Bosnia
David Marash reports on the UN bureaucratic logjam which has been preventing the evacuation of seriously ill and wounded children from Sarajevo. He cites the specific case of Irma Hadzimuratovic, a young girl suffering from shrapnel wounds and meningitis. Her doctor, Dr. Edo Jaganjovic, explains how he is unable to treat her due to a lack of basic necessities such as lab work and electricity. Marash explains that Irma's doctor would like to get her out of the Sarajevo hospital, but that a bureaucratic logjam is preventing him from doing so. Marash explains that in order for Irma to have been transferred, her case would have to have been approved by a UN committee—but they concluded that she was too ill to travel, despite never examining her. Interviewed is her father, Ramiz Hadzimuratovic, who details the extensive bureaucracy he had to go through in order to get Irma to a London hospital. Marash then details the efforts of various news organizations, such as "Oslobodjenje," a French News agency, SKY News, and the BBC in helping out in making passports and showing the world reports of Irma's suffering. The report cites UNICEF statistics, showing that since April of 1992, 13,932 children were wounded, and 1450 children killed (in Bosnia). The second part of the report contains a Ted Koppel interview with David Marash, who explains that Irma's case has changed UN regulations regarding the evacuation of children. Marash further explains that the Bosnia war is about nationalists who want to define the world according to ones religious and ethnic background. He states that Sarajevo's long history of ethnic and religious tolerance presents an [ideological] threat to the totalitarian regimes of Croatia and Serbia. Furthermore, he states, if Sarajevo manages to remain a democratic capital, it could attract intelligentsia from Serbia and Croatia to move to Sarajevo. Statements are made by Dr. Anthony McDermott, UNHCR Spokesperson Sylvana Foa, an unidentified civilian woman, and New York writer Susan Sontag.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000063
350-1-1:63/2
NBC News: Life on the Edge
This broadcast features a short report by Tom Brokaw on a Bosnian Serb/Muslim mixed-marriage family's struggle to survive on a daily basis in Sarajevo. The family is followed as they search for food, water, and fuel for heating, among other things. The latter portion of the report focuses on how public utilities such as electricity, water, and gas are arbitrarily cut off as a means of warfare. The second part also features interviews with Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, and Larry Hollingworth, UNHCR in Sarajevo, discussing the town of Vogosca, which had its energy supply cut off because of a Bosnian Serb arms factory located there.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-15,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000063
350-1-1:63/3
PBS: The MacNeil and Lehrer Newshour
August 19, 1993: Robert McNeil reports on the Geneva peace talks between Bosnia's warring factions. He states that even though the leaders of Croatia and Serbia, Franjo Tudjman and Slobodan Milosevic, were brought in to break a diplomatic dead lock, no progress has been made. There is also mention of the town of Mostar, where Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim forces have been fighting over the town. The report states that a UN truck has managed to bring in medical supplies to a Bosnian Croat-held section of Mostar, but was unable to get into the sealed-off Bosnian Muslim quarter. The town has been cut off from the rest of the world for months, the report states.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-19,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000063
BetaSP NTSC #64
350-1-1:64/1
Headline News: Sarajevo
Story of Serbian withdrawal from Mt. Igman and the revenge of retreating soldiers. The Skiing venue from the 1984 Olympics burns in the background while soldiers play cards. Many military personnel are present.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000064
350-1-1:64/2
The MacNeil and Lehrer Newshour
Robert McNeil reports on the Geneva peace talks between Bosnia's warring factions. He states that even though the leaders of Croatia and Serbia, Franjo Tudjman and Slobodan Milosevic, were brought in to break a diplomatic dead lock, no progress has been made. There is also mention of the town of Mostar, where Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim forces have been fighting over the town. The report states that a UN truck has managed to bring in medical supplies to a Bosnian Croat-held section of Mostar, but was unable to get into the sealed-off Bosnian Muslim quarter. The town has been cut off from the rest of the world for months, the report states
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-19,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000064
350-1-1:64/3
Help Croatia
TV spot
Croatian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000064
BetaSP NTSC #65
350-1-1:65/1
A Legacy of Genocide: The Serbian Death Squads!
Regards Serbian terrorism in Croatia. The first ten minutes is historical, covering the period from WWII to the present. The second ten minutes contains some very graphic footage. English narration by actor Martin Sheen.
English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000065
350-1-1:65/2
Help Croatia
30" TV spot taken from tape BA081
Croatian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000065
VHS PAL #66
350-1-1:66/1
Sloba and Mira
Portrait of Slobodan Milosevic and Mirjana "Mira" Markovic, the Serbian leader and his politically powerful wife, by Phil Rees, investigative journalist and narrator. The film analyzes the following: - their lives in Pozarevac, Serbia, where they first met - the characters of Milosevic and Markovic, through interviews with friends and acquaintances - their relationship while students in Belgrade - Markovic's past and character - the chronology of Milosevic's rise through the ranks of the Communist Party under the wing of his mentor and friend Ivan Stambolic. - Milosevic's initial trip to Kosovo Polje in April 1987 and rise to power - Kosovo autonomy revoked in 1989 - Markovic's political party JUL and her influence on Milosevic - regional elections in 1997 (?) and the months of protests in Belgrade and their effect on the Zajedno coalition. - how Milosevic maintains power through the continuing external crises: the wars of the former Yugoslavia, the Dayton Peace Agreement, and the NATO bombing. Interviews with Dusan Mitevic, former Director of TV Belgrade; Ivan Stambolic, former President of Serbia; Slavko Curuvija, murdered journalist and newspaper editor; Seska Stanojlovic, former high school colleague in Pozarevac; Nebojsa Popov, Communist Party Member and Belgrade University colleague; Miroslav Solevic, Serbian Nationalist Leader; Nebojsa Covic, former Mayor of Belgrade; Zoran Djindzic, Opposition leader and former Mayor of Belgrade; Vuk Draskovic, Opposition leader and former Deputy Prime Minister; Milo Djukanovic, President of Montenegro; and Bishop Artemije, Serbian Orthodox Church, are all featured.
English language, Date of air: 1999,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000066
BetaSP NTSC #67
350-1-1:67/1
Slavonski Brod
Dr. Kresimir Raguz and Dr. Darko Kraljic, natives of Slavonski Brod, record the bombings and the resulting destruction of the infrastructure of Slavonski Brod. They also document various surgeries conducted on injured civilians in Bosanski Brod. This tape contains graphic pictures of war injuries. Footage included: patients being housed in the basement of the hospital, the bodies of dead children, and extensive pictures of war surgeries.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000067
BetaSP NTSC #68
350-1-1:68/1
ABC Good Morning America: Evening Edition
Interview with Sonia Hagel, nurse at Century City Hospital from Los Angeles regarding the sick in Bosnia and Croatia and her attempts to transfer the most difficult cases to USA for treatment.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-24,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000068
BetaSP NTSC #69
350-1-1:69/1
Phil Alden Robinson: Sarajevo Diary
Phil Alden Robinson, director of "Field of Dreams" and "Sneakers," was invited to Bosnia by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. He joined a Danish convoy from Metkovic, in southern Croatia, traveled to Vitez and then to Sarajevo. He tells of the daily newspaper Oslobodjenje which has not missed a day of publishing despite the siege. He also tells of the anti-war musical "Hair," performed daily, and how the residents of Sarajevo risk their lives to attend this theater production. An interview with Phil Alden Robinson is also featured in the second half of the program.
English language, Date of air: 1992-12-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000069
BetaSP NTSC #70
350-1-1:70/1
War Crimes
This report documents two war crimes which have occurred in Croatia and which are being investigated by the IWCT. So far, 3,500 people have been killed in 20 separate atrocities, the report states. The analysis begins by detailing a mass execution of 24 Serbs from the Gospic area by Croat soldiers. After their snow-covered bodies were found near the frontlines, autopsies were performed by army pathologist Dr. Zoran Stankovic. Croatia's government acknowledged the killings, but claimed that they were carried out by renegade soldiers. The report shows pre-war pictures of several killed Serbs, focusing on Gospic deputy prosecutor Djordje Kalen and his wife Mirjana. Their two sons, Bosko and Drasko, are interviewed stating that they cannot comprehend that fellow town folk murdered their parents. Also shown is a pre-war picture of company lawyer Stank Smiljanic, whose wife Milica gives a statement. A statement is made by Dr. Zoran Stankovic. Footage of the burned bodies is included, as well as amateur footage of a Serb soldier who found the bodies near the frontline. The second part of the report details the war crime at Luvas, Croatia, where 50 Croat men were forced to walk over a minefield by Serb forces (what forces?). The bodies of the 18 men who were killed are presumed to be buried along with 122 other villagers, allegedly killed by the Serbs, in a mass grave near the Catholic cemetery. Two men, Stefan Peulic and Ivica Filic (sp), survived. Stefan Peulic was badly wounded after stepping on a mine. Ivica Filic logged the names of 67 friends and neighbors he helped bury. The report then explains that those names are all input into a UN database, where they will be used in the trials of war criminals. Ljubljana, Slovenia, has been chosen as the first choice for where the Tribunal trials can be conducted, but a definite date can not be set while the war is in progress.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000070
BetaSP NTSC #71
350-1-1:71/1
Victims of War (Bosnia)
Excerpts from broadcast television accounts of violations of international humanitarian law in the former Yugoslavia. Professor Bassiouni gives an introduction. Excerpts from various tapes, providing an excellent overview of conflict, including interviews with survivors and witnesses of massacres; and footage of camps, the excavation of mass grave sites, refugees, and Arkan and his troops in action.
English language, Date of production: 1993-05-26,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000071
BetaSP NTSC #72
350-1-1:72/1
Victims of War (Bosnia)
An edited version of Prof. Bassiouni's tape (OSA #71).
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000072
BetaSP NTSC #73
350-1-1:73/1
Help Croatia: What is Croatia, Anyway?
Somewhat historical. Short clips of devastation, refugees fleeing en masse, bodies, etc. Footage of Dubrovnik (ITN), Vuk Draskovic, Slobodan Milosevic, and the Slovenian delegation leading the 14th Congress of the Communist Party,
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000073
BetaSP NTSC #74
350-1-1:74/1
Women's Commission Delegation to Croatia
American woman visits Interview with women living in old German railway cars in Croatia. Some accounts of atrocities committed against family or friends. Potential witnesses present. People living in. Gasinci refugee camp. German and Holland Red Cross provided housing for people who used to live in tents. Interviews.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000074
BetaSP NTSC #75
350-1-1:75/1
The Statements of Daniel Shifer and Aliya Cutthroat
Daniel Shifer, a philosopher/humanist from Milan, speaks of Serb frustrations: they are liberating prisoners and want peace, but the Muslims and Croats are not cooperating. Aliya Selimagic, a Bosnian Muslim soldier, talks of slaughtering and raping many civilians under orders.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000075
BetaSP NTSC #76
350-1-1:76/1
SOS Sarajevo
The first 19 minutes is about the city's origin and history up to the 1984 Olympics, before the war came unexpectedly in April 1992. Latterly includes footage of cultural and civil destruction.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000076
BetaSP NTSC #77
350-1-1:77/1
Destruction of Human Traces
This program focuses on cultural destruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina and, in particular, the Muslim heritage, structure, and monuments. The destruction of mosques and other buildings in Sarajevo is shown, as well as pre-war images of Sarajevo. Footage from the town of Foca is also included, showing civilian houses burning, destroyed buildings, and several mosques prior to their destruction. Footage from other Bosnian towns, such as Mostar, Zvornik, and Bijeljina, is also included. Images from TV BiH and HTV are used. Images of civilians fleeing are also shown. 00:16:30:06—Minaret in Foca being fired at (HTV), shots after explosion; shots of burning villages.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000077
BetaSP NTSC #78
350-1-1:78/1
One Woman's Sarajevo
In this report, Phil Alden Robinson, an American filmmaker, tours Sarajevo with Ferida Durakovic, a children's author and a poet. Ferida talks about how the war has changed her life and reflects on her pre-war lifestyle. Ferida talks about a concert hall where a children's play, based on her story, was staged before the war, now destroyed by Serb pounding. She describes how she feels about the destruction of the National Library, how she overcame the fear of being shot, how Sarajevans gather food and water, and how she does her laundry, as well as maintaining her hygiene without electricity and water. Ferida also talks of death as being so "undignified and ugly" in Sarajevo.
English language, Date of air: 1993-09-27,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000078
BetaSP NTSC #79
350-1-1:79/1
Mass Grave at Ovčara
Snippet of footage taken near Vukovar and the mass grave at Ovcara. (At the beginning also contains OSA #78)
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000079
BetaSP NTSC #80
350-1-1:80/1
Urbicide: A Sarajevo Diary
Bill Tribe, a British professor, who taught at Sarajevo University for 26 years, returns to Sarajevo after an absence of 4 months to see how its people are living under the siege, meanwhile trying to rescue his family, especially his son-in-law. Tribe brings pictures of his new grandson to his son-in-law, Samir, who has not seen his wife since she was evacuated to England at the beginning of the war. Tribe tells of Nikola Koljevic, a former colleague of his who became a high-ranking Bosnian Serb nationalist, as well as how he sought out medical attention from Radovan Karadzic, a practicing psychiatrist at the time. He recalls the initial shots of the war fired on April 5 when hundreds of Sarajevans gathered to protest against the proposal by the Serbian Democratic Party to partition the country, and the Miskina Street massacre, among other events.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000080
BetaSP NTSC #81
350-1-1:81/1
Bloody Bosnia: The Essential Guide
Several scholars and experts from Britain, some of them of Yugoslavian descent, provide brief comments and opinions related to the history of the former Yugoslavia and its peoples: Serbs, Croats, and Muslims. Scholars include Stevan Pavlowitch (University of South Hampton), Noel Malcolm (Daily Telegraph), Chris Cviic (Royal Institute of International Affairs), Zoran Pajic (Universities of Sarajevo and Essex), Mark Wheeler (School of Slavonic and East European Studies), and Bojan Bujic (University of Oxford). Archival images and footage are shown, including drawings of historical events accompanying the commentaries.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000081
BetaSP NTSC #82
350-1-1:82/1
Bloody Bosnia: Opinions: George Soros
George Soros, President of the Open Society Foundation, speaks about the situation in Sarajevo and other so-called "Safe Areas" in Bosnia, as well as the current activities of his foundation in Sarajevo. Mr. Soros warns of a human catastrophe of devastating magnitude in Bosnia. He also explains the implications of the West's failure to intervene in Bosnia, offering reasons for an intervention. Mr. Soros explains the doctrine of ethnic state, the dangers associated with it, and the role that "open societies" should play to prevent these dangers. He also assesses the situation of Eastern Europe after the collapse of Communism and the Soviet Empire, and presents his own policy recommendations.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000082
BetaSP NTSC #83
350-1-1:83/1
Bloody Bosnia: Opinions: Dušan Makavejev
Dusan Makavejev, a filmmaker and citizen of the "leftovers of the former Yugoslavia," provides his perspective on the war in his country. Makavejev speaks of love, life, death, and the loss of a common future for people in the former Yugoslavia. Makavejev describes warlords, seen ruling regions throughout the former Yugoslavia, and compares them with Tito and his style of authority. Makavejev explains nationalist forces with an analogy of characters from "Cat People," a Hollywood film produced in the 1940s. Excerpts from patriotic video spots produced by Croatian Television and documentaries such as, "Greetings from Croatia," "Serbian Epics," and "The War" are also included.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000083
VHS NTSC #84
350-1-1:84/1
True Stories: The Unforgiving
This program features parents searching for their dead children, refugee camps, tales of rape, and general maltreatment. The stories told are divided into four segments. Part one focuses on the story of Desa and Ilja, a middle-aged couple in search of their young son who was murdered. Part two focuses on a refugee camp in Zagreb where 600,000 Muslims and Croats have fled to, interviewing them about what they have endured. Muslim and Croat women tell of beatings, rape, and torture by Serbian soldiers in Bosnia. Part three features historical footage and more graphic accounts of atrocities. In Part four troops return from battle. Graphic footage is shown throughout the film.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000084
VHS PAL #85
350-1-1:85/1
War Eats the Soul / Krieg essen Seele auf
Sarajevo under siege is the central focus of this broadcast, with specific emphasis on the psychological damage caused by war. People are shown in mental hospitals and interviews are held with psychiatrists. A montage of images showing Sarajevo burning and being bombed is featured, as well as Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, filmed in the hills above Sarajevo commending soldiers with artillery and rifle scopes set on Sarajevo. Among the people shown, some suffer from severe psychological damage from the war, ranging from soldiers off the front line to working professionals and civilians of all ages. Bomb shelter footage is also shown, showing the effects of the prolonged time spent there.
German language, Date of air: 1992-10-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/2
One Hundred Days of Milan Pavic / Die hundert Tage des Milan Panić
No description available.
German language, Date of air: 1992-11-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/3
Raped! / Vergewaltigt!
This broadcast reports on rape as a strategic and methodical tactic of war in the former Yugoslavia and its effect on Muslim women, the main victims of this type of war crime in Bosnia. The gynecological clinic in Zenica is focused on, highlighting its role as a center for the termination of unwanted pregnancies due to rape in the surrounding regions. Doctors from the clinic, rape victims, and Imams are all interviewed, showing the effect of rape on the Bosnian society, and, specifically, the Bosnian Muslim views on rape and abortion. The victims featured range from young to old and are almost entirely Muslim.
German language, Date of air: 1992-12-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/4
Brothers Now Enemies / Verfeindete Bruder
The report focuses on a newly-independent Slovenia and its attempts to join Europe. The report analyzes the political situation of Slovenia after its independence from Yugoslavia. It particularly analyzes the numerous political parties. The question of the 60,000 refugees is addressed, as well as the fishing rights and Kopar harbor dispute between Slovenia and Croatia. Interviewed are the new leaders of Slovene public life. Bozo Kovac, chief editor of the daily "Republika," talks about freedom of the press and occasional political pressure. He further states that Slovenia must privatize herself in order to attract foreign capital. Rade Serbedzija, a Serb actor born in Croatia, chose Slovenia as his new home. He talks about being politically hunted in Serbia and Croatia to the point of his life being threatened. He explains that Slovenia successfully escaped from the Balkan hell. Zmago Jelincic, leader of the Slovenian National Party discusses the need for Slovenia to be ethnically clean. He compares Slovenia to Austria which, as he states, has had a policy of extricating foreigners. The wife of Momir Kandic, a Slovene, talks about her husband who was forced to leave Slovenia for four years because he refused to give up his Serbian citizenship. Milan Kucan, President of Slovenia, reflects on the Kucan case, stating that the law required everyone in the JNA (Yugoslav army) to leave their positions and renounce their Serbian citizenship in order to remain Slovenian citizens. Kucan gives an optimistic account about Slovenia's future. He sees the need for Slovenia's political parties to work together on taking care of solvable problems in the economy and society. He states that companies have to restructure themselves if they want to participate in the world market. The leader of the Styria Christian Democrats talks about the desire of the Styria Province to separate themselves economically from Slovenia. Remaining footage: Slovene dailies and "Republika" publishing agency, refugees in Slovenia, meeting between Franjo Tudjman (Croatia's president) and Milan Kucan (Slovenia's president), people gathering in the street around the Slovenian National Party booth, Momir Kandic family, and commercials for the Liberal Democratic Party and the Slovenian National Party.
German language, Date of air: 1992-12-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/5
The Challenge / Die Herausforderung
Report discusses upcoming elections in Serbia (1993). The focus is on the Serbian opposition, in particular on Vuk Draskovic, leader of DEPOS (coalition of Serbian opposition parties), and his election campaign in Southern Serbia. The report shows the broad support Draskovic has throughout Serbia, even though a protest by Milosevic supporters is staged at the Grdelica [village] meeting. Several interviews are conducted with supporters of Draskovic. Dragan Stojanovic, a farmer in the impoverished Dadince village, claims that Milosevic made numerous promises which were not fulfilled. He states that life in Dadince has always been hard, but that it has gotten worse in the post-Tito era. Stojanovic talks about the Milosevic propaganda system responsible for the spreading of rumors that Draskovic is a thief. He gives an account of how teachers are distributing posters to their students in support of Milosevic which they are to hold up during a rally. He also talks about how the information blockade and the Tito-era has made people very skeptic towards politicians. The report then talks about life in Bosiljegrad, a town with a large Bulgarian minority, where unemployment is very high, and people are generally afraid of Milosevic. An unidentified man states that there is no future for young people, even those that are educated. Another unidentified man states that the war is eating up all the money and wrecking the economy. He further says that there are generally no incentives for investment and a feeling of general hopelessness presides over the future. Vuk Draskovic is briefly interviewed towards the end of the report. He talks about his expectations for the new year, hoping it will bring about prosperity and a dialogue between Yugoslavia's former republics. Footage of Draskovic support among the people is presented, as well as of Draskovic lighting candles in the Grdelica church and having a snowball fight. There is also footage of impoverished village life in Dadince.
German language, Date of air: 1992-12-15,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/6
Survival is All / Uberleben ist alles
No description available
German language, Date of air: 1993-02-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/7
A New Start / Neuer Anlauf
Report discusses upcoming elections in Serbia (1993). The focus is on the Serbian opposition, in particular on Vuk Draskovic, leader of DEPOS (coalition of Serbian opposition parties), and his election campaign in Southern Serbia. The report shows the broad support Draskovic has throughout Serbia, even though a protest by Milosevic supporters is staged at the Grdelica [village] meeting. Several interviews are conducted with supporters of Draskovic. Dragan Stojanovic, a farmer in the impoverished Dadince village, claims that Milosevic made numerous promises which were not fulfilled. He states that life in Dadince has always been hard, but that it has gotten worse in the post-Tito era. Stojanovic talks about the Milosevic propaganda system responsible for the spreading of rumors that Draskovic is a thief. He gives an account of how teachers are distributing posters to their students in support of Milosevic which they are to hold up during a rally. He also talks about how the information blockade and the Tito-era has made people very skeptic towards politicians. The report then talks about life in Bosiljegrad, a town with a large Bulgarian minority, where unemployment is very high, and people are generally afraid of Milosevic. An unidentified man states that there is no future for young people, even those that are educated. Another unidentified man states that the war is eating up all the money and wrecking the economy. He further says that there are generally no incentives for investment and a feeling of general hopelessness presides over the future. Vuk Draskovic is briefly interviewed towards the end of the report. He talks about his expectations for the new year, hoping it will bring about prosperity and a dialogue between Yugoslavia's former republics. Footage of Draskovic support among the people is presented, as well as of Draskovic lighting candles in the Grdelica church and having a snowball fight. There is also footage of impoverished village life in Dadince.
German language, Date of air: 1993-02-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/8
Democracy in the War / Demokratie im Krieg
Report talks about the freedom of speech in Croatian media. There is a plethora of newspapers which all serve various interests. Many journalists were fired after the HDZ (ruling party in Croatia) came to power; their colleagues suspect it was because they were former communists. The report also talks about the HDZ losing power to new opposition parties which serve various interest groups. Opposition parties are very small, generally serve various interest groups, and are in constant disagreements. Croatia is experiencing deep economic divisions and many minorities fear Croatian nationalism. The question of personal ID and minority discrimination is also discussed. The economy is further burdened by the 700,000 Bosnian refugees. Interviews are conducted with Franjo Tudjman, Drazen Budisa, Marinko Bozic, Ruza Jokic, Milan Djukic, and several other civilians. Franjo Tudjman, Croatia's president, states that many newspapers criticize him and his party, but that nothing happens to the journalists. He states that the people who write those articles are journalists who used to work for the old communist newspapers. Marinko Bozic, a journalist, states that Croatian TV is heavily censored. Bozic also notes that TV has helped HDZ get into power and win the election. Furthermore, this TV censorship has damaged Croatia's image in the world, Bozic explains. Several passersby are interviewed, giving brief opinions about Croatia. Overall, they state that the political structure has changed, and that Croatia is working towards democracy and on a road to success. Drazen Budisa, a member of the Croat Social Liberal Party, states that the HDZ is not what it used to be and that people are showing support for other parties. Ruza Jokic, a Serb by nationality, gives an account of having her Croat citizenship taken away without any explanation. She talks about the difficulty of not having ID papers. Milan Djukic, a member of the Serbian Democratic Party, explains the problem of minority discrimination in the acquisition of personal ID papers. He states that it is not the government who discriminates, but that low-ranking clerks use their position to discriminate against minorities. He believes that this must end as Croatia's goal is not to create a state of terror, but that of democracy. Footage of Bosnian refugees, streets of Zagreb, people waiting in line, Zagreb newsstands, and a cabaret performance are available.
German language, Date of air: 1993-03-30,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/9
A Year at War / Ein Jahr im Krieg
Report talks about living conditions in Sarajevo one year after the war. It contains very strong footage of human suffering endured in Sarajevo. The UN is portrayed as ineffective in helping the people, because they are forced to spend more time defending themselves than delivering aid. The report contains extensive footage of the war, showing wounded and killed children in hospitals, people collecting branches to warm themselves, people cooking outside, Muslim women fighters, a secret amunition fabric, and individuals running through the streets.
German language, Date of air: 1993-04-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
350-1-1:85/10
Easter Greetings from Pakrac / Ostergrusse aus Pakrac
This report outlines the efforts to rebuild the town of Pakrac after the end of the war in Croatia. Pakrac's ethnic composition of Serbs and Croats is outlined, citing how UN officials managed to establish a dialogue between both sides, allowing for some 4,000 refugees to return to their homes. UN Project Leader Dr. Michael Platzer is interviewed about the project, and he emphasizes that mutual distrust must be done away with. He also asserts the UN's readiness to assist local people in rebuilding their homes, and claims that all that is needed is a firm political agreement allowing refugees to return. The report explains that during the war, Croat forces managed to ethnically cleanse 170 Serb villages in Western Slavonija. In his interview, Veljko Dzakula, of the Serbian Regional Counsel, explains that the primary goal is for all people to be able to return to their homes. He further states that war criminals need to be removed from Pakrac and West Slavonija in general; and, finally, that a political dialogue needs to be established between all the people living in Pakrac. However, he states, this dialogue must happen outside of the state because there have been no guarantees that Serbs can live safely in Croatia. The report then shows a wedding of Serbs guest workers in Pakrac. Next interviewed is Franjo Sirac, Croat vice-mayor of Pakrac, who explains that Pakrac was a cultural center before the war, and that during the war 90% of the infrastructure was destroyed. He states that it was destroyed by the Serb army who wanted Pakrac to be the capital of the Western Krajina. The report gives a detailed analysis of all the reconstruction going on in Pakrac. As stated in the report, few civilians have the finances necessary to rebuild their homes; the reconstruction of public buildings, such as the local fire station, middle school, and train station is financially backed by the UN. One of the construction foremen interviewed outlines the locals' goal rebuilding every building in Pakrac, but that the priority is to rebuild schools, nurseries, and the hospital. The report states that reconstruction of the town would be significantly faster if more financial backing was available. Other footage included: destroyed houses and public buildings in Pakrac, pictures of the residents, destroyed hospital rooms, people stacking building blocks, and a destroyed apartment building.
German language, Date of air: 1993-04-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000085
BetaSP NTSC #86
350-1-1:86/1
True Stories: The Unforgiving
This program features parents searching for their dead children, refugee camps, and tales of rape and general maltreatment. The stories told are divided into four segments. Part one focuses on the story of Desa and Ilja, a middle-aged couple in search of their young son who was murdered. Part two focuses on a refugee camp in Zagreb which 600,000 Muslims and Croats have fled to, interviewing them about what they have endured. Muslim and Croat women tell of beatings, rape, and torture by Serbian soldiers in Bosnia. Part three features historical footage and more graphic accounts of atrocities. In Part four troops return from battle. Graphic footage is shown throughout the film.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000086
BetaSP NTSC #87
350-1-1:87/1
A Very Rough Guide to Sarajevo
This program shows how the residents of Sarajevo survive in the besieged city without electricity, water, or food. The program features travel tips for those who might find themselves on their way to Sarajevo. The residents explain how to get around town safely, how to save water, how to do your own home brewing, how to get to the theater on time, how to profit from the war, the new cuisine of Sarajevo, how to save electricity, and alternative forms of medicine.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000087
350-1-1:87/2
Refugee Stories: Rada Kovačević
This report focuses on the story of Rada Kovacevic, a Bosnian Serb refugee living in London. Her husband, Zoran, and she, both Serbs, were childhood sweethearts from the same village. They were married at age 18. Rada's husband and children were murdered. The murder was allegedly committed by the Muslim "black shirts" from the neighboring village. Rada could no longer stay in Bosnia and fled to London, hoping she'd be able to meet with her brother in New York, but could not get a visa to go to the U.S. Rada reflects on her life as hopeless because her husband and children were murdered.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000087
BetaSP NTSC #88
350-1-1:88/1
Refugee Stories: Muhamed Filipović
This tape contains two refugee stories and a WGN report. The first one is told by Muhamed, a Bosnian Muslim, who describes how the war ruptured an extensive friendship between him and his Bosnian Serb friend, Vinko Kondic. Mohammed explains that both he and his Bosnian Muslim friend Omer were taken to Manjaca camp by their Bosnian Serb friend. He states his friend Omer suffered regular beatings and was eventually killed at the camp. Mohammed states that Vinko visited the camp and knew what was happening to Omer. The second refugee story is told by Veljko Gavric, a Bosnian Serb married to a Bosnian Croat woman. He talks about leaving Sarajevo with his family knowing that they will not be able to go back again. While watching the news, he saw his apartment building burn. He also talks about his daughter Ivana and her gift for music, and how the family has adjusted to life in England. Footage of a burning apartment building in Sarajevo, and photos of Gavric family. The WGN report briefly states that De Paul University students are assisting law professor Cherif Bassiouni in tracking war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia. The evidence will be presented to the UN for use in the Hague Tribunal.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000088
350-1-1:88/2
Refugee Stories: Veljko Gavrić
This refugee story is told by Veljko Gavric, a Bosnian Serb married to a Bosnian Croat woman. He talks about leaving Sarajevo with his family and the knowledge that they will not be able to go back again. He also talks about his daughter Ivana and her gift for music, and how the family has adjusted to life in England. Footage available: a burning apartment building in Sarajevo, and family photos of Ivana's birthdays.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000088
350-1-1:88/3
DePaul's Efforts
A brief discussion of De Paul's IHRLI project and its continuing efforts in dealing with the crisis in the former Yugoslavia.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-30,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000088
BetaSP NTSC #89
350-1-1:89/1
Valley of Tears
Conflict in Yugoslavia seen as a religious war, with systematic destruction of sacral objects. Catholic priests, nuns and civilian victims from Mostar surroundings are interviewed. This tape is an emotional and religious piece but with some interesting military images.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000089
BetaSP NTSC #90
350-1-1:90/1
Public Service Commercials for Peace in Bosnia
Four Public Service Commercials for Peace in Bosnia.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000090
BetaSP NTSC #91
350-1-1:91/1
The Sarajevo Syndrome
The broadcast focuses on the psychological effects of war on Sarajevo's children. Through the children's drawings depicting the war, the reporter shows how the children react to the daily trauma of the war. Children are also shown playing war games and doing chores alongside their families, such as obtaining water daily. The latter portion of the broadcast discusses dissension within the U.S. State Department regarding the Balkans, showing former State Department workers criticizing their former senior officials. The report shows a contrast between the official line and actual events taking place in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
English language, Date of air: 1993-09-27,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000091
VHS NTSC #92
350-1-1:92/1
The Atrocity Hunter
Chicago TV station interviews Professor Bassiouni about how he is collecting evidence to prove war crimes were committed. The war room at IHRLI is seen, with some war scenes intercut with the interview.
English language, Date of air: 1994-01-27,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000092
BetaSP NTSC #93
350-1-1:93/1
Disappearing World: We Are All Neighbors
This program explains how the relationships between Muslim and Catholic/Croat families changed when war came to their village near Kiseljak, Bosnia, where they used to coexist peacefully. At first, Muslims were united with Croats in defense of their village against the Serb aggression. The program then shows how the increasing nationalism fueled Catholics/Croats to turn against Muslims. This program examines the effect of this conflict on human relationships: families and friendships. It shows how families became divided and neighbors became enemies. Images shown include men on the frontlines, women praying in a mosque, Kiseljak under Croat control, and people fleeing.
English language, Date of production: 1993-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000093
BetaSP NTSC #94
350-1-1:94/1
Diplomacy and Deceit
This program examines how the Western allies failed to bring an end to the war in the Balkans. Diplomatic efforts, including the London Conference, Lord Carrington's proposal and the failure of the Vance/Owen plan, are discussed by major political figures who were involved. "The Western peace emissaries discovered that the old communist mentality and apparatus live on in the former Yugoslavia and that deception has a pivotal role, thus they misread the aims and the tactics of Balkan politicians." Images shown: Vukovar, Dubrovnik (ITN), Sarajevo, Gorazde, Trnopolje, Bosanski Brod, Mladic, destroyed mosques, Knin, Srebrenica, Ahmici, and Milosevic and Tudjman having a drink together.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000094
BetaSP NTSC #95
350-1-1:95/1
Bloody Bosnia: The Roots of War
This documentary presents an overview of events in former Yugoslavia that led to the outbreak of war. From political maneuvering by Serbian politicians within the Yugoslav federation, to the ultimate secession of Slovenia and Croatia, the steps to war are retraced. The program explores the historical events that led to the formation of Yugoslavia, including archival footage from both the pre-WWI and WWII eras (the same footage is seen in tape 287). Tito's unique formation of Yugoslavia is focused on, showing how nationalism rose in the wake of his death, beginning with events in Kosovo and Slovenia. The breakdown of the Yugoslav federation is then detailed step by step, featuring interviews with the leading politicians from Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia, and Kosovo recalling the events. The documentary shows how Milosevic revoked Kosovo's autonomy and the subsequent protests and strikes that followed. Slovenia's bid for independence shortly thereafter is then highlighted, detailing the Yugoslav federal authority's failed attempt to prevent secession by use of the JNA. Political and social conditions of the republics are chronicled from around the time war breaks.
English language, Date of air: 1993-08-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000095
BetaSP NTSC #96
350-1-1:96/1
Sarajevo Ground Zero [1/2]
This program offers insights into the different aspects of life in the besieged city of Sarajevo. Excerpts from several films produced by SAGA, a Sarajevo production company producing films about the siege of Sarajevo, are shown. Interviews with Ademir Kenovic (SAGA director), Hrvoje Batinic (Open Society Fund), John Burns (NY Times correspondent), Fred Cuny (Intertect, humanitarian aid consultant), Zdravko Grebo (Radio Zid), Tony Borden (Balkan War Report), Susan Sontag (author), and Zlatko Lavanic (film director) all provide individual perspectives on the siege of Sarajevo and the war.
English language, Date of air: 1993-11-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000096
BetaSP NTSC #97
350-1-1:97/1
Sarajevo Ground Zero [2/2]
This program emphasizes the multi-ethnic and multicultural character of Sarajevo and the efforts to defend it, in spite of the war. Excerpts from documentary films, promotional videos for the city's defenders and music clips produced by SAGA are included. Excerpts from a production of "Waiting for Godot," directed by American author Susan Sontag, are shown. Statements by Nedzad Begovic (film director), Ivica Puljic (journalist), Tony Borden, Hrvoje Batinic, Fred Cuny (Intertect), Mirza Idrizovic (film director), Ademir Kenovic, Francois Luner (film director), Abdulah Sidran (Bosnian poet), John Burns, and Susan Sontag are also included.
English language, Date of air: 1993-11-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000097
BetaSP NTSC #98
350-1-1:98/1
Vinkovci War Diary
The destruction of the town of Vinkovci. A Croatian TV production tracing the history of the shelling in and around Vinkovci through fourteen cease-fires from July 1991, to New Year's day, 1992. Much civil and cultural destruction. Destruction of hospital shown, the pediatric ward being a favorite target of snipers.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000098
BetaSP NTSC #99
350-1-1:99/1
Wounded Souls: Women of Bosnia-Herzegovina
This film, produced by the Islamic Relief organization, focuses on Bosnian Muslim women. The role and character of Muslim women in Bosnia are both explored, including the ways the war has changed their lives. The report states that the Bosnian Muslim women became a target for abuse because to hurt a woman represents the greatest injury in Muslim culture. The emotional scarring left behind by rape is highlighted throughout. It is explained that Bosnia is the only place where Islam, Orthodox Christianity, and Catholicism are highly intertwined. The early days and months of the war are described as having been the worst for the Bosnian Muslim and Croat population. The Bosnian Muslim population is explained to have suffered by being reduced to refugee camps, after living a life of wealth where they owned houses and numerous livestock. Statements are made by four women, all with their identities concealed, telling of direct rape and abuse. The first woman describes a drunk JNA commander entering her house and ordering her to go to the bedroom. The second woman tells of a young mother who was raped by four Chetniks. The third woman describes the rape she and her four-year-old daughter endured. The fourth woman describes being threatened with a knife and then being raped by four Bosnian Serb soldiers. The fifth woman tells of young girls being systematically raped by drunk Bosnian Serb soldiers, and a sixth woman talks about her inability to comprehend the ethnic hatred, and about being raped in a camp. Three young girls also give testimonies of how their relatives and parents were beaten by Bosnian Serb soldiers. The first girl tells of her house being destroyed by a grenade and being taken up by UNPROFOR soldiers. The second girls talks about her grandfather and her mother being beaten. The third girl talks about her father being beaten (at Ramiz Raganovic's house) and killed. A man is shown admitting to committing rape under the influence of alcohol. A Bosnian Muslim man explains that Bosnians will stand by their women regardless of what has happened. Dr. Yusuf Al Qardawi, an Imam, offers insight into Islam's view on raped women. He also explains the role of the whole Islamic community in regard to helping raped women. Other footage included: mosques in Bosnia, Bosnian Muslim women walking through a forest, civilians running from shelling, destroyed mosques, JNA planes dropping bombs, burning and destroyed buildings, the breadline massacre, women running with children, Bosnian Muslim funerals, refugees getting off trucks, a Bosnian Muslim refugee camp, Bosnian Muslim prayer service, Bosnian Serb soldiers singing, Bosnian Serb soldiers (Chetniks) marching, and various scenes of destruction in Sarajevo.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000099
BetaSP NTSC #100
350-1-1:100/1
The Destruction of a Nation: Tragedy of Bosnia-Herzegovina
This program opens and closes with a brief promo for Islamic Relief and Mercy International, explaining where donations can be sent. The main thrust of the video is to examine the origins of the Islamic religion and culture in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Ottoman Empire. This is accomplished using paintings and drawings. As the story progresses, it utilizes archival footage and photographs to illustrate attempts made to eliminate the Muslim population. There is a lot of discussion about resistance to an Islamic nation in Europe. Current footage includes discussion with Muslim rape victims, including a story of forced incest; Muslim men suffering from severe malnutrition in prison camps; people fleeing their homes; homes and towns being destroyed; and mothers crying. The question of there being a lack of support from other Islamic nations to help those Muslims still living in Bosnia and Herzegovina is also discussed.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000100
BetaSP NTSC #101
350-1-1:101/1
Sarajevo and the Obunjan Refugee Camp
Footage taken in Sarajevo on October 6, 1993, of mountains, the street where the Breadline Massacre occurred, a stadium cemetery, property damage, and a camp at Obunjan (Mladost) Island.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993-10-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000101
BetaSP NTSC #102
350-1-1:102/1
Break-up in the Balkans
An examination of the roots of the conflict, the role of UN and NATO, and possible solutions to end the war.
English language, Date of production: 1993-08-29,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000102
BetaSP NTSC #103
350-1-1:103/1
Madeleine Albright Speech at the UN and Aerial Shots of Possible Mass Graves
U.S. Ambassador to the UN Madeleine Albright speaks in support of UN Resolution 101095; and Aerial photos of recently-disturbed earth near Kasaba Konjevic Polje, Bosnia, from July 1995.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000103
VHS NTSC #104
350-1-1:104/1
The Eyes of Bosnia
This program consists of testimonies by Bosnian Muslim survivors of ethnic cleansing and victims of rape, accompanied by statements by Alija Izetbegovic (President of Bosnia), Jakub Selimoski (head of the Islamic Community in the former Yugoslavia), an injured Bosnian soldier, Dr. Hukovic (an historian), and a local writer. Selimoski talks about the consequences of the conflict—a conflict he defines as Serbian aggression—and the destruction of Islamic cultural heritage in Bosnia. Dr. Hukovic attempts to explain the history of Islam in Bosnia and the genocide of Muslim people. Izetbegovic talks about the tradition of religious tolerance in Bosnia and his concerns that Muslims will vanish due to the war. Sfinga & Slovenia Television/Bosna Studio.
English language, Date of production: 1993-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000104
BetaSP NTSC #105
350-1-1:105/1
Bodies and APCs and 52 Bodies in Korenica
Footage of UN soldiers walking around grass fields and sitting on tanks. The second section shows several corpses arranged next to one another on the ground outside a building.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000105
BetaSP NTSC #106
350-1-1:106/1
Testimonials of Observers to the UN Conference on Human Rights [1/2]
A delegation of women including representatives from the UN Conference on Human Rights in Vienna went to refugee camps in Zagreb, and speeches were given. Tape 1 of 2.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000106
BetaSP NTSC #107
350-1-1:107/1
Testimonials of Observers to the UN Conference on Human Rights [2/2]
A delegation of women including representatives from the UN Conference on Human Rights in Vienna went to refugee camps in Zagreb, and speeches were given. Tape 2 of 2.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000107
BetaSP NTSC #108
350-1-1:108/1
Database of War Criminals
German TV host talks about the need for the UN and the irony of the war in the former Yugoslavia. A reporter in Chicago goes to the war room at IHRLI where he talks about the database and speaks briefly with Professor Bassiouni.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000108
BetaSP NTSC #109
350-1-1:109/1
Spansko Refugee Camp near Zagreb
A delegation of six women, sponsored by the Foundation for Compassionate Society, is sent to the Spansko Refugee Camp, near Zagreb, on a fact-finding mission. The delegation interviewed women—Muslim refugees from Bosnia—who were expelled from their homes, primarily by Bosnian Serbs. Women talk about their losses, pain and suffering, their current situation in the refugee camp in Croatia, and their children's future. The resentment of Muslim refugees in Croatia is also discussed. Gregoria Rodriguez's speech in Texas about her trip to Croatia and the situation of Bosnian women in refugee camps is detailed.
English language, Date of production: 1993-08,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000109
BetaSP NTSC #110
350-1-1:110/1
SA Life: Documentary Films and Video Documents on Sarajevo [1/3]
This material was shot in Sarajevo, throughout the war, by professional filmmakers, students of Sarajevo Academy of Film and Theater, and unknown amateurs. "Their mutual desire is to present the events they witnessed," write the SaGA authors. The material was produced under extremely difficult conditions, while the city was besieged and under continuous bombardment, without electric power, food, or water. Most of the works presented in this tape are works in progress. "These are pictures of love, courage, despair, and crime," write SaGA authors. "25 Years of Ignorance (1968–1992)" by Zdravko Grebo. By Hakija Hadzafic, Bojan Mulic, Sulejman Klokoci, Bogoljub Nikolic, Miso V. Dijak and Zdravko Grebo. Produced by Zid in 1992 (8 minutes). "Eight Years After" by Ademir Kenovic and Nino Zalica. Produced in July 1992 by TVBiH & SaGA (11 minutes). "I Burned Legs (Palio sam noge)" by Srdjan Vuletic. Produced in June 1992 and March 1993. By Almir Kenovic, Ismet Bektasevic, Emir Ferizovic, Daniela Gogic, Oliver Todorovic, Ahmed Imamovic, Nino Zalica, and Srdjan Vuletic. This film deals with the attrocities of war as portrayed by a film student who spends some time working as a medic. One of the duties he performed was to carry amputated limbs to the cremation furnace. This is a film about the collective madness that engulfed Sarajevo. A one-armed boy is troubled because he can't make big, firm snowballs; a man who lost both legs demonstrates walking on his stumps... The film and the director's story help us understand the commotion and tumult that have occurred in the minds of Sarajevans (11 minutes). "Shooting at the wounded at "Socijalno" Junction. Produced by TVBiH, May 14, 1992. Recorded by Muharem Osmanagic, Sulejman Eengic, and Tomo Maric. Music video follows this segment. "A Man Called Boat (Camac)" by Pjer Zalica. Produced by SaGA in July 1992 (9 min). This documentary recounts the story of a young man who deserts the special unit of the JNA and walks the distance from Belgrade to Sarajevo hoping to join the resistance to the aggression of the very army he left and in whose fold he spent five years of his youth. He is apprehended with the threat of being killed. With the help of a friend, "Boat," he escapes the military prison where he was held in captivity. On his way to Sarajevo he crosses a river on the Bosnian border, makes an incredible journey through the occupied territories before finally accomplishing his goal: coming to Sarajevo and joining the resistance. "Fasizam 1992 - Fascism in 1992" by Nedim Loncarevic, produced by TV BiH in September 1992. This film compares Serb aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina with Nazi crimes during WWII through a plethora of both contemporary and historic images of destruction and crimes against humanity, which feature background music, but no narration. "Poljubac Smrti, BiH 1992 (Kiss of Death, BiH 1992)": video clip features Bosnia's many political, military, and religious leaders shaking hands and kissing over a pop song about the first and the only true love. "Water and Blood Sarajevo 1993," produced by SaGA in January 1993. "Message for my Friends (Mojim prijateljima)" by Zlatko Lavanic. Produced in February 1993 by SaGA. This short film is a kind of "personal message" from director Zlatko Lavanic to his friends who left Sarajevo. This film, recorded in five shots, shows in subtle way the state of mind of a person from Sarajevo, the destroyed city.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000110
350-1-1:110/2
Shooting at the Wounded at Socijalno Junction
The footage in this film was recorded on May 14, 1992, and produced by TV BiH—it has no dialogue. The footage shows the attack on a civilian truck and attempts by the occupants to escape. Parts of this footage are seen in many other tapes, but this is the original and complete footage. "Socijalno," Elektroprivreda, and Vodoprivreda buildings are shown burning. Benefit video/recording for Sarajevo by recording artist with a video clip at the end. (already logged in as a part of 134)
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000110
BetaSP NTSC #111
350-1-1:111/1
SA Life: Collage of Short Documentary & Video Documents on Sarajevo [2/3]
- "My Mother the Shehit (Moja mama Sehit)" by Denis Tanovic and Dino Mustafic. Produced in 1992. A story about a boy whose mother was killed as a fighter defending Sarajevo. The boy takes a rose from the garden his mother worked on and brings it to her grave; but when he returns to the grave, the rose is no longer there. Through the sad confession of the boy we meet the people of his environment—his grandfather, grandmother, aunt, and friends; as well as his mother's collegues, and other fighters—who bring warmth and love to the boy in these cruel times. The film is followed by a video spot with music accompanied by lyrics from Bosnian poet Aleksa Santic (16 minutes). - "War Art" by Nedzad Begovic, produced in March 1993 (10 minutes). Nedzad Begovic's exhibition entitled WAR ART was created by collecting various materials that have lost their primary function as a result of war operations. All exhibits have a "history" of their own and are the result of the destruction of Sarajevo. The author recognizes shapes in the destroyed objects and presents them as ARTE FACT, transforming the negative energy of crime into the positive vibrations of human spirituality. - Video montage featuring portraits of world renown pianist Ivo Pogorelic. - "Ponesi Zastavu," music clip celebrating commander of special MUP units, Dragan Vikic. Performed by Mladen Vojicic-Tifa. - "Wedding in Sarajevo (Vjencanje u Sarajevu)" by Milan Trivic, produced in August 1992, March 1993 by TVBiH/Video Press. Directed by Milan Trivic and Sasa Markanovic. - "Ivo and Mersad in Sarajevo (Ivo i Mersad u Sarajevu)" - "Travelling Children" by Nino Zalica, produced in February 1993. - "Massacre in Vaso Miskin Street," produced by TVBiH, 27 May 1992. - Music clip. - "Sarajevo (1992)" by Mirza Idrizovic, produced by Saga and TVBiH in August 1992.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000111
350-1-1:111/2
Massacre in Vase Miskina Street
Immediate aftermath of a mortar attack on a busy street, with many civilian victims—the incident occurred on May 27, 1992. The wounded are loaded into cars and any other available vehicles. Parts of this footage are seen in many other tapes, but this is the original and complete footage. Please note that this footage has no dialogue, and is very graphic. (already logged in as a part of 135)
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1992-05-27,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000111
BetaSP NTSC #112
350-1-1:112/1
SA Life: Collage of Short Documentary and Video Documents on Sarajevo [3/3]
- Short film: "Dessine Moi..." by Francois Lunel; produced in March 1993. Scenes from a Sarajevo hospital, intertwined with images of the shelling of Sarajevo. Focus on injured children. By Almir Kenovic, Pjer Zalica, Francois Lunel. (5 minutes) - Music video: "Vojnik Srece" (Soldier of Fortune): video about the Republic of BiH MUP (Ministry of Interior) Special forces, produced in August 1992. (5 minutes) - "Confessions of a Monster" by Ademir Kenovic & Ismet Arnautalic; produced in November 1992. I“Confessions Of A Monster” is a documentary film made in the fall of 1992 in a military prison in Sarajevo, where a group of journalists, including John Barnes of the New York Times, were introduced to Borislav Herak, a young man in JNA uniform, and the first person in fifty years to be charged with the crime of genocide. His confessions, full of intricate details, are almost unfathomable to the normal human mind, and paint a striking picture of the atrocities committed in Bosnia, usually described by the press using that specially-coined phrase “ethnic cleansing.” By Pjer Zalica, Almir Kenovic, Nino Zalica, Mirsad Herovic, Ismet Arnautalic, and Ademir Kenovic. 29 minutes. - "When Something Terrible Happens People Don't Wake Up" by Srdjan Vuletic, produced in April 1993.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000112
BetaSP NTSC #113
350-1-1:113/1
Getting Away With Murder
This report looks into crimes committed by Bosnian Serbs against Bosnian Muslims in Foca. Also featured is a political discourse between the U.S. and British governments over their involvement in bringing war criminals from the former Yugoslavia to justice. Two Muslim women describe how they were raped in Foca. Statements are also included from Dzevad Loho (former Mayor of Foca), Cherif Bassiouni (UN Commission of Experts), Slobodan Milosevic (President of Serbia), Petar Cancar (Mayor of Foca), Velibor Ostojic (Minister of Information in the Republika Srpska), Madeleine Albright (U.S. Delegate to the UN), John Fox (U.S. State Department), Lawrence Eagleburger (former Secretary of State), Michael Scharf, (U.S. State Department), William Fenrick (UN Commission of Experts), and Zeljko Raznjatovic, aka "Arkan" (Serbian paramilitary leader).
English language, Date of air: 1993-12-13,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000113
350-1-1:113/2
Victims of War in the Former Yugoslavia
An edited version of Prof. Bassiouni's tape.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000113
BetaSP NTSC #114
350-1-1:114/1
Aggression on the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992 and 1993 [1/2] / Agresija na Republiku Bosnu i Hercegovinu 1992 i 1993 [1/2]
This program gives a historical background and a visual account of the destruction of Bosnia's cities, cultural heritage, and people. Includes a discussion of the ethnic make-up of Bosnia, as well as a medley of TV reports that contain graphic scenes of massacres. Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, is shown speaking in the Bosnian Parliament (October 1991). A BBC report from the Zvornik area details the expulsion of the Muslims by the Serbs. Sky News reports from Sarajevo during heavy pounding, including audio of Ratko Mladic, a Bosnian Serb General, ordering the shelling of Sarajevo. Also featured is footage of numerous massacres in Sarajevo; the physical destruction of Bosnian towns (Mostar, Foca, Gorazde); injured and murdered children; YUTEL footage of demonstrations in Sarajevo; JNA jets flying over Sarajevo; Arkan's paramilitary unit, the "Tigers," in Erdut; Karadzic on the hills above Sarajevo; movement of JNA trucks; and scenes from the Trnopolje and Manjaca prison camps.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000114
BetaSP NTSC #115
350-1-1:115/1
Aggression on the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992 and 1993 [2/2] / Agresija na Republiku Bosnu i Hercegovinu 1992 i 1993 [2/2]
This program gives a historical background and a visual account of the destruction of Bosnia's cities, cultural heritage, and people. Includes a discussion of the ethnic make-up of Bosnia, as well as a medley of TV reports that contain graphic scenes of massacres. Radovan Karadzic, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, is shown speaking in the Bosnian Parliament (October 1991). A BBC report from the Zvornik area details the expulsion of the Muslims by the Serbs. Sky News reports from Sarajevo during heavy pounding, including audio of Ratko Mladic, a Bosnian Serb General, ordering the shelling of Sarajevo. Also featured is footage of numerous massacres in Sarajevo; the physical destruction of Bosnian towns (Mostar, Foca, Gorazde); injured and murdered children; YUTEL footage of demonstrations in Sarajevo; JNA jets flying over Sarajevo; Arkan's paramilitary unit, the "Tigers," in Erdut; Karadzic on the hills above Sarajevo; movement of JNA trucks; and scenes from the Trnopolje and Manjaca prison camps.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000115
BetaSP NTSC #116
350-1-1:116/1
The IHRLI and DePaul Database Project
David Martin, reporting for CBS, interviews Professor Bassiouni, and the staff and volunteers working in the war room. Covers what IHRLI is trying to do and what is involved in its efforts.
English language, Date of air: 1993-12-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000116
BetaSP NTSC #117
350-1-1:117/1
Tales from Sarajevo
This program begins with the statement that more correspondents and reporters have lost their lives during 18 months of covering the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, than in the whole 14 years of the Vietnam war. Journalists from BBC Radio, Reuters, The Guardian, BBC TV, The Independent, the Daily Telegraph, CNN, The Observer, El Pais, ABC TV, and ITN TV explain difficulties associated with understanding and reporting on this complex conflict, including how journalists cope with the physical danger and the fear they encounter while working on their assignments.
English language, Date of air: 1993-02-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000117
BetaSP NTSC #118
350-1-1:118/1
Eye on the Storm
Martin Burke talks to men and women, war photographers, about their experiences while covering war zones. Those interviewed: Ian Pritchard, BBC News; Sebastian Rich, ITN; Mohamed Amin, Visnews; Barry Fox, ABC News; David Greene, CBS News; and Nigel Thompson, ITN. Other conflicts besides the former Yugoslavia are shown.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000118
BetaSP NTSC #119
350-1-1:119/1
Frontline: Maggie O'Kane
Irish journalist Maggie O'Kane (The Guardian) analyzes the roots of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. O'Kane examines Milosevic's rise to power, his role in the destruction of the Yugoslav federation, and his connection to paramilitary leaders Zeljko Raznjatovic, aka "Arkan," and Vojislav Seselj. O'Kane conducts research into the roots of the war in Bosnia and Serbia proper. Interviews are conducted with Desa Traveson (Belgrade correspondent for the London Times), Milos Vasic (journalist for the Belgrade independent "Vreme"), Bojan Stojanic (Serbian photographer), Arkan, Vojislav Seselj, Milan Panic, a Chetnik ("Duke" from Grbavica), and Slavko Lesic. Belgrade journalists describe how the Serbian media is influenced and controlled by politicians. Footage from Sarajevo, Kosovo, Serbian TV, and Vukovar is also included.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000119
BetaSP NTSC #120
350-1-1:120/1
Unfinished Business
This program tells of the destruction of Mostar, and the Serb, Croat, and Muslim soldiers who are fighting together in the Bosnian Army for the right to live together as they did before the war.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000120
BetaSP NTSC #121
350-1-1:121/1
Interview with Miloš Vasić on the Role of Serbian State-Controlled Media in Wars in Croatia and Bosnia
Miloš Vasić, independent journalist at a radio station in Pancevo and correspondent of a Belgrade magazine Vreme, discusses the role of Serbian state-controlled media in the wars in Croatia and Bosnia. Vasic describes how the Serbian state-controlled media covered the Serbs' attack on Vukovar, and argues that the war would not be possible without this propaganda.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992-08,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000121
BetaSP NTSC #122
350-1-1:122/1
The Sarajevo Point of View
This video, produced by a videographer who lived in Sarajevo, documents the perpective of people in Sarajevo and their outlook while under siege. The documentary features footage recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina between April and September 1992. It begins by giving a brief historical background of Bosnia, stressing the tradition of tolerance and peaceful coexistence over the centuries in Bosnia. The footage also includes scenes of pre-war Sarajevo in addition to those during the siege. Footage is also shown of Sarajevo monuments and mosques, the destruction in Mostar, (pictures of TVBiH, Konjic studio), and of the Sarajevo suburb Dobrinja.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000122
BetaSP NTSC #123
350-1-1:123/1
Dobrinja
Dobrinja, Sarajevo suburb, shelled by Serbian artillery. Interviews with soldiers and civilians.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000123
BetaSP NTSC #124
350-1-1:124/1
War Music Videos
Different music videos, interspersed with scenes of war.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000124
BetaSP NTSC #125
350-1-1:125/1
Symposium: Bosnian Bill of Rights
Speeches at the Symposium on the Bosnian Bill of Rights held at Ouachita Baptist University. No additional visuals.
English language, Date of air: 1993-01-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000125
BetaSP NTSC #126
350-1-1:126/1
Who Can Save Sarajevo [1/2] / Qui peut sauver Sarajevo [1/2]
Conversation and discussion between people in Sarajevo and in Paris giving a realistic version of life in Sarajevo today: despair, horror, heartbreak, and the incompetence of Europe trying to solve this tragedy.
French language, Date of air: 1994-01-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000126
BetaSP NTSC #127
350-1-1:127/1
Who Can Save Sarajevo [2/2] / Qui peut sauver Sarajevo [2/2]
Conversation and discussion between people in Sarajevo and in Paris giving a realistic version of life in Sarajevo today: despair, horror, heartbreak, and the incompetence of Europe trying to solve this tragedy.
French language, Date of air: 1994-01-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000127
VHS PAL #128
350-1-1:128/1
Victims of War: Omarska the Death Camp / Opfer des Krieges: Omarska, das Todeslager
Footage from the funeral of Esmir Karabasic, and witness reports from the deathcamp at Omarska, Bosnia.
German language, Date of air: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000128
BetaSP NTSC #129
350-1-1:129/1
Tuzla
Interview with a captured Serbian soldier from Zvornik surrounding. He describes the preparation for war and his involvement in the fight.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993-01-24,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000129
BetaSP NTSC #130
350-1-1:130/1
Dubrovnik [1/5]
The old city is shown under heavy shelling. - 00:39:50; date on footage: October 1, 1991. Dialogue in SCB. Tape recorded from someone's apartment. - 00:43:07 NIK TV; date on footage: November 10, 11, 1991. This segment of the tape depicts the shelling of Dubrovnik; footage from December 6, 1991 is also inlcuded.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-12-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000130
BetaSP NTSC #131
350-1-1:131/1
Dubrovnik [2/5]
Footage showing the damage to cultural objects and private property once the shelling was over.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-12-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000131
BetaSP NTSC #132
350-1-1:132/1
Dubrovnik [3/5]
TV Montenegro program related to the JNA military campaign around Dubrovnik.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000132
BetaSP NTSC #133
350-1-1:133/1
Dubrovnik [4/5]
Program related to the JNA military campaign around Dubrovnik. Military personnel interviewed.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000133
BetaSP NTSC #134
350-1-1:134/1
Dubrovnik [5/5]
Program related to the JNA military campaign around Dubrovnik. Civilians from Cavtat and military personell interviewed.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000134
BetaSP NTSC #135
350-1-1:135/1
Massacres in Croatia and Bosnia
This broadcast focuses on Abdul Malida, a British Muslim, and his efforts to raise money, awareness, and food supplies to help the victims of war in Bosnia. He visits refugee camps in Croatia and Bosnia, managing to film part of his journey and distribute relief supplies along the way. The grim reality of the war and war crimes are displayed, with very graphic images of naked corpses. Prison camps and survivors are also included in the footage. Malida goes against travel restrictions imposed on foreigners as he makes his way deep into Bosnian territory. Malida uses his experience and awareness of the humanitarian situation in Bosnia to expedite further relief and bring aid to the region.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000135
BetaSP NTSC #136
350-1-1:136/1
Stupni Do / Stupni Do
This broadcast is a brief report with breaking news on the destruction of the village of Stupni Do in central Bosnia and the subsequent attack on the civilian population there. UN Chief of Staff for British forces, Brigadier Angus Ramsey, comments on the vicious atrocities committed by Croats against the Muslim population of the village. UN forensic experts are seen briefly surveying the area for evidence of more victims.
English language, Date of air: 1993-12-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000136
BetaSP NTSC #137
350-1-1:137/1
Crimes of War
This broadcast reports on Vukovar and the war crimes committed there, including a mass grave site where wounded soldiers from a hospital were taken out to a field and summarily executed. Featured footage shows British UN troops in a small Muslim village where a Muslim family of eight was burned to death. A civilian woman from the area being interviewed recalls young girls being raped. The report concludes with an interview with Cherif Bassiouni from the UN Commission of Experts on the establishment of the War Crimes Tribunal for the war in the former Yugoslavia.
English language, Date of air: 1993-09-23, Duration: 36 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000137
BetaSP NTSC #138
350-1-1:138/1
Macedonia and Kosovo: Drawing the Line
This broadcast features a discussion of the growing tension along Macedonia's border in Kosovo. A brief overview of the situation in Kosovo is provided by Charles Kraus using footage of country and city life in Kosovo, explaining fears that an outbreak of war could spread to Macedonia and beyond. Robert MacNeil talks with U.S. government officials about the prospect of the war spilling into Macedonia and its neighbors, Albania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and two U.S. NATO allies, Greece and Turkey. At the time of the report, U.S. troops had recently been placed in Macedonia to deter further aggression and the spread of war in the Balkans. The tactical importance of the troop placement is debated by the guests, as well as the related political implications.
English language, Date of air: 1993-06-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000138
BetaSP NTSC #139
350-1-1:139/1
Mostar: The Death of a City
This broadcast focuses on the fighting between Muslims and Croats in the city of Mostar, one of the most devastated cities in the former Yugoslavia, according to BBC reporter Jeremy Bowen. The footage features historic parts of the city in total destruction, injured and dying civilians, including children, and citizens forced from their homes. Many injured Muslims from Eastern Mostar are shown, as well as Croatian prisoners incarcerated there. Soldiers from both sides are interviewed. The report concentrates on Mostar's pre-war beauty, and how it has become one of the most devastated and desperate regions in the Bosnian conflict.
English language, Date of air: 1993-11-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000139
BetaSP NTSC #140
350-1-1:140/1
Truth About Croatia
This film recalls early events in the war in the former Yugoslavia. In this sometimes graphic compilation, the documentary makers allege that Serbian terrorists were responsible for the initial acts of aggression, attempting to deter a democratic Croatia from declaring independence from the Yugoslavian Communist Federation. Civilian destruction is shown in areas near the Serbian border such as Vukovar and Eastern Slavonia. Pleas are made throughout the film for peace and for the recognition of a sovereign, democratic Croatian state. This film has no copyright restrictions.
English language, Date of production: 1991-08-25,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000140
BetaSP NTSC #141
350-1-1:141/1
The Today Show: Interview with Dr. Haris Silajdžić
The focus of this broadcast is Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Foreign Minister, interviewed on the "Today" show with Bryant Gumbel and Katie Couric. Silajdzic expresses his frustration with the international community, stating that nothing has been done to stop the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, and appealing to anyone who can help stop the killing.
English language, Date of air: 1992-12-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000141
350-1-1:141/2
CBS News
This short report describes the situation in Bosnia when the no-fly zone was initially being enforced. Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Foreign Minister, speaks on the suffering endured in Bosnia and pleas for further international involvement. NATO's role in the conflict is discussed throughout, as well as the UN peacekeepers' role. Manfred Woerner, NATO Commander, and Pete Williams, Pentagon spokesman, both comment on the present situation of the no-fly zone.
English language, Date of air: 1992-12-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000141
350-1-1:141/3
NBC Nightly News
This short report analyzes the situation in Bosnia during the early phases of the war. The broadcast mentions the death toll, rape camps, and the failure of diplomacy. Enforcement of the no¤fly zone is also discussed. The vote of the UN Security Council is highlighted which unanimously approved war crimes trials and a lifting of the arms embargo. The approach towards Bosnia by outside nations is also discussed.
English language, Date of air: 1992-12-18,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000141
350-1-1:141/4
The MacNeil and Lehrer Newshour
This broadcast is a very short report featuring Haris Silajdzic, Bosnian Foreign Minister, making a renewed plea for the West to intervene in the conflict at a news conference in Washington D.C. At the time of the broadcast, the war in Bosnia had been going for nine months.
English language, Date of air: 1992-12-18,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000141
350-1-1:141/5
ABC News: This Week With David Brinkley
This broadcast features discussion and debate about U.S. involvement in foreign conflicts, raising questions of when action should be deemed necessary. Military and human rights experts are interviewed, including an extended interview with Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic. What, if any, U.S. involvement should occur is the primary focus of the report.
English language, Date of air: 1992-12-20,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000141
BetaSP NTSC #142
350-1-1:142/1
To the Ends of the Earth [2/x]
In this broadcast, British reporter Robert Fisk, who covers Islamic stories worldwide, returns to Novska and sees the mosque and home of an Imam he visited one year before completely destroyed. Refugees are shown boarding trains one hour after being forced from their homes. Through interviews with Bosnian Muslims and their families, Fisk attempts to show how Muslims have been systematically persecuted in the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mustafa Ceric, head of the Muslim community in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is also interviewed, speaking of Bosnian Muslims' treatment by both their enemies in the war, and the world community.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000142
BetaSP NTSC #143
350-1-1:143/1
Tešanj: Women Soldiers Celic
The tape shows training of female military, with insignia which appears to be of the Bosnian Defense Force. After the training segment, we see women in trenches with male soldiers, and then some destruction of civilian property.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000143
BetaSP NTSC #144
350-1-1:144/1
Gradačac [1/2] / Gradačac [1/2]
Conversation with a military group, including following them around and into what appears to be a former school where they re-group. They inspect some destruction of civilian property. We see a road sign which reads "RESTORAN BETTER LIFE."
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000144
BetaSP NTSC #145
350-1-1:145/1
Gradacac [2/2] / Gradačac [2/2]
Interview with a Serb who fought on the Muslim side, and a child in uniform and with a gun. Front at Omerbegovaca and Dizdarusa villages, near Brcko.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000145
BetaSP NTSC #146
350-1-1:146/1
Gornja Tuzla: 1st Brigade [1/2]
First 42 minutes is an interview with a female soldier, then they speak with others in her group. Insignia appears to be that of the Bosnian Defense Force. At one point, soldiers are outside inspecting some destructon of civilian property.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000146
BetaSP NTSC #147
350-1-1:147/1
Gornja Tuzla: 1st Brigade [2/2]
Interviews with soldiers from the BH Army, who are of different ethnic backgrounds.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000147
BetaSP NTSC #148
350-1-1:148/1
Tuzla Church Interview
Extensive tour of a Serbian Orthodox Church and cemetery in Tuzla—the church is relatively untouched by the violence. Interview with Ms. Jelena Obradov from Serbian humanitarian agency "Dobrotvor."
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000148
BetaSP NTSC #149
350-1-1:149/1
Special Correspondent: Shame / Envoyé Spécial: La Honte
This broadcast is a special report on the subject of rape in Bosnia. Six or seven Bosnian Muslim women and one Serb woman are interviewed about their experience and the subsequent trauma they have endured. Other commentaries are provided by the ICRC's Iris Wittwer and Hafiz Halil Mehtic, a Muslim cleric from the Zenica Mosque.
French language, Date of air: 1993-02-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000149
BetaSP NTSC #150
350-1-1:150/1
French News Broadcasts
This broadcast focuses on UN activities in Bosnia. Refugees are shown, as well as bombardments, including footage of the dead and wounded in the streets. Brief interviews are featured with two captured soldiers, Sretko Damjanovic and Herak, accused of war crimes by the Bosnian government.
French language, Date of air: 1993-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000150
BetaSP NTSC #151
350-1-1:151/1
France 2: News Broadcasts
These broadcasts are a collage of reports from earlier stages of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The segments focus, primarily, on the dialogue within France from that time debating intervention and humanitarian aid. The pervasive sexual violation of Bosnian women is also discussed, estimating that some 20,000 to 60,000 women have been victims of this war crime. Witnesses to rape are shown, coupled with the recorded confession of a Bosnian Serb detention camp guard that committed rape under orders, and a brief interview with alleged war criminal Sretko Damjanovic. Footage of refugees, detention camps, Sarajevo, and Vukovar are included as well.
French language, Date of air: 1993-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000151
BetaSP NTSC #152
350-1-1:152/1
Serbian Epics
This documentary provides an in-depth profile of Radovan Karadzic, a psychiatrist, poet, and the Bosnian Serb leader in the Bosnian war that erupted in April, 1992. By including local Bosnian Serb commanders, religious leaders, and ordinary people, this film highlights the origins and character of Serb nationalism, deeply rooted in the history and religion of the people. The views of the Christian Orthodox Church and the possible role of Serbian Monarch Prince Tomislav in the conflict are both explored. The film features Karadzic's mother; General Ratko Mladic, commander of the Bosnian Serb Army; Biljana Plavsic; Momcilo Krajisnik; and Eduard Limonov, a Russian writer visiting Karadzic. Among the footage shown are scenes of Karadzic visiting Bosnian Serb soldiers positioned in the hills above Sarajevo, as the soldiers fire on the city.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 30 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000152
BetaSP NTSC #153
350-1-1:153/1
Music and News and General Divjak
TV music spots. Ceremony on the occasion of the Jewish holiday. Alija Izetbegovic among speakers. News program, reports on shelling. Story on General Jovan Divjak, Yugoslav Army officer who joined Bosnian Army at the beginning of the war in Yugoslavia.
Bosnian language, Date of air: 1992-02-01,
BetaSP NTSC #154
350-1-1:154/1
Victims of War: Kozarac, Ethnic Cleansing / Opfer des Krieges: Kozarac, etnisch gesäubert
This documentary is a very in-depth investigation into the ethnic cleansing of the Bosnian town of Kozarac. Gras interviews a handful of refugees from Kozarac and attempts to reconstruct the order of events that led up to the cleansing of Kozarac. Each refugee describes their experience in detail and how they escaped death. There are interviews with many who describe the condition in Trnopolje and Omarska detention camp. Interviews: a Serb woman describes how the war strted in Kozarac; Imin, Omarska survivor describes how Dusko Tadic forced him to bite off the testicles of prisoners previously tortured; Prijedor Police Chief Simo Drljaca and Prijedor Military Commander Dr. Micko Kovacevic cite reasons for the war in Bosnia; Zeljko Mejakic leads tour of Omarska camp. Gras investigates and presents hard evidence of numerous atrocities committed during the falling of Kozarac. Included is footage of Tadic passing by a German TV camera which lead to his arrest and extradition to the Hague Tribunal.
German language, Date of air: 1993-11-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000154
VHS PAL #155
350-1-1:155/1
The Muslim Enemy / Feindbild Moslem
This broadcast focuses on the position of Muslims in Croatia, particularly the 200,000 Bosnian refugees. Croatian propaganda has portrayed Muslim fundamentalism as a danger to the Christian world. This report includes numerous interviews with Croats and Muslims giving their opinions on the status of Muslim refugees. The first unidentified Muslim man states that Muslim men are commonly arrested and taken to camps. Many Muslims have also lost their homes and their jobs, he points out. The second unidentified Muslim man talks about being fired without an explanation from a Croat firm he worked for. An unidentified Muslim woman states that Muslims are constantly being kicked around and that Croats want them out of their country. A young Croat man states that it is not fair for Croatia to be spending millions of dollars on taking care of the Bosnian Muslim refugees when Croats themselves are experiencing economic hardship. An older Croat man explains that Muslims are taking away Croat territory in Bosnia; hence, they should not be helped. A Muslim refugee talks about the open repression where Muslim civilian men are being used for exchange for Croat war prisoners. Aziz Mikic, leader of the Croat Muslim Party, talks about the mistake made by Izetbegovic in trying to make an Islamic republic in Europe. Dr. Sevko Omerbasic, Multi Slovene/Croat ( - what is this?), explains that the Bosnian army does include some fundamentalists and that they have committed crimes as well, but that they are not religiously inspired, but reacting to the turmoil of the Bosnian war. Zagreb University Professor Zarko Puhovski explains that the general sentiment of Croats is that they are being victimized. He states that Croatia feels like the West has forgotten about it. A unidentified Croat woman talks about the morality of refusing help to a people. Other footage available in this report: Bosnian Muslims waiting in front of their consulate, a camp housing Muslim refugees, a mosque in Zagreb and men praying, a street salesman selling Croat nationalist paraphernalia, and general pictures of people in the streets of Zagreb.
German language, Date of air: 1993-08-24,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
350-1-1:155/2
War Within the War / Krieg im Krieg
This broadcast focuses on the infighting between rival Muslim and Croat factions in and around Mostar. Muslim civilians are interviewed in Eastern Mostar as well as soldiers from both sides, a spokesman for the Croatian HVO, and Muslim prisoners speaking about forced labor and beatings. Footage of civilian destruction is shown throughout the report. The conditions found in smaller towns such as Prozor, Vitez, Kiseljak, Vares, and Gornji Vakuf are highlighted, including interviews with Muslim and Croat city officials and military personnel. The UN presence and the role of NATO in the region are briefly touched upon.
German language, Date of air: 1993-09-07,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
350-1-1:155/3
Between the Front Lines / Zwischen den Fronten
The report talks about the daily hardships locals and refugees have to endure in the Vitez and Travnik areas of Bosnia, which lay between the frontlines. Interviewed is Viktorija Piljeka (sp), a Croat woman, who talks about the mafia plundering going on in Bosnia. Her house has been robbed by the local mafia. She explains that local authorities know about perpetrators, but are not willing to lay down the law. She also talks about food being extremely expensive, and the hardships of living without water and electricity. The report explains that since Travnik has fallen under Bosnian Muslim rule, Bosnian Croats have either left or have been driven out of the area. The animosities between the local people of Travnik and the refugees is detailed, as well the locals' efforts to gather food for the soldiers on the frontlines. The report explains that wounded Bosnian Croat soldiers are transported to Nova Bijela (sp) where a church has been turned into a hospital. Two civilian women as well as a refugee woman in Travnik give statements. Footage included: UN soldiers, a man going through thrash, a man calling out for Muslim prayer, Bosnian Croat soldiers on the frontlines, Nova Bijela (sp) hospital patients, refugees from Banja Luka arriving in Nova Bijela, Travnik's grade school children in class, two boys holding bread in their hands, a woman standing over a gravesite, and a well-dressed man in Travnik.
German language, Date of air: 1993-10-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
350-1-1:155/4
The Weapons of the Ghosts / Mit den Waffen des Geistes
This report features an interview with Dzevad Hozo, a Bosnian painter and art historian, in his Sarajevo apartment. Hozo reflects on the ongoing siege of Sarajevo, and Bosnia's historic tolerance, and discusses the war's manifestation in Bosnian art as well as his own.
German language, Date of air: 1993-11-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
350-1-1:155/5
The Many Lives of Arkan / Die Vielen Leben des Arkan
This broadcast profiles Zeljko Raznjatovic, aka "Arkan," notorious leader of the Tigers, a Serbian paramilitary unit. His life is briefly chronicled from his rise as a gangster, wanted by Interpol in many Western European countries, to his activities in the war in the former Yugoslavia as a top paramilitary leader. Arkan's exploits as head of Red Star's fan club are detailed, showing how he was able to recruit individuals from the fan club for his paramilitary units. Arkan's ascent into Serbian politics as a parliamentary representative of Kosovo is also explored. Professor Vladen Vasiljevic describes how Arkan represents a pattern in Serbia since the break up of the former Yugoslavia, "the criminalization of politics and the politicization of criminal activity."
German language, Date of air: 1993-12-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
350-1-1:155/6
Life After the War / Leben Nach dem Krieg
This report focuses on reconstruction efforts in Dubrovnik, Croatia, two years after the war. The intentional targeting of historical landmarks is investigated, showing structural and cultural damage throughout the city. Interviews feature artists, musicians, academics, government officials, and the general public.
German language, Date of air: 1993-12-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
350-1-1:155/7
Zenica, Point of Flight / Fluchtpunkt Zenica
This report focuses on Zenica and its food shortages during the war. Food and other supplies are in high demand, creating a struggle between refugees and the native inhabitants of the city. Shown are local protests because of the disappearance of food and supplies from relief agencies, attributed to the local mafia. The program further investigates stolen supplies through interviews with Besim Spahic, Mayor of Zenica; Larry Hollingworth, UNHCR; and Ejub Dautovic, a local Imam.
German language, Date of air: 1994-01-18,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
350-1-1:155/8
Croatia's Silence / Kroatisches Schweigen
This program focuses on Croatia as a new state, examining its direction under Franjo Tudjman two years after gaining international recognition. At the time of this broadcast, Croatia has begun to lose sympathy as a victim of Serbian aggression and is increasingly seen as an aggressor, reluctant to come to terms with its own fascist past. Tudjman's policy in Bosnia, the historical revisionism of his HDZ party, and the reintroduction of the fascist monetary unit of the Ustasa state all contribute to the scrutiny of the new Croatia. The silence of prominent Croatian politicians is criticized and contrasted by dissidents interviewed such as publisher Slavko Goldstein, Ivan Zvonimir Cicak, and Mira Ljubic-Lorger from Dalmatian Action.
German language, Date of air: 1994-01-25,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000155
BetaSP NTSC #156
350-1-1:156/1
Shelling of Dubrovnik: Report by ITN's Paul Davis on Dubrovnik;
Heavy shelling of old Dubrovnik. Footage of Peter Mahler in Dubrovnik (no sound). Footage taken on a quiet day in the city; the montage features no sound, no date. Two men shown repairing a boat; some rubble shown (its origin unclear); downtown Dubrovnik shown. Peter Mahler and another man tour a damaged building in downtown Dubrovnik. Some damaged buildings shown. (22 minutes) - Montage of the old city; Peter Mahler takes photos; a few damaged boats shown; panorama of the city, including its forts, shown. (no sound; 7 minutes) - Report on Dubrovnik by ITN's Paul Davis (starts at about 00:35:00; same as in 038; report has sound; 10 minutes) - Amateur footage showing the shelling of Dubrovnik. Date on footage: June 12, 1991 (shown in the lower right-hand corner). Boats set on fire shown, as well as visible damage on some buildings (has sound; 5 minutes)
English language, Date of air: 1991-12-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000156
BetaSP NTSC #157
350-1-1:157/1
War in Yugoslavia 1991-1992 / Rat u Jugoslaviji 1991-1992
This documentary focuses on the formation of Croatia's new state and the role of the old Croatian state in WWII. Atrocities committed against Serbs in WWII are shown throughout with archival pictures of Ustasa camps. Many elderly survivors of the camps are interviewed. The film is an indictment of Franjo Tudjman and his political party HDZ's new policies, likened to the old Croatian regime through presentation of historical and modern footage. Serbian journalists also discuss restrictions imposed on them by the Croatian government.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000157
BetaSP NTSC #158
350-1-1:158/1
Bosnia: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow / Bosna: juče, danas, sutra
Darko Tanaskovic on Bosnian history and the present conflict. Historical footage, using paintings to tell about the origins of the conflict as long ago as the 12th century. Also includes archival footage from WWII.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000158
350-1-1:158/2
On the Ruins of Yugoslavia / Na ruševinama Jugoslavije
Chronology of the disintegration of Yugoslavia.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000158
BetaSP NTSC #159
350-1-1:159/1
Good People / Dobri ljudi
This broadcast focuses on the influx of Bosnian Serb refugees living with those Serbian residents in Serbia proper who have opened their homes to the refugees. The majority of the refugees are women and children who fled at the beginning of the war in Bosnia. Most of the material consists of interviews with the various refugees and with their hosts in Serbia. It explains how little food is available, and describes the overall lack of resources for Serbian refugees in Serbia, along with an international plea for aid. Many of the refugees describe their feelings of gratitude to their hosts, upon whom the refugees still feel they are imposing.
Serbian, English language, Date of air: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000159
350-1-1:159/2
Serbia and the Serbs / Srbija i Srbi
Historical footage, paintings, etc. showing the tradition and beauty of the country.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000159
BetaSP NTSC #160
350-1-1:160/1
The Fruits of Međugorje / Plodovi Međugorja
Interviews with people visiting the site of apparitions of Virgin Mary in western Herzegovina.
English language, Date of production: 1989,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000160
VHS NTSC #161
350-1-1:161/1
Mission Hope
Trauma Relief Corps. Group of five or six working with relief agency Nova, who visited refugees and helped them in their emotional pain. Two women from Little Rock, Arkansas are profiled.
English language, Date of production: 1993-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000161
350-1-1:161/2
Mission Hope Mary Anne Foundation
Mary Ann Foundation video of the Trauma Relief Corps mission, same as above.
English language, Date of production: 1993-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000161
350-1-1:161/3
Appointment in Ancona
Medjugorje humanitarian trip and international peace march from Ljubuski to Medjugorje. 30 countries participated. Footage of destroyed Mostar.
English language, Date of production: 1992-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000161
BetaSP NTSC #162
350-1-1:162/1
Bosnia's Children: Does Anyone Really Care?
Larry Jones, President of Feed the Children, makes periodic pitches to raise money to aid starving children in Bosnia. Some refugees interviewed. War room from IHRLI.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000162
BetaSP NTSC #163
350-1-1:163/1
Bosnia: Never Again?
A public service solicitation to raise funds for the Feed The Children's relief operation in the Former Yugoslavia, this program shows how children have been the deliberate targets of the war. Stephen Walker, a former U.S. State Department official, remarks that Serbs in Bosnia have purposefully targeted children with mortar and artillery fire. Also stated, is that in Sarajevo, 72% of children's homes have been shelled, 40% shot at by snipers, and 50% have seen someone die. The policy of children as targets is discussed throughout. Larry Jones, President of Feed the Children, hosts the broadcast.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000163
BetaSP NTSC #164
350-1-1:164/1
Bosnia: Scream for the Children
Documentary about the psychological effects of war on children.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000164
BetaSP NTSC #165
350-1-1:165/1
War Art
Nedzad Begovic's exhibition entitled "War Art" was created by collecting various materials that have lost their primary function due to war operations. All exhibits have a "history" of their own and are the result of the destruction of Sarajevo. The author recognizes shapes in the destroyed objects and presents them as artifact, transforming the negative energy of crime into the positive vibrations of human spirituality.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 10 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000165
350-1-1:165/2
Angels in Sarajevo / Andjeli u Sarajevu
This short film is inspired by Louis Jammes' art project "Angels On the Walls." Louis Jammes created large scale black and white posters, which depict young children and a mother with her children as angels. The artist placed posters around Sarajevo, on damaged or destroyed buildings, bridges, and in the interiors of destroyed buildings or houses. The film features music by Senad Hadzimusic and SCH and has no dialogue.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000165
350-1-1:165/3
School of Military Skills / Škola ratbih veština
Many ex-students of law, drama, architecture, and others join the school of the Bosnian Defense Force, where they study combat skills, shooting, camouflage, war tactics, and explosives in order to survive and to defend their city.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993-05,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000165
350-1-1:165/4
Message to My Friends / Mojim prijateljima
This short film is a kind of "personal message" from director Zlatko Lavanic to his friends who left Sarajevo. The film, recorded in five shots, shows in subtle way the state of mind of a person from Sarajevo, the destroyed city.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000165
BetaSP NTSC #166
350-1-1:166/1
Sarajevo
In this short film, images of pre-war Sarajevo are intertwined with war-time images. Images of residents praying in the Serbian Orthodox church, and in the Catholic Cathedral, Jewish synagogue is also shown, mosques, shows multicultural character of Sarajevo, being. Yugoslav army forces withdrawing from the city, Yugoslav army soldier pointing a sniper at Sarajevo, combined with images of pre-war Sarajevo to illustrate what was at a target, showing church towers and mosques, thus indicating that a multicultural tradition that was fostered in Sarajevo for centuries was now being destroyed. Short sequence from demonstrations in Sarajevo just before the war had started is included. Muslims are shown during a prayer, UN forces shown crushing the town, buildings burning in Sarajevo, destruction, burned Post office building in Sarajevo, National library before its destruction, stills of Gavrilo Princip, Franz Ferdinand shooting in Sarajevo, shooting at the wounded at Socialno Junction, Marijin Dvor, breadline massacre.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
BetaSP NTSC #167
350-1-1:167/1
Eight Years After
In this video, images of prewar Sarajevo (from the XIV Winter Olympics, 1984) are juxtaposed with images of massacres, civilians running under sniper fire, and destroyed sports venues where the Olympics took place. Included at the end is a video clip for a song, "Help Bosnia Now," directed by Ademir Kenovic, and shot in the sports hall "Zetra."
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000167
BetaSP NTSC #168
350-1-1:168/1
The Letter / Pismo
Video essay with combined scenes of Professor Zdravko Grebo's demolished flat and of destruction of Sarajevo. Also features 1968 student demonstrations, police brutality, and shocking images of blood on the hand of a dead child.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1992-08-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000168
BetaSP NTSC #169
350-1-1:169/1
A Man Called Boat / Čamac
This film recounts a story of a young man who deserts the special unit of the JNA and walks the distance from Belgrade to Sarajevo hoping to join the resistance against the aggression of the very army he left, and in whose fold he spent five years of his youth. He is apprehended with the threat of being killed. With the help of a friend, "Boat," he escapes the military prison where he was held in captivity. On his way to Sarajevo he crosses a river on the Bosnian border, makes an incredible journey through the occupied territories before finally accomplishing his goal—coming to Sarajevo and joining the resistance. Some footage of Sarajevo and Bijeljina during initial outbreaks of the Bosnian conflict are also shown during his commentary.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1992-07,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000169
350-1-1:169/2
I Burnt Legs / Palio sam noge
This film deals with the atrocities of war as portrayed by a film student who spent some time working as a medic. One of the duties he performed was to carry amputated limbs to the cremation furnace. This is a film about the collective madness that engulfed Sarajevo. A one-armed boy is troubled because he can't make big, firm snowballs; a man who lost both legs demonstrates walking on his stumps. The film and the director's story help us understand the commotion and tumult that have occurred in the minds of people from Sarajevo.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000169
350-1-1:169/3
Survival Brew / Hrana za preživljavanje
How to survive in Sarajevo? What does a slowly dying man need most as he watches his city disappearing? Can anything ease the agony?
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000169
BetaSP NTSC #170
350-1-1:170/1
My Mother the Sehid
A story about a boy whose mother was killed as a fighter defending Sarajevo. The boy takes a rose from the garden his mother worked on and brings it to her grave; but when he returns to the grave, the rose is no longer there. Through the sad confession of the boy we meet the people of his environment—his grandfather, grandmother, aunt, and friends; as well as his mother's collegues, and other fighters—who bring warmth and love to the boy in these cruel times.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 12 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000170
350-1-1:170/2
Traveling Children
A short documentary shot at a car scrap yard full of vehicles destroyed during the war. Many children from Ciglana, a residential area in Sarajevo, play in these cars, pretending that they are travelling to far-off lands.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000170
350-1-1:170/3
March 8th in War / 8. mart u ratu
This documentary was filmed on the streets of destroyed Sarajevo. March 8 was traditionally celebrated as Women's Day, and this documents how the women of Sarajevo experienced their first feast in wartime.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993-03-08,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000170
350-1-1:170/4
Draw me… / Nacrtaj mi…
Shot at the pediatric ward of the Sarajevo hospital, detailing the consciousness of children wounded in war.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000170
350-1-1:170/5
Blood and Water / Voda i krv
This short piece includes extremely graphic footage of the Waterline Massacre at the Sarajevo Brewery. Men are seen loading disfigured corpses into a truck immediately after a tank grenade was fired at the location. Some of this same footage is seen on other tapes as well, but none as thorough or graphic as that which is shown here.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000170
350-1-1:170/6
Amela's School Holiday / [Amela's School Holiday]
The story takes place in the war-torn Sarajevo. Amela and her father live in an area exposed to constant enemy attacks. Her father is ill, and the mother left the family taking with her the younger child. Ten-year-old Amela does all the chores; she collects firewood in dangerous areas to cook and to heat water to bathe her father. The school is closed during the summer but Amela does not have time to play with her friends; she has to fetch water, and do the laundry by the river. Amela finds solace in her two guinea pigs, the inseparable friends for whom she always finds some time, reminding us all of the fact that her childhood can't be taken away from her.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000170
BetaSP NTSC #171
350-1-1:171/1
Waiting for Packages / Čekajući paket
Since November 1992, families and friends from all of ex-Yugoslavia, and from all over Europe, have been sending food parcels to their families and friends in Sarajevo. Lack of food and the absence of normal routes of communication, both in and out of the city, have meant that these shipments, though rare and small in size, have provided a chance for survival, as well as a voice of remembrance for the recipient.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000171
350-1-1:171/2
Confessions of a Monster / Ispovijest monstruma
"Confessions of a Monster" is a documentary film made in the fall of 1992 in a military prison in Sarajevo, where a group of journalists, including John Barnes of the New York Times, were introduced to Borislav Herak, a young man in JNA uniform, and the first person in fifty years to be charged with the crime of genocide. Borislav Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier captured by the Bosnian Army and imprisoned for war crimes, speaks about looting, murder, and rape of Bosnian Muslim men and women. Herak explains in detail how he joined the Serb forces, talks about the music he likes, and demonstrates how he was trained on pigs to slit victim's throats. Herak also admits to raping and killing several Muslim women and executing several men. He describes what he did to his victims in detail. He gives the names of other soldiers who participated in these crimes. Herak says that he committed these acts under orders.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000171
BetaSP NTSC #172
350-1-1:172/1
Godot - Sarajevo
In the summer of 1993, Susan Sontag visited the besieged and destroyed city of Sarajevo for the second time. During her stay, she staged Becket's "Waiting for Godot" with a troupe of Sarajevo actors. Director P. Zalica and cameraman A. Imamovic followed her work from day one to the premiere. They also followed the daily life of the actors and theatre personnel involved in the production. This film transcends the confines of a film about the play and is rather a panoramic view of life in Sarajevo during the war.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993-08,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000172
350-1-1:172/2
Bums and Dogs / Skitnice i psi
A hotel in the centre of town is a wartime home and refuge for many of Sarajevo’s homeless people. Every morning they leave the hotel and wander around the destroyed city, gathering again at the defunct hotel in the afternoon. This film follows their separate fates through the bitter juxtaposition of images of the bums with those of dogs abandoned by their owners and now left to the mercy of the war-ravaged streets of Sarajevo.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000172
BetaSP NTSC #173
350-1-1:173/1
French News Broadcasts
Nine French News reports. Some civil. destruction, military. Radovan Karadzic interviewed about demilitarization of Sarajevo.
French language, Date of air: 1994-02-07, Date of production: 1994-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000173
BetaSP NTSC #174
350-1-1:174/1
Turning Point: Mercy or Money
Croatian doctor Miro Kovacevic, Chicago area resident for 22 years, fought UN red tape to get six critically ill children out of Sarajevo. Californian woman, Lynn Robustelli, duped 80 Sarajevans out of thousands of dollars assuring them safe passage and U.S. visas.
English language, Date of air: 1994-09-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000174
BetaSP NTSC #175
350-1-1:175/1
60 Minutes: An Exercise in Hypocrisy
This program discusses the War Crimes Tribunal and whether or not anyone will—or can—ever be brought to justice. Is the Tribunal a sham? Tribunal located in an old, out-of-the-way building at the Hague, 10 judges collecting $140,000 each per year since December 1993 and not one indictment yet. Interviews with Madeleine Albright and State Department Officials.
English language, Date of air: 1994-10-02, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000175
BetaSP NTSC #176
350-1-1:176/1
Deadline in Sarajevo
Live broadcast an hour before the expiration of the NATO ultimatum to the Bosnian Serbs. Any Serb weapons found within 12 miles of Sarajevo will be a target of NATO war planes. Live reporting from Sarajevo, the White House, and the Pentagon included. Radovan Karadzic claims that the Bosnian Serbs will comply with the ultimatum. Statements by UN General Sir Michael Rose: Yasushi Akashi, UN Special Envoy; Vitaly Churkin, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister; John Shalikashvili, in Aviano Italy (courtesy of NBC); Alija Izetbegovic, Bosnian president; James Blackwell, military analyst; and Alvaro de Soto, Asst. UN Sec. General. Pictures from Lukavica included. Interview with Ejup Ganic, vice president of Bosnia, featured.
English language, Date of air: 1994-02-20,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000176
BetaSP NTSC #177
350-1-1:177/1
Archive of Horrors / Archiv des Grauens
Detailed explanation of the activities of IHRLI, how they build up their database on war crimes, and what patterns are seen. Prof. Bassiouni is interviewed.
German language, Date of air: 1994-02-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000177
BetaSP NTSC #178
350-1-1:178/1
Speech of Dr. Imtiaz Sooliman
Dr. Sooliman addresses a group at the VI International Congress on Legal Science. His speech is about what he perceives to be the failures of the UN to help the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000178
BetaSP NTSC #179
350-1-1:179/1
How Did the War and Hate in Bosnia-Herzegovina Come into Existence?
Discussion of Serb psychiatrist, Jovan Raskovic, who claims responsibility for planting seeds of hatred and nationalism, and using group psychology to manipulate the entire Serb nation into starting the war.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000179
BetaSP NTSC #180
350-1-1:180/1
Sarajevo: A Street under Siege
This is a collage of two-minute reports from Sarajevo, beginning with the 623rd day of siege. A longer report, a Christmas special, is also featured. Each report focuses on different aspects of the everyday lives of the residents of one street, showing how people cope and survive in the city without electricity, water supplies, heating fuel, food, and medication—all the while under heavy shelling. Stories included show how Sarajevans cope with the loss of loved ones, how children cope and survive, how the lack of food affects residents' lives, how they cope with the fear of being injured or killed, and their efforts to maintain the multiethnic character of the city.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000180
BetaSP NTSC #181
350-1-1:181/1
Mostar Priest
John Duncanson traveled to Mostar in Bosnia and Herzegovina and various locations in Croatia. Chicago-ordained priest returns to the rubble and debris of what was his church in Mostar.
English language, Date of air: 1992-02-18, Date of production: 1993-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000181
BetaSP NTSC #182
350-1-1:182/1
Croatian and Serb Fighting
John Duncanson accompanies Croatian Army volunteers in two towns 40 miles from Zagreb. Also, life for civilians, refugees, and two hospitals concerned with the wounded.
English language, Date of air: 1992-02-19, Date of production: 1991-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000182
BetaSP NTSC #183
350-1-1:183/1
Dogs of War: Mercenaries
This tape is about mercenaries, mostly British, who are fighting in the former Yugoslavia. The program investigates the specific kinds of personalities that thrive in war zones and what has drawn them into the conflict as individuals. The location where the story takes place is the eastern town of Osjek in Croatia. Monday, 6:00 a.m.: 30 men are preparing themselves for battle in the former Yugoslavian civil war between the Serbs and the Croats. Only five of the men have ever been formally trained by any kind of professional army; the other 25 are mainly comprised of individuals who have not been able to function in civilian society well and find the challenge and danger of being a mercenary in Croatia as something rewarding and enjoyable. The first five minutes of the video is an introduction to the surroundings and mindsets of a couple of these men. Kit is the first individual who is formally introduced, and he remains one of the main characters interviewed throughout the video. He is the company commander and leads the other men in the decision-making process, as well as training many of the men for battle. His primary philosophy in training is not to train them to be an army, but instead train them to survive. Carl is an expert in explosives and decided to join this brigade because he thought it would be fun. He had been engaged in war efforts throughout the world, including Sudan, Sri Lanka, and West Africa. He had even been involved in hijacking a plane and kidnapping people in Suriname, which he considered to be one of the most exciting and fulfilling phases of his life. Tuesday: despite there having been a supposed ceasefire since January, in that time 150 people have died. The men are back at company headquarters preparing themselves for battle, as well as showing off the ammunition, such as grenades and automatic weapons, that they have ample access to. There is a red alert but Kit and the company have to wait until they are called in by the guards. This night it does not happen. Introduced to Dave: "Once you live with the people who have gone through so much of the pain and suffering all you want to do is kill for them." "I always wanted to kill someone legally." He is perhaps the craziest of the group and even says himself that he is on the brink of insanity. Display of mutilated bodies and the various atrocities that occurred throughout that region. Briefing of Covert Operations that will be initiated across enemy lines. Eduardo Florez is introduced. He is another one of the lead commanders who helps out Kit. Eduardo is from Spain and was a journalist before he started being a mercenary. He realized that journalism was not a career for him because could not remain neutral for more then a week. After that he clearly chose which side was right and wrong. The objectives of the covert operation are to destroy and take back prisoners. Wednesday: All of the men are gathered down by the lake to go over some practice runs in their inflatable boats. Dave mentions that the access to weapons, grenades, etc. makes him feel like he is in Vietnam or somewhere where the law is simply what they choose it to be. Andy: went AWOL from the British Army. Roy: his mother thinks that he is working at Euro Disney. Tea time: back to headquarters. Kit mentioned that he joined the British Army in 1978 and 30 other men were in his brigade with him. Today, only 10 of those men are still alive. Kit said that he was a vagabond and did not belong in society as a civilian. Said that seeing his wife die a year ago was the hardest thing he has ever seen, and so anything he sees during battle will be easy for him. Thursday: Carl had a drunken exchange with the Spanish Commander Eduardo and decided to leave. There was a call from the guards for them to act as support. After they support the guards they drive through the city to see the damage caused by possible shelling. Kit is trying to figure out where Carl went. He asked everyone in the house until he eventually found out that Eduardo had made a military arrest because he felt that Carl in his drunken outrage was publicly mocking him and disobeying an officer. This was a test for Kit to see if he could keep the morale of his command up and also maintain his own emotions at the same time. Eduardo and Kit meet to discuss the covert operation that is supposed to occur later on in the night. Kit's company has been setting off bombs throughout the city to make it look as though the Serbs are attacking more then they really are. This action will provide justification for the eminent retaliation that is about to occur. Friday: back to main command. Introduced to Frenchie: he is an individual who explains the emotions and personal ties that occur when you go into battle, and the struggles that manifest during and proceeding the actual events. Men are seen outside playing a strange rendition of Rugby with a soccer ball. Justin: explains why he loves his automatic rifle so much and explains how your whole identity is shaped by the stories and acts that you perform here in this type of environment. Saturday: another meeting is held about the covert operation and there is detailed discussion on how they are going to capture a prisoner. The operation to get behind Serbian lines was a success; they were able to kill one of the Serbian men and take another prisoner so that they could use him for interrogation. After that they were all back at the Command Center where they were able to trade war stories of the previous hours. Kit was wounded during a subsequent operation behind enemy lines. When he recovers, he plans to join the fighting in Bosnia. Carl was released from military jail and returned to England. Dave was arrested after a German journalist was stabbed in a bar-room brawl.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000183
BetaSP NTSC #184
350-1-1:184/1
Jasenovac
The film on the biggest Ustasha concentration camp for Serbs, Jews, Roma and anti-fascist Croats during WWII. Testimonies on terror. Very brutal scenes of mutilated bodies.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000184
BetaSP NTSC #185
350-1-1:185/1
Ratlines
Film on Ante Pavelic, "forgotten Fuerer of WWII," head of the Independent State of Croatia. How he has escaped justice after WWII thanks to secret network that implicated Vatican and Western intelligence. American code name for that network was "Ratlines."
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000185
BetaSP NTSC #186
350-1-1:186/1
Sarajevo: The Living and the Dead
Croatian ex-patriot filmmaker living in Paris for 27 years returns in fall of 1992 to his country to make a film intended to put a human face on the war, hoping it will prompt the world community to act. Some civilian destruction. Senada, a Muslim whose boyfriend is a Serb of Montenegrin heritage. She thinks there is no future for them in Bosnia, because of the deep division between ethnic communities.
Bosnian, English language, Date of air: 1994-03-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000186
BetaSP NTSC #187
350-1-1:187/1
Reports from Bosnia [1/x]
A compilation of separate, updated reports on the situation in Bosnia. The deteriorating condition in Sarajevo is featured in many of the segments. Reports on renewed fighting, many by Martin Bell, in areas in central Bosnia such as Vitez, Kiseljak, Zenica, and Maglaj. Jeremy Bowen reports on an injured Bosnian girl, Irma Hadzimuratovic, and the improvement of her condition since being evacuated. Interviews with all types of Bosnian civilians throughout the segments. Also included are interviews with various British government officials, as well as politicians, in the former Yugoslavia.
English language, Date of production: 1994-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000187
BetaSP NTSC #188
350-1-1:188/1
Mustafa
Film on Mustafa Ostrvica (72), partisan from WWII. He is now in the Bosnian Army from the very beginning of the war. He speaks about his motives for joining the army and describes how he made it so far.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000188
BetaSP NTSC #189
350-1-1:189/1
Dubrovnik
Shots of damaged buildings after shelling of the city. Some of the shelling seen from distance.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000189
BetaSP NTSC #190
350-1-1:190/1
Forensic Exhumation in Village Kusonje, Near Pakrac [1/2]
January 28: a total of 20 bodies exhumed from a mass grave. Croatian army soldiers in the field; some civilians present as well. They observe a potential mass grave. Bulldozer shown exhuming a potential mass grave. Forensic expert is present, including several persons who wear white coats (some seem to be EU observers). Forensic expert finds an object that looks like a shoe. The first body is uncovered. Experts examine the body and discuss the possible origin of injuries and cause of death; the body that is being examined seems disfigured, with a large whole in the head. Other exhumed bodies shown. January 29: vehicles driving through a village; some houses covered with shrapnel holes; a Croatian flag hangs in the street; a brief close-up of a damaged civilian house with the Serb graffiti (the four-S symbol) on the wall shown; the exhumation of the mass grave continues (the seventh body found); additional bodies exhumed; one of the bodies is blind-folded. The twelfth exhumed body is shown.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1992-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000190
BetaSP NTSC #191
350-1-1:191/1
Rape and Forced Conversion
Shorter testimonies of raped Muslim women and Muslims forced to convert to the Orthodox religion. Witnesses filed in Bosnian State Commission.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000191
BetaSP NTSC #192
350-1-1:192/1
Destruction of Sacral, Cultural, Civil and Economic Complexes
Sarajevo burning. Civilian and cultural destruction. Destroyed churches and mosques.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000192
BetaSP NTSC #193
350-1-1:193/1
Destruction of Sacral, Cultural, Civil and Economic Complexes [2/2]
Many destroyed mosques and churches, and in some cases, we see a picture of the building as it appeared before the war with a date which is assumed to be date it was built.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000193
BetaSP NTSC #194
350-1-1:194/1
Suffering of Civilians and Children
Most of the footage used in this tape is produced by Bosnian TV. The program shows how shelling affected civilians in Sarajevo, Dobrinja, and the residential areas near the airport. The first 10 minutes shows hospitalized civilians, each accompanied by his or her doctor, who explains how the patient was injured and provides details about the patient's injuries. Three adults and four children are shown: Mehmed Kubatin, 39 years old, craftsman, injured on June 17; Jasmina Dzano, housewife, 28 years old, injured in front of her house; Nusret Mujic, 39 years old, injured on June 29; an 8-year-old boy, injured in a shell explosion which killed his friend, his leg amputated bellow the knee; a 12-year-old boy, suffered multiple injuries in a shell explosion, his arm amputated, leg broken, suffered back injuries as well; Elvedin Kurahovic, born in 1975, injured by shrapnel in his left knee, where his bones were broken; and Aldin Calso, born in 1976, injured by shrapnel. Berin Lacevic, a boy whose mother (Azra Lacevic), father (Asim Lacevic), and sister were killed while fetching water near the brewery in Sarajevo. He describes the incident. His uncle describes how the incident affected him. Scenes from the Brewery Massacre are featured. The footage shows injured civilians, many of whom are children, brought into what looks like an emergency room. Very graphic images of the injuries are shown, including a dead girl, slain man, and other injuries. A scene shows a shell sticking out from the cement, including many canisters, which implies that a shell exploded while people fetched water. A brief scene shows children doing laundry. Shelling of Alipasino Polje. Scenes from the Breadline Massacre, including scenes from a hospital that are subtitled in English. A brief excerpt from a woman's testimony is included, with the Miskina Street in the aftermath of the massacre. A civilian man testifies about a shell explosion near his house, which killed his wife, Mediha Kurtovic, and his daughter, Zlata Kurtovic. He mentions several other family members who were also killed in the explosion. The interior of his house and the damage caused by the explosion is shown. Newspaper obituaries of the children killed in the war shown. Voice-over in English featured. Footage from November 1992, children playing soccer shown. A scene featuring people, civilians running under the sniper fire. A scene depicts a woman injured by the sniper fire. Mirzeta Fejzic, testifies about losing her baby in the final stage of pregnancy as a result of injury. Her doctor, Ahmo Kapetanovic, describes the injuries she suffered and surgical procedures she underwent. A scene shows a fetus that was killed inside the mother's womb. February 1993: scenes from Sarajevo show people fetching water, collecting fire wood, children at play, and children in school. Dr. Lutvo Hodzic describes diseases which affect children the most. His testimony is subtitled in English. Chyron at the end of the tape reads the following: In 11 months of war in Sarajevo there were 1275 children killed and 12,750 injured.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000194
BetaSP NTSC #195
350-1-1:195/1
Middle Bosnia 1993-1994
Various atrocities in middle Bosnia. Massacre in village of Bunino Selo, January 8–9, 1994: woman murdered; prisoner executed; assassination; unidentified civilian bodies; massacre in Krisancevo Selo, December 24–25, 1993: unidentified civilian bodies; Santici, August 2, 1994: two civilians killed; Vitez, June 10, 1993: dead children, killed by grenade. Col. William Duncan, civilian victims at Krisancevo Selo, December 24–25, 1994.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000195
BetaSP NTSC #196
350-1-1:196/1
Interview with Cherif Bassiouni
Interview with Professor Bassiouni, who explains the work of the UN Commission of Experts and its relation to the War Crimes Tribunal.
Bosnian language, Date of air: 1994-03-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000196
BetaSP NTSC #197
350-1-1:197/1
War Chronicle
A report on Croatia since declaring its independence: scenes of war in Dubrovnik, Vukovar, Prijedor, Slavonski Brod are shown, as well as civilian and sacral/cultural destruction, refugees fleeing, and civilian bodies. A special segment focuses on how journalists and the UN were targeted in the war with raw footage of journalists being attacked. Military personnel and graphic imagery are featured throughout.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000197
BetaSP NTSC #198
350-1-1:198/1
Vukovar Poste Restante: Helicopter Segment
Closing scene from the feature film "Vukovar Poste Restante," with a good aerial view of destroyed Vukovar.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000198
BetaSP NTSC #199
350-1-1:199/1
Dubrovnik
Stipe Mesic visits Dubrovnik. Shots of the Yugoslav Army attack on Dubrovnik.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000199
BetaSP NTSC #200
350-1-1:200/1
Split: Commission of Experts
Experts: Alice Geis (mental health), Sharon Crooks (lawyer), Sava Hussain (lawyer), and Dr. Wanda Fremont (mental health). They are talking to each other most of the time and also try to arrange some interviews with victims of war.
English language, Date of production: 1994-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000200
BetaSP NTSC #201
350-1-1:201/1
Civilians Being Evacuated from Sarajevo
UNCHR evacuation of refugee women, children, and injured men. Much emotion as families are separated. Original video is damaged, hardly visible images!
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000201
BetaSP NTSC #202
350-1-1:202/1
Forensic Exhumation in Village Kusonje, Near Pakrac [2/2]
Words "Crna Gora" (Montenegro) sprayed over the sign in Cyrillic. Soldiers inspect an abandoned and burned military truck. Vehicles drive through a village. Male voice announces that they are passing through the village of Kukunjevac, coming from the direction of Lipik. Exhumed bodies inside a morgue. January 30: doctors examine the bodies.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1992-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000202
BetaSP NTSC #203
350-1-1:203/1
If Swallows Come Back
Anti-war art piece. Questions related to isolation in a besieged city are asked and answers appear on screen. No scenes of war; only a female is on screen.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000203
BetaSP NTSC #204
350-1-1:204/1
War in Dubrovnik [1/3]
Hospital in Dubrovnik, interviews with wounded defenders. Destruction of civilian property; boats and buildings as they are being shelled and still burning.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000204
BetaSP NTSC #205
350-1-1:205/1
War on Civilians
Inspection of villages of Vocin, Zvecevo, and Cetekovac near Podravska Slatina (Croatia) after a massacre by Serbian paramilitary forces. Buildings still burning or smoldering, civilians lay dead where they fell; dead, tortured, and burned bodies are lined up.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000205
BetaSP NTSC #206
350-1-1:206/1
War Atrocities Against Civilian Populations
The first entry of Croatian forces into the villages of Vetekovac, Cojlug, and Balinci after "ethnic cleansing." Many dead civilians lay where they fell: in the grass, near the road. Destruction of civilian property. Livestock heard and seen still roaming.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000206
BetaSP NTSC #207
350-1-1:207/1
Četekovac, Voćin: Abduction [1/2]
Very graphic. Dead, tortured bodies on exam tables. Close-ups of many wounds. Many bodies are still clothed in civilian attire, including many elderly. Burned bodies. Many bodies with passports placed on top.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000207
BetaSP NTSC #208
350-1-1:208/1
Četekovac, Voćin: Abduction [2/2]
Very graphic. Dead, tortured bodies on exam tables. Close-ups of many wounds. Many bodies are still clothed in civilian attire, including many elderly. Burned bodies. Many bodies with passports placed on top.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000208
BetaSP NTSC #209
350-1-1:209/1
Work at IHRL
Short news report on work at IHRLI. Professor Bassiouni is interviewed along with a few of the volunteers.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000209
BetaSP NTSC #210
350-1-1:210/1
War in Dubrovnik [2/3]
Destruction of civilian property; houses and ships burning; heavy artillery.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000210
BetaSP NTSC #211
350-1-1:211/1
Romeo and Juliet in Sarajevo
Story of Boško, a Serb, and Admira, a Muslim, high school sweethearts, shot as they fled Sarajevo, despite being assured safe passage. They died in each others arms. Family and friends remember them fondly. Some footage of war.
Bosnian language, Date of air: 1994-05-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000211
BetaSP NTSC #212
350-1-1:212/1
Mythmaking: The Balkans
This independent report looks at how the mainstream media cover the Balkan wars. To counteract the inaccurate and simplistic reporting that pervades the mainstream television networks' programming and the print, this report attempts to explain the history of the region and the rise of nationalism that led to current wars. The program features examples of inaccurate TV reporting and stereotypical phrases (e.g. "ancient hatreds, ethnic rivalries frozen in time that threaten to ignite," "irresolvable, irreconcilable differences") that the media use to describe the perplexing events in the Balkans. The propaganda war is also discussed. Croatian policy against minorities discussed. Participants: Laura Flanders of the Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (spent a long time covering Northern Ireland); Marina Komarecki, U.S. correspondent, "B92" Radio, opposition radio in Belgrade; Ivo Skoric, U.S. correspondent, Arkzin, the art/newspaper for the anti-war campaign in Croatia (August 25, 1992); Bill Weinberg, journalist and member of Balkan War Resource Group; and representatives of the Center for Anti-war Action in Belgrade, Serbia and Antiwar Campaign Council from Zagreb, Croatia.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000212
BetaSP NTSC #213
350-1-1:213/1
Brčko: A Postcard From Home
An investigation of ethnic cleansing incidents in Brcko, an ethnically-mixed town in northern Bosnia that fell under Serb control at the beginning of the conflict in Bosnia. Much of Brcko's non-Serbs, some 20,000, had to flee to different parts of Europe and thousands are believed to have been murdered by the Serbs. Survivors give testimonies of large-scale killings and torture that took place in a port, "Luka," police station, Hotel Posavina, Partisan Hall, and "farma." The accounts are accompanied by photographs of an act of murder and mass graves which provide evidence of the Serbian crimes. Other statements are given by Milos Vasic (journalist for Vreme magazine, Belgrade), Milorad Ekmecic (Professor of History at the University of Belgrade), Lawrence Eagleburger (former Secretary of State) accusing Vojislav Seselj of war crimes, and Vojislav Seselj (Head of the Serbian Radical Party).
English language, Date of air: 1994-02-22,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000213
BetaSP NTSC #214
350-1-1:214/1
War Crimes Commission Testimony Re: Dubrovnik
Various people speaking at UN War Crimes Commission regarding Dubrovnik.
French language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000214
BetaSP NTSC #215
350-1-1:215/1
Serbia: The Dream of a Greater Serbia / Serbien: Der Traum vom Grossreich
This documentary studies the rise of Serbian nationalism in the former Yugoslavia as it came to a head in early 1991, shortly before the outbreak of full-scale war. The film begins with a brief overview of the Yugoslavia, describing the historical and political background, ethnic make-up, and geography of the region. The roots of the drive for a Greater Serbia are traced back to the renowned memorandum published by the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences in Belgrade, outlining Serbian territorial aspirations in the case of a disintegrating Yugoslavia. The program then reflects on the effort to immortalize the historic battle of Kosovo Polje (Field of Blackbirds) in 1389 as a means to exploit ethnic conflict. Footage is then shown from a modern Serbian TV movie which depicts the Serbs fighting the Turks. The documentary then delves into the relationship between Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo, from the era of Tito's Yugoslavia up to the early 90s, describing how the ethnic make-up in Kosovo has changed through the years as Serbs emigrated to other areas in Yugoslavia and Kosovar Albanians continued to maintain the highest birthrate in Europe. Kosovo's relative autonomy under Tito is explained, showing how Serbian nationalists succeeded during the late 80s in revoking freedoms enjoyed by the Albanian majority. The documentary likens the plight of Kosovo's Albanians to black South Africans under Apartheid, detailing how Serbian politicians gained control of key positions of power in Kosovo, fortifying their actions by creating an oppressive police force dominated by Serbs. The University Clinic of Pristina is cited as another prime example of an overall nationalist pattern in which the Serbian-controlled government in Kosovo arbitrarily replaced Albanian doctors with Serbian doctors. Serbian civilians are filmed and interviewed about being supplied with weapons by Serbian authorities. The documentary shows how the school system in Kosovo became a quasi-Serbian institution, enforcing a Serbian learning plan and eliminating instruction in the Albanian language, resulting in a boycott of all public schools in Kosovo by ethnic Albanians. Footage is shown of classes being taught by Albanian teachers in private homes. The documentary then shifts its focus to Banja Luka, one of Bosnia's largest cities. Ethnic Muslims' representation in politics, education, and police in Banja Luka and Bosnia are contrasted with that of Kosovo's ethnic Albanians. The concentrations of ethnic Serbs along the former border of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, from the Krajina region to Vojvodina, are discussed as providing the pretext for an ethnic geography supportive of the territorial aspirations of a Greater Serbia. The documentary also claims that the half a million ethnic Germans that lived in Yugoslavia between the World Wars were eventually driven out by the end of World War II. It is claimed that these were some the first victims of a coming Serbian nationalism, citing numerous books from German culture that can still be found at a school in Sremski Karlovski, Vojvodina. The program then shifts its focus back to the Krajina region, showing where ethnic concentrations of Catholic Croats and Orthodox Serbs are located. The effect of World War II's Croatian Ustasa state is then explored, showing how the region's history has played into the modern conflict, especially the massacres of Serbian civilians in Glina and Jasenovac. The documentary then shifts back to modern Yugoslavia, focusing on Tito's construction of the Yugoslav state after World War II and how the economies of the different republics became specialized. The size of Serbia's economy is described as modest, stemming from problems mounting after Tito's death such as scaled-back salaries and higher unemployment. The documentary asserts that economic conditions played a major role in the outbreak of conflict, largely because Serbia would have faced certain bankruptcy without the added revenue of republics such as Croatia and Slovenia to help sustain it. Tito and his ideas of a unified, socialist Yugoslavia are discussed as a failed institution. The military is cited as being in limbo, built on the foundations of a Yugoslav state, now with an uncertain future and prone towards violent complicity in the drive for a Greater Serbia because of the overwhelming numbers of high-ranking Serbian officers. The program then returns to the Battle of Kosovo Polje, reflecting on how ethnic conflict once again threatens the region and questioning whether Croatia and Slovenia's bids for independence will become bloody conflicts by clashing with the ideals of a Greater Serbia. Interviews featured in the documentary include: Momcilo Trajkovic, Serbian Parliament Member in Kosovo; Dr. Bujar Bukoshi, Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK); Serbian Patriarch Pavle Stojcevic; Milovan Djilas, author and ex-partisan critic of the Yugoslavian state; Dr. Dejan Medakovic, Professor at the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences; Damjan Antic, Mayor of Dvor; Milos Micic, Serbian Orthodox Priest; Stanka Lakovit, former Partisan; and General Mate Pehjar, Military Academy of Belgrade. Other footage shown in the documentary includes: a funeral for a slain policeman in Pakrac; the Studenica and Pec Monasteries; ethnic Albanians in markets and cafes in Pristina, panoramas of Pristina; the University Clinic hospital in Pristina; ethnic Albanian schoolchildren in class; armed Serbian civilians and police units in Kosovo; city views of Banja Luka, Vojvodina, and Karlovac; destruction of civilian property and cultural heritage in the Krajina; Jasenovac; archival footage of Tito with Churchill and Kruschev; factories in Uzice, Serbia; guards at Tito's grave and state-office-turned-museum in Dedinje; and troops training at a special officers academy in Serbia.
German language, Date of air: 1991-07-01, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000215
BetaSP NTSC #216
350-1-1:216/1
Allah's Sons in the Balkans: The Muslims Falling in Line / Allahs Soehne am Balkan: Die Moslems Formieren Sich
This documentary is for ORF, in conjunction with RIAS TV, Berlin. Study of Muslim culture and its history within the Balkan region. Interviews with Jakub Selimoski, Reis-ul-ulema (Sarajevo), Alija Izetbegovic, Radovan Karadzic, and Stjepan Kljuic, head of the Bosnian Croats.
German language, Date of air: 1991-10-07,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000216
BetaSP NTSC #217
350-1-1:217/1
War in Dubrovnik [3/3]
Evacuation of civilians from Dubrovnik. Scenes of property destruction.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1991-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000217
BetaSP NTSC #218
350-1-1:218/1
The Soul of Sarajevo: Scenes from a Besieged City / Die Seele von Sarajevo: Szenen aus einer Belagerten Stadt
This documentary profiles various people: a student, a filmmaker, an opera singer, and a cellist, among others.
German language, Date of air: 1993-06-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000218
BetaSP NTSC #219
350-1-1:219/1
A War Against Women / Krieg Gegen Frauen
This documentary focuses on the specific targeting of women since the outbreak of war in the former Yugoslavia in 1991. The film begins by tracing the history of rape during warfare, first citing examples from the Bible, then likening the plight of women in the Balkans to that of women in other historic wars such as WWI and WWII, including archival footage from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Iraq, Germany, and Korea. Many testimonies are featured from women who endured rape and other maltreatment. Different members of the Bosnian community are interviewed about the effect of the war on women there, primarily Muslims. The documentation center in Zagreb is highlighted as well for its efforts to document the experience of refugees and record war crimes. Doctors are interviewed about abortion as a potential option and its effect on the women.
German language, Date of air: 1993-01-26,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000219
BetaSP NTSC #220
350-1-1:220/1
The Suffering of Women in Bosnia
Short news report about the Crimes Commission in Geneva. Professor Bassiouni is interviewed. They visit IHRLI and discuss data base. UN Field Investigator says he hasn't seen much of a paper trail which can convict perpetrators.
English language, Date of air: 1994-03-31,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000220
BetaSP NTSC #221
350-1-1:221/1
War Crimes Tribunal
Eight minute piece about War crimes Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia. Men in camps. Arkan is seen briefly; Milosevic is shown in a brief interview denying that he had anything to do with the ordering of atrocities; and Professor Bassiouni and Judge Goldstone are interviewed. Footage included: Manjaca camp; soldiers cooking at Manjaca camp.
English language, Date of air: 1994-08-29,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000221
BetaSP NTSC #222
350-1-1:222/1
Burning Embers / Die Lunte brennt
Mounting tension between ethnic Albanians and Serbs in the formerly autonomous region of Kosovo. The report focuses on how the Serbian central authority revoked Kosovo's autonomy and now dominates the region with violent suppression of all resistance. Footage of both a Serbian police officer's funeral and a Kosovar Albanian civilian are shown, as well as clashes between ethnic Albanians and Serbian police. Pictures and footage of abused Kosovo Albanians show severe maltreatment by the Serbian police, corroborated by Gazmed Pula, Head of the Helsinki Committee in Kosovo. The closing of Albanian schools and high unemployment are also discussed. Chatir Chatiri of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and Zoran Gligorijevic of the Serbian Socialist Party both speak on the present situation in Kosovo. Interviews with the small Croatian minority in Janjevo, giving a broad view of the ethnic make-up within Kosovo. Amateur footage of Serbian police confiscating voting ballots after Albanians voted to set up their own government in Kosovo
German language, Date of air: 1992-07-21,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000222
350-1-1:222/2
A Serbian Magician / Ein Serbischer Magier
Program about Milic od Macve, a Serbian surrealist painter and magician who calls himself the prince of vampires.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000222
BetaSP NTSC #223
350-1-1:223/1
This is Croatia
Program on the history, people, religion, and art of Croatia.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000223
VHS PAL #224
350-1-1:224/1
The Secret Capital / Die Heimliche Hauptstadt
The broadcast focuses on the Bosnian city of Zenica during the war. Daily life in the besieged city is reflected on, showing destroyed buildings, the downtown market, and people waiting for food rations. The report highlights the ongoing problem of war profiteers stealing humanitarian aid and reselling it on the local market at prices few can afford. Refugees from surrounding villages are then shown giving testimonies to workers from the Zenica Documentation Center. The documentation center collects, records, and archives material evidence of war crimes in addition to the testimonies gathered, all in the hope that it will help build a case for an international tribunal. At the time of the report the ICTY had yet to be established. Ragib Hadzic, head of the Zenica Documentation Center, explains how the evidence is collected and the difficulties in working with the UN and other international organizations. Pictures and documents of accused perpetrators are shown with detail, including those of Veselin Nikolic. Prisoners are shown in the Zenica prison and some are interviewed.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/2
NATO: The Fleet is Prepared / NATO: Die Flotte Steht Bereit
This broadcast focuses on the role of NATO while some of the fiercest fighting was ongoing in Bosnia. American military interviewed on warships off the coast, examining the reality of NATO readiness in the case it is called into action.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/3
Children in War / Kinder in Krieg
Children in Sarajevo and their war frustrations. How the siege changed their lives and games they play. Several child soldiers are also shown.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/4
Master of Survival / Die Uberlebenskunstler
This broadcast focuses on life in Serbia under international sanctions. The opinions vary from those of the new, rich elite, and those striving not to appear affected by the sanctions, to the poor, and those dependent upon the state such as pensioners. Also mentioned is the difference between the Serbs of Serbia proper and those who have come from Krajina and Bosnia. Included are statements by Staša Zajović, during Women in Black protest, and Vuk Bojovic of the Belgrade Zoo, among others.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/5
Island at War / Insel im Krieg
This program depicts life in Mrkopalj village in Istra, where Croats and Serbs live peacefully together despite the raging war. Also depicted is Jasenak village where the Serbian majority lives with Croatian refugees from Eastern Slavonia. Interviews with village mayors, refugees and village inhabitants.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/6
Serbia's Other Eye / Serbiens zweites Auge
Program about Montenegro's political status while wars in Bosnia and Croatia are continuing, particularly relations between ethnic Montenegrins and Muslims.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/7
Birthday Without Illusions / Geburtstag ohne Illusionen
Focus on Slovenia as an independent republic. Report on the economy and military of the region.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/8
Russians on the Front Line / Russen and der Front
Russian Kosak soldiers who fight as mercenaries in the war for Serbia. Historic ties explored through shared religion, Slavic language, etc. Soldiers throughout their training are shown.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/9
Survival / Überleben
Life in Srebrenica as a UN-designated "Safe Area," before the final siege by the Bosnian Serbs. Refugees who have flooded the town from the surrounding areas are shown on the brink of starvation. UN troops are seen in various parts of the report distributing food and water, as well as cordoning off areas from the civilians and monitoring weapons confiscated from the Muslim defenders. Interviews are conducted with many of the refugees, as well as with UN personnel. The program is filled with footage of destruction throughout the city, accompanied by commentary on the dire living conditions. Medicine, food, water, and shelter are all described as being in extremely short supply. UN convoys are said to be blocked due to the Bosnian Serbs' encircling of the city.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
350-1-1:224/10
In-between / Eingekeilt
Political and economic situation in Macedonia, particularly focusing on the presence of U.S. troops. Difference in social position between Macedonian Christians and Albanians; and ethnic tensions in Supa village (near the Macedonia/Albanian border). Statements by Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov, and members of the ethnic Macedonian and Albanian Macedonian communities.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
BetaSP NTSC #225
350-1-1:225/1
Empty Words / Leere Worte
A short report on Milan Panic's activities as a minister in the former Yugoslavia. Panic organizes a trip to Sarajevo in a push for peace. He designates white armbands as a symbol to be worn by all those who support peace in the region. After landing in Sarajevo with the media in tow, Panic's idealism is quickly grounded by the reality of the situation in Sarajevo. Panic is shown posing for cameras with Gen. Ratko Mladic, commander of the Bosnian Serb army, while promising that the shelling from the surrounding hills will cease on the following day. He then returns to Belgrade to board his own plane for meetings with the UN in New York. In closing, the report cites how fighting resumed as soon as Panic left Sarajevo.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/2
Children's Song / Das Leid der Kinder
This broadcast focuses on the suffering of children in the war in Bosnia, primarily in Sarajevo, and the physical and psychological injuries caused by war. Interviews are conducted with children in various places throughout the city, including one of Sarajevo's orphanages. The predicament of intellectually disabled children is also shown. Through a study of its youngest inhabitants, the reporters seek to dramatize the deteriorated condition of the city in the broadcast.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/3
Fleeing Into the War / Flucht in den Krieg
Focus of the program is Slavonski Brod. Includes statements from a number of refugees from Bosnia, and footage of refugee camps—Derventa and Zupanja are mentioned too.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/4
Power and Powerless / Macht und Ohnmacht
This report focuses on Kosovo, one of the poorest regions of Europe, and its ethnic Albanian majority population. Interviews are held with Zivorad Igic, Serbian Governor of Kosovo, and Ibrahim Rugova, President of LDK for ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, detailing the political tension between ethnic Serbs and Albanians. The report focuses on the suppression of the ethnic Albanian majority by the Serbian state through the use of force. A section in the report shows Serbian Police attacking Albanian demonstrators. The Serbian regime's shutting-down of the Albanian language school system in Kosova is also explored, including interviews with students. The closing down of other state civilian institutions such as hospitals is also focused on. Other footage included: street life in Kosova; Albanian students receiving instruction in private homes; ethnic Albanian writers meeting in Pristina; and ethnic Albanian neighborhoods in Kosovo. Other interviews included: Dr. Sali Haxhiu, gynecologist; Agron Dida, LDK Delegate to the ethnic Albanian "shadow parliament" in Kosovo; and various Albanian civilians.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/5
Visit to Karlovac / Besuch in Karlovac
Karlovac has a historical significance for the Serbs as it was a border between the Ottoman Empire and Serbia. Since the war began the majority of the predominantly Croatian Serb population has fled to safer areas. Karlovac was also a key Yugoslav army post and ammunition storage during the old Yugoslavia. Interviews with remaining Karlovac residents.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/6
Gang Leader As a Hero for Freedom / Bandenchef als Freiheitsheld
Profiles Muslim warlord Juka Prazina and his men. Focus on how Juka has organized and trained his men to defend Sarajevo.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/7
The Fear of One's Neighbors / Angst vor den Nachbarn
This broadcast focuses on Macedonia, the former republic of Yugoslavia, and its new-found independence. President Kiro Gligorov is interviewed throughout the report, discussing international recognition of Macedonia. The dispute between the Macedonian government and Greece is also highlighted, describing how each have laid claim to the title of Macedonia. The tension between ethnic Albanians and Macedonians is also discussed. The economic crisis in the region is explained, showing how Macedonia is ineligible for aid from international organizations because, as of this report, it had not yet been internationally recognized.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/8
The Power Struggle / Der Machtkampf
This report covers the political scene within Belgrade and throughout Serbia proper. The struggle for power between the government and the opposition is focused on as the election approaches. Statements and interviews are given by officials of the various political parties. Statements by Zoran Djindjic, Vuk Draskovic, and Belgrade student leaders. Footage of the Yugoslav army (JNA); Serbian Radical Party members; people waiting in line for gasoline; and student protesters handing out roses to Serbian police at March 8, 1992 demonstrations.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/9
Cleansed Villages / Gesäuberte Dörfer
Report on life in Hrtkovci village (renamed Srboslavci) in the Srem area of Vojvodina, a village made up of ethnic Croats and Serbs. Local residents describe how nationalists are trying to cause animosity among Serbs and Croats who have lived together for hundreds of years. Statements by Serbs and Croats who want to live together; Serb police Chief Marinko Kresoja; Yugoslav Minister for Human Rights Momcilo Grubac, and Serbian volunteer soldier. Footage: Manjaca footage with BBC, Treci kanal, and RTS logos.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
350-1-1:225/10
Fear Circulating / Angst geht um
This broadcast focuses on the ethnic Hungarian minority in Vojvodina, a formerly autonomous region now controlled by Serbia. Ethnic Hungarians from the former Yugoslavia living in Budapest and Novi Sad, the capital of the region, are interviewed about the war. The plight of ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina during the conflict is explored, showing how many face conscription to fight for a Serbian-controlled JNA, as well as their relationship to Hungary proper. Andras Agostan, leader of the ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina, and Maja Gojkovic, representative for the Serbian Radical Party in the region, speak on the present situation there.
German language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000225
BetaSP NTSC #226
350-1-1:226/1
TV Bihac
Program on Bosnian Army activities near Bihac. Some footage of military/paramilitary, and destruction of civil property. Potential witnesses? Military airport near Bihac.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000226
BetaSP NTSC #227
350-1-1:227/1
Goražde 1992
Long interviews/testimonies about ethnic cleansing in Gorazde area by local Serbs. Refugees in camps and under open sky. Some graphic hospital scenes near the end. Potential witnesses?
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000227
BetaSP NTSC #228
350-1-1:228/1
Sarajevo: A Street Under Siege
This is a collage of two-minute reports from Sarajevo, beginning with the 637th day of siege. Each report focuses on different aspects of the everyday lives of the residents of one street, showing how people cope and survive in the city without electricity, water supplies, heating fuel, food, and medication—all the while under heavy shelling. Stories included show how elderly people are affected by the situation, how war has forced children to grow up early, how doctors live and work, how New Year's Eve is celebrated, how Sarajevans cope with fear, how the humanitarian aid is distributed, women speaking about having babies during the war, and their efforts to maintain a pleasant appearance.
English language, Date of production: 1994-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000228
BetaSP NTSC #229
350-1-1:229/1
Sarajevo: A Street Under Siege
This is a collage of two-minute reports from Sarajevo, beginning with the 671st day of siege. Each report focuses on different aspects of everyday life of the residents of one street, showing how they cope with losing loved ones in massacres, how they deal with the lack of food, how children get education during the war, how elderly people cope, how pre-natal classes are organized for pregnant women, residents awaiting NATO intervention on the Serb positions, and how people's lives are improved by the NATO ultimatum that resulted in Serbs withdrawing their heavy artillery around Sarajevo.
English language, Date of production: 1994-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000229
BetaSP NTSC #230
350-1-1:230/1
Children in War in Croatia
Child victims of the war. Children in cramped living conditions, injured children in hospitals, how the children are affected by the war. Some civilian destruction, military personnel present.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000230
350-1-1:230/2
Children Drawing the War
Children seen drawing the war from their varying perspectives. In many cases we see the art alone. The precision and detail of their drawings is chilling.
Danish language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000230
BetaSP NTSC #231
350-1-1:231/1
Karlovac Ex-Detainees Interviewed
Refugee camp in Karlovac, Croatia. A UNHCR worker interviews some of 755 refugees who have just arrived from Manjaca camp; the second group of detainees to be released. Most still have family members in the camp.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1992-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000231
BetaSP NTSC #232
350-1-1:232/1
War Crimes Against Women
This film features Jandranka Cigelj, a Bosnian Croat attorney from Prijedor, who was in Omarska and now gathers testimony of survivors to assist the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague. She and Nusreta Sivac, a Muslim judge also from Prijedor, work together to document what they and other women like them endured in the war. Roy Gutman, a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, mentions rape incidents in Foca, where women were raped in the sports hall located right next to the police station. Interviews with many women are conducted, detailing their experiences of rape, torture, and maltreatment during the war.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000232
BetaSP NTSC #233
350-1-1:233/1
TJ MIDI
A French news report featuring footage of courts and judges, as well as an interview with Professor Bassiouni—no war footage is included.
French language, Date of air: 1994-04-20,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000233
BetaSP NTSC #234
350-1-1:234/1
The Crusaders: Bosnia Segment
Profiles three Americans and their efforts to provide aid in the former Yugoslavia. Diane, a wife and mother of two from Baltimore, gave six months to be a Red Cross volunteer. Toby, a 20ish male from D.C. drives refugees to safety for the UN. Sonjia, who has served in the U.S. military, works as a UN Medivac coordinator, airlifting critically injured victims out of the country.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000234
BetaSP NTSC #235
350-1-1:235/1
Diplomatic License
Discussion of War Tribunals: both the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda. In one part of the show, Professor Bassiouni is interviewed.
English language, Date of air: 1994-08-13,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000235
BetaSP NTSC #236
350-1-1:236/1
Arkan's Tigers: Serbian Volunteer Guard / Arkanovi Tigrovi: Srpska Dobrovoljacka Garda
This film is about the Serbian Volunteer Guard, formed by Arkan (Zeljko Raznjatovic) on October 11, 1990. Its tasks are to defend the Serbian people and to preserve Serbian values and Serbian unity. - Arkan is shown speaking to his soldiers before a fight urging them to keep up their morale, at a funeral giving a eulogy, and planning an attack on an area near Vukovar and Borovo Naselje; "Tigers" fighting in Luzac and Laslovo in November 1992, after which the Serbs took over control of these two towns. 00:29:00- Arkan shown strategizing an attack on Luzac (November 2, 1991) where he outlines what the army is responsible for and what his unit is expected to do. Direct reference to Arkan's units cooperation with the Yugoslav army (JNA); Arkan's speech in Luzac in 1992 where he describes how Luzac was liberated from the Croatian army; "Tigers" entering Laslovo on November 25, 1991. A Laslovo resident praises Arkan one year later at a ceremony; Interview with Borislav Pelevic- Interview with Zeljko Stanvukovic, who talks about why he joined the Guard, and how the Guard is trained; Arkan in a church with his Guard soldiers being baptized; Arkan asking a little boy to sing the "Tigers" song.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000236
BetaSP NTSC #237
350-1-1:237/1
These Are Our Children / Evo naše djece
November 1990: unearthing of bones of women and children thrown into a pit near Medjugorje by Ustasa in August 1941.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000237
BetaSP NTSC #238
350-1-1:238/1
The Boulevard of the Revolution / Bulevar revolucije
A policeman and his daughter live in Revolution Boulevard, which consists of Oriental and European elements. The girl falls in love with a young man, a member of Belgrade mafia. Her father confronts him, each of them trying to win her affection. Their clash ends in tragedy.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000238
BetaSP NTSC #239
350-1-1:239/1
Serbian Democratic Party / Srpska demokratska stranka
Program on the establishment of the Serbian Democratic Party in Kninska Krajina, Croatia. Long historical digressions. A portrait of Jovan Raskovic, the first president of SDP.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000239
VHS NTSC #240
350-1-1:240/1
Heroes from Semberija / Semberski junaci
Military songs. Lot of background war scenes. Vocal Rodoljub Vulovic Roki.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000240
BetaSP NTSC #241
350-1-1:241/1
Marijan Jurić Statement
Nationalistic speech by Marijan Juric, Deputy of the Croatian Democratic Union party in the Croatian Parliament.
Croatian, English language, Date of production: 1991-08-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000241
350-1-1:241/2
The Great Evil Returns
Serbian refugees from Vukovar, Banija, Bosnian Kostajnica, forced to leave by Croats, tell their stories.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1991-05-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000241
BetaSP NTSC #242
350-1-1:242/1
Pictures Taken in Croatia in the Areas Inhabited by the Serbs
This tape has three parts: 1) Croats take over the towns Kijevo and Bjelo Brdo, refugees and witnesses tell their stories, civilian destruction, and tortured bodies; 2) refugees tell their stories; and 3) a historical review of Croatia.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000242
BetaSP NTSC #243
350-1-1:243/1
The Planned Genocide of the Serbs of Bosanski ©amac
An explanation of the war in Bosnia from a Serbian point of view, blaming just one side. Refugees and witnesses tell their stories. Many dead civilians.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000243
VHS PAL #244
350-1-1:244/1
Once it Grabs You, it Will Not Let You Go / To kad uvati ne pusta
Montenegrin version of the theme of "imaginary invalid."
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1988,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000244
BetaSP NTSC #245
350-1-1:245/1
Bosnia Concentration Camp for Serbs [1/2]
Corpses after massacre; victims testimonies; and paramilitary and civilians shown loading the bodies of civilians on and off of trucks.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1992-08,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000245
BetaSP NTSC #246
350-1-1:246/1
Bosnia Concentration Camp for Serbs [2/2]
This tape features hand-held footage of Serbian troops in action, including destruction of civilian property, tortured corpses, and bodies in rivers.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1992-08-29,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000246
BetaSP NTSC #247
350-1-1:247/1
Emergency State: Yugoslavia: Crimes and Criminals / Etats d'Urgence: Yugoslavie: Crimes et Criminels
This film focuses on atrocities committed in the former Yugoslavia. Death camp footage from Bosnia is featured, including interviews with rape victim Nusreta and Jadranka from the Prijedor area. The JNA generals and forces are discussed, as well as the paramilitary units of Vojislav Seselj and Zeljko Raznatovic Arkan: the White Eagles and the Tigers, respectively. Civilian destruction is shown in Vukovar, Stupni Do, and other areas. Civilians describe atrocities they witnessed, supplemented by footage of dead bodies. Additional interviews with many other experts.
French language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000247
BetaSP NTSC #248
350-1-1:248/1
Resnik Refugee Camp in Croatia
Betsy Dribben interviews Muslim refugees, survivors of ethnic cleansing, living in the Resnik refugee camp, Croatia. Nijaz Hadzic, a survivor from Omarska prison camp, says that he witnessed the murder of other inmates. He mentions Dusko Tadic. An incident when one inmate was forced to bite off the testicles of another inmate is described. A woman tells of how she was forced to leave her home—the rest of her testimony is incoherent. Footage of Resnik refugee camp, children playing. There are about 60 women, refugees from Bosnia, who volunteer in a kitchen within the refugee camp. One of them briefly speaks about their work.
Croatian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000248
BetaSP NTSC #249
350-1-1:249/1
Tuzla: Various Interviews
The first part consists of interviews with prisoners of war forcefully mobilized by the Yugoslav Army near Tuzla. Refugee photos and interviews; an Arabic language narrative of the first months of the war.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000249
BetaSP NTSC #250
350-1-1:250/1
Zehra Turijačanin Testimony
Zehra Turijacanin, a Bosnian Muslim female from Visegrad, tells of how she was burned by the Serbs.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000250
BetaSP NTSC #251
350-1-1:251/1
Doctors Without Borders Bosnia PSAs
Two males and one female, survivors of Omarska, Keraterm, and Trnopolje prison camps, give brief testimony of the atrocities they witnessed.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000251
BetaSP NTSC #252
350-1-1:252/1
The Bosnian Holocausts
From a Muslim viewpoint, an appeal to Muslims worldwide to help through various relief agencies. Refugees, military personnel, civilian and cultural destruction, bodies, mass graves, and a great deal of suffering are all shown.
Arabic language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000252
BetaSP NTSC #253
350-1-1:253/1
Mostar
The first few minutes are of a deserted Mostar, with civilian destruction. Most of the rest of the tape is of soldiers in woods, rigging explosive devices.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000253
BetaSP NTSC #254
350-1-1:254/1
Mortars / Bodariste
Footage of soldiers involved in various activities: at a graveside service, talking, and sitting around a table.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1994-06-24,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000254
350-1-1:254/2
Soldiers in a settlement - unidentified video
Contents will have to be identified. French production.
1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000254
BetaSP NTSC #255
350-1-1:255/1
Witness Statements [1/5]
Sarajevo's burned-out national library; burned-out and destroyed trams and trains; two men in black uniforms trying to explain why the Olympic stadium was shelled; destroyed Olympic skating ring; Olympic stadium - a woman living across the stadium describes in the background how the stadium was shelled and how it burned; 00:18:00 - destroyed Kosovo hospital from outside with Red Cross flag on top; 00:26:00 - inside of bombed out Kosovo hospital; 00:33:00 - man describes how Hotel Evropa was shelled when it was found out it was housing around 700 refugees; inside of destroyed Hotel Evropa; 00:39:00 - village Orahovci (Visegrad area) where Muslim houses are being burned down; damaged minaret; 00:44:58 - woman, then a man, from Rozaci village talks about Muslim houses deliberately destroyed by Bosnian Serb army - names former Serb neighbors who participated in the raids; 00:56:00 - medical worker from Visegrad (Mikavac) talks about Bosnian Serb attacks and the taking away of Bosnian Muslim men; identifies Milan Lukic as the commander of Bosnian Serb forces and several of his soldiers; talks about being interrogated by Lukic; describes how he survived execution by Lukic's men; 01:17:29 - statement by an elderly man from Cajnice county about how the Bosnian Serb army destroyed and burned his village; identifies Dusko Kornjaca (former mayor of Cajnice), White Eagle commanders Novak Todorovic and Srbo Stanic as leaders of soldiers; lists all Muslim villages burned; 01:19:50 - Visegrad woman having her burned hands cleaned and bandaged; describes how she was taken from her home to Bajina Basta; she was the only one out of 70 people who survived being burned alive in a house by Bosnian Serb forces.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000255
BetaSP NTSC #256
350-1-1:256/1
Witness Statements [2/5]
Continuation of the interview with the badly burned woman (same person as cassette #250) and five–six others from Višegrad who give testimony (among them Aziz Beširović, Dejan Čolić, and Fahrudin Bećirović).
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000256
BetaSP NTSC #257
350-1-1:257/1
Witness Statements [3/5]
Interview with Hasan Meseldžić, dentist in Višegrad health center. He witnessed Serb military forces' atrocities committed between April 4 and June 18, 1992—among them hundreds of murders at the Drina bridge. He describes cases of Hasan Brko on June 12, his own on June 16, and Dr Derviš Barjakarević. Mass murderer Milan Lukić mentioned, and General Dragoljub Ojdanić described as allowing soldiers to loot the houses. A Serb from the village near Ilidža, a captive, tells of weapons delivered, and of the organization of the local military unit.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000257
BetaSP NTSC #258
350-1-1:258/1
Witness Statements [4/5]
Continuation of tape #257. Interviews with captives, the older man; Šurlanovac Bogdan, from Kakanj; and a middle-aged man in uniform. The next is Avdić Hakija, a youth in a leather jacket, and an older blond woman from Vogošća.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000258
BetaSP NTSC #259
350-1-1:259/1
Witness Statements [5/5]
Testimony of Slavko Jovanović about looting TAS car factory in Vogošća and the morale on the line. The first 10 minutes is audio only. Continuation of the interview with last woman from tape #258. Then Sretko Damjanović from Vogošće, captured in November 1992. Children from Sarajevo talk on their own war experiences.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000259
BetaSP NTSC #260
350-1-1:260/1
Witness Statements [6/5]
Continuation of tape #259. A boy describes how he and his mother were forced by Serb military forces to collect dead bodies at the front. Various other children are interviewed.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000260
BetaSP NTSC #261
350-1-1:261/1
Women's Commission Trip [1/3]
Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children delegation arrival in Sarajevo.
English language, Date of production: 1993-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000261
BetaSP NTSC #262
350-1-1:262/1
Women's Commission Trip [2/3]
Shots of devastated Sarajevo made during the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children visit.
English language, Date of production: 1993-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000262
BetaSP NTSC #263
350-1-1:263/1
Women's Commission Trip [3/3]
Shots made during the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children visit to Zagreb, Slavonski Brod, and refugee camp Gasinci, near Đakovo.
English language, Date of production: 1993-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000263
BetaSP NTSC #264
350-1-1:264/1
Commission of Experts trip
Commission of Experts tour of Sarajevo and Central Bosnia, including visits to Dobrinja, Oslobođenje, Koševo hospital, Old Town, Zenica, Tuzla, and a brief look at Ahmići.
English language, Date of production: 1994-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000264
BetaSP NTSC #265
350-1-1:265/1
Women's Commission Trip / Ahmići
Shot made during the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children visit to the village of Ahmići, near Zenica, the place of a massacre of civilians.
English language, Date of production: 1993-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000265
BetaSP NTSC #266
350-1-1:266/1
Death in Sarajevo
Tvrtko Kulenović, Bosnian writer, contemplates the theme of death, combined with shots of destroyed Sarajevo (The National Library burning), Mladić, Karadžić, Milošević, Borislav Herak. Interviews with victims of war.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1994-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000266
BetaSP NTSC #267
350-1-1:267/1
British News Broadcasts [1/2]
Western journalists, Ejup Ganić, Haris Silajdžić, Warren Christopher, and General Lewis MacKenzie talk about the lack of involvement of the West in the Bosnian conflict and the lack of force/action taken by the UN against the Serbs. They talk about how there were attempts to make the world believe that the Muslims were committing atrocities on the same level as the Serbs were, but no evidence to that effect was found.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000267
BetaSP NTSC #268
350-1-1:268/1
British News Broadcasts [2/2]
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter flies to Sarajevo to negotiate a four-month cease fire with the warring parties.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000268
350-1-1:268/2
A Soldier's Peace [1/x]
Major-General Lewis MacKenzie's personal account of his peacekeeping experiences, including Bosnia. The film is based on his book "Peacekeeper: The Road to Sarajevo."
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000268
BetaSP NTSC #269
350-1-1:269/1
BBC News Broadcasts
News focusing mainly on the winter conditions in Sarajevo during a temporary cease-fire.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000269
350-1-1:269/2
Rose's War
The BBC's Foreign Affairs Editor John Simpson critically examines the controversial peacekeeping mission of General Sir Michael Rose, commander of UN troops in Bosnia. The questions of UN Safe Areas, and of how the UN dealt with the situation in Bihać and Goražde under General Rose's command, are posed. General Rose is interviewed extensively, as to the Safe Areas, the role of UN Peacekeepers, and the future implications for the UN.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000269
BetaSP NTSC #270
350-1-1:270/1
ARD Cultural Report / ARD Kulturreport
A story on the production group SaGA and their films on everyday life in besieged Sarajevo. Soros activities to help the people in Sarajevo. Ademir Kenović and George Soros interviewed.
German language, Date of air: 1994-01-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000270
BetaSP NTSC #271
350-1-1:271/1
ABC World News Tonight
Short clip about a CIA report which confirms that 90% of the atrocities in former Yugoslavia were committed by Serbs. Includes some footage of camps and military personnel. Asst. Sec. of State Richard Holbrook presents the report. There is a Segment of a speech by Defense Secretary Perry, and an interview with Bob Dole.
English language, Date of air: 1995-03-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000271
BetaSP NTSC #272
350-1-1:272/1
A Sign of Hope / Un Brote de Esperanza
The report focuses on areas of ongoing fighting, showing civilian victims and destroyed towns. UN soldiers are interviewed, as well as numerous politicians involved with the conflict. An update on peace negotiations for Bosnia in London.
Spanish; Castilian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000272
350-1-1:272/2
The Reasonable Doubt / La Duda Razonable
Investigation into the mysterious death of the Swiss journalist Christian Wurtenberg and how it related to his work in exposing covert backers of the war in Croatia. Julio Cesar Alonzo, a Spanish journalist, makes allegations and attempts to reconstruct how the Croatian International Brigade Commander, Eduardo Rosa Flores, killed Wurtenberg.
Spanish; Castilian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000272
BetaSP NTSC #273
350-1-1:273/1
Below the Fire of Mostar / Bajo el Fuego de Mostar
This report deals with UN soldiers from Spain, in and around Mostar, and their experiences and understanding of the conflict between the Bosnians and the Croatians.
Spanish; Castilian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000273
350-1-1:273/2
A Conundrum of the Balkans / El Rompecabezas de los Balcanes
On the Vance-Owen peace plan and ethnic cleansing in Bosnia.
Spanish; Castilian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000273
BetaSP NTSC #274
350-1-1:274/1
Croatians & Serbians: A Thousand Years of Hate / Croatas y Serbios, Mil Anos de Odio
A quick overview of the historical roots of tension between the two communities. Includes a short segment with Franjo Tuđman.
Spanish; Castilian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000274
BetaSP NTSC #275
350-1-1:275/1
Sarajevo, the City Where Journalists Don't Want to Shut up / Sarajevo: La ville où les journalistes ne veulent pas se taire
Panel discussion on the media situation in Sarajevo. Interviews with journalists from printed and electronic media in Sarajevo on their work and reporting in war conditions. Guests in the studio: Predrag Matvejević, Zlatko Dizdarević, and Mirsada Šakić-Hatibović.
German language, Date of air: 1993-02-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000275
350-1-1:275/2
Why Sarajevo? / Pourquoi Sarajevo?
On the historical background of the conflict in Bosnia.
French language, Date of air: 1993-02-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000275
BetaSP NTSC #276
350-1-1:276/1
Expelled: The Children of Foča / Vertrieben: Die Kinder aus Foča
This broadcast focuses on children from Bosnia and the effect that war has had on them. Refugee children are filmed and interviewed from various regions in Bosnia. The mothers and children interviewed give testimony of rape, torture, and murder. Malnourished, abused, sick, and diseased children are discussed and shown throughout the report.
German language, Date of air: 1993-02-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000276
BetaSP NTSC #277
350-1-1:277/1
Start of War in Croatia/Bosnia [1/2]
Report on the shelling of villages and towns in Western Slavonia. Report on fighting around Okučani and Trnava village between JNA and Croatian forces. Found weapons and packages with narcotics. Miodrag Popov reports from Mirkovci on Croatian paramilitary forces attacks from Pakrac and Lipik. TVNS: cut-off beginning. Report on fighting in Krajina. Serbian Volunteer Guard soldiers, Dragan Petrović, Nenad Marković, and Sava Stanković, receive award from Arkan. RTB: Nikola Deretić reports on heavy fighting in the Lipik and Western Slavonia area between JNA and Croatian forces. 00:08:10 RTB: Interview with JNA soldier nicknamed "Okac." Interview with Serbian soldier named Dejan. 00:09:10 Croatian forces desecrate "their own" graveyard in Bogićevci village (near Okučani). TVSA: Serbian police confiscate ammunition and military supplies from Albanian extremists in Kosovo. 00:10:14 RTB: Cut-off interview with JNA Commander Ljubivoje Pantelić-Grom. 00:10:26 3KTVB: JNA forces seize Seovice and Skenderovci villages in Western Slavonia. Report from Banija frontlines. Interview with tank commander Miroslav Simić. 00:12:06 Brief, cut-off interview with JNA Captain Anton Gustović. 00:12:16 Report on fighting in Western Slavonia where Banja Luka corps and Territorial Defense Forces-Okučani have put themselves under JNA command. BBC (broadcast on 3K): Report on heavy fighting in Turanj area; a Croatian cameraman is killed by a mortar shell. 00:13:45 3SAT (broadcast on TVNS): Brief, cut-off report on Albanian military training tank personnel with model tanks and planes. 00;16:20 Cut-off report on JNA forces entering Toranjci village. TVSA (broadcast on TV Politika): Report on vandalized police station in Sarajevo, TV crew travelling towards Sarajevo airport. 00:20:40 Cut-off report on Holiday Inn shooting in Sarajevo. 00:21:00 TVNS, RTB: Reports on Novi Sad Corps on frontlines in Slavonia. 00:2:27 RTB: Bosnian Serb government splits with Bosnian Croat/Muslim government. Armed men patrolling Sarajevo streets. 00:24:47 TVNS: Report on fighting in Mostar. 00:26:00 RTB: JNA commander shows the mutilated bodies of 28 Serbs in Kupres. Interview with captured soldiers of the Territorial Defense Forces-Tomislavgrad (former Duvno). 00:28:12 RTB: Cut-off report on tense situation of Sarajevo; snipers active. TVNS: Interview with JNA soldier on enemy forces in Mostar area. 00:31:32 RTB: Use amateur footage shot April 4, 1992. Croatian forces attack JNA positions from Hungary proper. Croatian snipers use Eperješ border crossing in Hungary to shoot at JNA guards at Đuro Salaj border crossing. TVNS: Croatian forces leave behind mangled bodies of Serbian civilians in Gornji and Donji Malovan. BBC (broadcast on 3K): Report on Arkan's forces in Zvornik. Bosnian Muslim refugees fleeing Zvornik area. RTS: Report on Zvornik, Arkan's forces escorting Muslim families out of town. Commentator talks about how Western media presented all the civilian casualties as Muslims, but who later turned out to be Serbs. 00:37:00 RTB/TV POLITIKA: Report on fighting around Gornji i Donji Malovan. RTB: Sniper shoots a "Večernje novosti" reporter in Vukovar; two reporters from the newspaper die in a short period of time. Arkan filmed during military operations in Slavonia in 1991.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000277
BetaSP NTSC #278
350-1-1:278/1
Start of War in Croatia/Bosnia - Part 2 [2/2]
Film on Arkan leading military operations in Slavonia continues from the previous cassette (# 277).
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000278
350-1-1:278/2
Fear and Hope / Strah i nada
Program, presenter Zoran Ostojić talks with Radovan Bigović, theologian.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000278
BetaSP NTSC #279
350-1-1:279/1
Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [1/12]
Youth club in Pakrac built by international aid. UN troops secure supply and safety for Maglaj. Truce in Lašva Valley between Muslims and Croats. "Ask UNPROFOR" program. UN Special Representative Yasushi Akashi answers questions on the future of UN mission in Bosnia and Croatia. After Serb army attack on UN protected area of Goražde, UN convoy led by Sergio de Mello managed to achieve cease-fire. De Mello interviewed on safe areas in Bosnia. On Dutch battalion stationed in Metković, which provides supply delivery to people in Bosnia. "UN Fire Brigade" operations in Sarajevo. "Video Letters," program aimed to reestablish contacts between people from different sides of the front. "Sisters of Mostar," on divided city and reestablished possibility to cross from one part of the other. "Refugee Crisis Update," on refugees in the area of Velika Kladuša. "European Union under Attack," attack on the apartment of Hans Koschnick, UN administrator for Mostar on September 11. "Aim for Peace," an anti-sniping agreement in Sarajevo, signed on August 21, made one step forward toward normal life possible. “Ethnic Cleansing,” on mass expulsion of people from Bosnian Serb-controlled areas of Bijeljina and Banjaluka in August and September 1994. They were pushed out into Tuzla region.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000279
BetaSP NTSC #280
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [1a/12]
Continued from the previous tape. "West Mostar," on disastrous consequences of the war in the divided Mostar. "Video Letters," child from a refugee camp in Macedonia writes a letter to her father who stayed in Bosnia.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000280
BetaSP PAL #281
350-1-1:281/1
Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [2/12]
"A Closer Look: Turkbat", on Turkish Battalion in Zenica. "UN Day", celebration of October 24, the Day of UN in its headquarters in Zagreb. "Turanj Update", on refugees from the Bosnian enclave of Bihac at the camp of Turanj, near Kalovac, Croatia. "Video Letters", Belgrade actor Janez Vrhovec writes to friends in Rovinj. "The Re-opening of Dubrovnik Port". "Colorful Wall", on the program of Sarajevo Radio "Zid" created by children. "Najnovije iz Turnja", one of the previous reports in Croatian. "Observation", on observation post "Tango", near Tuzla, one of 230 such monitoring post throughout the Former Yugoslavia. "Lašva Valley: Beyond Cease-fire", May visit of UNTV crew to the region of cease-fire between Bosnians and Croats. "Video Letter", Academy of Dramatic Art student from Zagreb writes to his colleagues in Sarajevo. "Crisis Talks", after NATO air strikes at Udbina airfield on November 20, Yasushi Akashi comes to Belgrade for emergency talks with Slobodan Milošević and Milan Martić about the crisis in Bihać area. "Video Letter", Julijana, a refugee living in Gaza camp in Karlovac writes to a friend in Slunj. "UNPROFOR in Crisis", interview with Michael Williams, spokesman for Yasushi Akashi on situation in crisis areas. "Boutros-Ghali in Sarajevo". "Returning to Fojnica", on refugees divided by the separation line after cease-fire agreement. "Signing", agreement between Croatian government and local Serbs in Knin on water and electricity supply. "Video Letters", from Gornji Vakuf. "Bugojno Agri-Business", on agencies providing aid in central Bosnia, among them Action International Contre la Faim, USA. "Video Letter", from Bugojno to Banja Luka.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000281
BetaSP PAL #282
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [3/12]
"War Crime Tribunal", ICTY Chief Prosecutor Richard Goldston on October 3 visits the region. "Video Letter", Antonija is now living in Međugorje and writes to her friends in Sarajevo. "Protected Village", UN protected area near Benkovac, Croatia. "Video Letter", Danijela from Zagreb writes to her uncle and aunt in Brčko. "Macedonian Elections", on the first presidential and parliamentary elections in Macedonia on October 16. "A Marriage made in Heaven", on the alliance between UNPROFOR and NATO in the no-fly zone. "Assistance Misused", on fights between Fikret Abdić forces and central government troops in Velika Kladuša area. "Video Letters", Salko is a refugee from Bosnia, living in Hvar. "Sarajevo Air Strike" against Serb forces surrounding Sarajevo who haven't complied with the artillery removal agreement. "Video Letters", Ivan is a theatre director from Mostar. He is living in Belgrade and is writing to a friend who is a refugee in England. “Novska”, on August 1, 1994, 250 refugees from Banja Luka arrived to a camp near Novska, Croatia. They are protected by Jordanian battalion. "Video Letters", Kole Jordanovski is a former resident of Sarajevo, now living in Macedonia. He is writing to his sister to Sarajevo. "RUSBAT-2", Russian parachute battalion assigned to patrol in Grbavica, one of the most dangerous areas in Sarajevo. They monitor two heavy weapons collection points.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000282
BetaSP NTSC #283
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [4/12]
"Preventative Peacekeeping", UN peace mission in Macedonia. "Security in Sarajevo", civilians terrorized by Serb forces surrounding the city (no audio). "Video Letters", Bill Tribe from the UK worked as an English teacher in Sarajevo and writes to his former students.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000283
BetaSP NTSC #284
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [5/12]
Raw material of UN monitoring mission on the border between Serbia and Macedonia, at Čupino brdo, which both sides have claimed it is on their own territory. As a result of a mission, after a few weeks of tensions a one kilometer buffer zone was established.
English language, Date of production: 1994-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000284
BetaSP NTSC #285
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [6/12]
Raw material of the "Rusbat-2" program on a Russian battalion assigned to monitor two heavy weapons collection points near Sarajevo, according to the cease-fire agreement.
Russian language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000285
BetaSP NTSC #286
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [7/12]
Raw material of refugees from Bijeljina accommodated in Tuzla collection centers; they were forced to leave by Serb paramilitary forces, often robbed before that. Shots of Tuzla airport. Representatives of the Read Cross interviewed about their activities in Tuzla region.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000286
BetaSP NTSC #287
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [8/12]
Interviews with passersby, possibly in Skopje, on ethnic tensions in Macedonia, and an Albanian-language university being established in Tetovo. Raw material from "Macedonian Elections" and "Let there be Light" programs.
Macedonian language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000287
BetaSP NTSC #288
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [9/12]
"Preventative Peacekeeping", UN peace mission in Macedonia. "Census", between June 21 and July 11 a comprehensive census was conducted in Macedonia. This was to provide exact information about the actual ethnic figures and in advance it provoked lot of political dispute and interpretations. “Novska”, on August 1, 1994, 250 refugees from Banja Luka arrived to a camp near Novska, Croatia. They are protected by Jordanian battalion. "Rusbat-2", Russian parachute battalion stations in Rusbat-2 army base assigned to patrol in Grbavica, one of the most dangerous areas in Sarajevo. They monitor two heavy weapons collection points and also perform anti-sniping duties. "Ethnic Cleansing", on mass expulsion of people from Bosnian Serb controlled areas of Bijeljina and Banjaluka in August and September 1994. They were pushed out into Tuzla region. "Let there be Light", in September 1994 Sarajevo suffered a complete breakdown of utilities. It was left without electricity, gas, and water supplies for 14 days in a row. Also William Eagleton, UN Special Coordinator for Sarajevo, speaks about restoration of communal services and freedom of movement in Sarajevo after cease-fire agreement. "Macedonian Elections", on October 16 in Macedonia, the first round of presidential and parliamentary elections were organized; 38 parties stood for election and the main issue was security of the country. "Video Letter" written by Boža Luković, leader of Serbian brass orchestra "Dragačevo", and Srđan Gojković Gile, frontman of the Belgrade-based rock band "Electric orgasm". "Video Letters", from Devla Rustem, a 62-year-old Bosnian living in a Red Cross Refugee center in Macedonia. "UN Day", celebration of October 24, the Day of UN in its headquarters in Zagreb.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000288
BetaSP NTSC #289
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [10/12]
Raw material of the opening of Tuzla airport. Opened by Yasushi Akashi, who also visits the hospital. "The Fall of Abdić", rebel Muslim leader Fikret Abdić proclaimed the independence of the Velika Kladuša region in Northwest Bosnia. On August 31, the Bosnian army took control of the whole Bihać pocket, which resulted in the exodus of about 25,000 people. "Special Report from Velika Kladuša", on the situation after the Bosnian army took control of the area. "Plitvice Lakes", national park in Croatia being revitalized by UN units. "Ask UNPROFOR", Yasushi Akashi answers the questions of common people. "Census", between June 21 and July 11 a comprehensive census was conducted in Macedonia. This was to provide exact information about actual ethnic figures, and in advance it provoked lot of political dispute and interpretations.
English language, Date of production: 1994-03,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000289
BetaSP NTSC #290
350-1-1:290/1
Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [11/12]
"The Good Hosts", more than half a million displaced persons found a new home in Serbia and Montenegro from 1991. 95% of refugees are lodged with host families. "Video Letter" written by Boža Luković, leader of Serbian brass orchestra "Dragačevo". "Mount Igman", now part of the UN demilitarized zone, a buffer between Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian government armies; the area is monitored by a French battalion. "Video Letters", written by Svetlana, a refugee from Kakanj now living in a refugee camp in Serbia, to her friend back in Kakanj. "Igalo", on a rehabilitation project for children injured during the war in Bosnia. They are treated in the Igalo hospital, Montenegro. "Video Letters": Jelena left Sarajevo two years ago and now lives in Zagreb. She writes to her family and friends in Sarajevo. "Let there be Light", in September 1994, Sarajevo suffered a complete breakdown of utilities. It was left without electricity, gas, and water supplies for 14 days in a row. Also William Eagleton, UN Special Coordinator for Sarajevo, speaks about restoration of communal services and freedom of movement in Sarajevo after cease-fire agreement. "Video Letter", children from Sarajevo write to her former schoolmate Sanela, who in 1992 left for Australia. "The work of the French Battalion in Bihać". "Video Letters", Martina, a schoolchild from Zagreb, writes to her grandfather in Hrvatska Kostajnica. "Female Patrol", Corporal Caroline Burgess, from the Royal Military Police, describes her daily routine while being on duty in Prozor, Bosnia. "Video Letters", Ferid lives in Zenica and is writing to his brother in Croatia.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000290
BetaSP NTSC #291
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Yugoslavia Rushes Roll [12/12]
"Assistance Misused", refugee camp in Velika Kladuša after the fall of the autonomous area proclaimed by Fikret Abdić. "Video Letters", Salko is a refugee from Bosnia living in Hvar, Croatia. "Crisis Talks", after NATO air strikes at Udbina airfield on November 20, Yasushi Akashi comes to Belgrade for emergency talks with Slobodan Milošević and Milan Martić about the crisis in Bihać area. "Video Letters", Julijana, a refugee living in Gaza camp in Karlovac writes to a friend in Slunj. "Signing", agreement between Croatian government and local Serbs in Knin on water and electricity supply. "Video Letters", from Gornji Vakuf. "Endless Aid", on November 9, UN humanitarian agencies launched an appeal to the international community asking for money to finance the humanitarian operation in the Former Yugoslavia. "Video Letters", from Devla Rustem, a 62-year-old Bosnian living in a Red Cross Refugee center in Macedonia. "Highway Reopens", for the first time in the last three years a road that connects Zagreb and Belgrade is open. "Video Letters" from Srđan Gojković Gile, frontman of the Belgrade-based rock band "Electric orgasm". "Rusbat-2", Russian parachute battalion assigned to patrol in Grbavica, one of the most dangerous areas in Sarajevo. They monitor two heavy weapons collection points and also perform anti-sniping duties. "Video Letters", a message recorded on November 1, 1994, during an All Saints ceremony in a Catholic graveyard in Ilok. Reactions of people in Knin on Tuđman's decision to terminate the mandate of UNPROFOR in Croatia. Interviews with Yugoslav foreign minister Vladislav Jovanović, Zoran Đinđić i Milan Božić on the reactions to this issue. "Video Letters", Gordana, an actress, now refugee located in Zagreb writes to her friends.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000291
BetaSP NTSC #292
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Kosovo Killed the Consciousness of Europe / Kosova ndergjegje e vrare e Europes
Albanian miners strike against Serbian repression in 1989. Kosovo Albanians demonstrate for civil rights and against Serbian repression. Speech by Milosevic on Kosovo ("can't hear what you're saying, but let me answer your question") to Kosovo Serbs. Serbian police beating up Albanian protesters in the streets. Injured civilians in the hospital. Funerals of Albanian civilians killed in skirmishes with police. Serbian police throwing tear gas at protesters, chasing them along the streets. Serbian police taking over the Albanian language TV station in Priština, and the "Ilirija" newspaper.
Albanian language, Date of production: 1989,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000292
BetaSP NTSC #293
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Blood and Belonging: The Road to Nowhere
In this documentary, Canadian writer Michael Ignatieff travels to Croatia and Serbia to define the meaning of nationalism in the former Yugoslavia. Nationalism is a dream to be a master in one's own house, but it brings out the worst in people. He visits the highway of Brotherhood and Unity connecting Croatia and Serbia, Jasenovac (concentration camp during WWII held by fascist Croatia), Serbian enclaves in Croatia, destroyed Vukovar, and Belgrade. Archival footage used. Also, civilians and soldiers from both sides interviewed.
English language, Date of air: 1995-04-18, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000293
VHS NTSC #294
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The Peacekeepers: How the UN Failed in Bosnia
This special report by Peter Jennings focuses on how the UN failed in Bosnia, both diplomatically and militarily. Bihać, Goražde, and Sarajevo are focused upon, as well as Mostar. Civilian destruction is displayed throughout the documentary. UNHCR officials are interviewed, showing a gap between their observations and that of the military wing of the UN. A history of the how and when the UN became involved in the Balkans is provided, and NATO's relationship during the conflict is explored as well. There are extensive interviews with Sir Michael Rose, NATO Admiral Leighton Smith, Senator Bob Dole, UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright, UN employee Ed Joseph, Larry Hollingworth, Aryeh Neier, and Peter Deck, among others.
English language, Date of air: 1995-04-24, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000294
BetaSP NTSC #295
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Bosna! [1/2]
A documentary on the war and destruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina by Bernard Henri-Levy, with an in-depth study on the cause and effects of the war in Bosnia up to 1994. The first days of the siege in Sarajevo are reconstructed in close detail, including telephone conversations of Bosnian Serb General Mladić telling his personnel to fire on various targets in and around the city. Soldiers and civilians are interviewed, attempting to show the psyche of a war-torn people. Victims of prison camps and ethnic cleansing are filmed and interviewed. The Bread Line and Water Line Massacres are also featured.
French, English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000295
BetaSP NTSC #296
350-1-1:296/1
Bosna! [2/2]
A documentary on the war and destruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina by Bernard Henri-Levy, with an in-depth study on the cause and effects of the war in Bosnia up to 1994. The first days of the siege in Sarajevo are reconstructed in close detail, including telephone conversations of Bosnian Serb General Mladić telling his personnel to fire on various targets in and around the city. Soldiers and civilians are interviewed, attempting to show the psyche of a war-torn people. Victims of prison camps and ethnic cleansing are filmed and interviewed. The Bread Line and Water Line Massacres are also featured.
French language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000296
BetaSP NTSC #297
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Arkan in Action
News reports on military operations in Croatia and Bosnia. Rare footage of Arkan in the field, fighting with members of his volunteer guard at the beginning of war in areas of Croatia.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000297
BetaSP NTSC #298
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Testimonies on Abuse of Women / Aussagen über Vergen an Frauen
Two Bosnian Serb women, victims of rape, featured. J.I. (age 28, from Bosnia), describes how she had to leave Croatia and how Serb women from Kninska Krajina were tortured and raped by Croats, she calls them Ustashi, and Muslims in Slavonski Brod and Odžak. J.I. was pregnant and didn't want to see her child when it was born. S.K. (age 20 from Sarajevo) describes how she was held captive in Pofalići, in a prison run by Ismet Bajramović, "Ćelo," who raped her. S.K. was also pregnant and gave birth to a child. Two doctors from Belgrade hospitals speak of late pregnancies ending in abortions and the traumas endured by victims of rape.
Serbian, German language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000298
BetaSP NTSC #299
350-1-1:299/1
UNPROFOR reports
"Security in Sarajevo", civilians terrorized by Serb forces surrounding the city. "Video Letters", Bill Tribe from the UK worked as an English teacher in Sarajevo and writes to his former students. "A Woman's Place", women's centers in divided Mostar provide support for women through group therapies or workshops. "War Trauma", Rijeka Clinical Hospital conducts therapy program for people traumatized by the war. "Živili", Baranja as a home of multiethnic and multicultural community. "ECM Monitors", one of the first reactions of the international community to the war in former Yugoslavia was to send an unarmed contingent of observers. That was in Slovenia in July 1991. Two and a half years later there are more than 300 European monitors in the region. "Video Letters", Ivan is a schoolchild in Zagreb. He writes to an unknown friend. "Embargo", more than three years of international community sanctions towards Yugoslavia have had a devastating effect. In an attempt to bring Bosnian Serbs to the negotiating table, an embargo is imposed on Bosnian Serbs too. "Mine Awareness", an educational film on the land mines threat to the civilian population. "War Crimes Tribunal", Richard Goldstone, Prosecutor, interviewed on the cases led by the Tribunal. For illustration, the cases of Bosnian Serbs Dušan Tadić—charged with involvement in ethnic cleansing in Prijedor and several murders in Omarska detention camp in 1992—and Dragan Nikolić—charged with torture and killing of prisoners of war in the detention camp near Vlasenica—are mentioned. "Building on Peace", a comprehensive cease-fire agreement concluded on December 23, 1994, brought long awaited, but fragile peace in Bosnia. Opening Sarajevo airport and roads will enable for food shortages to be eliminated.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000299
BetaSP NTSC #300
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UNPROFOR reports
"Peace Plan on the Table", international community proposal for political solution in Croatia refused by Serbs in Knin. "Video Letters", Mirjana Bobić-Mojsilović, a journalist from Belgrade, writes about what Serbs miss from Croatia. "On Igman", a French battalion monitors the demilitarized zone on mountains around Sarajevo. "Across the Barricade", divided Pakrac, in West Slavonija, a few months before Croatian military intervention began (operations "Bljesak / Flash" and "Oluja / Storm"). "Tešanj", town in Central Bosnia, where after heavy conflicts aid convoys are being escorted by British soldiers. "Video Letters", Dobrivoje is living in Mostar, and writes to his parents in Belgrade. "Vitez De-mining", hundreds civilians killed and thousands injured by mines. Millions of mines still remain in the ground. UNPROFOR tries to lift mines in Vitez area. "Keeping the Lights on", Breza mine is opened again (no audio). "Mr. Akashi in Knin", talks about relationship between Zagreb and Knin. Milan Martić's and Milan Babić's statements. "Separation Zone", after signing agreement on March 29, 1994, separation zones were established in troubled areas in Croatia. "Sisters of Mostar", on divided city and reestablished possibility of crossing from one part to the other. "Video Letters", Tanja lives in west Mostar. She is writing a letter to her sister Dubravka who lives in Žepče. "UNPROFOR ide kući?", Croatian President Franjo Tuđman forwarded a letter to UN Secretary General, Boutros Boutros Ghali, informing him of Croatia's decision to terminate the UNPROFOR mandate on March 31, 1995.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000300
BetaSP NTSC #301
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Mostar: Civilian Destruction
Lokal television from Zenica, Zetel, reports on the war in Bosnia, predominantly on Mostar. Its bridges were all destroyed so far except the Old bridge.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000301
BetaSP NTSC #302
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Travnik Center: Refugee Testimonies
A Muslim refugee from a village near Bosanski Petrovac testifies to persecution by Serb forces in mid June. Lists names of civilians executed and describes how other civilians suffered. Also mentions names of perpetrators, his neighbors, like Mirko Kerkez, Zdravko Srećo, and his brother Nina, Rade Latinović, Čedo Pećanac, Željko Ćosić, Veselka Kecman, and others. Other refugees are Derviša Kananović from Velečevo village, near Ključ; Fata Šabaz from Kamičani; Husnija Vukić from Bosanski Petrovac; and Asmir Ajupović from Prijedora also testify to robberies and killings.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000302
BetaSP NTSC #303
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Bosnia: Guns and Ballots
A collage of reports, including a report from Pale, focused on the Bosnian Serb referendum on the Vance/Owen peace plan. This plan proposes a division of Bosnia into 10 semi-autonomous provinces along ethnic lines, with a difficult mechanism for the return of two million displaced people. Bosnian Serbs refused to sign the plan and Serbia, in turn, sealed its border with Bosnia. Reactions to the peace plan and the Bosnian Serb referendum, and Croat-Muslim conflict in Herzegovina discussed. Statements included: Slaviša Raković (advisor to Karadžić), David Owen (EC Envoy), Radovan Karadžić (Bosnian Serb leader), Haris Silajdžić, (Bosnian Foreign Minister), President Bill Clinton, and Senator Joseph Biden (Foreign Rel. Comm.).
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000303
BetaSP NTSC #304
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Europe: A Continent Divided
A study of Serbian and Croatian nationalism, and how it has fueled the war, by Jackie Shymanski of CNN. There are interviews with individuals and professionals from all three ethnic groups. History of the Croatian Ustashi discussed briefly. Michael Ingatieff interviewed on ethic identities. Bosnian conflict focused upon, and how it was fueled by nationalism spilling over from the war between Croatia and Serbia. Vukovar, Sarajevo, and Mostar highlighted with much civilian destruction shown.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000304
BetaSP NTSC #305
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Bosnia: A Crippled Mission
CNN correspondents reporting at the time of Bihać offensive and possible withdrawal of the UN troops from Bosnia. UNPROFOR mission is reexamined. Interviews: Michael Rose, UN Commander; Ejup Ganić, Bosnian Vice President; Boutros Boutros-Ghali at the press conference in Sarajevo; and Thant Myint-U, UNPROFOR, spokesman. Statements by Radovan Karadžić; Haris Silajdžić, Bosnian Prime Minister; Laurence Martin, Royal Institute of International Affairs; John Major, British Prime Minister; David Owen; Warren Christopher, Secretary of State; Shashi Tharoor, UN official; Ed Luck, UN Assn. of USA; and Jeanne Kirkpatrick, Former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000305
BetaSP NTSC #306
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Nightline
As the crisis in the former Yugoslavia deepens, Ted Koppel interviews various experts to get their opinion of the recent escalation of war.
English language, Date of air: 1995-05-30,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000306
350-1-1:306/2
World News Tonight
Program profiles UN Navy special submarine "James Polk."
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000306
BetaSP NTSC #307
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KCAL News: Interview with Panić
Milan Panić is interviewed by a KCAL News anchor about the situation in Bosnia (in 1992). The interview starts off with a brief history of Bosnia's ethnic and religious history, as well as an explanation about the most recent conflict. Panić discusses the possible American involvement in Bosnia and the consequences it might have. He states that President Clinton is the only person who can bring the warlords to the negotiation table. Panić explains why he believes the solution to the conflict to be economic, not military. He also gives an account of Serbia's 1992 false election, and the need for people who would teach Yugoslavs about the concept of democracy. Images of UN soldiers held hostage shot by amateur camera are available, as well as Sarajevo being bombed.
English language, Date of air: 1995-06-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000307
BetaSP NTSC #308
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Crimes Committed by Croatian Ustashi State in 1991 / Zločini hrvatske ustaške države 1991
Graphic shots of dead bodies, crushed skulls, corpses with ears, eyes, and 0toes cut off: all acts committed against Yugoslav Army soldiers and civilians by Croatian nationalists at the beginning of the conflict in Croatia. Discussion of torture, life in the refugee camps, the selling of body parts for weapons, and the murder of journalists.
English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000308
BetaSP NTSC #309
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60 Minutes: Interview with Christianne Amanpour
Interview with CNN correspondent Christianne Amanpour, who speaks of her passion for Sarajevo and of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia.
English language, Date of air: 1994-05-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000309
BetaSP NTSC #310
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Larry King Live with Slobodan Milošević
CNN's Larry King interviews Serbian President Slobodan Milosević two years into the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The interview begins with combat footage from Bosnia of soldiers and heavy artillery. The current cease-fire brokered by former President and special envoy Jimmy Carter is highlighted, including details of talks in Belgrade with Milošević and representatives from France, Britain, Germany, the United States, and Russia. After the interview, diplomatic correspondents from all the major TV networks comment on the situation.
English language, Date of air: 1994-12-21,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000310
BetaSP NTSC #311
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World News Tonight
French UNPROFOR soldier killed by sniper caught on film. Coverage of ensuing controversy and French threats to remove all their troops from the former Yugoslavia.
English language, Date of air: 1995-04-18,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000311
BetaSP NTSC #312
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Yellow Wasps [1/2]
The story of the "Yellow Wasps," the Serbian paramilitary unit which operated in eastern Bosnia from 1992 onwards. Shots from the trial of its commander, Dušan Vučković, and his brother, Vojin, accused of war crimes in the Zvornik area. The main storyteller is journalist Jovan Dulović. Testimonies from several individuals, both survivors and perpetrators. Vojin Vučković in the interview denies any killing of civilians. Vojislav Šešelj confirms that 30,000 volunteers were sent to Bosnia and they were supplied with arms and ammunition by the Serbian authorities. Roy Gutman, Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter of genocide in Bosnia, describes the deportation of Muslim civilians he witnessed. Former secretary of State, Lawrence Eagleburger, interviewed about what the U.S. Government knew about mass deportations in Bosnia, and what its response was.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000312
350-1-1:312/2
Yellow Wasps [2/2]
Former secretary of State, Lawrence Eagleburger, interviewed about what the U.S. Government knew about mass deportations in Bosnia, and what its response was.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000312
BetaSP NTSC #313
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World News Tonight
Person of the week honor given to Judge Richard Goldstone; short profile including interview; his background explained and some footage of war in Yugoslavia included.
English language, Date of air: 1995-07-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000313
BetaSP NTSC #314
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ABC news
This Late Edition examines what the U.S. role in the Bosnia conflict should be when the Bosnian Serbs are overrunning the safe haven of Srebrenica and are on the verge of overrunning another safe haven, Žepa. A report from Sarajevo on the military situation on the ground by Brent Sadler is featured. Richard Holbrooke, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State, joins a discussion on the nature of the involvement of U.S. troops in Bosnia. Three retired generals, Gen. Mackenzie, former UN commander in Bosnia; Crosbie Saint, former NATO commander; and William Odom, U.S. Army, discuss what the U.S. troops would face if sent to Bosnia. Statements by William Perry (courtesy of ABC) on the importance of sustaining neutrality in the peacekeeping missions, and Alexander Ivanko, UN Spokesman, who speaks on the situation in Žepa, are featured. Pictures of Bosnian Muslim refugees from Srebrenica are shown. A discussion on this topic with a panel of journalists, Tony Snow (Detroit News), Eleanor Clift (Newsweek), and Alan Murray (Wall Street Journal), is also featured.
English language, Date of air: 1995-06-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000314
350-1-1:314/2
CNN Late Edition
Nightly news coverage of bombing of TV building in Sarajevo.
English language, Date of air: 1995-07-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000314
BetaSP NTSC #315
350-1-1:315/1
Two Hours from London
Chronology of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, narrated by Michael Foot, former Labour Party leader. He is especially critical of the British failure to intervene as Yugoslavia was consumed by war.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000315
350-1-1:315/2
BBC News
Report from Sarajevo on the rising tensions between Serbian and UN forces in Bosnia.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000315
350-1-1:315/3
Romeo and Juliet in Sarajevo
Story of Boško, a Serb, and Admira, a Muslim, high school sweethearts, shot as they fled from Sarajevo—despite being assured safe passage. They died in each others arms in no mans land. Family and friends remember them fondly. Some footage of war.
English language, Date of air: 1994-05-10, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000315
BetaSP NTSC #316
350-1-1:316/1
Romeo and Juliet in Sarajevo
Story of Boško, a Serb, and Admira, a Muslim, high school sweethearts, shot as they fled from Sarajevo—despite being assured safe passage. They died in each others arms in no mans land. Family and friends remember them fondly. Some footage of war.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000316
350-1-1:316/2
BBC News
Report on the latest developments at the fronts in Croatia and Bosnia. Paddy Ashdown interviewed.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000316
BetaSP NTSC #317
350-1-1:317/1
The Crime That Changed Serbia / Vidimo se u čitulji
Documentary film about the rise of crime in Serbia—a result of the war and dismal economic conditions. The film depicts Serbia as a frustrated nation whose youth and talent left at the outbreak of war, forcing those that remained to cope with continuing violence and staggering inflation. The result, as the film suggests, has been the rise of gangs and inter-gang violence. Unable to find suitable work, many of the remaining Serbian youth have taken to robbery, drug dealing, and various forms of smuggling. Also addressed is how this violence, which is carried out by gangs with only marginal levels of organization, has spilled over into the streets, thus affecting many innocent Serbian citizens. The film includes interviews numerous gang members, police officials, and war veterans.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000317
VHS PAL #318
350-1-1:318/1
The Truth is the Victim in Bosnia
A film that attempts to show how the media distorts images of the war, namely the misrepresentation of the Serbs by Western media.
English, Serbian language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000318
350-1-1:318/2
Yugoslavia: The Hidden War
The film traces evidence of the crimes committed against Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia, but which were neglected by international media and organizations.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000318
BetaSP NTSC #319
350-1-1:319/1
The Republic of Serbian Krajina
Documentary discussing the Serbian Krajina region from the Serb perspective. It traces the history of Serb settlement in that area, as well as Serb-Croat relations throughout history. The documentary gives an extensive explanation of the WWII Nazi-backed Independent State of Croatia, and its genocide perpetrated against the Serb people. A link between the Independent State of Croatia and present day Croatia is established in this piece. Much focus is given to Ante Starčević's "Croat Statehood Program," and his theory of Serb inferiority and an ethnically clean Croatia. The documentary follows the systematic buildup of tension among the Croat and Serb people in Croatia—these tensions eventually turning into an armed conflict. There is also an extensive discussion about Serb genocide, the destruction of property, anti-Serb propaganda, the raiding of Serb towns and villages, the attempts by the Krajina Serbs to use democratic means of achieving autonomy, and the systematic expulsion of Serb people from Croatia. Sound bites of Franjo Tuđman and Stipe Mesić proclaiming Croatia's independence from Yugoslavia appear throughout the documentary. Numerous sound bites of Croatian Democratic Union members organizing and supporting the armament of Croatian people. Interview with Jovan Rasković, leader of the Serbian Democratic Party, who talks about an inability to express Serb ideas in the Croat parliament. Several Krajina Serb people talk about their family members being killed and their property destroyed. Dave, and several other foreign mercenaries serving in the Croat army, discuss the abundance of arms and the freedom to do what they want. Mijo Krajinović, a Serb man, describes the torture suffered at a Croat camp. Simo Brdar, curator of the Jasenovac camp, states that many WWII documents showing Serb genocide in Croatia have disappeared. Neven Mešanović, a Serb boy, describes losing his leg to a grenade. Other extensive footage of the following is available: corpses found in Krajina by UN soldiers, Krajina Serbs staging a referendum as well as proclaiming independence from Croatia, two Serb men showing their wounds from being beaten by Croat militia, Serb mobilization, Croat soldiers taking oath to defend Croatia, and much footage of Serb refugees leaving Croatia.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000319
BetaSP NTSC #320
350-1-1:320/1
UN Sanctions against Yugoslavia
The tape consists of different programs on the suffering of people affected by UN sanctions imposed in May 1992. Children, the elderly, and the sick are the most vulnerable, because of the shortage of medical supplies and a strict trade embargo.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000320
BetaSP NTSC #321
350-1-1:321/1
Sanctions: The Suffering of People
Film about the UN sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia, and how its citizens are trying to make ends meet under the trade embargo and travel and transport ban. Many passers-by interviewed.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000321
BetaSP NTSC #322
350-1-1:322/1
Jasenovac
Concentration camp Jasenovac was established during World War II in Croatia. Ustashi persecution over Serbs, Jews and Gypsies.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000322
BetaSP NTSC #323
350-1-1:323/1
The Children of Krajina: Between Earth and Heaven / Deca Krajine: Između zemlje i neba
Children of Serbian Krajina speak about the war and their everyday lives; many of them lost their parents.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000323
BetaSP NTSC #324
350-1-1:324/1
Anniversary Edition of Filmske Novosti: 1944-1994 / Jubilarni žurnal filmskih novosti: 1944-1994
Film on the anniversary of the Yugoslav official news agency "Filmske novosti," with many historic shots.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000324
BetaSP NTSC #325
350-1-1:325/1
Darkness, Mallet, Hunger / Mrak, malj, glad
Report on concentration camps in Bosnia and Croatia during the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, made mostly on the grounds of the findings of the Serbian Refugee Commissariat's Documentation Center. Many witness testimonies.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1994-08,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000325
BetaSP NTSC #326
350-1-1:326/1
Serbs, Croats and the Destiny of Yugoslavia
Historical analysis of the animosities between different nations on the Balkan peninsula, starting with the arrival of the South Slav tribes to this area up to the present.
English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000326
BetaSP NTSC #327
350-1-1:327/1
Notes from the Croatian Past / Replike iz hrvatskog slikopisa
Combining old and new film sequences, the author tries to draw a parallel between the Independent State of Croatia during WWII and the proclamation of independence of Croatia on June 25, 1991.
Croatian, English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000327
BetaSP NTSC #328
350-1-1:328/1
The Next 50 Years: The UN at War and Peace
UN missions in Bosnia, Somalia, Rwanda, and other troubled regions throughout the world, with daily images of success and failure. What will be the UN's role in the future?
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000328
BetaSP NTSC #329
350-1-1:329/1
One of the Vukovar Butchers / Jedan od vukovarskih koljača
Interrogation of a captured Croatian soldier.
Serbian, English language, Date of air: 1991-10-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000329
BetaSP NTSC #330
350-1-1:330/1
Crimes Committed Against Cultural Heritage / Nasilje nad kulturnom baštinom
Report about the destruction of orthodox churches in Slavonija. Archbishop Lukijan interviewed. Shots of devastated historical monuments.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000330
BetaSP NTSC #331
350-1-1:331/1
War in Yugoslavia 1991-1992 / Rat u Jugoslaviji 1991-1992
Political situation in Croatia in the 1990s compared to the period of Independent State of Croatia, 1941–1945. Archival footage of the Croatian Ustashi government, including Ante Pavelić, as well as Serbian victims and their remains from World War II, is featured. Jasenovac, the largest concentration camp in Croatia, is shown. Graphic footage related to the contemporary conflict in Croatia is included, showing refugees fleeing across a river, the celebration of Tuđman's election victory in Zagreb, the proclamation of independence by the Croatian Parliament, the Croatian Army parading, destruction of civilian property in Croatia, a procession of Orthodox priests and Serbs carrying bones, an Orthodox priest giving a speech, Jovan Rašković (SDS leader in Serb-held part of Croatia) rallying in Knin, Slobodan Milošević, Tuđman with Helmut Kohl, destruction in Vukovar, and refugees fleeing from Vukovar. Segments from the testimonies of Jasenovac survivors and by survivors of the contemporary conflict in Croatia are also included.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000331
BetaSP NTSC #332
350-1-1:332/1
The Truth About the War in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1992: War Crimes of the Muslim-Croat Armed Formations Against Serbs
The program shows the persecution of Serbs by the Muslim and Croat forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The "Muslim" government of Bosnia is described as an extreme Islamic government on the rise. Incidents involving the withdrawal of the Yugoslav People's Army from Sarajevo in 1992 are shown. Footage of JNA positions in Sarajevo, residents leaving the city at the city airport, destruction of the city, graphic images of soldiers murdered in Sarajevo, and JNA barracks is included. Incidents of JNA withdrawal from Tuzla, on May 15, 1992 and from Trebinje in July 1992 are also featured. Captions with names of victims that died featured throughout the film. Interviews with Serbian survivors, both soldiers and civilians. Some footage of British mercenaries from a BBC documentary is included.
English language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000332
BetaSP NTSC #333
350-1-1:333/1
ABC World News Tonight
This report focuses on rape, which is recognized as a war crime by the War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. A UN commission has collected information on over 4,500 cases of rape in the former Yugoslavia. UN investigators estimate that more than 20,000 rapes have been carried out. Women on all sides, Muslim, Croat, and Serb, have been raped, but the patterns of reported rapes “strongly suggest that a systematic rape policy existed in certain areas” controlled by Serbs. Statements are provided by Samra Gluhić (Women's Support Group), Cherif Bassiouni (head of the UN commission investigating war crimes in Bosnia), victims of rape, and Borislav Herak, a captured Serb soldier who describes the rapes he committed. Images of women refugees included.
English language, Date of air: 1995-09-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000333
BetaSP NTSC #334
350-1-1:334/1
To the Order of Muhammad: Or Sacrificing of One's Own People
Croats and Muslims in Bosnia are accused of arranging bloodshed of their own civilians to win the international community over on their side. Following these accusations, international sanctions were imposed on Yugoslavia in May 1992.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000334
BetaSP NTSC #335
350-1-1:335/1
VIN Video Weekly / VIN Video nedeljnik
This edition features: 1. "Rizik istine" by Milica Kovačić, about the revoking of CNN and AFP correspondents' accreditations in Yugoslavia; Vojislav Šešelj and Zoran Đinđić are interviewed on the issue. 2. "Između egzila i azila" by Gordana Suša, about 350,000 mostly young emigrants from Yugoslavia, who have left since the war begun; Lordan Zafranović, Vidosav Stevanović, Predrag Matvejević, and Ivan Đurić interviewed. 3. "Metla po čistačima" by Jelena Grujić, about attacks on Gypsies and Albanians, workers of the garbage collection service in Belgrade, while on duty in the night shift. 4. "Argumentom protiv utiska" by Isidora Sekulić: attacks on the Serbian Soros Foundation are contrasted with facts about its humanitarian aid, particularly to medical institutions; Prof. Dr Dušan Vranješević, Head of the Youth Psychiatric Clinic in Belgrade, and Dr Dragan Lukić, from Center for handicapped children, are interviewed. 5. "Udruženje oštećenih" by Dušan Gajić, about various protests over a lack of money for pensions, health, children’s allowances, and other social needs. 6. "Novac I politika" by Mihailo Kovač, about how Serbian politics is being governed more and more by strong financial circles, and not by political parties. 7. "Iza fasade" by Ljubiša Stavrić: a video essay on Belgrade and its transformation from a European city into provincial center. 8. "Bombe" by Filip Švarm: an analysis of the political consequences of the first NATO air strikes in Bosnia. 9. "Junaci rata i mira" by Radivoj Cvetićanin: a portrait of Vitaly Churkin, Russian envoy to the former Yugoslavia. 10. "Stereotip fašizma" by Marina Grihović, on anti-Semitism in Serbia; Filip David and Aljoša Mimica are interviewed. 11. "Između zločina I kazne" by Boris Gajić, on ecological accidents in Serbia, and the lack of control over imported food—which is sometimes contaminated. 12. "Corax": a portrait of a popular Yugoslav cartoonist.
Serbian language, Date of air: 1994-04-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000335
BetaSP NTSC #336
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VIN Video Weekly / VIN Video nedeljnik
In this edition: "Lista nad listama" by Vojislav Donić; "Figure za žrtvovanje" by Aleksandar Životić and Božo Knežević; "Tonči i batine" by Isidora Sekulić; "Dogovor (Milošević and Tuđman)"; "Palicom do priznanja" by Nebojša Redžić; "Opstanak kao izumiranje" by Zlatko Paković; "Tuđini kod kuće" by Gordana Suša and Rade Radovanović; "Jugo-san" by Nenad Stefanović; and "Kum VIII" by Filip Mladenović.
Serbian language, Date of air: 1995-05-20,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000336
BetaSP NTSC #337
350-1-1:337/1
Farewell Bosnia
The film follows the lives of two young Bosnian refugee women. Alma Kuduzović and Biba Hadžiavdić talk about coming to the United States in order to complete their education. Alma shares her memory and the emotions felt during the first days of war, and describes the way her family fled to Croatia. She also compares the school system in the U.S. to that in Bosnia. Biba talks about the impression of America and how she felt when she came to the U.S. The girls are shown hanging out with other young Bosnian friends, as well as going shopping for a Bosnian flag. Both of them talk about the things they miss from Bosnia. They are shown talking about the food they miss, as well as showing each other pictures of the friends and family they left behind.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000337
BetaSP NTSC #338
350-1-1:338/1
Testimonies: Crimes in Kupres / Svedočenja: Zločini na Kupresu
On the massacre of the civilian Serb population in Kupres carried out by Bosnian Croat forces. Captured Croat soldiers and survivors are interviewed. Includes some very graphic shots of massacred bodies.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000338
BetaSP NTSC #339
350-1-1:339/1
Genocide Committed against the Serbian People in Croatia 1941-1991 [1/2]and [2/2]
A documentary made up of two parts. Talks about the history of genocide perpetrated by Croat paramilitary forces upon the Serbian people. Film gives a detailed history of the philosophy behind the genocide against the Serbs people. The history of WWII Nazi-backed Croatia and its concentration camps where mostly Serbs were exterminated is presented in great detail. Furthermore, a doctrine of Croatia's WWII ideological leader, Ante Starčević is also examined in great detail. Authors make an attempt to show that present-day genocide against the Serb people was to be expected, as many paramilitary groups have called upon the beliefs of WWII Nazi Croatia. Extensive footage of WWII Croatia and of concentration camp victims is available in this film.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000339
BetaSP NTSC #340
350-1-1:340/1
60 Minutes: Interview with Radovan Karadžić
A short interview with Radovan Karadžić by Mike Wallace. Karadžic denies participation in any war atrocities, and claims to support all actions of Bosnian Serbs. Footage of his wife and family, at daughter's wedding. Footage of atrocities shown.
English language, Date of air: 1995-09-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000340
BetaSP NTSC #341
350-1-1:341/1
The Point Man: Coverage of Richard Holbrook and Peace Negotiations
Nightline program. Richard Holbrook is followed around for several days of peace negotiations with Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian leaders. Provides an insight into the whole process, although from a very American perspective. There is a short interview with him at the end of the broadcast.
English language, Date of air: 1995-09-15,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000341
BetaSP NTSC #342
350-1-1:342/1
Talking with David Frost: Radovan Karadžić
Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadžić, answers questions pertaining to the events in Srebrenica, declaring that Srebrenica was not a safe area, but a Muslim stronghold.He claims that the international community discriminates against the Serbs, and is in favor of Muslims.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000342
BetaSP NTSC #343
350-1-1:343/1
Killing Memory: Bosnia's Cultural Heritage and Its Destruction
Andras Riedlmayer presents a lucid introduction to the cultural history of Bosnia and Herzegovina from pre-Ottoman times to the present, as well as a devastating exposé of the systematic destruction of Bosnian heritage in its cities and towns (Sarajevo, Mostar, Banja Luka, Višegrad, Foča, and Stolac). A wealth of photographs and slides are used in this presentation.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000343
BetaSP NTSC #344
350-1-1:344/1
Vukovar [1/2]and [2/2]
Press conference with Veselin Šlivančanin, a Yugoslav Army commander, in Vukovar, on November 18 and 19, 1991, immediately before the fall. Many people who were in the basement during the fight now released. UN mediator Cyrus Vance visits collection camp for civilians.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000344
BetaSP NTSC #345
350-1-1:345/1
Reports From the Battlefield [2/2]
Interviews of Serb refugees from Western Slavonia (Podravska Slatina) collected in a center in Banja Luka. Soldiers and civilians from the front near Daruvar are interviewed, also from the villages of Gređani, Čovac, Okučani, Bogićevci, Kosovac, and Jasenovac.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000345
BetaSP NTSC #346
350-1-1:346/1
Reports From the Battlefield [2/2]
Continues from the previous cassette. Serb soldiers at the front. The footage includes reports from Jasenovac, Glina, Kordun, Slunj, Cetingrad, Knin, and Drniš.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000346
BetaSP NTSC #347
350-1-1:347/1
From the Front
Footage includes reports from Drniš (headquarters), Obrovac, Benkovac, and Novigrad. Some parts were shot on January 15, 1992. Interviews with local residents in Drniš, and lengthy interviews with Yugoslav People's Army officers are featured.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000347
BetaSP NTSC #348
350-1-1:348/1
Knin [1/2]
Includes: 1. Serbian Renewal Movement rally in Belgrade in support of Serbian Krajina and its president Milan Babić (2/07/92). Milan Paroški, Žarko Gavrilović, and Dragoslav Bokan among speakers. 2. Press conference of Dr. Milan Babić; 3. Interview of Dr. Milan Babić; 4. Blue Helmets - Knin (2/08/92); 5. Survey in Knin (2/10/92); 6. Inhabitants from Knin interviewed; 7. Parliament session of the Republic of Serbian Krajina on Cyrus Vance’s peace plan.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992-02,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000348
BetaSP NTSC #349
350-1-1:349/1
Knin [2/2]
The footage includes: 1. Knin – Parliament session (continued from the previous cassette), Milan Babić speaks; 2. Front line Novigrad – Knin; 3. Survey Knin; 4. Refugees from Glamoč (4/10/92); 5. Front line Glamoč-Livno (4/10/92); 6. Kupres (4/09/92); 7. Glamoč (4/10/92).
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000349
BetaSP NTSC #350
350-1-1:350/1
Refugees from Livno
1. Interviews with refugee women and men from Livno area, now situated in Glamoč (4/10/92). 2. Interviews with captured Croatian soldiers from Travnik collected at Manjača camp. 3. Refugees from Travnik; 4. Momir Talić, Bosnian Serb Army officer and two other commanders at a press conference at the Manjača prison camp (6/11/93).
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000350
BetaSP NTSC #351
350-1-1:351/1
Footage Taken After the Fall of Srebrenica
This footage is taken on July 13 and 14, 1995, two days after Serbs took control of Srebrenica, showing Muslim refugees fleeing with very little property, women and children refugees about to be evacuated by buses, UN soldiers negotiating with Serb soldiers, Muslim men being separated from women, men separated into a remote field, brief statements by the UN soldiers, Serbs firing tanks and heavy artillery at the hills where the Muslims are hiding, civilians coming down from the hills accompanied by Serb soldiers, and the destruction of a mosque and other buildings in Srebrenica, as well as statements by Serb civilians and soldiers.
Bosnian language, Date of air: 1995-04-13, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000351
BetaSP NTSC #352
350-1-1:352/1
My Guest - My Truth / Moj gost - moja istina
Bosnian Serb TV interview with Milutin Kukanjac, retired general of JNA, former commander of the Second Military District, Sarajevo.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000352
BetaSP NTSC #353
350-1-1:353/1
The Spin: Report about the Fall of Srebrenica
John Sweeney (The Observer) looks at the circumstances of the fall of the UN-designated safe haven of Srebrenica. Sweeney reveals how various governmental and UN officials disseminated misinformation and hid the truth about the enclave's fall. Thousands of Muslim men have gone missing after the Bosnian Serb soldiers took control of Srebrenica. Bosnian Serbs banned journalists from Srebrenica, so the UN became the only source of information. The Dutch troops destroyed their video material before they left the enclave because the video incriminated them for not helping the civilians. The British Ministry of Defense talked down the evidence of massacre, while the U.S. released their evidence too late. Interviews with journalists and UN officials featured.
English language, Date of air: 1995-09-13, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000353
BetaSP NTSC #354
350-1-1:354/1
Do Not Close Your Eyes to the Truth
Yugoslav Red Cross’ appeal for humanitarian help after ethnic cleansing of Serbs in Croatia during military operations "Bljesak" (Lightning) and "Oluja" (Storm).
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000354
BetaSP NTSC #355
350-1-1:355/1
World News Tonight
Report by Sheila MacVicker on a village in the Krajina region of Serb territory in Croatia, where elderly Serbian civilians were reportedly slaughtered and then buried by Croatian troops.
English language, Date of air: 1995-10-04,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000355
BetaSP NTSC #356
350-1-1:356/1
Nightline: US and NATO as Peacekeepers in the Balkans
An analysis of the future of the U.S./NATO as peacekeepers in the former Yugoslavia. Interviews with Serbian civilians and Radovan Karadžić who see the U.S./NATO as enemies. Also interviews with UN Commanders and U.S. Special envoy Richard Holbrook.
English language, Date of air: 1995-10-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000356
BetaSP NTSC #357
350-1-1:357/1
Šaban Kurtović: Testimony
A Muslim soldier Šaban Kurtović, arrested by the Serbs, describes how he raped, tortured, and killed Serbian civilians from Crkvine, under the command of Mehmed Vukara.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000357
BetaSP NTSC #358
350-1-1:358/1
Testimonies: Escape from the Largest Concentration Camp / Svedočenja: Bekstvo iz najvećeg konclogora
This program shows a convoy of 13 buses with 721 civilians, mostly women, children, and elderly, departing Sarajevo on their way to Serbia and Belgrade. Statements by women, children, and elderly refugees of different ethnic origin included. The main reason for leaving Sarajevo is the lack of food, electricity, and water, and the constant fear of being shot. Many say that humanitarian aid was scarce. Most refugees are very emotional when talking about the destruction and suffering in Sarajevo. Includes footage of convoy on the road, refugees in a bus, refugees meeting with their relatives in a sport hall in Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993-11-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000358
350-1-1:358/2
Refugees from Travnik [1/2] / Travničke izbjeglice [1/2]
Serbian refugees fleeing from Travnik after the killing by Muslim forces started. Interview with Colonel Janko Trivić, commander of the Serbian troops at Mt. Vlašić.
Belarusian language, Date of production: 1993-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000358
BetaSP NTSC #359
350-1-1:359/1
Refugees from Travnik [2/2] / Travničke izbjeglice [2/2]
Interviews with Croat refugees from Travnik and the Lašva valley passing through Serb-held territory on their way to Croatia. Muslims and Mujahideens expelled many of them from their villages—their homes burned and many people slaughtered. Includes shots from concentration camp Manjača and some detainees interviewed.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993-06,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000359
BetaSP NTSC #360
350-1-1:360/1
Mostar Serbs / Mostarski Srbi
Confession of Petar Sudar, a Serb from Mostar, who was arrested by the Bosnian Croats forces. He talks about the repression of Mostar Serbs, and of torture in the concentration camp performed by Dr. Zoran Hranilović, a surgeon from Zagreb. He mentions the names of other perpetrators, like Josip Ambruž, Sabrina Elezović, Ivan Zelenika, Vinko Martinović called Štela, Ahmet Makitan, Ivan Perunčić, Sergej Belović, Ivan Kozir, and others.
English, English language, Date of production: 1993-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000360
BetaSP NTSC #361
350-1-1:361/1
Crime and Expulsion / Zločin i progonstvo
This film concentrates on a massive expulsion of Serb civilians from Kninska Krajina, Croatia, where the Serbs were the majority of population. Serb civilians fled the region without any resistance when the Croatian forces, referred to in the video as "Croatian aggressors," launched their offensive in August 1995. Footage shown includes a long caravan of refugees traveling to Serbia in cars, buses, tractors, and trucks; destruction of houses and property; dead civilians; and the consequences of attacks on refugees. Many refugees talk about their individual experiences.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1995-08,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000361
BetaSP NTSC #362
350-1-1:362/1
NATO Bombs Civil Targets in Republika Srpska
This video shows the results of the NATO air strikes in the Bosnian Serb areas from August 30 to September 13, 1995. The text at the beginning of the video says: "For two weeks, Serbian civilians and military objects were targeted 863 times. NATO Air Forces bombed hospitals, houses, farms, and schools. Over 5000 tons of explosive materials were used." Residents of Pale (a Bosnian Serb stronghold near Sarajevo) and Pavlovac (a village near Nevesinje), and representatives from the hospital and University in the Serbian part of Sarajevo, describe their experiences. Graphic footage of injured and dead people is included.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000362
BetaSP NTSC #363
350-1-1:363/1
Tragic Consequences of the Croatian Aggression on the Republic of Serbian Krajina
This program partially consists of the material included in the program, "Crime and Expulsion." More graphic images of dead civilians and soldiers breaking into houses are included. In addition, E. J. Flynn (UN Human Rights Officer) assesses human rights abuses in Plavno Valley, Krajina. His delegation found a small town nearby, where almost every structure was on fire. The villagers were called away to a meeting in a nearby village. Elderly women describe how they found their husbands dead when they came back. Croatian Military Governor in Knin, General Čermak, comments on such incidents.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000363
BetaSP NTSC #364
350-1-1:364/1
Royal Visit / Kraljevska poseta
His Royal Highness Prince Alexander visiting Belgrade, Serbia, for the first time.
English language, Date of production: 1991,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000364
350-1-1:364/2
Crown Prince among His People
His Royal Highness Prince Alexander on the streets of Belgrade during the rally against Milošević.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000364
BetaSP NTSC #365
350-1-1:365/1
Children Under Siege: Sarajevo 1992-93
About Emina and Adis children injured by a shell. A UNICEF worker explains how his organization helps children in Sarajevo and in Bosnia.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000365
BetaSP NTSC #366
350-1-1:366/1
Don't Shoot the Children / Ne pucajte u djecu
Portraits of injured children in Sarajevo.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1992-10,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000366
350-1-1:366/2
Wedding in Sarajevo / Vjenčanje u Sarajevu
Tragic love story in Sarajevo.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000366
BetaSP NTSC #367
350-1-1:367/1
The Four Seasons: Winter, Winter, Winter
A glimpse of how children and their parents cope with the cold winter in Sarajevo: a child chops up a chair for firewood; a mother feeds a dying stove with a plastic toy plane and a sneaker; children collect water, learn English on the radio, and attend classes by candlelight with their UNICEF textbooks; and a boy bakes bread for his family with the flour he earns working for the local baker.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000367
BetaSP NTSC #368
350-1-1:368/1
Massacre in Dobrinja / Masakr u Dobrinji
The massacre in Dobrinja, when mortar shells fell upon the soccer field while a match was being held. Wounded being taken to the hospital.
Belarusian language, Date of production: 1992-08-31,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000368
BetaSP NTSC #369
350-1-1:369/1
A Day in the Life of Lazarela
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000369
350-1-1:369/2
Girl and Father
A story about a two-year-old girl whose father was killed.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000369
350-1-1:369/3
Milan for ABC
Unedited shots of Sarajevo during the siege.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000369
BetaSP NTSC #370
350-1-1:370/1
The Boy and the Bridge / Dečak i most
About a Mostar boy and his first jump from the Old Bridge into the Neretva river.
Spanish; Castilian language, Date of production: 1971,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000370
350-1-1:370/2
Nine Circles of Mostar's Hell / Devet krugova mostarskog pakla
The footage shows the physical destruction of Mostar, including the Old Bridge, shot by a shell on August 11, 1993
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000370
350-1-1:370/3
Unfinished Business
The report depicts the shelling of the Old Bridge, civilians being shot down, and doctors trying to save the wounded.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000370
350-1-1:370/4
Mostar
Report about the destruction of Mostar caused by the Bosnian Serb forces after 75 days of siege.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000370
BetaSP NTSC #371
350-1-1:371/1
Mostar Old Bridge / Mostar Stari most
Footage of damage caused to Mostar and the destruction of Mostar's Old bridge.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000371
350-1-1:371/2
Sarajevo to the Bosnian Towns during the War Year of 1995 / Sarajevo gradovima BiH ratne '95
A film about Mostar's history, followed by discussion with Mostar's cultural and military leaders: Gradimir Gojer, Safer Oručević, Mostar's Major, military commander Emir Humo, Emir Balić, painter Afan Ramić, Abdulah Sidran.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000371
350-1-1:371/3
Let There Be Light / Neka bude svjetlosti
A Mostar Radio anchorwoman describing how she lost her husband. Interviews with Mostar men who were held in Croatian-run prison camps. They describe the torture they endured while imprisoned.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000371
BetaSP NTSC #372
350-1-1:372/1
48 Hours: America's Mission
Dan Rather reports from Bosnia on the eve of the deployment of U.S. troops. He visits U.S. soldiers in Germany as they prepare for the mission, debates the wisdom of the U.S. presence through interviews with the fathers and wives of soldiers killed in Somalia, visits refugee camps, presents a brief history of the conflict, considers the attitudes and feelings of Croatians and Serbs in the U.S., and presents a brief Arkan segment.
English language, Date of air: 1995-12-14,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000372
BetaSP NTSC #373
350-1-1:373/1
The Death of Yugoslavia: Enter Nationalism [1/6]
This is the first of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. Part one begins with the period immediately following Tito's death in 1980, focusing on the reshuffling of power and the economic problems within the Yugoslav federation at that time. Slobodan Milošević's steps to broaden power are retraced closely, specifically his historic trip to Kosovo in April 1987, which brought him the support of Serbian nationalists. The documentary shows how Milošević used the local Serbian nationalists in Kosovo as a power base, orchestrating protests throughout the Yugoslavian republics that created a wave of Serbian nationalism. The Communist Party meeting that enabled Milošević to replace Ivan Stambolić as President of Serbia in a power grab is also covered. The documentary shows how Milošević then stripped Kosovo of its autonomy, which triggered a nervous reaction in Slovenia and other republics. Slovenia's move to secede from the Yugoslav federation is highlighted, including the role played by Mladina magazine. In concluding part one, the implications of an independent Slovenia are examined, relating to the looming domino-effect of secession by individual republics within the Yugoslav federation, as Milan Kučan and his delegation are shown walking out on the Communist Party congress. The key politicians are interviewed throughout the documentary, including Slobodan Milošević, Ivan Stambolić, Milan Kučan, Borisav Jović, Petar Gračanin, Miroslav Šolević, Azem Vllasi, Mira Marković, Dušan Mitević, Dragiša Pavlović, Dušan Čkrebić, Raif Dizdarević, Momir Bulatović, JNA Admiral Branko Mamula, Franci Zavrl, Janez Janša, JNA Colonel Aleksandar Vasiljević, Vasil Tuporkovski, Ivica Račan, and Ciril Ribičič.
English language, Date of air: 1995-12-26,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000373
BetaSP NTSC #374
350-1-1:374/1
The Death of Yugoslavia: The Road to War [2/6]
This is the second of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. Part two covers the period of political maneuvering following Slovenia's successful bid for independence, beginning by interviewing Head of Yugoslav Intelligence General Vasiljević about an alleged secret meeting between Croatian Defense Minister Martin Špegelj and Hungarian arms dealers. The documentary details the high tensions between Serb and Croat officials as Croatia strives for independence, featuring a play-by-play account of how Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia, Borisav Jović, Serbian delegate to the Yugoslav State Council, and other Serbian military and government officials orchestrated a plan to prevent Croatia from seceding from the Yugoslav Federation. Vasil Tupurkovski, Macedonian delegate to the Yugoslav State Council, is interviewed extensively, describing how Milošević and Jović devised a plan to gain control over the JNA. Actual sessions of the Yugoslav State Council meetings show Council delegates splitting as a showdown between Stipe Mesić, Croatian delegate to the Yugoslav State Council, and Jović develops. As Croatia struggles to gain independence on a federal level, the Serbian minority in the Krajina region begins to revolt under the leadership of Milan Babić, Mayor of Knin, and Milan Martić, Police Chief in Knin. The underlying power struggle between Franjo Tuđman, President of Croatia, and Slobodan Milošević is described, including footage of their meeting. Part two ends with the beginning of an all-out war in Vukovar, showing footage of refugees and the destruction. Other key politicians and military figures interviewed include Petar Gračanin, Žarko Jokanović, Slavko Degoricija, Warren Zimmerman, Perica Jurić, and JNA Generals Života Panić, Branko Mamula, Veljko Kadijević, Blagoje Adžić, and Andrija Rašeta.
English language, Date of air: 1995-12-27,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000374
BetaSP NTSC #375
350-1-1:375/1
The Death of Yugoslavia: Wars of Independence [3/6]
This is the third of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. In the third segment, the details of how Croatia and Slovenia gained independence from Yugoslavia are provided, as well as how the Serbian and Yugoslav federation authorities and the Yugoslav Army responded to the situation. Involvement of the EC leaders and their attempts to prevent the outbreak of war are discussed. Events in Borovo selo, Kijevo, and Vukovar, which led to bloodshed and ethnic cleansing, are explained in detail. Interviews with all key politicians and players included, accompanied with footage of events.
English language, Date of air: 1995-12-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000375
BetaSP NTSC #376
350-1-1:376/1
The Death of Yugoslavia: The Gates of Hell [4/6]
This is the fourth of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. Part four focuses on specific events and political maneuverings in Bosnia and Herzegovina that led to the outbreak of war. The ethnic make-up and history of Bosnia are detailed briefly for context. The tense situation in Sarajevo during late 1991 and early 1992 is focused upon, including footage from the Bosnian parliament showing the heightened political rhetoric and ultimate showdown between the party of Radovan Karadžić, leader of the Bosnian Serbs, and Alija Izetbegović, President of Bosnia and Herzegovina, accompanied by interviews with both politicians. Protestors promoting peace and tolerance are shown being fired on by Karadžić's snipers shortly before the all-out war. Initial outbreaks of the war in the northern cities of Bijeljina and Zvornik are chronicled, pointing out the effects of ethnic cleansing and how it played into the Bosnian Serb agenda. Vojislav Šešelj, paramilitary leader, and other Serbian politicians point to the involvement of the central Serbian government in the Bosnian conflict through paramilitary, military, and logistical support for the Bosnian Serbs. Later events that led to all-out war are also featured, including detailed accounts of events in Sarajevo which led to the Bosnian Serbs' siege of the city, accompanied by interviews with politicians and key players involved, as well as footage from local TV stations.
English language, Date of air: 1995-12-29,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000376
BetaSP NTSC #377
350-1-1:377/1
The Death of Yugoslavia: A Safe Area [5/6]
This is the fifth of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. The fifth part covers the progress of war in Bosnia, focusing on the "safe area" of Srebrenica that was besieged and eventually taken by the Serbs. A detailed analysis of the involvement of the international community is provided, accompanied by a discussion of the Vance-Owen plan, American and Russian influence, and the use of NATO. Events in Sarajevo, Goražde and other "safe areas" also discussed, with highlights on relations between the Bosnian Serbs and Milošević, Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats, and the Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats. Bosnian Muslim Commander Naser Orić meeting with General Morillon. Statement by Bosnian government official Murat Efendić. Footage includes the "Chess scene" where Mladić and Karadžić play chess and General Milenko Živanović is looking on the game. UN soldier covering his face (in shame) with Mladić sitting next to him after Žepa takeover.
English language, Date of air: 1995-12-30,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000377
BetaSP NTSC #378
350-1-1:378/1
The Death of Yugoslavia: Pax Americana [6/6]
This is the sixth of six separate films that combine to form a definitive history of the break up of Yugoslavia. In this last segment, the Bosnian Serbs' final assault and massacre of Muslims in Srebrenica is detailed, as well as Croatia's invasion and subsequent ousting of Serbs in the Krajina. American and NATO involvement are shown and discussed, including interviews with numerous U.S. State Department officials. Events that led up to the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995 are covered with great detail. The various stages of the agreement are shown, including commentary by Richard Holbrooke, as well as the final divisions of territory in Bosnia.
English language, Date of air: 1995-12-31,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000378
BetaSP NTSC #379
350-1-1:379/1
Piece of Bread and Drop of Water
After the Bosnian Government military offensive, desperate refugees from Sanski Most, Ključ, Krupa, and the rest of Western Bosnia flee towards Banjaluka. Vice-president of the Serb organization from Krajina, Dragan Divjak, included.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1995-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000379
350-1-1:379/2
Interview with Željko Ražnjatović Arkan
Arkan talks about the beginning of his engagement in the war in Croatia. Despite a lack of prior military experience, Arkan describes how he formed the Serbian Volunteer Guard, also known as the Tigers, relying on strict discipline and the help of Serbs from foreign mercenary brigades, such as the Legion of Foreigners. Arkan criticizes the Yugoslav National Army (JNA), calling its soldiers a "bunch of scum." Arkan discusses his post-war role as a parliamentary representative in Kosovo, which he refers to as Kosmet, including his motives for entering politics. Arkan stresses that serving the Serbian nation has been his driving force and emphasizes the importance of the Serbian tradition and nationhood to Serbs. He briefly describes his political campaign, securing him five seats in parliament, as well as divisions among the Serbs in Kosovo. Arkan also details his vision of the "United Serbian States," which would encompass all Serb lands and be governed by an "all-Serb assembly." Arkan further talks about his connection with the Belgrade soccer team, the Red Star, outlining his plans for future involvement in the team's affairs. He talks about the Tigers' backgrounds, their initial motivation to join him, and their post-war whereabouts. According to Arkan, men of all social backgrounds joined the Guard when a "drop of Obilić's blood boiled within them," a statement implying that modern-day Serb defenders are descendants of a Serbian hero who took the life of Sultan Murat in the battle of Kosovo polje in 1389. Arkan proudly details his business ventures which enable him to continually provide financial support to the families of the 28 fallen and over a hundred injured Tigers. Arkan also talks about his family, especially his four small children.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000379
350-1-1:379/3
Serb Refugees from Kninska Krajina in Serbia / Srpske Izbjeglice iz Kninske krajine u Srbiji
Refugees from Knin trying to move into Croatian houses in villages near Belgrade. Croats and Serbs interviewed. Milan Vranješ, president of the local community Novi Banovci. Bosiljka Pek, Croat, resident of Novi Banovci, Đorđe Dragac, Serb refugee from Knin, Zoran Preočanin, Serb, refugee from Knin.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000379
BetaSP NTSC #380
350-1-1:380/1
Nightline: Can There Be Peace Without Justice?
Report on the massacres and mass grave sites in Bosnia. U.S. forces' dilemma on whether to expand the definition of mission to deal with crimes against humanity. Interview with survivors from various massacres, Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights John Shattuck, Roy Gutman and ICTY Judge Richard Goldstone.
English language, Date of air: 1996-01-25,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000380
BetaSP NTSC #381
350-1-1:381/1
End of Yugoslavia [1/2]
This report gives a detailed insight into the Bosnian conflict outlining the events leading to the war and the future siege of Sarajevo. Europe's response to the conflict is also detailed, particularly in the second part of the report. The report begins by focusing on how pre-war Bosnia, and Sarajevo in particular, had symbolized the spirit of Yugoslavia, describing how Bosnian Muslims, Croat, and Serbs lived side by side. The referendum for secession held in Bosnia as Yugoslavia was disintegrating is then detailed. Right after the results went public, where Bosnian Muslims and Croats voted for independence from Yugoslavia and most of the Serbs boycotted the ballot, the report explains that armed men with masked faces set up barricades around in the predominantly Serb areas of Sarajevo. It is further explained that the pathological nationalism of their leaders radicalized Bosnian Serbs to take up the call to arms to prevent Bosnia from succeeding from Yugoslavia. The report then explains that by April 1992, Sarajevo, a former Olympic City, and the rest of Bosnia were at war. As the report points out, Bosnian Serbs enjoyed an arms superiority for several weeks through the control of the JNA, but were then forced to withdraw from all the city's barracks, leaving Sarajevo to various paramilitary groups, all with the goal to prevent Bosnian Serb domination. The report shows Bosnian Serb bunkers, stating that Bosnian Serb fighters managed to secure their positions in the hills above Sarajevo, which allowed them to have every street in full view. The Markale marketplace bombing of civilians waiting in line for bread in May of 1992 is pointed out as having shocked the world. It is still not clear who fired the mortar shell. Details are given of how Sarajevo became a dangerous place where snipers aimed at children, where funerals could not be conducted in peace, and where any venture outside could mean death. The damages that can result from being at the frontline are exemplified by what happened to Dobrinja, the Western suburb of Sarajevo, where the frontline ran right through and left its 40,000 inhabitants cut off from the world for months. Dobrinja's maternity hospital, which lay right on the frontline, is shown as having been one of the first targets of Bosnian Serb attacks. The report states that the Bosnian government made several unsuccessful attempts to break the siege so that children could be evacuated, as endless streams of casualties left many hospitals in agony. The report then goes into a discussion regarding the detention camps found in Bosnia in August of 1992, which caused pictures of the Manjača and Omarska camps to circulate around the globe. The report states that Bosnian Serbs committed most of the atrocities, but that their enemies were not blameless either. The report explains that losing their land and cities did not prevent the Bosnian Muslims from striking back with lethal force, and gives the example of an early morning attack by Bosnian Muslim forces, where 28 Bosnian Serb soldiers were brutally murdered; two of the soldiers were roasted on a spit. Appalling pictures of mass graves and starved prisoners got the world to take action, according to the report. The UN acted by setting up a war crimes tribunal along the lines of the Nuremberg trials. The report explains that in the countryside, the Bosnian Serb desire to create a ethnically-pure enclave, was expressed through ethnic cleansing where anyone of a different ethnic or religious background was stripped of life or property. As the report states, there are no exact numbers on how many people were displaced, died, or were in prison camps and survived, but there are countless villages which lay empty. According to the report, the estimated 2.5 million Bosnian refugees have created the worst refugee crisis since WWII. Germany, it is detailed, was most responsive to the crisis by taking up half a million refugees. The report ends by stating that most of Bosnia's refugees remain homeless and friendless, with their lives in ruins. Other footage included: Sarajevo being bombed at night, men sitting in a cafe, people voting at the polls, masked Bosnian Serbs behind barricades, demonstration and later shooting at Marijin dvor Square, dead JNA soldiers laying in the street, JNA trucks moving out of Sarajevo, Croat paramilitary soldiers (HOS), marketplace bombing victims, babies strapped to bus seats, bodies of two dead children, an old woman being hit at a funeral service, destroyed apartments in Dobrinja, doctors working on a wounded, graves on the roadside, destroyed maternity hospital in Dobrinja, Koševo maternity ward, wounded being brought into Koševo, tall buildings being hit, destroyed houses, funeral of the 28 Bosnian Serb soldiers, body bags, Bosnian Serb soldiers driving through the countryside, refugees fleeing, refugee camps, and refugees arriving at a German train station.
English language, Date of air: 1992-11-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000381
350-1-1:381/2
End of Yugoslavia [2/2]
The report continues by outlining Europe's direct response to the war in Bosnia. It is explained how by April of 1992, frustration with the inability to understand the conflict caused mediators, peacekeepers, aid workers, and journalists to leave Sarajevo. General helplessness of the European Community to solve the Bosnia conflict is then outlined by stating that the organization which holds itself responsible for European stability was the first to leave Bosnia, immediately followed by UN forces whose headquarters for Croatia were set up in Sarajevo. It is then explained that the Red Cross left after one of their convoys was ambushed, killing their new Sarajevo representative. The report states that more journalists and cameramen were killed or wounded in Croatia and Bosnia than in any other war. According to the report, the leaving of international monitors resulted in even worst shelling of Sarajevo, which was captured only by SKY News, and which shocked the world. The report then outlines Western efforts to find a solution for the Bosnia crisis, beginning with an act of political showmanship where French President Francois Mitterand toured the streets of Sarajevo with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegović. The report states that instead of ending the war, the world chose to send in peacekeeping troops to support the humanitarian aid effort, which the international community decided to make in Bosnia. UN soldiers were to control the Sarajevo airport, and escort the food, medicine, and clothing shipped into Sarajevo. The presence of UN soldiers is explained as not resulting in the end of the siege, but rather a blaze of publicity as politicians, such as British parliament member Douglas Heard, who flew into Sarajevo and then disappeared into armored vehicles for talks with warring leaders. According to the report, these talks went nowhere and no cease-fire was ever held. The report then details the London Conference, which was organized by Britain’s Prime Minister John Major who organized the UN and most of Europe for a two-day conference dealing with Bosnia. The only results of the conference were that one mediator, Lord Carrington, was replaced by two new ones: Cyrus Vance for the UN, and Lord David Owen for the EU. The report then gives an outline of the trouble humanitarian aid distributors have experienced in Bosnia. At the end of the summer an incident where an Italian cargo flight was shot down while leaving Sarajevo is given as example of how susceptible to attack the lightly armed UN troops are. The report explains that inside Sarajevo, people have been given aid roughly once every two weeks, even though both the queue and the bureaucratic procedures are lengthy. It is further noted that even though not enough food is given out, Sarajevo is lucky compared to other areas of Bosnia where many of the UN aid convoys were halted by Bosnian Serb who would not let the UN feed Bosnian Serb enemies. According to the report, some of the walls were created by Bosnian Serb commanders, other by widows, mothers, and sisters who’ve lost husbands, sons, and brothers. Srebrenica is given as example of being hit the hardest because it was cut off for seven months. It is explained that even after an agreement was reached with the Bosnian Serb military and political leadership, it proved worthless for three days as local Bosnian Serb commanders refused to let the trucks go through and organized another wailing barricade dressed in black. The report concludes that the insistence of Western leaders on a policy based only on talks and delivery of humanitarian aid resolved nothing, as food aid was always too little and too late, and the case fire was never adhered to. The report shows Sarajevo's firemen turn up regardless of the shelling and the snipers; but even as they overcome a fire on one side of a building, another fire starts at the other side. The report finishes by stating that the world keeps looking on as Sarajevo and its most prized treasures disappear in flames. Statements by Britain’s Prime Minister John Major, Lord David Owen, a female civilian, UN aid worker Larry Hollingworth, and UN Commander in Bosnia General Philip Morrillon. Other footage available: landscapes of Sarajevo, UN vehicles with bullet holes in their windshields, destroyed UN headquarters in Sarajevo, destroyed UN trucks, Sarajevo being bombed at dusk, UN trucks entering Sarajevo, UN soldiers unloading a cargo plane, Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević at the London Conference, UN cargo plane landing in Sarajevo, the remains of the Italian plane that was shot down, Bosnian Serb women wailing at a gravesite, UN trucks lined up in front of Srebrenica, residents looking on as their apartment building is burning, the body of a dead child, and Bosnian TV footage of the National Library up in flames.
English language, Date of air: 1992-11-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000381
350-1-1:381/3
Colonel Bob's Boys: Six Months in Bosnia [1/2]
This film focuses on the British UN Commander Colonel Robert "Bosnia Bob" Stewart. Colonel Stewart is interviewed extensively throughout this broadcast. The region of central Bosnia that Stewart controlled for the UN in and around Vitez is highlighted. Particular detail is given to the massacre in the village of Ahmići. Colonel Stewart gained international recognition for speaking out against the Bosnian Croat HVO contingent for grave atrocities committed in the small village of Ahmići. The question of whether the West will send more troops is posed throughout as well. Told through the eyes of the colonel, this film shows the difficult position of the UN in Bosnia.
English language, Date of air: 1993-05-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000381
350-1-1:381/4
Colonel Bob's Boys: Six Months in Bosnia [2/2]
English language, Date of air: 1993-05-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000381
350-1-1:381/5
Bosnia: The Tragic Divide [1/2]
This program analyzes Bosnia's history and relates it to the current conflict, featuring archival footage of events from both World Wars, including images of King Alexandar, Jasenovac, Hitler with Ante Pavelić, and Marshall Tito. Historians Dr. Niall Ferguson and Mark Almond offer historical analyses. Statements and images included: journalist Miloš Vasić, Sarajevo under shelling, injured and dead civilians, Bosnian Serb soldiers, refugees, Bill Clinton, Franjo Tuđman, Radovan Karadžić, Slobodan Milošević, Mate Boban, General Lewis MacKenzie testifying before a Congressional panel, and Judith Kumin (UNHCR) analyzing "safe havens" of Srebrenica, Žepa, and Goražde.
English language, Date of air: 1993-05-31,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000381
350-1-1:381/6
Bosnia - The Tragic Divide [2/2]
English language, Date of air: 1993-05-31,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000381
BetaSP NTSC #382
350-1-1:382/1
The Southern Balkans on the Edge [1/2]
This report focuses on the southern territories of the former Yugoslavia—Macedonia and Kosovo. Historical background information, ethnic make-up, and current attitudes are all detailed, leading up to the present-day political situation. The plight of ethnic Albanians is focused on in both regions, revealing fears that the conflict in Bosnia could spread to Kosovo and Macedonia. Footage includes city and country life from both areas, including interviews with ethnic Albanians, Macedonians, and Serbs from both Macedonia and Kosovo. At the time of the report, tensions between ethnic groups are running high because of the ensuing war in other parts of the former Yugoslavia (Bosnia and Croatia). Statements included: Ibrahim Rugova, President of LDK for ethnic Albanians in Kosovo; Kiro Gligorov, President of Macedonia; Mahi Nisimi, Speaker for the Party of Democratic Prosperity in Kosovo; Captain Naum Businovski, Macedonian Army; Major Radomir Popović, Yugoslav Army (JNA); and Risto Nikovski, Deputy Foreign Minister, and local people.
English language, Date of air: 1993-06-20,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000382
350-1-1:382/2
The Southern Balkans on the Edge [2/2]
English language, Date of air: 1993-06-20,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000382
350-1-1:382/3
Bihać: The Inside Story [1/2]
Aeronaut Van Lynden reports on the fighting at the Western Bosnia front between the Fifth Corps of Bosnian Army, allied with Bosnian Croats, and Bosnian Serbs forces. The towns of Bihać, Cazin, and Velika Kladuša are mentioned.
English language, Date of air: 1995-01-11,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000382
350-1-1:382/4
Bihać: The Inside Story [2/2]
English language, Date of production: 1955,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000382
BetaSP NTSC #383
350-1-1:383/1
A Peace without Honor
Panorama program on Lord David Owen, European Community peace envoy in the Former Yugoslavia.
English language, Date of air: 1995-09-30,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000383
BetaSP NTSC #384
350-1-1:384/1
Diary / Dnevnik
Short news report about promotion of Bosnian Serb generals, Milenko Živanović and Radislav Krstić, "after brilliant victories in Srebrenica and Žepa."
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000384
350-1-1:384/2
Nazi Connection
A look at the biological study of race and genes, and how it supported American racism and Nazi fascism. An analysis of how biased science is used to support the rhetoric of right-wing radicals.
German language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000384
BetaSP NTSC #385
350-1-1:385/1
Goražde
Amateur footage of Goražde.
Afghan Persian, Dari language, Date of production: 1990-07-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000385
350-1-1:385/2
Do you remember Goražde? / Pamtiš li Goražde?
Video essay on brutality and war crimes against civilians in the Goražde area.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000385
BetaSP NTSC #386
350-1-1:386/1
The Cowards' War
Australian news reporter Chris Masters investigates the crimes against humanity in Bosnia and Herzegovina after four years of fighting. Interviews with survivors from Bosanska Krupa featured. Since the conflict began, Australia has received over 12,000 refugees.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000386
BetaSP NTSC #387
350-1-1:387/1
Bosnia 101: Who Lives There, Who Died There, Why Are We There?
This ABC News special hosted by Peter Jennings was meant to serve as a primer to many Americans and their children on the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. The program was used to promote dialogue between the children of Bosnia's different ethnic groups. Throughout the program Jennings calls on both military and political experts to gain a better understanding of pre- and post-Dayton Bosnia.
English language, Date of air: 1996-01-13,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000387
BetaSP PAL #388
350-1-1:388/1
The World in Action: The Unseen Enemy
Investigation into chemical weapons production in pre-war Yugoslavia. Deserted plant in Mostar thought to be used by the Yugoslav People's Army to produce the nerve gas, sarin. Author speculates that the production has now been moved to Serbia.
English language, Date of air: 1995-11-27,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000388
BetaSP PAL #389
350-1-1:389/1
Crime in Paraćin / Zločin u Paraćinu
On September 3, 1987, Aziz Keljmendi, a soldier of Albanian origin, killed several of his colleagues in the military unit in Paraćin. Military intelligence footage of the crime scene, and the organization of the trial for others involved in the massacre.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1987,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000389
350-1-1:389/2
Janez Janša in Prison [1/3]
Military intelligence footage of interrogation.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1988,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000389
BetaSP PAL #390
350-1-1:390/1
Janez Janša in Prison [2/3]
Military intelligence footage of interrogation.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1988,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000390
BetaSP PAL #391
350-1-1:391/1
Janez Janša in Prison [3/3]
Military intelligence footage of interrogation.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1988,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000391
350-1-1:391/2
HDZ Rally in Osijek
Rally of Hrvatska demokratska zajednica (Croatian Democratic Union) in Osijek. Franjo Tuđman and Vladimir Šeks among the speakers. Tuđman speaks about the "Croatian rifle on Croatian shoulder" as a guarantee for the free Croatia.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1990-04-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000391
VHS NTSC #392
350-1-1:392/1
Tensions between Pale and Banjaluka
Tensions within the Bosnian Serb leadership. President Biljana Plavšić has demonstrated their ability—with SFOR's assistance—to retain control in the western part of Republika Srpska, to prevent the radical supporters of the Pale faction from entering Banjaluka and to avoid major incidents.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1997-09,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000392
BetaSP NTSC #393
350-1-1:393/1
Report on Srebrenica
This footage, taken in Srebrenica after the Serbs took control, shows armed Bosnian Serb soldiers, damaged or destroyed buildings, and the UN Dutch battalion's building, Muslim refugees (mostly women with children and almost no property) arriving in Srebrenica, refugees gathered in an enclosed area guarded by Serb soldiers, a UN soldier speaking to refugees, refugees waiting to board the buses, Bosnian Serb soldiers giving candy to the children refugees, General Ratko Mladić speaking with UN soldiers and addressing the refugees (men, women, and children), a brief interview with Gen. Mladić, and women and children about to be evacuated by buses.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1995-07-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000393
350-1-1:393/2
Interview with Radovan Karadžić
Talking about the Bosnian Serb Army taking UN soldiers hostage.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1995-06-01,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000393
350-1-1:393/3
John Shattuck Press Statement
John Shattuck is a Secretary for human rights for the U.S. State Department; he gives a statement in the Srebrenica region, about the mass sites of Kravica, Glogova, and others.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000393
350-1-1:393/4
The War: One Story [1/2] / Rat: jedna priča [1/2]
Colonel Zoran Stanković, pathologist at a Medical Military Center in Belgrade and a member of the State Commission for gathering evidence of war crimes committed in the territory of Yugoslavia, is interviewed. Colonel Stanković compiled a database of about 4,500 persons who were killed in the war. According to him, about 1,400 officers and soldiers of the former Yugoslav People's Army died in the Yugoslav conflict. He further describes his work on mass graves in Croatia (Vukovar, Gospić, Tenje, Mirkovci, and Artunovac), and in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, in Dobrovoljacka Street, Tuzla, Bijeljina, Kravica, Zvornik, Milići, Vlasenica, Brčko, and other places).
Serbian language, Date of production: 1994-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000393
BetaSP NTSC #394
350-1-1:394/1
The War: One Story [2/2] / Rat: jedna priča [2/2]
Colonel Zoran Stanković, pathologist at a Medical Military Center in Belgrade and a member of the State Commission for gathering evidence of war crimes committed in the territory of Yugoslavia, is interviewed. Colonel Stanković compiled a database of about 4,500 persons who were killed in the war. According to him, about 1,400 officers and soldiers of the former Yugoslav People's Army died in the Yugoslav conflict. He further describes his work on mass graves in Croatia (Vukovar, Gospić, Tenje, Mirkovci, and Artunovac), and in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, in Dobrovoljacka Street, Tuzla, Bijeljina, Kravica, Zvornik, Milići, Vlasenica, Brčko, and other places).
Serbian language, Date of production: 1994-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000394
BetaSP NTSC #395
350-1-1:395/1
Interview with Biljana Plavšić
Biljana Plavšić talks about preparations for the Dayton peace conference and the future of Sarajevo.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1995-12,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000395
350-1-1:395/2
Sarajevo: From Peace to War and vice versa / Sarajevo: Od mira do rata i obratno
Documentary on Serbian part of Sarajevo. People start crossing the border in the divided city to meet their relatives and friends.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000395
350-1-1:395/3
Višegrad
Life in Višegrad, controlled by the Bosnian Serbs. Local Serb residents and refugees talk about their war experiences.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000395
350-1-1:395/4
Dubrovnik in a Hand / Dubrovnik na dlanu
A short video clip about Dubrovnik.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000395
350-1-1:395/5
The First Day of the United Nations in Sarajevo
UN mission established in Sarajevo.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000395
BetaSP NTSC #396
350-1-1:396/1
What's Going to Happen to Them? / Šta će s njima biti?
Video essay on refugees. Children as the main victims of the war in the former Yugoslavia.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000396
350-1-1:396/2
Between Barricades and Fields
Republika Srpska krajina during peace agreement with Croatia. Statements by Milan Babić and Borislav Mikelić.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000396
BetaSP NTSC #397
350-1-1:397/1
Jon Duncanson Reporting from Sarajevo, Bosnia and Serbia
Several reports from Bosnia by Jon Duncanson for local Fox affiliate in Chicago featured. Jon Duncanson shows sniper posts and land mines in Grbavica, the Serb-held part of Sarajevo. Interviews with Bosnian Serbs about their experience in Bosnia during the war. Rape victims and injured civilians are featured, as well as numerous military personnel giving their opinion. A report from Serbia is featured about John Tica, a Serbian American who came to Serbia to look for his relatives who were expelled from Croatia and are refugees in Serbia.
English language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000397
BetaSP NTSC #398
350-1-1:398/1
The Dictionary of Life: Theater and Freedom in War
Zarina Khan, a French writer and theater director, in October 1993 visits Sarajevo to "build space of freedom and share it with the young people in the besieged city." Zarina created acting and writing workshop for teenagers to produce their own show about the meaning of human existence and freedom. Zarina meets Timur, an eight-year-old refugee in Sarajevo; he has to search for food and water. Readings and performance by the teenagers are intertwined with the pictures of Sarajevo and Zarina's narration.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000398
BetaSP NTSC #399
350-1-1:399/1
What's in the News: Background to the Balkans
An attempt to explain the driving forces behind the conflict in the former Yugoslavia. The program gives a historical background of the region. The war's young victims, refugees from Croatia (most probably Vukovar), describe their experiences and suffering caused by the war.
English language, Date of air: 1995-01-16,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000399
BetaSP NTSC #400
350-1-1:400/1
A Wound to the Soul: Work in Progress
A documentary in progress about the land mines problem in the former Yugoslavia. The victims are children (Elvis, Nedim). It begins with images of children accompanied by music, and in the second part Elvis and Nedim describe how they were injured by the mine explosion. IFOR officers explain how the land mines work.
English language, Date of production: 1996,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000400
BetaSP NTSC #401
350-1-1:401/1
The Front Line at Home
Documentary about life in Grbavica, the urban part of Sarajevo controlled by the Bosnian Serbs from 1992 to March 1996.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000401
BetaSP NTSC #402
350-1-1:402/1
Jon Duncanson on the Frontline
Footage of the front lines of Croatia and Mostar in 1992, for CBS News.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1992,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000402
BetaSP NTSC #403
350-1-1:403/1
Nightline: Life Inside Sarajevo, Life Under Siege
In this report, the latest massacre in Sarajevo and the Croatian offensive against the Serbs in Croatia are discussed. ABC's Garrick Utley reports on the massacre near the main market in Sarajevo. The UN believes the shells came from the south of the city, where the Bosnian Serbs are positioned, but hasn’t officially confirmed that. Karadžic says that whenever the three parties come to a juncture in peace talks, the Muslim government stages a massacre of its own people to sabotage the talks and blames the Serbs. The funeral of the three U.S. diplomats killed in an auto accident in Bosnia is shown. BBC's Mark Urban looks into a supply route to Sarajevo via Mt. Igman, living conditions in Bosnia, and the black market of petrol in the Bosnian capital. The reporter visits the family of Almir Pašić, who explains how he collects water. The peace process is discussed. Statements by Haris Silajdžić; Radovan Karadžić; Richard Holbrooke; Susan Woodward of the Brookings Institution; Mohammed Šaćirbey; Kris Jankowski of UNHCR; Fadil Jako, a Bosnian civilian; Jadranko Katina, a local journalist; Almir Pašić, a Bosnian civilian; and Sabina Sejović, a civilian convoy control; as well as interviews with journalists Tony Birtley of ABC (who has been reporting from the former Yugoslavia for the past three and a half years) and Roger Cohen of the NY Times. Footage included: the main market massacre in Sarajevo, the main hospital receiving the injured, Hoolbroke and Izetbegović going to a meeting in Paris, the Croatian Army, Milošević, Serb refugees from Krajina, UN forces convoy, funeral of the three American diplomats and the wreckage of the APC in which they were killed.
English language, Date of air: 1995-08-28,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000403
BetaSP NTSC #404
350-1-1:404/1
The Album of Sarajevo / Sarajevski spomenar
This program includes interviews with children of Sarajevo and Srebrenica. Children talk about their experiences, how they became aware of the war, and loses they suffered in the war. Children and their teacher visit refugees from Srebrenica. Their accounts of the war seem to be a therapeutic process to assist the children in coping with their experiences. Includes a scene of little girl telling her doll to beware of snipers.
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000404
BetaSP NTSC #405
350-1-1:405/1
Tango of Slaves [1/2] / [1/2]
"Tango of Slaves," named after a popular tune from the Warsaw Ghetto, was produced by Ilan Ziv for his two daughters, in an effort to give them their own images of the Holocaust and their family history. Frustrated by popular Holocaust imagery, Ziv decided to take his father back to Warsaw, his former home. Tango of Slaves is the story of that return, a physical journey that became a meditative essay about history, memory, and their preservation in imagery: a meditation which has been made more pressing as the Holocaust is being inevitably transformed from a living experience into motion picture drama.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000405
BetaSP NTSC #406
350-1-1:406/1
Tango of Slaves [2/2]
"Tango of Slaves," named after a popular tune from the Warsaw Ghetto, was produced by Ilan Ziv for his two daughters, in an effort to give them their own images of the Holocaust and their family history. Frustrated by popular Holocaust imagery, Ziv decided to take his father back to Warsaw, his former home. Tango of Slaves is the story of that return, a physical journey that became a meditative essay about history, memory, and their preservation in imagery: a meditation which has been made more pressing as the Holocaust is being inevitably transformed from a living experience into motion picture drama.
English language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000406
BetaSP NTSC #407
350-1-1:407/1
Survivors of the Holocaust
Documents personal accounts of the Holocaust before and during WWII.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000407
BetaSP NTSC #408
350-1-1:408/1
KMVT, Mountain View Community Television: Current Affairs: Press Conference on Bosnia
This recorded question and answer session between Peter Maher, professor and former U.S. counter-intelligence agent in Yugoslavia, Ronald Hatchett, professor and Director of the Center for International Studies in Houston Texas, and Richard Felman, retired U.S. Air Force, along with a group of journalists, opens with Suzanne Jenkins introducing the guests. In their assessment of the situation in the former Yugoslavia, the speakers assert that the Serbs have been wrongly accused throughout the war of incitement from the beginning on. They provide examples, both modern and historical, of ways that the Serbs have been misrepresented in Western media.
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000408
BetaSP NTSC #409
350-1-1:409/1
Nightline: Witness to a Massacre
A broadcast on the Bosnian Serbs' toppling of the UN Safe Haven Srebrenica in July, 1995, this report uses the small village of Lehovici as a window into the slaughter. This rare footage taken by a cameraman permitted inside the Srebrenica area during the cleansing campaign shows Muslim men scrambling through the woods on the "March of Death" to Tuzla. Mladic is seen driving through the streets after the siege and at the UN site of Potocari, where Dutch UN troops were stationed and men were separated from women and children. Survivors tell of escaping death narrowly and of thousands of Muslim men still missing or presumed dead. Krstic is seen behind men in black who are taking down the Bosnian Muslim flag. Includes footage of Mladic saying "On to Potocari..."
English language, Date of air: 1996-04-08, Duration: 21 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000409
BetaSP NTSC #410
350-1-1:410/1
Dispatches: Srebrenica: A Bosnian Betrayal [1/2] and [2/2]
This is an in-depth investigation of the events leading up to the Srebrenica massacre. This Dispatches investigates "the massacre that should never have been, how the United Nations' high command failed the very people it had pledged to protect, and why the United Nations allowed one of its safe areas to be overrun." Dispatches presents the exclusive inside story of the fall of Srebrenica, the access to confidential UN documents, and the secret minutes of the key meetings. Dispatches asks: with two Bosnian Serb leaders indicted for war crimes, is it only they who should take the blame for Srebrenica's dreadful end? Also discussed is Serbia's arming of the Bosnian Serb army, particularly the involvement of Momčilo Krajišnik's brother. Interviews with Srebrenica survivors Sidik Ademovic and Askim Haskic, as well as with Bosnian Army personnel, Major Šemsudin Muminovic, Midhat Salihovic, and Ramiz Becirevic, included. Interviews with Yasushi Akashi, former UN special envoy; General Phillipe Morillon, former UN commander in Bosnia; Momcilo Krajisnik, Speaker of the Bosnian Serb Parliament (Krajisnik discusses Serbia's illegal arms supplies to Bosnia); Hasan Muratovic, Bosnian Prime Minister; Madeleine Albright; General Cees Nicolai, General Smith's Chief of Staff; Fred Echcart, UN Spokesperson; Srebrenica Lt. Col. Harmen De Jonge, UN Military Aide to General Janvier; Osman Suljic, leader of Srebrenica town council; Captain Jelte Groen, Dutch Battalion - Srebrenica; and Jose-Maria Mendiluce, former special envoy for UNHCR, featured. UN Military Observer Report of 13th, 14th, and 16th July 1995 and other confidential UN documents shown and cited. Footage of the war crimes investigators examining mass graves, UN soldiers taken hostage by the Bosnian Serbs, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, among other, included.
English language, Date of air: 1996-05-29, Duration: 41 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000410
BetaSP NTSC #411
350-1-1:411/1
Various News Broadcasts Focusing on Željko Ražnatović, also known as Arkan
This is a compilation of excerpts from 17 different programs focusing on Zeljko Raznjatovic Arkan, produced by Serbian TV (studios in Belgrade and Sarajevo) and TV Novi Sad during 1993 and the beginning of 1994. Arkan is shown at press conferences, in combat situations, and speaking at numerous election rallies throughout Serbia. A half-hour interview for an "S" Channel show, "My Guest His Truth" (Moj gost njegova istina), is also featured.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 34 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000411
BetaSP NTSC #412
350-1-1:412/1
General Ratko Mladić: Compilation of Various Interviews [1/x]
n/a
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 54 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000412
BetaSP NTSC #413
350-1-1:413/1
General Ratko Mladić: Compilation of Various Interviews [1/x]
n/a
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000413
BetaSP NTSC #414
350-1-1:414/1
General Ratko Mladić: Compilation of Various Interviews [1l/x]
n/a
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 6 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000414
BetaSP NTSC #415
350-1-1:415/1
Interview with Radovan Karadžić and Momčilo Krajišnik, Krajišnik Meeting with Cetnik WW2 Veterans
Serbian Television interview with Republika Srpska leader Radovan Karadzic and President of Republika Srpska National Assembly Momcilo Krajisnik before the Geneva Conference on the Vance-Owen plan. Karadzic states that the proposed document "ignores the Serbian right to self-determination" and that the Croats have a legitimate right to Herceg-Bosna. He briefly discusses his relations with Herceg-Bosna and Boban; states he has "made most concessions on the humanitarian level." Krajisnik discusses a privatization proposal in Republika Srpska where property would go to participants of the war; comments on the Declaration of Reconciliation—i.e. reconciliation of Cetniks and Partisans.Serbian Television program on Krajisnik meeting with Cetnik WWII veterans. Krajisnik stresses importance of Serbian national reconciliation and unity in fight for the "preservation of the Serbian nation and creation of the Serbian state." Those who "committed crimes against their own people" won't be given amnesty.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 20 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000415
BetaSP NTSC #416
350-1-1:416/1
Interview with Velibor Ostojić
n/a
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 6 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000416
BetaSP NTSC #417
350-1-1:417/1
Interview with Biljana Plavšić
n/a
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 12 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000417
BetaSP NTSC #418
350-1-1:418/1
Compilation of Programs Focusing on Vojislav Šešelj
This is a compilation of excerpts from 22 programs focusing on Vojislav Seselj, produced by Serbian TV (studios in Belgrade, Pale, and Banja Luka) in 1993 and the beginning of 1994. Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party and the paramilitary brigade "White Eagles," comments on the Republika Srpska's relationship with the international community, the Vance/Owen plan, the importance of the Semberija-Bosanska Krajina corridor, and the murder of a Bosnian deputy Prime Minister, among other issues. Seselj is shown visiting front lines near Zvornik, swearing in new Cetnik "dukes" at Romanija, speaking to the Serbs about possible NATO intervention at Sokolac, meeting with Radovan Karadzic in Pale, at a rally in Loznica, and meeting with Russian ultranationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 50 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000418
BetaSP NTSC #419
350-1-1:419/1
Compilation of Programs Focusing on Vojislav Šešelj
This is a compilation of excerpts from 22 programs focusing on Vojislav Seselj, produced by Serbian TV (studios in Belgrade, Pale, and Banja Luka) in 1993 and the beginning of 1994. Seselj, leader of the Serbian Radical Party and the paramilitary brigade "White Eagles," comments on the Republika Srpska's relationship with the international community, the Vance/Owen plan, the importance of the Semberija-Bosanska Krajina corridor, and the murder of a Bosnian deputy Prime Minister, among other issues. Seselj is shown visiting front lines near Zvornik, swearing in new Cetnik "dukes" at Romanija, speaking to the Serbs about possible NATO intervention at Sokolac, meeting with Radovan Karadzic in Pale, at a rally in Loznica, and meeting with Russian ultranationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky.
Serbian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000419
BetaSP NTSC #420
350-1-1:420/1
Interview with Jovan Tintor-Joja / Moj Gost: Njegova Istina: Jovan Tintor-Joja
n/a
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 55 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000420
BetaSP NTSC #421
350-1-1:421/1
Various programs on Radovan Karadžić
Karadžić discusses freedom of movement of Bosnian Government officials such as Silajdžić, the results of the London talks, the agreement with Bosnian Croats to release POWs, and the ceasefire. In an interview with Sky News, Karadžić denies that the Serbs have snipers around Sarajevo.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 55 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000421
BetaSP NTSC #422
350-1-1:422/1
Various programs on Radovan Karadžić
Karadžić discusses freedom of movement of Bosnian Government officials such as Silajdžić, the results of the London talks, the agreement with Bosnian Croats to release POWs, and the ceasefire. In an interview with Sky News, Karadžić denies that the Serbs have snipers around Sarajevo.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 55 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000422
BetaSP NTSC #423
350-1-1:423/1
Celebrating the Serbian Holiday Vidovdan in Romania
Seselj and Karadzic on Romanija.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 15 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000423
BetaSP NTSC #424
350-1-1:424/1
State Commission for Gathering Facts on War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Testimonies
This program includes images from the Omarska prison camp (ITN) and Manjaca camp (SKY). Testimonies by survivors of the Ahatovici massacre are included. Emir Mujkic, Osman Novalija, and a man whose name is not revealed describe the details of the massacre and how they survived.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 30 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000424
BetaSP NTSC #425
350-1-1:425/1
Zvornik
Has burned in TC. Taken off of VHS Original
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 17 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000425
BetaSP NTSC #426
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Ethnic Cleansing in Sarajevo
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Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 41 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000426
BetaSP NTSC #427
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Confrontation between Čeliković and Jasminka Berbić
n/a
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 28 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000427
BetaSP NTSC #428
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Intellectuals Who Support Republika Srpska
n/a
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 59 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000428
BetaSP NTSC #429
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Fatima from Vlasenica [1/3]
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Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 34 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000429
BetaSP NTSC #430
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Fatima from Vlasenica [2/3]
n/a
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 36 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000430
BetaSP NTSC #431
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Fatima from Vlasenica [3/3]
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Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 14 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000431
BetaSP NTSC #432
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Football Match
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Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993-01-06, Duration: 15 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000432
BetaSP NTSC #433
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The Works: Judging Vermeer
n/a
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 30 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000433
BetaSP NTSC #434
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Speech of Todorović Republika Srpska
Todorovic is an American with a background in Republika Srpska (the Bosnian Serb part of Bosnia and Herzegovina). He went back to the Republika Srpska, where his family is from. He wears fatigues. This speech is addressed to President Clinton. His message to the President is to not send the troops against the Serbs in the Republika Srpska.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 5 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000434
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Report about Raped Bosnian Serb Women
Six Bosnian Serb women, all victims of rape, describe their experiences in brief statements. The women are from Bosanski Brod, Novi Grad near Odzak, Vrbovacki Lipik near Odzak, Derventa, and Borci near Boracko Jezero. According to the report, women of all ages were assaulted, mostly by their former neighbors. Some of the women interviewed reveal the names of the men who assaulted them, describing the perpetrators as being ethnically Croatian, or they simply refer to them as the "Ustasa." The subtitles in English incorrectly refer to these men as "Muslim neighbors."
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 3 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000434
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Mass Funeral of a Bosnian Serb Family
This short clip features footage from the funeral of 13 members of Branko Visnjic's family, murdered in Josanica, near Foca (Eastern Bosnia). A shorter portrait of Asim Hajdarevic, a Muslim, is also featured. Hajkarevic is referred to by the reporter as "the murderer of the Serbs."
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 2 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000434
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The Status of the Albanian Ethnic Minority in Serbia
Program presented by Dr. Budimir Kosutic.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 16 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000434
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Kosovo and the Ethnic Awareness of the Serbian Nation
Presented by Dr. Milos Blagojevic.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000434
BetaSP NTSC #435
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BBC Witness: Trying Tadić
This program explores how Dusko Tadic's (a Bosnian Serb from Kozarac) past led him to become the first suspect to be tried for war crimes after the Nuremberg trials. Prosecutors and the defense team in the case talk about the trial, and Chief Prosecutor Richard Goldstone and Presiding Judge Gabrielle McDonald discuss the purpose and role of the Tribunal for Yugoslavia. Statements by Tadic's family, former neighbors, and Andre Kaiser (photographer) are accompanied by images from pre-war Kozarac, Tadic's family and former friends, prison camps in Bosnia, and destruction of Kozarac.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 56 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000435
BetaSP NTSC #436
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A Wound to the Soul: A Survivor's Nightmare [7/x]
Work in progress by Cynthia Lee. Documentary about a young woman from Tuzla, survivor of the Tuzla massacre in which most of her friends were killed.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 7 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000436
BetaSP NTSC #437
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ABC News Clip: A Wound to the Soul: Land Mines
ABC News report about Elvis' departure from Bosnia and arrival in the U.S. to undergo the surgery that will enable him to walk again. After that, independent filmmaker Cynthia Lee's work in progress about landmines and the effect they have on children in Bosnia.
English language, Date of air: 1996-07-07, Duration: 12 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000437
BetaSP NTSC #438
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Zuhra Muhic: A Mother's Story
Elvis' mother, Zuhra Muhic, tells of how her two sons were the victims of a mine explosion. Elvis was badly injured and Edis, age 11, died.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 30 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000438
BetaSP NTSC #439
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Calling the Ghosts / Prozivanje duhova
This film, shown at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival in 1996, follows Jadranka Cigelj and Nusreta Sivac. The women are childhood friends and successful attorneys from Prijedor. They speak about their lives before the war, then describe how their lives and living circumstances changed; they describe in detail how they entered the Omarska camp, their imprisonment, and then subsequent abuse and rape. Each describes the emotions and sensations they experienced as a result of the torture and cruelty that they were exposed to, illustrating how their internment changed their lives. The documentary also follows their lives after Omarska. As both became active in helping war victims and collecting their stories, they talk about the need for the world to start listening to the cries of people living in war situations. Footage includes images of pre-war Yugoslavia, war-time Prijedor, various refugees, murdered civilians, the Omarska camp, Serbian soldiers, and the International War Crimes Tribunal at the Hague. Statements are given by officials of the War Crimes Tribunal, journalists, and the families and friends of the two women.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1996, Duration: 1 hour 2 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000439
BetaSP NTSC #440
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Nightline: Portrait of a War Criminal
This program is about Drazen Erdemovic (Bosnian Croat), a former soldier in the Bosnian Serb army who turned himself in to the war Crimes Tribunal in the Hague and has pleaded guilty to crimes against humanity perpetrated in Srebrenica. A report by Sheila MacVicar investigating Erdemovic's past is included. Erdemovic was a smuggler, who later joined the Bosnian Serb Army. Statements by Erdemovic's friend, former girlfriend, and wife, and by women refugees from Srebrenica, give a perspective on Erdemovic's life and provide insights into his motives. Footage from Srebrenica in July 1995 and War Crimes Tribunal is included.
English language, Date of air: 1996-08-04, Duration: 30 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000440
BetaSP NTSC #441
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Heute Journal: Interview with Radovan Karadžić
Christian Dezer explores how Radovan Karadzic handles increasing international pressure. Karadzic explains his plans for a new Sarajevo, a "Serbian Sarajevo," that would be erected in the middle of Pale. Karadzic admits he will remain involved in political affairs because of the overwhelming support of his people and political party. Karadzic deems the International War Crimes Tribunal illegal and discriminatory against the Serbs. According to Karadzic, the entire "Serb" population would react and thousands of soldiers would rise up against NATO if they were to arrest him or Mladic—a terrorist act in his estimation. Karadzic also justifies the firing of premier Kasagic.
German language, Date of air: 1996-05-17,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000441
BetaSP NTSC #442
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Nightline: All That Remains
This report by Dave Marash focuses on the efforts of the Boston-based Physicians for Human Rights to excavate and investigate a mass grave found in the Serb-controlled village of Lazeta, near Srebrenica. The mass grave is a likely repository for the corpses of murdered men and boys captured by the Bosnian Serb Army after the fall of Srebrenica. Forensic Investigator Bill Haglund heads the Physicians group of international volunteers in an excavation project. Haglund describes the motivation behind his commitment to this type of work in Bosnia and elsewhere, and outlines the main goals of the Physicians' mission: to collect evidence and facilitate the prosecution of war crimes, to identify bodies, to create and preserve historical evidence and thus prevent the occurrence of similar crimes in future, and to ensure that the victims won't have died in vain. One of the survivors featured in the program, Mevludin Oric, links the Bosnian Serb Commanding General Ratko Mladic to the Srebrenica massacre. Oric claims that Mladic was seen in the Lazeta school and its gymnasium before the massacre in Lazeta. Additional statements by two forensic investigators, David Del Pino and Jose Pablo Baraybar, highlight the nature of the Physicians' work. The collected evidence is analyzed with modern technology in a laboratory set in a bombed-out clothing factory in the former frontline village of Kalesija. Morgue crew consisting of Dr. Robert Kirchner, Physicians For Human Rights International Director of Forensic Projects, his assistant Fiona Rainforth, and Mike Warren, graduate assistant at the University of Florida, highlight the details of their work in the morgue. Kirchner explains how forensic experts piece all available evidence together and draw conclusions about the likely causes of death of the people whose bodies are found in mass graves. Kirchner points out that in Lazeta, the exhumed evidence indicated that the victims were systematically exterminated. Pressured by the need of victims' families and relatives, the investigators expanded the scope of their mission hoping to facilitate the identification of the remains. The details of this effort presented through interviews with Laurie Vollen of the Physicians for Human Rights, Munira Hadzic, organizer of protest demonstrations of Srebrenica women and director of programs for refugee women (one such project, the weaving project, is featured on the tape), and Suada Omerovic, a Bosnian Muslim who lost her family in Srebrenica. Footage included: Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac's footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, Ratko Mladic in the Srebrenica or Zepa area greeting Bosnian Serb soldiers, forensic investigators in the field trying to uncover the mass grave in Lazeta, John Shattuck in a press conference during his visit to Srebrenica and the neighboring areas, forensic investigators' computer database that contains the findings and information concerning the victims, women of Srebrenica holding a placard that reads "Where are our sons, fathers, and brothers?," Srebrenica women weaving, Srebrenica women refugees with small children, forensic experts working on special machines such as the fluoroscope.
English language, Date of air: 1996-09-21, Duration: 23 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000442
BetaSP NTSC #443
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The Selina Scott Show: Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia
This report talks about Prince Alexander – throne follower of Serbia's Karadjordjevic monarchy. He talks about the history of the monarchy, the Karadjordjevic and Obranovic rivalry, the civial war that happened during WWII. Prince Alexander also gives a biographical account of his growing up in England, and his schooling throughout the world. Prince Alexander talks about the situation in the former Yugoslavia, stating that there needs to be more democracy and free media. He explains the media is used to spread nationalist propaganda. He is also worried about the ghosts of the nationalist past, which have been stirred up in all parts of Yugoslavia. He states that there needs to be reconcilliation among all nationalities. He also talks about his goal of ensuring democracy, and ways he would like to improve the life of his people if he were to go back and serve as king of Yugoslavia.
English language, Date of air: 1996-01-08, Duration: 26 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000443
BetaSP NTSC #444
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Serbian National Guard
Serb officer talks about how the Serbs organized and prepared themselves for the war. Serbian Fond of Solidarity in Semberija, Bosnia. Illegally mobilizing people for military; 3–4 months later, paramilitary brigade was organized. As the war was about to begin, the leaders of the brigade had to undergo training. A training camp was formed near the Drina river. Training footage is included. Planning for the defense of Semberija. Serbian National Guard officially formed on May 2,1992. Footage includes tank movement, fighting, soldiers running in action, Serbian flag, and tanks. Some taken from Bosnian Television, some from Bosnian Serb Television.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 56 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000444
BetaSP NTSC #445
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News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive
Features "Operation Lightning," i.e. the Krajina offensive. Press conference with Croatian Minister of Defense, Gen. Ivan Tolj. Broadcast of Franjo Tudjman's message to the "Croatian citizens of Serb nationality living in the occupied territories of Knin, Gracac, Lapac, Korenica, Slunj, Glina, Dvor, and Petrinja" to turn in their weapons, guaranteeing them amnesty and civil rights. Reports of foreign media comments: SKY, BBC, Reuters, and CNN. Reports of damage from shelling by Bosnian and Krajina Serbs on Croatian cities close to "Krajina": Sisak, Karlovac, Šibenik, and Dubrovnik. Report from Ogulin on Polish UN soldiers wounded during the offensive. Street interviews in cities around Croatia. Letters and telegrams of support to President Franjo Tudjman. Report from Croatian government session regarding the offensive. Statements by various Croatian government officials. Press conference with Special Envoy to the Secretary General of the UN, Yasushi Akashi, and President of the Croatian Government, Hrvoje Šarinić. Report from Knin. Reports from various lines of offense and Croatian military positions. Letter to President Tudjman from Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic. Interview with Serb prisoners of war. Statement by Cardinal Franjo Kuharic, Archbishop of Zagreb, urging forgiveness and peace. Croatian correspondents reporting from the UN and from the Vatican. Footage included: archival footage from 1991 and the beginning of the Serb rebellion in Krajina, people celebrating the fall of Knin in the cities around Croatia, the Croatian flag on the Knin fortress, and Croatian soldiers entering Knin, Benkovac, and Drnis.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1995, Duration: 1 hour 33 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000445
BetaSP NTSC #446
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News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive
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Croatian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000446
BetaSP NTSC #447
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News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive
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Croatian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000447
BetaSP NTSC #448
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News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive
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Croatian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000448
BetaSP NTSC #449
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News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive
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Croatian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000449
BetaSP NTSC #450
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News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive
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Croatian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000450
BetaSP NTSC #451
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News Reports from Croatian Television at the Time of the Krajina Offensive
n/a
Croatian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000451
BetaSP NTSC #452
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Five Years of Croatian Independence: Celebration of the Day of Statehood 1995
Croatian Television program about five years of Croatian independence. The Croatian Parliament thanks President Tudjman for the "decisive actions in creating a sovereign Croatia and an exceptional contribution to its international good renown and reputation." Tudjman awards medals and advancements to Army officers, and officials in the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of the Interior, the Office for National Security, and the Office of the President. Inauguration of the first Croatian Officer's Ball. President Tudjman opens the new building of the National and University Library in Zagreb. Cardinal Franjo Kuharic, the Archbishop of Zagreb, officiates Mass for the Homeland in the Zagreb Cathedral. President Tudjman lights a candle. The first Croatian Armed Forces Parade at lake Jarun near Zagreb. Footage of President Tudjman in ceremonial uniform, inspecting formations of the Croatian Army, Navy, and Air-force. Footage of various Croatian Armed Forces weaponry, airplanes, and helicopters, as well as a submarine.
Croatian language, Date of air: 1995-05-30,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000452
BetaSP NTSC #453
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Five Years of Croatian Independence: Celebration of the Day of Statehood 1995
Croatian Television program about five years of Croatian independence. The Croatian Parliament thanks President Tudjman for the "decisive actions in creating a sovereign Croatia and an exceptional contribution to its international good renown and reputation." Tudjman awards medals and advancements to Army officers, and officials in the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of the Interior, the Office for National Security, and the Office of the President. Inauguration of the first Croatian Officer's Ball. President Tudjman opens the new building of the National and University Library in Zagreb. Cardinal Franjo Kuharic, the Archbishop of Zagreb, officiates Mass for the Homeland in the Zagreb Cathedral. President Tudjman lights a candle. The first Croatian Armed Forces Parade at lake Jarun near Zagreb. Footage of President Tudjman in ceremonial uniform, inspecting formations of the Croatian Army, Navy, and Air-force. Footage of various Croatian Armed Forces weaponry, airplanes, and helicopters, as well as a submarine.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1995,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000453
BetaSP NTSC #454
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60 minutes: About Duško Tadić
This documentary depicts Dusko Tadic's hometown of Kozarac, using home videos that show the level of ethnic harmony which existed before the war. Interviewed are Tadic's former Bosnian Muslim friend, and Bosnian Muslims in pre-war Kozarac. Hamdija Demrovic, Omarska camp snds who paint the picture of the interconnectedness of Bosnian Serbs andurvivor, explains that the Bosnian Muslims in Kozarac did not expect to be killed by their Bosnian Serb neighbors. He also compares Omarska camp to Auschwitz. Eden Kararic, Omarska camp survivor, explains the difficulty to understand the ethnic hatred that ensued the war. He notes that the story in the Omarska camp was that Tadic forced Jasmin Haranic, Emir Karabasic, and Neno Alic (sp) to mutilate each others' genitals. Dzemal Paratusic, Omarska camp survivor, describes how Dusko Tadic called out Emir Karabasic by name, and how he later found out that Emir was still alive when his body was loaded onto a truck that took dead to an unidentified dump. Mira Tadic, Dusko Tadic's wife explains that her husband is only a small fish. She notes that people who would testify on behalf of Tadic are afraid to do so out of fear of being arrested in the Hague. Interviewed are also several of Tadic's family members. Tadic's two brothers Ljubomir and Mladen claim that Misa Danicic admitted publicly to having perpetrated the crimes Tadic is accused of, but that Danicic also enjoys protection by the local authorities. Other statements are made by Michael Wladimiroff, Tadic's defense lawyer. Home video footage includes: the building of Tadic's house, funeral of Tadic's father Ostoja, a pre-war cafe in Kozarac (Tadic's cafe?), Tadic sitting with Emir Karabasic (who was later killed in Omarska) at a celebration. Other footage: Tadic in trial, soldiers shooting and throwing grenades, a woman carrying two children, destroyed buildings in Kozarac, massacred bodies, Manjaca camp, Omarska camp, outside of the camp, photograph of Misa Danicic, and ICTV footage of Omarska camp survivors testimonies.
English language, Date of air: 1996-09-29, Duration: 12 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000454
BetaSP NTSC #455
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My Guest His Truth with Risto Djogo Featuring Arkan / Moj Gost Njegova Istina: Željko Ražnatović Arkan o ucescu u agresiji
Risto Djogo interviews Arkan, who describes in detail how the war in Croatia began, how he was arrested and imprisoned by Croatian authorities; he also discusses his efforts to organize the Serbian Volunteer Guard and their activities.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of air: 1994-08-23,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000455
BetaSP NTSC #456
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The Young View
n/a
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000456
BetaSP NTSC #457
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The Young View
n/a
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000457
BetaSP NTSC #458
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Exchange of Prisoners: Karlovac, Lipovac, Dragalić, Memetin
n/a
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 26 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000458
BetaSP NTSC #459
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Bosnia-Herzegovina TV News: Indictment of Dragan Nikolić and Interview with Richard Goldstone
n/a
Bosnian language, Date of production: 2003, Duration: 23 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000459
BetaSP NTSC #460
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An ABC News Clip Followed by A Miracle in Danville
n/a
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 25 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000460
BetaSP NTSC #461
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Prime Time Justice: Reports about the Tadić Trial
Includes excerpts from trials, from a BBC documentary, Death of a Nation; witness James Gow, Professor of Slavic Studies at the University of London, UK, testified.
English language, Date of production: 1997, Duration: 1 hour 14 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000461
BetaSP NTSC #462
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Impact: Report About Arkan
This short documentary focuses on Zeljko Raznjatovic, otherwise known as "Arkan," and his Serbian paramilitary group, the Serbian Volunteer Guard, also referred to as "the Tigers." Arkan's life is chronicled, showing a criminal record that began during his youth and spans his entire career. The report details how he was hired at a young age by the Yugoslav Interior Ministry's State Intelligence after being arrested repeatedly. The many crimes Arkan committed in Western European countries while working as an intelligence officer and hitman are recounted, explaining why he is wanted by Interpol for crimes throughout the continent, even mentioning an escape from prison. Arkan's transition to paramilitary commander is also covered, focusing on the formation of his Serbian Volunteer Guard. Training footage of the Tigers is combined with photographs of murdered, unarmed civilians in the Bosnian town of Bijeljina. The relationship of support between Arkan and Slobodan Milosevic's central Belgrade government is also discussed, focusing in particular on the role the Tigers played during the initial outbreaks of the wars in Croatia and Bosnia. The uneasy relationship between Arkan's special forces and Serbian Yugoslav Army (YA) generals is also highlighted. Atrocities committed by Arkan's Tigers are cited, including civilian witness testimony. Witness testimonies from Bijeljina are used to contrast the new image Arkan has pursued through a current seat in Parliament and as public hero. Richard Holbrooke, U.S. Peace Envoy to the Balkans; Cherif Bassiouni, UN Commission of Experts; Milos Vasic, Belgrade Journalist; and others comment on Arkan's impunity. The program concludes by posing the question of why Arkan has yet to be indicted by the UN War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague.
English language, Date of air: 1997-06-01, Duration: 24 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000462
BetaSP NTSC #463
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Compilation of Various Programs Focusing on Radovan Karadžić
Radovan Karadzic's speech in the Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina (October 14, 1991), in which he issued a threat to Muslims of Bosnia and said that Bosnia does not have the right to secede from Yugoslavia. CNN report from the Kula prison (outside of Sarajevo) on the day of Paddy Ashdown's (British) visit also included. Radovan Karadzic also visited the Kula prison on the same day and issued a statement to CNN's reporter. Footage of Karadzic on the front lines above Sarajevo are included, showing Karadzic shaking hands with soldiers and saying that the Serbs can take Sarajevo any time they want. Two other brief statements by Karadzic are included.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 20 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000463
BetaSP NTSC #464
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True Stories: The Unforgiving
This program features parents searching for their dead children, refugee camps, and tales of rape and general maltreatment. The stories told are divided into four segments: part one focuses on the story of Desa and Ilja, a middle-aged couple in search of their young son who was murdered; part two focuses on a refugee camp in Zagreb where 600,000 Muslims and Croats have fled, interviewing them about what they endured—Muslim and Croat women tell of beatings, rape, and torture by Serbian soldiers in Bosnia; part three features historical footage and more graphic accounts of atrocities; and in part four troops return from battle. Graphic footage is shown throughout the film.
English language, Date of air: 1993, Duration: 1 hour 21 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000464
BetaSP NTSC #465
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World News Tonight with Peter Jennings
November 29, 1996: The first war criminal has been sent to prison. The Tribunal has sentenced Drazen Erdemovic, a Bosnian Croat, to 10 years in prison for crimes against humanity. In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, more than 100,000 people gathered for the largest protest since the fall of communism. Sheila MacVicar reports on the twelfth day of citizen protests demanding the resignation of President Slobodan Milosevic. Milosevic used the courts he controls to annul the local elections won by opposition parties. Statements are made by two protesters. Footage includes people throwing eggs at the state-controlled media building, and Milosevic and his wife casting their votes.
English language, Date of air: 1996-11-29, Duration: 2 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000465
BetaSP NTSC #466
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Opposition Demonstrations in Belgrade
Kate Adie is reporting on opposition demonstrations in Belgrade. Serbian authorities blocked the signal of the independent radio B-92, while the state-run media is ignoring the two-week-long protest. Away from the big cities, people ignore and are indifferent toward Milosevic's manipulation of recent elections. Interview with the Stankovic family reveals that they don't care about demonstrations and arguments for democratic change. Pictures from the streets of Belgrade, showing demonstrators throwing eggs at buildings, are included. A statement by Vuk Draskovic, the opposition leader, is included.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 2 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000466
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Protests in Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Brent Sadler reports on the phone from Belgrade about continuing protests organized by the Serbian opposition. Sadler says that a small number of opposition activists have been arrested. The state-run TV, which broadcasted images of people throwing stones at buildings, called the act "the work of a pro-fascist conspiracy," and compared it to "Hitler's rise to power." People outside Belgrade are poorly informed about protests, because of a virtual news blackout. Student protesters handed out flowers to riot police stationed in front of the U.S. Embassy. Footage shows students protesting during heavy snow fall. Reuters footage is included in this report.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 2 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000466
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Demonstrations in Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Three brief reports comment on the latest developments in opposition demonstrations in Belgrade. The new Parliament will not meet as scheduled, although demonstrations have been going on for two weeks. The Serbian regime is largely ignoring the protests, while the number of demonstrators is growing. Brief statements by demonstrators are included. Paul Wood reports about the opposition's intent to continue demonstrating and the attitude of the Serbian authorities towards the demonstrations. The second report has Nicholas Burns, State Department spokesman, at a press conference warning Milosevic against use of power against the demonstrators. He also states that the demonstrations are indeed peaceful. The third report interviews Vuk Draskovic (opposition leader) on the opposition's commitment to non-violence. AP footage is included.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 6 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000466
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Serbia, Challenge from the Streets
Gaby Rado and Brent Sadler report from Belgrade. The first report discusses the possibility of a police crackdown on demonstrators and the position of the Serbian government and media. Statements by Vuk Draskovic, leader of the Serbian Renewal Movement: "Milosevic started the war [in Bosnia] in order to keep his communist dictatorship alive in Yugoslavia, and is now ready to start another civil war for the sake of staying in power." The report gives a brief account of the coalition formed by Serbian opposition parties. Miodrag Perisic, leader of the Democratic Party, states that young and old generations are joining together against Milosevic. The report shows Dragan Tomic, Speaker of the Serbian Parliament, giving the first reaction from the Serbian Socialist Party calling the demonstrators "fascists." The second report discusses the possible crackdown as police buses are arriving in the center of Belgrade. Sadler says the Serbian government declared the protests illegal. Vuk Draskovic, leader of the Serbian Renewal Movement, exclaims that his hopes are that policemen will not be sent out to hurt unarmed civilians. Demonstrations in Kragujevac are mentioned with Radoje Prica, Serbian Opposition Candidate, calling upon the West to help the opposition's democratic movement. A unidentified union leader states that people fear retaliation from the factory bosses and city officials if they decide to go out to the streets. Footage includes people demonstrating amidst heavy snow fall, Milosevic and his wife casting their votes, and busloads of policemen being transported into the center of Belgrade.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 8 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000466
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Reports about Demonstrations in Belgrade
BBC World: Brian Hanrahan reports from the OSCE Summit in Lisbon on the progress of demonstrations against the cancellation of local election results in Serbia, and increasing international pressure on Milosevic. The international community has warned Milosevic not to use force against the people's attempts to bring about democracy; the U.S. threatens to renew economic sanctions if it does. A statement is made by Carl Bildt, European Mediator for Yugoslavia. Footage included: EC Summit in Lisbon, students throwing rocks at a government building, and policemen lined up at the side of a street. BBC World: The Serbian government ordered the closure of the only two independent stations, accusing them of operating illegally. Five judges of the Supreme Court (which ruled the elections to be fraudulent) have accused their colleagues of election fraud. Paul Wood reports live from Belgrade about the closure of Serbia's only two independent radio stations by Serbian authorities, and the consequences of such an act.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 4 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000467
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Reports from Serbia and Montenegro
CNN: Brent Sandler reports on the progress of student protests in Belgrade. Serbian government ordered the closing of independent radio B-92, stating it was operating illegally. The interior ministry mobilized more police officers, as the protesters continue to ignore government warnings. Even though the protesters remain defiant, the political opposition is struggling to transform the protests into a more credible movement. Statements are made by the Director of B-92, Sasa Mirkovic; Opposition leader Miodrag Perisic; and Milan St. Protic, Center for Serbian Studies representative. CNN: Brent Sandler reports that the Yugoslav Federal Supreme Court rejected an appeal to reinstate opposition victories from the last municipal elections. The Belgrade electoral commission confirmed that the case regarding elections was closed, and Federal Parliament opened a new session, dominated by parties loyal to Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. Even though the protests are gaining strength, the Opposition is aware that Milosevic can only be influenced through international pressure. Statements are made by Opposition Leader Zoran Djindjic, and U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher. The report is cut off. CNN: This report is related to demonstration in Burma. CNN: This broadcast contains an interview with Kati Marton from the Committee to Protect Journalists. She discusses her meeting with Milosevic, where she discussed freedom of the press in Yugoslavia. CNN: Bruce Kennedy reports on a letter written to U.S. Secretary of State, Warren Christopher, from Slobodan Milosevic. In the letter, Milosevic stated that charges of voter fraud have created a distorted picture internationally. Footage included: Milosevic casting his vote, and protesters in the streets of Belgrade. The report is cut off. CNN: Report is missing first part. Western diplomats proposed that, should Milosevic allow an international commission into Serbia, they would propose to serve as observers if elections are to be rerun. A statement is made by Vuk Draskovic. Footage includes protesters in the streets of Belgrade. CNN: Olivera Djukanovic of TV Montenegro reports on how Montenegro promotes tourism by using Claudia Schiffer as a spokesperson for the republic. CNN: Protesters demonstrated for the fourth day against Milosevic's annulment of local elections in Serbia, where the opposition won 15 out of the 18 largest towns. This is first time in 50 years that a pro-democracy opposition has won elections in Serbia. Footage includes protesters. CNN: This broadcast reports on continuing protests. The offices of a party in Milosevic's coalition were bombed, after it issued a statements supporting the Opposition. CNN: The Opposition continues in their attempts to get Milosevic to accept local election results. The report is cut off. CNN: This report is cut off.
English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 18 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000467
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Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia CNN Interview with Ralph Begleiter, Global View
Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic talks about the monarchy in the former Yugoslavia, his family, and his perspective on current demonstrations in Serbia and his role in the future of Serbia.
English language, Date of air: 1996-12-13, Duration: 21 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000468
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The War Criminals: On the Trails of Dule Tadić and Other War Criminals / Die Kriegsverbraecher:- Auf den Spuren von Dule Tadić und anderen Taetern
Program about Bosnian war criminals living in Gemany as refugees, alongside other Bosnians whom they victimized during the Bosnian conflict. The program also focuses on how justice can be achieved and implemented through the International War Crimes Tribunal in the Hague, the first such court since the end of WWII. Many countries, including Germany, have to decide how to arrest war criminals and what constitutes evidence against them. Much of the report profiles Dusko Tadic, a Bosnian Serb indicted for crimes in Omarska prison camp. Interviews: Husein Bezic, a Bosnian Muslim refugee and former neighbor of Tadic (talks about war criminals residing in Munich, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Braunschweig, Hannover, Hamburg, and Berlin); Fatima, who was imprisoned in a camp for women (identifies her Serbian neighbor, whom she encountered in Germany, as the rapist and murderer of a little girl); an anonymous Hamburg lawyer; a UN investigator of war crimes; Imin, a Bosnian Muslim who witnessed Tadic's crimes (recounts the June 17, 1992 torture incident when Tadic ordered him to castrate his fellow inmate, and other incidents of beatings and torture); Alija Kadenovic, former friend of Tadic and psychology professor (talks about Tadic's character and his involvement in the Serbian Democratic Party-SDS); Nusret, a Muslim policeman (indicates that Tadic helped Serbian soldiers to round up Muslims); Zeljko Mejakic, Omarska camp commander and acquaintance of Tadic; and Cherif Bassiouni, UN Commission on War Crimes (discusses Germany's willingness to assist the arrests of war criminals residing in Germany). Footage included: Dusko Tadic's arrest in Munich, Germany; Omarska camp and the garage where the June 17, 1992 incident occurred; Serb camp guards; Tadic in Kozarac; Manjaca camp; destruction in Kozarac; photos of young Tadic with Muslim friends (including Emir Karabasic, a Muslim friend later murdered in Omarska); Omarska camp after closing; and the Hague tribunal.
German language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 30 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000469
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The Time of Settlement / Zeit der Abrechnung
This broadcast focuses on Jasenovac and the atrocities committed there during WWII, and recent Serb emigration due to Croatian independence. Includes an interview with the director of the Jasenovac museum as well as citizens of the town, young and old. The number of deaths is discussed, with Tudjman's and other historians' figures being questioned by the museum's director. The Croatian National Guard is also featured, as well as civilians interviewed about the Ustasa.
German language, Date of air: 1991-09-03, Duration: 12 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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The Army, a Power Factor / Machtfaktor Armee
This broadcast gives a detailed analysis of the JNA, its history, weaponry, and the role it played in the break-up of the former Yugoslavia. Most of the report's images come from archival military and documentary films featuring JNA weaponry and arms factories, mixed in with more recent combat footage from Croatia and Slovenia. The report begins by stating that despite the JNA having always been the pride and joy of Yugoslavia's multi-ethnic federation, it turned on it's own people when Yugoslavia began to break up. As HTV footage of destruction in Croatia and Slovenia shows, the predominantly-Serbian generals are described as having their own agenda, irrespective of what Stipe Mesic, rotating chair of the Yugoslav Federal Council, or any other politicians had to say. The report's narrator then poses questions regarding the intentions of the JNA and its agenda while showing archival footage of JNA weaponry and modern footage of tanks driving through civilian areas. The report states that some 100,000 people are employed by Yugoslavia's defense industry, concentrated in Serbia. Tito is said to have asserted his role in the non-aligned bloc by selling his state's weapons to other member nations in the third world. The report states that the terrain of Croatia and Slovenia is ideal for the 700 JNA tanks stationed there (of an overall 2,200). The reports continues describing the JNA arsenal while showing archival footage cataloging the many types of JNA weapons. Footage of damaged houses and other civilian destruction caused by JNA artillery divisions in Petrinje, Croatia is shown. The report states that the JNA maintained an overall 60 multiple rocket launchers at that time. The JNA's larger missile arsenals are detailed as well, including the R 60, described as having a target range of 60 to 70 kilometers, and the R 300, shown mounted on military trucks with launching devices and described as an improved version of the Soviet SCUD missile. The report then shows archival clips of a promotional film from the JNA's Air Force while detailing the different jets such as the Yugoslavian-made Galeb and Eagle, and the Russian-made MIG 21. The report states that the JNA maintains approximately 150 MIGs, yet only half are ready for combat, and even fewer of that total could be manned because of the Slovenian and Croatian officers that deserted in opposition to bombing their own people. Some 150 to 200 armed helicopters are also shown and described as ready for placement by the JNA, but pilots for these aircraft are in dwindling numbers as well. The bombs and rockets of the aircrafts are featured, combined with scenes of destruction showing the aftermath of attacks using such weapons. Russian Defense Minister Yasov's relationship with Serbian JNA generals Kadijevic and Adzic is then focused on, showing how Russia supplied military support for Serbia's aggression. The report shows the link between the military and nationalist ideologues in the former Yugoslavia, briefly mentioning the renowned memorandum from the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences. Territorial ambitions of a "Greater Serbia" are outlined amid footage of Vojislav Seselj and Slobodan Milosevic speaking at nationalist rallies. The report states that the reorganization of the JNA in 1985 shifted further authority to Belgrade, allowing for greater complicity with the agenda of a "Greater Serbia" by making light to middle-weight weaponry readily available to Serbian civilians and bands of Cetniks in border regions, including footage of specific types of arms and Cetnik paraphernalia. The effect of the JNA's reduction in overall numbers from 1.1 million down to 230,000 is also analyzed, mainly due to the loss of its multiethnic reserves. This, according to the report, fits perfectly within the goals of a "Greater Serbia" because it creates an ethnically-pure Serbian army out of the JNA, with poorly-paid reservists available for placement to key areas such as Sandzak, Vojvodina, and Kosovo, often against the wishes of their own wives. Many non-Serbian soldiers are said to have deserted. The report states that due to losses in Slovenia, a new plan was developed under the title " BDM 2." The plan called for rolling over Croatia and recapturing Slovenia. A plan, consequently, that was never carried out due to only 2 tank brigades remaining in Slovenia at the time of the broadcast, and, according to military experts, a general lack of tactical positioning and absence of the "Partisan Brigades" and other special forces. The report cites the JNA as always having been a symbol of pride for the Partisans' defeat of the Third Reich, but that the Croatian National Guard has come to better represent the needs of its own people. Footage from the short film "Brothers in Arms" is featured, showing scenes of the Croatian National Guard in combat. The short film was shot by Gordan Lederer, a journalist who was killed by a JNA tank on the front. The report states that the Croatian National Guard has combined with police units from the Croatian Interior Ministry, building makeshift armored personnel carriers to raise moral, but remains out-financed, outgunned, and outmanned by JNA forces. Estimates on the total number in the Croatian National Guard are unavailable because of the rapid enlistment at the time of the broadcast. Most are only armed with Kalashnikovs, some only with World War I-era Carbines.
German language, Date of air: 1991-09-10, Duration: 10 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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Embers Taking Flight / Der Funke fliegt
Focus on pre-war Bosnia and Herzegovina as the war began to spread from Croatia. Interviews with Alija Izetbegovic and Serbian politicians. Interview with two JNA soldiers as they begin to occupy parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Shows the aftermath of houses being shot at in a Mostar suburb by JNA soldiers stationed nearby. Shows the reactions of local people to the JNA reserve being mobilized in Bosnia. Two politicians are interviewed. Alija Izetbegovic, a Bosnian Muslim leader, talks about the Muslims' attempts to create a cooperative environment with the Serbs and Croats, while Professor Aleksa Buha talks about Greater Serbia. Report contains pre-war pictures of the cultural plethora characteristic of Bosnia (includes a map of the ethnic makeup of pre-war Bosnia).
German language, Date of air: 1991-09-24, Duration: 9 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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The Opposition / Die Opposition
This broadcast focuses on the Serbian Opposition, in particular Vuk Draskovic, leader of the Serbian Democratic Party. Extensive footage of him is included. He offers his beliefs about the Milosevic government and Serbian nationalism. Talks about the opposition's inability to have their voice heard in Yugoslav politics. Report also includes interviews with several young people on the street of Belgrade on their attitudes about Vuk Draskovic.
German language, Date of air: 1991-10-22, Duration: 8 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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Pressure from the Right / Drueck von Rechts
Focuses on the Croatian right-wing and their role in an independent Croatia. Interview with Dobrosav Paraga, leader of the Croatian Party of the Right (HSP), and the founder of the paramilitary Croatian Armed Forces (HOS). He talks about his goals for Croatia and his Party, and Croatia's desire to become completely independent of Yugoslavia. He also points out that the war is financed by everyone who wants to see Yugoslavia disappear. Alija Šiljak, leader of the HOS is also interviewed, warning of the conflict that is about to happen in Bosnia. Exclaims that Europe is going to see such bloodshed as they have not seen before. Interviewed is also an eight-year-old boy who serves as a courier for the Ustasha guards. The last interview is with an Ustasha soldier talking about his view on Tudjman.
German language, Date of air: 1991-11-05, Duration: 5 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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Tuđman Under Pressure / Tuđman in Bedraengnis
The focus of this broadcast is Franjo Tudjman, President of Croatia, and controversial historian. ORF reporter Erich Macho interviews Tudjman in the midst of war with Serbia. Confident of winning his war against the JNA and rump Yugoslavia, Tudjman foresees international recognition of Croatia by both the European Union and the world community, while accusing Serbia of imperialistic intentions and attempting to keep Croatia from becoming free and democratic. Features interviews with Bozo Kovacevic of the Social Liberal Party, Miko Tripalo of the Croatian People's Party, and Dobroslav Paraga of the Croatian Party of the Right, as well as people on the street in Croatia.
German language, Date of air: 1991-11-12, Duration: 11 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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Istria: The Italian Question / Istrien: Die italienische Frage
This broadcast focuses on the ethnic Italian element in Istria and the northern region of Slovenia. Manilo Vidovic, director of Radio Capodistria, is interviewed on the role his station plays for the ethnic Italian minority in the Istrian peninsula. The report details the pre-WWII population of ethnic Italians as over 80%, with the current levels down to about 3%. Italian schools are still funded by the Italian government in the Istrian region. Interviews with ethnic Italian civilians, local officials, and businessmen are provided throughout. They all primarily discuss the various ways life on Istra has been changed by the new border between Croatia and Slovenia. The question of the Istrian population is discussed vigorously, in regards to the social and political future of the ethnic Italians there.
German language, Date of air: 1991-11-19, Duration: 8 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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Cetniks: Spearheads of Serbia / Cetniks: Speerspitze Serbiens
This broadcast focuses on Cetniks, Serbian paramilitary irregulars and volunteers, in the region in and around East Slavonia at the beginning of the war between Croatia and the Serbian-controlled Yugoslav central government and JNA. The history of the Cetniks and their loyalty to the Serbian monarchy are described briefly from modern to present times. An interview is featured with Maja Gojkovic, Vice-President of the Serbian Radical Party in Novi Sad, about nationalist intentions in Serbia. The Serbian Radical Party is pictured as a political wing of sorts for the Cetniks, providing them with ideological support within the political system of the former Yugoslavia. Footage of Vukovar is shown throughout the report, as well as scenes from the smaller town of Tenja. Cetnik commanders and soldiers are interviewed from their command post in the cellar of a house in Tenja. Ljuban Macakanja, the Cetnik commander in Osijek, and Sava Gruhic, a Cetnik in Tenja, are both interviewed. The Cetniks explain why they can no longer live with the Croats and why Serb-inhabited areas of East Slavonia must come under a Serbian government.
German language, Date of air: 1991-11-26, Duration: 10 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000470
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Fear and Hope / Angst und Hoffnung
This broadcast focuses on Croatia during its war with Serbia in East Slavonia and the Krajina. Cease-fire implementation is discussed, featuring interviews with Zdravko Tomac of the Croatian government, and General Martin Špegelj, Inspector of General Troops. Tomac exclaims that there would never have been a war if the West had been more swift in recognizing Croatia as an independent country. He puts the responsibility to end the war on the U.S. Špegelj assures the world that Croatia will fight for every piece of land that has belonged to them since 1945. The broadcast also reports on the economic impact of the war, including an interview with Ante Čičin-Šain, President of the National Bank of Croatia. Čičin-Šain points out that Croatian economy is in dire need of economic help. Printing of the Croatian dinar is shown, while explaining the currency's virtual worthlessness due to hyper-inflation. Foreign credits can come about only if Croatia's independence if recognized. The hospital in Karlovac is also featured, including an interview with an injured soldier. Contains pictures of wounded civilians and soldiers.
German language, Date of air: 1992-01-07, Duration: 9 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000471
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The New Neighbor / Der neue Nachbar
This broadcast focuses on Slovenia as a newly-independent republic. The defeat of the JNA in 1991 is discussed with footage showing combat between the Slovenian defense forces and the JNA, as well as footage from the JNA troop withdrawal. The new constitution and the middle-right political coalition DEMOS are both discussed, including an interview with Joze Pucnik, former head of DEMOS. Political figures such as Lojze Peterle, Joze Smole, and Janez Jansa are discussed. The author Zarko Petan is also interviewed. In discussion of the economy, poor migrant workers outside of Ljubljana are featured as well as Janez Kociancic, Director of Adria Airlines.
German language, Date of air: 1992-01-07, Duration: 10 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000471
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Interview with Mladić and Karadžić
This program includes interviews with General Mladic and Bos. Serb president, Radovan Karadzic. Karadzic explains, among other things, why he doesn't recognize the Court in the Hague; denies that the Serbs committed ethnic cleansing and rape; and talks about relations with Serbia. The prospects for long-term peace are weak, according to Karadzic. Footage of Paris Conference and the Dayton Peace negotiations, Sarajevo and Serb-held part of Sarajevo, refugees from Srebrenica, Bosnian Serb army in Srebrenica, and refugees from Serbian Krajina in Croatia is included.
Serbian, English language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 54 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000472
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Tuđman, Karadžić, Milošević, Ćosić, Boban, Izetbegović
n/a
English language, Date of production: 1993,
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Tuđman, Karadžić, Milošević, Ćosić, Boban, Izetbegović
n/a
English language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000474
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Compilation of Different Reports on Rape of Bosnian Women
This tape contains a medley of news reports on the rape of Bosnian Muslim women; none of the reports are featured in their entirety. - (1) BBC (in English W/SCB subtitles, beginning cut off): Allan Little reports from Bihac on an unidentified 16-year-old girl who was raped repeatedly by Serbian irregular forces and became pregnant as a consequence. Although her story is not corroborated by other testimonies, it is supported by her internal and other injuries. She lives in Zagreb and will not be allowed to have an abortion because the Croatian law prohibits it. - (2) TVBiH (in SCB): This report includes a brief interview with a 12-year-old girl from Foca who was raped repeatedly by Bosnian Serb soldiers. She mentions that she was in Kalinovik and that she was jailed; two or three soldiers would usually come to take her out of jail and rape her. She also mentions that a soldier tried to protect her. If it weren't for the war, she would now attend sixth grade in elementary school. - (3) TVBiH (in FRENCH W/SCB VO & English subtitles): Originally produced by a French network TV5, this report features an interview with Slobodan Panic, a Serb soldier and former detention camp guard who admitted to raping five women. Panic explains how his commanders forced him to commit the rapes. - (4) BBC (?) (in English W/SCB subtitles): This report shows an unidentified Bosnian Muslim woman with her three children. The woman was raped and shot three times in the leg by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Two of her children died, while the third one was injured in the leg. - (5) TVBiH (in SCB): Arijana Saracevic interviews several rape victims, an unidentified Bosnian Muslim woman and three teenage girls who were all held together at a camp in Rogatica. The first woman describes in detail the torture, rape, and severe beatings which she and other women endured at the hands of the Bosnian Serb soldiers; according to her, women between the ages of 14 and 45 were raped and beaten. She knew each one of the perpetrators. One of the teenage girls explains how hard it was to face the fact that her former friends and neighbors were now their assailants. - (5) TVBiH (in German W/SCB subtitles): Originally produced by ORF2, this report features a testimony by the Bosnian Serb soldier Borislav Herak, who admitted that Bosnian Serb commanders turned the Vogosca motel complex "Sonja" into a bordello. He states that Bosnian women held there were raped en masse and then killed in the nearby forest. - (6) TVBiH (in FRENCH W/SCB VO & English subtitles): Originally produced by French TV5, this broadcast shows an anonymous woman describing how she was raped by four Cetniks. - (7) HTV (in German W/SCB subtitles): (a brief segment) Originally produced by ORF (?), this report shows Fata Zahbac (sp), a Kozarac woman who lost her mind after being tortured. (segments 1-7 end at 00:08:30) - (8) TVBiH: A longer program entitled "The Story of Rape" features a Bosnian TV reporter Haris Kulenovic interviewing an anonymous woman who was raped by the Bosnian Serb soldiers. According to Kulenovic, 30,000 women were raped during the Bosnian war. The woman and her three children lived near the airport in the suburbs of Sarajevo, from where they were taken to the nearby Kula prison in June (1992 ?). Their house was destroyed in a shell explosion. The woman describes how she was captured, how she and her daughter were raped, and how they eventually escaped from the prison. She explains that soldiers who imprisoned her were all former neighbors, and that even some of the Muslim neighbors also participated in rounding up the women. She describes the living conditions in the prison, and mentions a man named Trapara who raped and beat her. Women were called out by name, then taken to rooms where numbers of soldiers, who were often drunk, would beat, torture, and rape them. The woman explains how she and her eldest daughter deal with their experiences. She believes that the victims of rape have to talk about their experiences because that is the only way the three ethnic groups can live together again. (segment ends at 00:25:36) - (9) HTV (SCB W/German VO & SCB subtitles; poor quality). Originally produced by a German TV station, the report contains an interview with Asja Kesma, a 22-year-old Visegrad native raped by the Bosnian Serb soldiers. She alleges that seventeen men raped her, four to five each night. During the last evening of her detention, she was raped by twelve men. According to Kesma, many women who had become pregnant went to Visegrad to get abortions. She thinks she would have killed her baby if she was pregnant as a result of rape. - (10) HTV (in SCB): A segment of a report mentions ITN's efforts to document on-camera statements by rape victims. A report by European Community estimates that about 20,000 Bosnian women were raped from May to September, 1992. Brief statements by a former Bosnian Serb detention camp guard, Slobodan Panic; an anonymous victim of rape; and Nusreta Sivac are featured. - (11) TVBiH (in SCB)): Reporter Arijana Saracevic interviews an unidentified woman who became pregnant after she was raped by Bosnian Serb soldiers, who were her neighbors in the past. She recalls being taken to a room with thirteen other women, then being raped twice a night. Late into her pregnancy the soldiers took her to Hres, near Sarajevo, and told her to "feed the Chetniks," a statement that refers to a forced pregnancy. She says that she was afraid to tell her brothers that she was pregnant, and that she does not care what happens to the child. Portions of a Borislav Herak confession are intertwined with her story. Herak, a Bosnian Serb soldier who admitted to raping and killing Muslim women and other civilians, reveals that his commander Boro ordered him and his fellow soldiers to rape the Muslim women detained in the "Sonja" restaurant. He describes in detail how he treated a 20-year-old Amela, whom he later killed. - (12) TVBiH (in English w/ SCB VO) ABC Nightline: Rape in Bosnia (same as tape 010).
English, French, Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 31 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000475
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Market Massacre in Sarajevo
This special live broadcast by Serbian TV, channel Belgrade 1, in cooperation with Pale TV, focuses on the Marketplace Massacre in Sarajevo on February 5, 1994. Officers of the Yugoslav Army give statements, including Zoran Stankovic in the Belgrade studio, and Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb President, with Milan Gvero, Colonel in the Bosnian Serb Army, in the Pale studio. Karadzic's comment on the event is that the Muslims once again staged a massacre in order to provoke international military intervention against the Serbs. He states that Muslims have planted bloodstained dummies in the market place. Short reports from CNN are shown along with the commentary by the guests in the studio. Statements from Lord David Owen, peace negotiator; Warren Christopher, former Secretary of State; U.S. President Clinton; and Andrei Kozyrev, Russian Foreign Minister, are also featured.
Serbian language, Date of air: 1994-02-05,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000476
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Market Massacre in Sarajevo
This special live broadcast by Serbian TV, channel Belgrade 1, in cooperation with Pale TV, focuses on the Marketplace Massacre in Sarajevo on February 5, 1994. Officers of the Yugoslav Army give statements, including Zoran Stankovic in the Belgrade studio, and Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb President, with Milan Gvero, Colonel in the Bosnian Serb Army, in the Pale studio. Karadzic's comment on the event is that the Muslims once again staged a massacre in order to provoke international military intervention against the Serbs. He states that Muslims have planted bloodstained dummies in the market place. Short reports from CNN are shown along with the commentary by the guests in the studio. Statements from Lord David Owen, peace negotiator; Warren Christopher, former Secretary of State; U.S. President Clinton; and Andrei Kozyrev, Russian Foreign Minister, are also featured.
Serbian language, Date of air: 1994-02-05,
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Various News Reports
Croatian Television program compiles news reports from various local and international TV stations. Reports from TV5, SRT-Serbian TV, Slovenian TV, RAI-Italian channel, BBC, SKY, F3, TF2, and Euronews; Karadzic (8/8/95)
Croatian language, Date of production: 1995, Duration: 1 hour
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Various News Reports [1/42]
HRT documentary on Tudjman and HDZ's role in the last days of Yugoslavia and early years of the war on Croatia. The documentary employs nationalist political rhetoric and praises Tudjman and HDZ's "diplomatic wisdom." Footage included: 1990 – early days of Krajina Serb rebellion, SDS president Jovan Raskovic, Vojislav Seselj, Milan Babic, meeting of Raskovic and Tudjman, the Yugoslav National Army, Veljko Kadijevic, JNA officers, Knin leader Dusan Zelembaba, proclamation of the new Croatian constitution, Slovenia's bid for independence, Alija Izetbegovic's reaction to JNA in Croatia, and Ante Markovic and his Reform Alliance campaign ad. 1991 – political talks in Belgrade, Yugoslav Presidency's extension of the deadline for disarmament of the Croatian Police, the Spegelj Affair video, the Pope praying for Croatia, JNA General Adzic, Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslav Presidency rejects Stjepan Mesic, swearing-in of the Croatian National Guard, Referendum for Croatian independence, James Baker supporting unity of Yugoslavia, Croatian Parliament proclaims Croatian independence, JNA attack on Slovenia, army barracks situation in Croatian cities, radio conversation between two Yugoslav Army officers planning to "catch the leaders: Tudjman, Spegelj, etc.," JNA attack on Croatia, Croatian war song, JNA bombing of the Ducal Palace in Zagreb, Republic of Croatia breaks all ties with Yugoslavia, Vukovar and massacres, Serbian song about "slaughtering the Croats," Dubrovnik under attack, international recognition of Croatia, Tudjman speech at the UN, HRT "Picture on Picture" program mainly on IFOR in Eastern Slavonia (many breaks on tape), and the indictment of Dario Kordic, Tihomir Vlaskic, Mario Cerkez, Ivan Santic, Pero Skopljak, and Zlatko Aleksovski for the persecution of Bosnian Muslims in Central Bosnia. Related SKY television and TV5 stories. CNN interview with unrecognized Republic of Kosovo Prime Minister in exile Bujar Bukoshi.
Croatian, English language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000479
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Various News Reports [2/42]
Programs from HRT, CNN, EURONews, SKY, HRT-BBC, BTV, HRT-SLO, HRT-SRT, HRT-ZDF, HRT-SKY,and TV5. Programs aired in mid-November 1995. HRT reports on the Dayton Agreement; the promotion of indicted General Tihomir Blaskic, formerly head of HVO, to the function of the main inspector of the Croatian Army; Christian Chartier comments on indictments of Karadzic and Mladic; Herceg-Bosna reactions to the Dayton Agreement which is "in their opinion to the detriment of croats of BiH"; Herceg-Bosna reactions to indictments of Blaskic and Santic; signing of the Dayton Agreement in Paris and grenade explosions in Sarajevo on the same day – reaction of Haris Silajdzic; Bosnian Posavina hostilities; short statements by privates in the Bosnian Army, Bosnian Serb Army, and possibly HVO. HRT special on the events of December 14 in 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995. Footage included: 1991 bombing of Zadar, 1992 release of imprisoned Croats and Muslims from the Manjaca concentration camp, Radovan Karadcic stating war would end by the end of 1992, Americans dropping food to Muslims in the eastern enclaves. HRT "Picture on Picture" program on the Day of BiH Statehood: includes brief history of the Republic, new BiH national anthem, footage of Sarajevo on the day. SKY report on Izetbegovic' and Karadzic public reaction concerning the Dayton Agreement; Bosnian Serb dissatisfaction and protest of students in Serb-held Sarajevo suburb of Ilidza concerning the return of the suburbs to the Federation – students accuse Milosevic of "abandoning them to get the sanctions against Belgrade lifted"; footage of UN soldiers arriving to Mostar; return of Zenica refugees. Serbian Television report on Yugoslav Federal government judging the Dayton Agreement as a "basis for the full preservation and protection of the rights of Serbian people in the region"; Krajina Serb negotiator Milan Milanovic states "international forces would guarantee there won't be any Croatian police, Croatian customs, or any kind of Croatian institutions" in the Baranja-Srijem region. HRT footage of Krajina Serbs celebrating four years from the "liberation" of Vukovar; interviews with international reporters on war in Bosnia who will stop their work after signing of the Dayton Agreement: Dan Damon (SKY), Christiane Amanpour (CNN), Roger Cohen (NY Times), and Martin Bell (BBC). HRT report on the bombing of Zagreb; footage of primaballerina Almira Osmanovic, who was wounded during the attack; reactions of Croatian Parliament representatives to signing of Dayton Agreement. Slovenian Television report on Biljana Plavsic promises to build new Serbian Sarajevo in the Lukavica suburb. ZDF report on Serb-held part of Sarajevo reaction to the Dayton Agreement. HRT report on Peter Galbraith's reaction to bombing of Zagreb; footage of Pakrac and UN soldiers and Serbian civilians there. The rest of the tape is in French.
Croatian, English language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000480
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Bosnian Muslims: History of a Struggle for Survival / Bosanski Muslimani: Historija jedne borbe za opstanak
Program aired on television in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 52 min.
VHS PAL #482
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Bosnian Muslims / Bosanski Muslimani
Program aired on television in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000482
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Various News Reports [3/42]
The following reports produced by various international media were all broadcast on HRT as a part of the "Slikom Na Sliku" program. October 10, 1995: The announcer cites a statement made by Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, where he asked Serbia and Croatia for an official declaration stating they do not have territorial aspirations in Bosnia and that they will not stir up separatist and nationalist intentions. The reports reflects speculation that Sarajevo might begin asking for uncomfortable demands which could cause negative reactions in the U.S. and among Bosnian Croats. SKY News (English W/SCB subtitles): Robin Marriage reports on the normalization of life in Sarajevo, where water and public transportation are available throughout the city. According to UN sources, Bosnian Serb forces are on the attack against the Bosnian Army around Sanski Most. U.S. negotiators are cited as stating that despite the fighting, peace negotiations set for October 31, 1995 in Dayton, OH will proceed as scheduled. There is also a brief mention that UN Commander General Rupert Smith is returning to head British troops in Northern Ireland. Smith will be replaced by General Michael Jackson. Footage available: U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke in a meeting with Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, heavy artillery being fired, and soldiers shooting at sunset. HRT (?) (English W/SCB subtitles): This report was originally done by CNN. According to the report, 6,000 Bosnian Muslim refugees have arrived in the Bosnian government-held area of Zenica. The Bosnian army offensive (in Western Bosnia) caused the expulsion of Bosnian Serbs who are now headed towards Banja Luka; in return, the Bosnian Serb army in the Banja Luka area has been expelling Bosnian Muslims and Croats. UN sources state that 10,000 Bosnian Muslims have been ejected by the Bosnian Serb army, and at least 5,000 men were forced to stay behind. Statements are made by David Robinson of the International Rescue Committee, and Merima, who was forced to leave her mother, husband, and children behind in Banja Luka. The report cites statements made by an unidentified woman, who states that she was raped by three Bosnian Serb soldiers; a woman whose husband was taken away; and Hussein, an elderly man. Footage available: Bosnian Muslim refugees in Zenica, and Bosnian Serb refugees in Omarska. October 22, 1995, ORF2 (German W/SCB voiceover): Friedrich Orter reports from the Bosnia-Croatia border on the 25,000 Bosnian Muslim refugees who are supporters of Fikret Abdic – Abdic is the self-proclaimed leader of the Bosnian Muslims, who helped both Croats and Serbs during the war. Orter explains that Abdic's headquarters were at a castle in Velika Kladusa and that many of the men who fought in Abdic's army are still armed. As a result, Croatia has been threatening de-militarization and deportation. The Bosnian government is now asking Croatia to extradite Abdic so he can be tried for alleged war crimes. A statement made by a Bosnian army soldier from the 5th Corps is cited. Footage of street life in Velika Kladusa is available. The Hague War Crimes Tribunal has officially begun an investigation into the disappearance of 3,000 civilians in the Bosnian Serb-held area of Srebrenica. Photographs taken by U.S. intelligence have become part of the evidence in the investigation. The Tribunal is seeking evidence which would point to Bosnian Serb Commander General Ratko Mladic, and to the connection the Belgrade government has had with the disappearances. TV5 (FRENCH W/SCB subtitles): This broadcast reports that 2,800 Bosnian Muslim men went missing after Srebrenica fell to the Bosnian Serb army. An investigation by the Hague Tribunal found that crimes were committed; hence, the charges against General Ratko Mladic are becoming more severe. There have also been speculations over the question of why the U.S. did not publish all the aerial photos taken of the mass graves, particularly as these photos will be used as evidence. Statements are made by Head Representative for Europe Christopher Girod, and Tageszeitung reporter Andreas Zumach. Footage available: people looking at lists of the names of those missing, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica, Ratko Mladic greeting his soldier, and soldiers (Bosnian Serb/Serbian irregulars/Bosnian Croat?) discarding a Bosnian Muslim flag. TV VUKOVAR: This broadcast contains an interview with Željko Ražnatović (aka Arkan), where he explains the reasons behind his presence in the Srem and Baranja regions. EURONews: Two reports in French without captions (need translation). HTV: Zeljko Valcic reports on a meeting of representatives from the World Bank, IMF, EU, and USAID, whose goal is to determine the level of Bosnia's financial need. One thousand refugees from Sanski Most and Kljuc, who were housed in Zenica and Travnik during the Bosnian Serb occupation of Sanski Most and Kljuc, are now on their way home. The road leading from Sarajevo to Gorazde has been reopened. So far, only humanitarian trucks are permitted to use this road in order to deliver aid to Gorazde's 50,000 citizens. A statement made by World Bank representative Kemal Dervis is cited. Footage available: meeting between Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic and financial leaders, and pictures of refugee boarding buses. October 23, 1995, HTV: Vlado Slijepcevic reports from Bijeljina on the 55th parliament meeting of the Bosnian Serb Republic (Republika Srpska). The report states that representatives from the parliament met with Serbia's President Slobodan Milosevic in order to discuss results and plans for the ongoing peace negotiations. The report then outlines the various issues regarding the territory of Republika Srpska which Milosevic will push for, as well as other topics which will be discussed at the meeting. Cited is a statement made by Bosnian Serb Parliament representative Momcilo Krajisnik. SLO1 (Slovenian W/SCB voiceover & English W/SCB voiceover & Slovenian subtitles): This report outlines plans for the Dayton peace negotiations. As a result of Holbrooke's shuttle diplomacy, the leaders of Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia will meet in Dayton, OH to discuss the future of Bosnia. Brief statements are made by U.S. Assistant Secretary Richard Holbrooke, and U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher. Footage includes: Richard Holbrooke meeting with Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, and with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman; and soldiers cleaning a cannon. HRT: Zeljko Valcic reports on the Bosnian Serb parliament meeting where the main guidelines for the Dayton negotiations have been adopted. Valcic then outlines the guidelines made by the parliament. Also, several thousand U.S. soldiers in Germany are training for a possible deployment in Bosnia, and two British UN soldiers were wounded after a mine exploded in the Jajce area. Footage included: Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic giving a brief statement on his way out of the Bosnian Serb parliament. HRT: Matej Surc gives a detailed explanation of the Bosnian Serbs' political and territorial demands for the Dayton negotiations. Footage included: Radovan Karadzic and Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic in a meeting, and the Bosnian Serb parliament (politicians featured in the parliament are Nikola Koljevic, Momcilo Krajisnik, and Alexa Buha). EURO News (October 25, 1995): This is a "No Comment report." Footage included: Karadzic and Arkan marching together in a military ceremony in Bjeljina; a body being dragged out of a (mass?) grave; several soldiers singing a song; a man without a leg, and a woman at an inside shooting range; and a man with a prosthetic leg running on a track field. HRT: Elizabeta Gojan reports on the renewed shelling of Sarajevo, the refusal of the Bosnian Serb army to open the water supply, the regrouping of the Bosnian Serb soldiers, and the 300 UN soldiers held hostage by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Footage included: a building being shelled, Red Cross vehicles, a UN helicopter, and a meeting between UN officials. Inserted is a brief report which is hard to make out due to poor audio and visual quality. Gojan also briefly analyzes the redefined role of the UN. HRT (Italian W/SCB subtitles): This RAIUNO report analyzes the continued Bosnian Serb attacks on Sarajevo, particularly around Debelo Brdo. One member of the French UN was wounded during the attacks. The report further states that 3,500 Bosnian Serb civilians had to be evacuated from the Tuzla area as Bosnian Muslim forces continue attacks around Ozren. Footage included: infrared pictures of shooting in Sarajevo at night, refugees fleeing at night, destroyed houses, and UN soldiers in bunkers. SRT: Ljubomir Ljubojevic reports on a meeting between Radovan Karadzic and Krajina Serb leader Milan Martic. The goal of the meeting is to draw up a plan for the unification of Serbian Krajina and Republika Srpska. Other politicians present are President of the Bosnian Serb parliament Momcilo Krajisnik, Vice Presidents Dr. Biljana Plavsic and Nikola Koljevic, President of the Serbian Krajina parliament Rajko Lezajic, and Serbian Krajina Foreign Minister Milan Babic. SRT: Interviewed is the Foreign Minister of Republika Srpska Aleksa Buha. He discusses issues surrounding the UN's arrest of six Bosnian Serbs soldiers. He states that UNPROFOR needs to clarify its position regarding the arrests, as this sheds new light on the situation. Predrag Koroman reports on the living conditions of the UN soldiers detained by the Bosnian Serb soldiers. Soldiers are shown cooking, playing darts, and being lectured to by their commander. A statement is made by French UN Captain Zoanik (French sp?) HRT: Report outlines the continued fighting in Sarajevo, particularly the area of Debelo Brdo. According to the report, five children were killed in the fighting around Mostar. The report further details the situation with the UN in Bosnia, noting that a Ukrainian soldier was taken hostage by Bosnian government forces. In Gorazde, Bosnian government soldiers are preparing for an upcoming attack by Bosnian Serb forces by taking all weapons from the Ukrainian UN soldiers stationed in this safe haven. A statement regarding Western politics is made by UN Undersecretary Manfred Eisele. Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed Sacirbey gives a brief speech regarding the future of the UN in Bosnia. Footage included: the body of a dead man, civilians running in the street, infrared pictures of a bombs exploding, and Bosnian government fighters preparing for an attack. HRT: Ranko Mavrak gives a report via telephone regarding the evacuation of the 15,000 civilians from the Zepa safe haven. According to Mavrak, the Bosnian army will not be in a position to defend Zepa without the help of the international community. He states that the situation has significantly worsened and that the majority of the population do not have adequate weapons to defend themselves. He also explains that Ukrainian UN soldiers stationed in Zepa are not clear on their next actions, which is actually the case with the UN itself. Footage included: Bosnian Serb soldiers (?), UN soldiers in a bunker, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, UN soldiers in Sarajevo, and UN spokesman Aleksander Ivanko.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 36 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000483
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HRT: JNA Occupation of the Plitvice Region
This documentary details how the JNA occupied towns and villages in the Plitivice region of Croatia. The report begins by highlighting a meeting of the "Plitvice" organization workers which was obstructed by the JNA. The narrator points out that a later meeting of ethnic Serbs where Vojislav Seselj and Milan Babic were the guest speakers was not forced to disperse. The report further explains that all of the Croat villages in the Plitvice area have been occupied by the JNA, and that people are being taken to Korenica and Knin for interrogations. The report shows Tomislav Strk, the mayor of Slunj, asking for help in stopping the JNA occupation. The issue of many residents setting up defense groups is discussed by explaining that they are not strong enough to fight against the well-equipped JNA, and that many civilians are forced to become refugees. One of the refugee camps, Grabovac, is pointed out as having suffered an attack by the JNA, resulting in the death of three children. The report cites the numbers of people killed in the first couple of months of the blockade of the Plitvice villages: Rastovaca: 2, Poljanak: 17, Smoljanac: 14, Catrna: 7, Korana: 3 children, Dreznicko Seliste: 15, Drezni Grad: 9, Irinovac: 4, Lipovaca: 14, Vaganac: 8, and Saborski: 48. Further highlighted are the various air attacks on Cetingrad and Slunj areas, which produced the following casualties: Rakovica: 21, Slunj: 20, Cvitovic: 15, Ladjevac: 47, and Cetinjgrad: 31. Throughout the report, Major Vladimir Katic, of the Croatian Home Defense Guards, gives a detailed description of how the JNA established a blockade of the Plitvice region, and what roads were taken by refugees trying to get away from the fighting. The report closes with Reverend Mile Pecic who briefly explains the role of the priesthood in supporting the people. Statements are made by JNA Deputy Commander Andrija Raseta (?), a local unidentified man and woman, the Mayor of Saborski village, local resident defender Ivica Kukuruzovic, and Halil Dzubran, who reads a patriotic poem. Other footage includes soldiers shooting in the winter, Croatian soldiers arresting several men who are referred to as "terrorists," JNA equipment and soldiers in the Plitvice region, children helping in the making of sand bags, JNA tanks driving at night, landscapes of the Plitivice region, shot-out vehicles, a dead body wrapped in a blanket, soldiers carrying a wounded man, Croatian police officers in the Yugoslav police uniforms, the body of Rade Keca, refugees arriving at the Grabovac camp, destroyed catholic churches, destroyed houses, Croatian home defense guards getting organized, doctor Krusic taking care of a wounded person, landscapes of Slunj, and people sitting for a Catholic mass.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 31 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000484
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HRT: Various News Reports [5/42]
- HRT Evening News (Dnevnik): Damir Matkovic reports on the latest in Bosnian safe haven, Zepa. UNPROFOR confirms the fall of the enclave. Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic cited. ICTY's indictment of Martic, Karadzic, and Mladic also discussed. - (b
Croatian language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000485
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Picture on Picture: Medley of International Reports on Bosnia and Croatia [6/42] / HRT: Slikom na Sliku [6/42]
ORF2 (SCB voiceover): This report is about a meeting between UN Envoy Pere (sp) and Radovan Karadzic; Karadzic denied rumors of a coup attempt, and asked the UN Envoy for control over the Bosnian Muslim enclave of Gorazde in return for access to Sarajevo. Footage includes Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic sitting in a meeting with Pere (sp), and Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik. HRT: This is a clip from an interview in which Karadzic gives his view regarding the peace negotiations. He outlines how Western nations are trying to undermine the Bosnian Serb negotiators and their demands. UNTV: Martina Balazova reports on how the Serbian government is forcibly sending Krajina Serb refugee men to the Bosnian front. She reports that Serbian police came into the Sremska Mitrovica (Serbia) refugee camp, gathered all the men of fighting age, and sent them to the Bosnian front. The following witnesses give statements: an unidentified young man, three unidentified women, and Slobodan Jarcevic, Counselor to Krajina Serb leader Milan Martic. SLO1 (SCB voiceover): Matej Surc reports on how the Yugoslav government-controlled media manipulate the question of Krajina refugees seeking shelter in Serbia. He also explains that forcible mobilization of Krajina Serb men was halted due to protests by the Serbian public, but that the fate of Krajina refugee men sent to Bosnia to fight is still unknown. According to a Belgrade newspaper article, Krajina Serb leader Milan Martic moved into an apartment in Banja Luka where a refugee family used to live. Footage includes a refugee camp in Serbia, refugees standing in line in front of a truck, Serbian refugee cars lined up on a road, and Milan Martic in Banja Luka at night. RTS1: This broadcast cites an interview with Goran Hadzic, an aspiring Krajina Serb leader. In an interview he gave to "Borba," a Serbian newspaper, Goran Hadzic addressed questions regarding the Krajina Serb leadership. CNN (SCB subtitles): This is a brief report on a hemorrhagic fever outbreak in Kosovo that threatens to spread among Krajina refugees pouring into Kosovo; poor sanitary conditions in Kosovo are a large contributing factor to the outbreak of this and other diseases. The report is cut off. Footage includes children laying in a hospital. HRT: This broadcast reports on an estimated 1,000 Krajina Serb men who were forcibly sent to the Bosnian frontlines. The men have escaped from the Bosnian frontlines and are awaiting permission to enter Serbia and join their families. A statement is made by an unidentified woman (who appeared in the previous UNTV report). Footage includes an aerial shot of Krajina Serb refugees crossing a bridge. HRT: Sanja Vranjes reports that the renewed shelling of Sarajevo left six people dead and 38 wounded. Among the wounded were six Egyptian UN soldiers. One apartment building was destroyed, and a building next to the television building caught on fire. Other footage includes two wounded civilians being brought out from a car and put onto a stretcher, a wounded child crying, burning buildings, and the interior of a destroyed building. HRT: This is a very brief report from Sarajevo regarding the arrival of humanitarian aid sent in by the Saudi government. Sarajevans received flour, cooking oil, and sugar. HRT: This broadcast reports that 90 Ukraine UN soldiers from Gorazde arrived in Sarajevo, because their positions in Gorazde became militarily unbearable. The next is about the funeral of three U.S. diplomats who died in an accident on Mount Igman. This report is cut off. BBC World (SCB voiceover): This report is cut off. EURONews: This report is in French, and is cut off. 00:10:20–00:37:55 This is part of a British documentary detailing "Operation Phoenix," an effort to bring together British and local Sarajevo doctors, primarily surgeons and anesthetists. The teams of surgeons are gathered to perform many surgeries that could not have been done during the war due to a lack of means or time. Two surgeries are shown: one of them performed by Dr. John Stuart (plastic surgeon) on patient Nedjad Mahmutovic, and the other performed by Dr. Mike Ward and Dr. Persival (orthopedic surgeon) on patient Hajrudin Bijelic. Both the local and British doctors describe in interviews life under siege and constant shelling, working conditions during war, how they were affected by the war, and living under the cease-fire. Statements by Marijana Serdarevic, Croat anesthetist in Kosovo hospital; Dr. Tony Redman and Dr. John Navein, international team of doctors working in Sarajevo's hospitals; Nedjad Mahmutovic and two unidentified women from his family; Dr. Mike Ward, anesthetist; Zdenka Straus, anesthetist; Dr. Nik Persival, orthopedic surgeon; Zeljka Knezovic, anesthetist; and Jasmina Alibegovic, junior doctor at the children's ward at Kosovo. HRT: This broadcast reports on the Bosnian government forces' takeover of Sanski Most, and their continuing territorial advances towards Prijedor. The report notes that these advances are endangering the Bosnian Serb stronghold of Banja Luka, where around 100,000 Bosnian Serb civilians are seeking refuge. In Sarajevo, humanitarian trucks brought in 165 tons of food aid. The trucks passed through the town of Hadzici for the first time after local – Bosnian Serb – residents decided to open the roads. Footage includes French NATO soldiers and local men unloading flour sacks from trucks. HRT: This is a three-minute segment of what appears to be a longer documentary, but it is missing the beginning and end. Statements are made by two older unidentified men, and Father Ivan Savic. Footage includes elderly civilians and soldiers going over the Velebit mountain on September 26, 1991; and RTB footage of tanks and burning houses. HRT: This report discusses the possibility of NATO air-strikes against the Bosnian Serb military positions. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic threatened to ask for a discontinuation of Paris negotiations if Bosnian Serb positions around Sarajevo were not destroyed. As more evidence points to Bosnian Serbs as the perpetrators, there is a wider call for NATO air-strikes. Footage includes blood-stained steps, a carpet with a large blood stain, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic giving a statement at a meeting in Paris, a smiling child laying on a stretcher, a Bosnian Muslim funeral, extensive graves sites, and different men covering graves with earth. CNN (SCB voiceover): Wolf Blitzer reports on the ongoing debate between the U.S. and its allies regarding the possibility of bombing Bosnian Serb military positions around Sarajevo. He outlines the U.S. position regarding the effectiveness of NATO air-strikes as opposed to direct land attacks. CNN (SCB subtitles): Steve Hurst reports from the U.S. State Department on the newest developments regarding the possible bombing of Bosnian Serb military targets, and the ongoing peace negotiations. The U.S. is still pushing for diplomatic negotiations, a part of that being Alija Izetbegovic's meeting with French President Jacques Chirac. The differing views between the U.S. and Russia regarding the Bosnian conflict are presented. He also outlines what the U.S.-brokered peace plan would call for. Footage includes Alija Izetbegovic with Jacques Chirac. TF1 (SCB voiceover): This broadcast cites statements made by Alija Izetbegovic. He stated that he would be leaving the peace negotiations if Western allies continue to allow Bosnian Serb forces to kill civilians in Sarajevo. France gave their guarantees that they would participate in any attack. Footage includes Alija Izetbegovic at a meeting in Paris. French TV5 (W/ FRENCH voiceover/SCB subtitles): The report describes the aftermath of the marketplace massacre, explaining that Sarajevans feel angry and desperate. Local merchants are shown repairing their shops which were destroyed by the mortar shell. The report also briefly mentions that one grenade fell on a Kosovo hospital. Statements are made by an unidentified young man, and an unidentified young woman. Footage includes flowers placed at the spot where the shell hit, people passing by the site, and merchants repairing their stores. BBC (SCB voiceover): This report also appears on tape 530. SRT: This broadcast states that the Bosnian government staged the marketplace massacre by bringing wounded soldiers from the frontlines. Footage included: wounded civilians being brought into a hospital after the explosion, soldiers loading wounded men onto trucks, and a woman hosing down blood stains. EURONews: The following three reports are in French. HRT: This report contains footage of Mladic refusing to let reporters into Saint Ante, a catholic church which was bombed down by Bosnian Serb forces – the video quality is very poor. This report is cut off.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour
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Various News Reports [7/42]
ARD: This report analyzes the situation of the Bosnian Muslim refugees living in Miholjsko, Croatia. These refugees are followers of Fikret Abdic, who sided with the Bosnian Serbs during the war. The report states that these people are not welcomed by the Croatian government, but are also afraid to return to Bosnia for fear of retaliation from the Bosnian government. The report states that the refugees are living in catastrophic sanitary conditions. Statements are made by two refugee women. EURONews: This report is in French. SKY News (SCB subtitles): Michael Sullivan reports on the Bosnia Serb retreat resulting from the Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government offensive in the Banja Luka area. He states that the Bosnian Serb retreat has been so swift that much of the artillery left behind is being made use of by the Bosnian government and Bosnian Croat army. A statement is made by Bosnian Foreign Minister Muhamed Sacirbey. Footage included: Bosnian government troops taking over tanks, Bosnian government troops entering a village, British Foreign Secretary Malcolm Rifkind meeting with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman and Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, and Richard Holbrooke meeting with Franjo Tudjman and Alija Izetbegovic. HRT: This broadcast cites a statement by Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik. In his view, the Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government offensive was a result of the NATO bombings. He was also surprised that Malcolm Rifkind accepted to be an observer in the negotiations between the Bosnian government and the Bosnian Serbs in Banja Luka. He further states that the UN and NATO support of the Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government offensive has forced the Bosnian Serbs to continue in their attempts to hold on to the territories gained during the war. The next report cites a statement by Predrag Radic, President of the Banja Luka War Council: he refused Muhamed Sacirbey's offer for negotiations regarding the future of Banja Luka, calling it ridiculous. An SRT picture of Radic is included. HRT: Originally produced by SRT, the report states that a special (propaganda) war has been waged by the Bosnian Croats against the Bosnian Serbs. Furthermore, the Bosnian Serb population has been called upon to give names of people who have been spreading misinformation regarding the situation in Banja Luka. Individuals accused of spreading false information will be subject to a criminal trial. CNN (SCB voiceover): Peter Arnett reports from Bijeljina. He cites statements made by Nikola Koljevic in regard to the Bosnian Croat/government offensive. Koljevic stated that if the Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government offensive does not stop he will be forced to ask Serbia for military support. There are 80,000 Bosnian Serb refugees in the Banja Luka area, who will all be housed on Bosnian Serb territory in Bosnia. Koljevic is further cited as stating that the grenades falling constantly around Banja Luka are unbearable and have caused numerous civilian deaths. Bosnian Serb positions were attacked after the signing of the Geneva peace treaty. Arnett also states that the Bosnian Croat and Bosnian government officials claimed the shelling to be in retaliation to what the Bosnian Serbs have done throughout the war. HRT: Originally produced by STV (Serbian TV), this is a brief clip citing a statement made by the Bosnian Serb General Milovanovic. RAIUNO (SCB subtitles): The report cites the results reported by the Pentagon after the bombing of Bosnian Serb military targets. Of the thousands of "intelligent bombs" dropped in Bosnia, 70% hit their target. In comparison, less than 50% of the guided missiles hit their targets in the Gulf War. The report then gives a brief insight into how guided missiles operate. Footage available: aerial shots of Bosnian Serb military targets before and after the NATO bombing. HRT: The announcer states that Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic has been held responsible for the fate of two French airmen whose plane has been shot down. TV5 (SCB subtitles): The report states that the Red Cross in Sarajevo has been negotiating with the Bosnian Serb army to gain access to the two French airmen. A statement is made by Red Cross Spokesperson Lise Boudreault. EURONews: The first "No Comment" broadcast was recorded on September 19, 1995, and shows pictures on life in Bosanska Krupa. Footage included: armed civilians and soldiers walking through the streets, an Orthodox church, civilians standing on a bridge, two boys climbing up a destroyed bridge, a soldier sitting on a doorstep, destroyed buildings, a destroyed bridge, and people in the streets. The second "No Comment" broadcast was recorded on September 18, 1995 in Sanski Most. Footage included: a woman driving by on a bicycle, civilians and soldiers walking in the streets, soldiers doing road patrols and sitting on a tank called "Sveti Nikola," and a man and a boy pulling a cart. The third "No Comment" broadcast was recorded on September 18, 1995 near Banja Luka. Footage included: an older woman crying, refugees sitting in trucks, refugees' tractors and trucks lined up on the road, and refugees moving on horse-drawn trailers. The fourth "No Comment" was recorded near Kalosevici on September 19, 1995. Footage included: Red Cross buses parked, soldiers walking on a dirt road, and refugees boarding a bus. RAIUNO (SCB subtitles): The report analyzes the situation around Drvar and Dubrovnik. According to the report, Serbian President Milosevic is playing the peacemaker as sanctions imposed against Yugoslavia are close to being removed. Furthermore, Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic has abandoned Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic, and the UN will be leaving the safe haven of Gorazde. Footage included: Bosnian Croat and Bosnia government soldiers walking through a forest, the Dalmatian coastline, a square in old-town Dubrovnik, Milosevic and U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Richard Holbrooke, Radovan Karadzic greeting a civilian man, and NATO tanks and trucks lined up on a road. HRT: This broadcast shows a brief interview with Radovan Karadzic where he discusses the peace negotiations and the territorial division of Bosnia. RTS: The broadcast states that Ratko Mladic's refusal to serve as the Presidential advisor of Republika Srpska resulted in broad support among military and public circles in Republika Srpska and Serbia. Also cited is a telegram sent by a military unit in support of Mladic. CNN (SCB voiceover): "Doctors Without Borders" Representative Jacques de Milliano reports on the expulsion of Bosnian Croat and Bosnian Muslim civilians from the Banja Luka area by Bosnian Serb soldiers. He states that the Bosnian Serb authorities are not meeting the basic humanitarian standards, and that in some parts of town, leaflets encouraging the expulsion of Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats are distributed. BBC World (SCB voiceover): Martin Bell reports on the withdrawal of Ukrainian and British UN soldiers from the UN safe haven of Gorazde. Statements are made by UN Spokesmen Phil Arnold and Alexander Ivanko. BBC World (SCB voiceover): The broadcast reports that around 6,000 Bosnian Muslim men have been missing since Srebrenica was overrun by Bosnian Serb soldiers. Neither the UN nor Red Cross are allowed to enter the area where U.S. aerial photos point to a possible mass grave. An interview with Christian Science Monitor correspondent David Rohde, who managed to visit the area, is included. The report states that Bosnian Serb authorities continue to deny charges that mass executions took place in Srebrenica. CNN (SCB subtitles): Bill Delaney highlights the situation in Srebrenica after the Bosnian Serb army takeover. Savka Ilic, a Bosnian Serb woman, is shown returning to her destroyed home. She states that she and her husband were forced to leave in 1992 after the Bosnian army took over Srebrenica. The report explains that at least 30,000 people fled Srebrenica, and that the Bosnian Serb army takeover in July of 1995 left thousands of Bosnian Muslim men missing. Also highlighted is the Bosnian Serb authority response to the accusations. Bosnian Serb authorities state that many of the men fled into the hills and died in battle, and that some of them are in Batkovic prison, near Bijeljina. A statement is made by Miroslav Deronic, Mayor of Srebrenica. Footage included: destroyed houses in Srebrenica, Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage of women and children sitting in a field after the fall of Srebrenica, aerial photos of alleged mass graves, Dutch UN compound, and street life in Srebrenica. EURONews: The first "No Comment" broadcast recorded on August 8, 1995 shows doctors and nurses taking care of wounded in a Sarajevo hospital. The second "No Comment" broadcast was recorded in Miholjsko village in Croatia on August 8, 1995. Footage includes: Red Cross trucks arriving in the village, a man and a boy fixing their tent, civilians standing in line for water, a woman cooking outside, people sitting in front of their tents, civilian trucks lined up along the road, a masked man arranging things in a truck, a Red Cross building, wounded men laying on the floor, people standing in front of the Red Cross building, a woman carrying wood into her tent, a man sleeping on the ground, and two men carrying bales of hay. The third "No Comment" broadcast shows Srebrenica on August 17, 1995. Footage included: a woman walking past a destroyed building, destroyed buildings and houses, an entrance with the inscription "Skloniste" (shelter), and the burned down "Energoinvest" building in Srebrenica. The fourth "No Comment" broadcast was recorded on August 17, 1995 in the town of Turbe. The broadcast shows refugees arriving and getting settled in a gym in Turbe. The fifth "No Comment" broadcast was recorded in Belgrade on August 17, 1995. This broadcast shows life in Belgrade, Serbia. Footage includes black market dealers selling gasoline and goods on the streets. CNN (SCB subtitles): This broadcast is a brief report on the death of U.S. diplomat Robert Frasure on Mount Igman in Bosnia. HRT: Goran Rotim reports on the Mount Igman accident where a UN vehicle carrying three U.S. diplomats slid off the road and fell 100 meters into a minefield. The following three reports are in regard to the accident. Cited are statements made by U.S. Spokesperson Christopher Guinness, the Reuters News agency, UN Spokesman Jim Landale, and UN Spokesman Alexander Ivanko. A statement by Muhamed Sacirbey and U.S. President Clinton is included. Footage includes UN armored vehicles with Red Cross signs, a picture of Richard Holbrooke, a picture of General Wesley Clark with Tudjman in the background, and UN soldiers inspecting the exploded vehicle. CNN (SCB voiceover): Jackie Shymanski interviews Franjo Tudjman about the Croatian offensive in the Krajina region of Croatia. The interview is cut off. RAIUNO (SCB subtitles): This is a phone report from Pale regarding rumors of a military coup. Footage includes Karadzic and his soldiers inspecting damaged buildings, Mladic greeting soldiers and civilians, Karadzic shaking hands with Mladic, and Zoran Petrovic-Pirocanac footage taken after the fall of Srebrenica. SLO1 (SCB voiceover): Matej Surc gives a phone report on responses to the rumors of a possible coup. He cites Krajisnik’s statement regarding the rumors. Surc explains that General Mladic has broken his ties to Karadzic and joined Milosevic. Footage included: Nikola Koljevic in a press conference, General Mladic giving a statement, and Richard Holbrooke in a meeting with Slobodan Milosevic. RTS: This broadcast cites a statement given by the Ivica Dacic, member of the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS) and Parliament member. His statement is in regard to the issues surrounding the loss of the Serbian Krajina region in Croatia.
Croatian language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000487
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Various News Reports [8/42]
This report describes the atmosphere in Sarajevo the day after a peace treaty was signed. Half an hour after the signing, a grenade hit an apartment building. For the first time in three years, Sarajevans were able to receive packages which arrived from relatives in Germany. Gorazde remains inaccessible for humanitarian trucks as the road is littered with mines. Footage included: Sarajevans reading a list of people who received packages from Germany, people walking through a former sniper alley in the shadows of a tank, people in the streets of Sarajevo, a Bosnian Serb commander telling the cameraman to quit filming, and UN convoys lined up on the road to Gorazde. Statements are made by an unidentified young woman, an unidentified young man, an unidentified French UN soldier, and an unidentified Bosnian Serb officer. HRT (SCB): This report is on a meeting between Bosnian Serb leaders, Bosnian government leaders, and UN negotiators whose goal is to draw up a plan for the peace implementation. Even though a peace agreement was signed, the road to Gorazde is still not open. Cited is a statement made by UN Spokeswoman Miriam Sohazky. Footage included: a soldier cleaning his gun, and UN trucks lined up on the road. HRT (SCB subtitles): Originally produced by French TV5, this report outlines the retaking of Sanski Most by Bosnian government soldiers. As a result of the offensive, 49,000 Bosnian Serbs have been fleeing towards Banja Luka. In Sarajevo, water and electricity have become available again. During the night-time, one grenade hit an apartment building. Footage included: Bosnian government soldiers marching into Sanski Most, Bosnian government Commander Atif Dudakovic redrawing the map of Bosnia, and refugees fleeing Sanski Most. SLO1 (Slovenian W/SCB voiceover): Matej Šurc reports on developments in relations between Yugoslav Serbs and Bosnian Serbs. Bosnian Serbs asked Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic for help, to which he replied that no help would come until Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his men are in power. The Milosevic opposition has accused him of sending the Serbian police force to halt Bosnian Serbs from entering Yugoslavia. Bosnian Serb General Milan Gvero is cited as stating that Bosnian Serbs would not be satisfied with losing territories if the Bosnian Croat/Muslim federation does not return previous Bosnian Serb territories. Other footage included: Milosevic getting off an airplane, Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik and Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic at a meeting, soldiers standing around a tank, and soldiers cleaning their guns. HRT (English W/SCBsubtitles): Originally produced by CNN Newsroom, Jackie Shymanski details issues surrounding the peace agreement. While Bosnian Serb authorities agreed to the cease-fire, Bosnian Croat forces managed to capture Mrkonjic Grad, and a key road which links them to the Bosnian government army. As a result of the Bosnian Croat/Muslim offensive, thousands of Bosnian Serb refugees are fleeing towards Banja Luka. Bosnian Serb para-military troops have expelled around 10,000 Bosnian Muslims, most of whom are women, children, and elderly from Bosnian Serb territory. Footage included: Republika Srpska Foreign Minister Aleksa Buha in a meeting with Head of the UN Mission Antonio Pedauye, Sarajevan men celebrating the functioning of the utilities, Bosnian Muslim refugees in Northern Bosnia, and Bosnian Croat forces in Mrkonjic Grad. Statements are made by Antonio Pedauye and UN High Commissioner for Refugees Kris Janowski. HRT (English W/SCB subtitles): This broadcast was originally produced by SKY News. Peter Sharp reports on the failed attempt by UNHCR trucks to enter Gorazde due to mines on the road. In the same night that the peace agreement went into effect, a grenade hit an apartment building. There is growing concern among humanitarian organizations regarding the hundreds of thousands of refugees who have been driven from their homes. A statement is made by UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Kris Janowski, and International Red Cross Representative John Sparrow. Footage includes trucks moving through Sarajevo, UN soldiers inspecting the bombed apartment, refugees in a gym hall, and refugees fleeing on an unidentified road. HRT (SCB): This broadcast was produced by TV VUKOVAR. The broadcast states that the October 16, 1995 negotiation meeting between delegations from Croatia, Republika Srpska, and international mediators will be rescheduled. HRT (German W/SCB voiceover): Originally produced by ZDF HEUTE. Ariane Vuckovic reports on the aftermath of the self-defense NATO bombing of Bosnian Serb targets. She then outlines the peace prospects for Bosnia. HRT (SCB): Originally produced by RTS, this broadcast shows a statement by Serbian opposition leader Vuk Draskovic regarding the actions all Serb republics should take in order to eventually unite. EURONews: This "No Comment" broadcast was recorded near Krasulje on October 3, 1995. Footage includes soldiers running through fields and firing heavy artillery. The second "No Comment" broadcast was recorded in Kiseljak, on the road to Sarajevo on October 4, 1995. This broadcast shows UN soldiers building a makeshift bridge. HRT (SCB voiceover): Originally made by France's TF1, this report discusses the upcoming peace negotiations. The main concern for Sarajevo is the re-installment of gas and water power, and the reopening of the road to Gorazde. The fighting has continued in the countryside, with Arkan and his para-military units having been seen in Western Bosnia. The president of the Bosnian government, Alija Izetbegovic, is cited as having stated that the fighting will continue until October 9, 1995. British and Canadian UN troops will also be replaced by a 5,000-strong multinational force. Statements are made by two Sarajevo women. Footage includes Sarajevans watching a Clinton speech, a man in a wheelchair, people walking in Sarajevo streets, people filling up water jugs, children carrying jugs of water, Arkan directing his tanks, and UN soldiers loading their trucks. HRT (English W/SCB voiceover): Originally produced by BBC World, this report discusses increased fighting where each side is trying to grab as much territory as possible before the cease-fire. Diplomatic Correspondent Brian Hanrahan explains that while the Bosnian Serbs are advancing towards the Kljuc area, Croatian forces have been crossing the Bosnian border in order to help out their Bosnian Croat allies. Statements are made by Radovan Karadzic and Zeljko Raznjatovic-Arkan. Footage includes Bosnian soldiers fighting in a forested area, and Bosnian soldiers riding on tanks. HRT: This brief report states that Karadzic has been visiting Bosnian Serb troops in order to reaffirm his leadership. In a brief interview clip he is shown stating that accusations of him being a war criminal are laughable. Footage includes Karadzic looking over maps with Bosnian Serb military commanders. HRT (October 8, 1995): Elizabeta Gojan reports on the increased fighting going on before a cease-fire comes into effect. The most intense fighting has been around Kljuc and Mrkonjic Grad. Two Bosnian Serb attacks on an area near the Zivinice refugee camp resulted in the death of 11 people. Sarajevo is still lacking water, gas, and electricity. Footage includes workers trying to rebuild the electric and water power, and wounded civilians being taken care of after the shelling. CNN: Jackie Shymanski reports on incidents of Bosnian Serb shelling of refugee camps. Ten civilians were killed and 34 wounded after Zivinice refugee camp was shelled. At a nearby refugee collection point, one person was killed and six people were wounded. The UN called for close air support by NATO warplanes to target for Bosnian Serb heavy weaponry. She also reports on the shelling of Tesanjka, where two children were killed and 50 civilians wounded. Around 35,000 Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslims were expelled from Bosnian Serb territories. Statements are made by UN Spokesman Jim Landale, and UNHCR Spokesman Chris Janowski. HRT (FRENCH W/SCB subtitles): Originally produced by French TV5, this broadcast reports on the shelling of the Bosnian Muslim refugee camps in Zivinice and Tesanjka, and the increased fighting among all three sides. A statement made by Alija Izetbegovic is cited. Other footage includes Bosnian soldiers firing artillery shells. HRT (English W/SCB subtitles): This report was originally produced by SKY News. Brian Thompson reports on the escalation of fighting as all three sides try to grab more land before the cease-fire. One refugee camp near Tuzla was shelled, resulting in the death of six people, and the wounding of ten. A NATO mission to destroy Bosnian Serb heavy artillery was aborted due to bad weather. In a brief statement, Karadzic states that he hopes that the U.S. will be able to bring about peace and stop the Bosnian Muslim sabotage of the peace process. Other footage includes Karadzic toasting his troops, heavy artillery being fired, a man trying to get his gas burner to work, and civilians pumping water. HRT: Ante Ivankovic reports on the Bosnian Croat takeover of Mrkonjic Grad from Bosnian Serb forces. Bosnian Serb forces left much heavy artillery behind and suffered many casualties while withdrawing. A statement is made by an unidentified Bosnian Muslim Mrkonjic Grad native. Footage includes Bosnian Croat forces firing heavy artillery, riding on tanks, and marching into the city. HRT: Goran Rotim reports that life in Sarajevo is getting back to normal. Electricity, gas, and water installations are functioning again. The city also received a shipment of gas from Russia. In the area of Kljuc, fighting between Bosnian Serb and Bosnian government forces has increased. According to an anonymous source, the whole area of the Una-Sana district will be liberated by Bosnian government forces. A Norwegian UN soldier died, and several other were wounded, after two grenades hit the UN base near Tuzla. According to UNHCR reports, around 4,000 Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Muslim were driven out from the Banja Luka area, and arrived in Bistricak, near Zenica; 10,000 more refugees are expected in the following days. Cited is a statement made by Hans Karsing, the Norwegian UN Deputy Commander. Footage includes Sarajevo citizens lighting their stoves with the newly-arrived gas, an older woman walking with the help of two soldiers, a soldier carrying an older man on his back, and refugees getting onto a truck. HRT (October 10, 1995): The report shows the unearthing of a mass grave found near the former JNA base in Petrinje, Croatia. According to the report, the 40 massacred Petrinja civilians were Croats who stayed behind after the area fell under the control of the Krajina Serb forces. Statements are made by Forensic Expert Dr. Henry Lee, and Croatia's Vice-President Dr. Ivica Kostovic. HRT: Marija Dumic reports on the unearthing of a three-person grave in the Kupres area. It is assumed these bodies are of Croat soldiers shot in 1992. She then reports on another mass grave in the Kupres area, where another 34 bodies were found. A statement is made by Michael Badel, Director of Forensic Science for the state of New York. HRT (English W/SCB voiceover): This report was originally produced by BBC World. Jonathan Birchall reports on the large extent of ethnic cleansing in Bosnian Serb-held territories in Northern Bosnia. The report states that around half a million Bosnian Muslims lived in Northern Bosnia, but that only 30.000 remain. According to refugee statements, Bosnian Muslims from the Sanski Most area were driven out after the arrival of Zeljko Raznjatovic-Arkan and his forces (Arkan's Tigers). A statement regarding the expulsion of non-Serb Bosnians is made by Ron Redmond, UNHCR Spokesman in Geneva. Other footage includes Bosnian Muslim refugees arriving and getting settled in a field near Zenica, and BBC Library footage of Arkan giving a statement and his forces in action. HRT: Zdravko Strizic reports on the unearthing of a mass grave found near the former JNA base in Petrinje. According to the report, the victims were killed between September 22 and September 28, 1991. The report also shows Michael Badel and Dr. Henry Lee at work. Statements are made by Mijo Mladjenovic, survivor of the Petrinja massacre; Davor Strinovic, Forensic Expert; Colonel Mladen Pezelj, Head of the Department for deceased soldiers of the Croatian Army; and Ivan Grujic, President of the Government Commission for imprisoned and disappeared persons. HRT (October 11, 1995): Ante Ivankovic reports on the activities taking place on the second day after the Bosnian Croat forces took over Mrkonjic Grad. The report shows a congratulatory speech made by Vladimir Šoljić, defense minister for Croatia and Herceg-Bosna. A statement is made by Operation "Juzni Potez" Spokesperson Colonel Josko Bonacin. Footage included: Croatian forces in Mrkonjic Grad. HRT: Goran Rotim reports that the Bosnian government army and Bosnian Croat forces (HVO) recaptured the areas of Sanski Most and Trnovo. Aside from Arkan's forces fighting around Kljuc, Bosnian Serb forces were inactive during the day. Arkan gives a statement regarding battles around Kljuc. Footage includes Bosnian government and Bosnian Croat soldiers in action, and a soldier cleaning his gun. HRT (October 11, 1995): This broadcast was originally produced by SRT. The city of Banja Luka war council ordered all schools to be closed, and prohibited all public functions due to increased fighting around the area. Bosnian Serb and Bosnian Croat/Bosnian government forces in the Manjaca and Sanski Most region have increased their fighting. All Bosnian Serb forces were put under alert by their military headquarters, particularly in the regions of Banja Luka, Prijedor, Novi Grad, and Sanski Most. The report is cut off. Footage includes Bosnian Serb soldiers in a field. SRT: This broadcast reports on the fifth anniversary commemoration of the Serbian Volunteer Guard (Srpska Dobrovoljacka Garda). The report gives a brief history how the guard was formed. The Guard's leader was not present as he was on the Bosnian frontlines. HRT: This broadcast contains Bosnian Serb Commander General Ratko Mladic giving a short interview regarding the presence of UN Rapid Reaction Forces in the area of Sarajevo. HRT (French W/SCB subtitles): Originally produced by TV5, this report discusses the role of NATO and the international community, and its future in Bosnia. Footage includes UN soldiers taken as hostages by Bosnian Serb forces, U.S. Congress voting on a measure, British UN soldiers leaving Gorazde, refugees in flight on tractors, Alija Izetbegovic in a meeting, and Radovan Karadzic walking into a building. The report is cut off. HRT: This broadcast was originally produced by RTS. It contains a phone interview with Ratko Mladic who discusses issues surrounding his meeting with NATO General Jeanvieux. HRT: This broadcast was originally produced by RTS. Miroslav Lazanski, Political Commentator for "Politika," comments on the NATO bombing of Bosnian Serb military targets. ARD (German): This broadcast reports o
Bosnian, English language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour
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Various News Reports: Primarily from Bosnian Serb TV
This tape contains various reports produced by RTSB2. RTSB2: Sanja Eric reports on the continued fighting in Western Bosnia between the 5th corps of the BiH Army and supporters of Fikret Abdic (the leader of the autonomous province of Western Bosnia). Abdic's forces defeated the BiH army by Todorovo village (near Cazine). Both sides suffered casualties. The first newspaper of Western Bosnia printed the proclamation of the official province. Interviewed is Fikret Abdic, President of Western Bosnia, who details the plans for creating the autonomous province of Western Bosnia. The division between the supporters and opponents of Izetbegovic is growing, particularly because increasing numbers of soldiers are deserting Bosnian government forces. Alija Izetbegovic toured the Zenica region, but this only widened the gap between his and Fikret Abdic's supporters. In Zenica, thousands of Bosnian Muslim refugees (supporters of Alija Izetbegovic) are trying to introduce a lifestyle according to the Shariat, which goes against the beliefs of the local population. A statement is made by Dubravko Derk. Other footage included: HTV: statement by Dubravko Derk, SKY News: soldiers rolling down a hill (Bosnia government forces ?), a Bosnian Muslim funeral, street merchants in Velika Kladusa, the inside of a destroyed apartment, and Izetbegovic in camouflage visiting Tuzla. RTS2: Miroslav Gligorevic reports on the fighting in the Gornji Vakuf area between Bosnian Croats and Bosnian government forces. Included is an HTV segment where a Bosnian Croat soldier makes a brief statement. Also included is a Bosnian TV segment where it is stated that Croatian Defense Council and Croatian army forces have been bombing Bosnian government forces. Gligorevic further states that Bosnian government forces are responsible for killing two Catholic priests (Friar Nikica Milisevic and Friar Joza Mihic) in Fojnica after Bosnian Croat forces launched an offensive on Bosnian government soldiers. Smiljko Šagolj (sp) highlights the condition of a hospital for the intellectually disabled in Fojnica. It was the pictures from this hospital that forced UN's General Secretary Butros Gali to reinstate humanitarian aid to this region. In Zagreb, Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic met with Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, Mato Granic, and Mato Boban. A brief statement is made by a Bosnian Croat soldier, a UN tank, and Red Cross trucks. Footage includes blood on the streets in Gornji Vakuf (?), destroyed houses, soldiers firing a machine gun, people in empty streets of Fojnica, trenches dug by the Bosnian government forces, Franjo Tudjman shaking hands with Haris Silajdzic; TV BiH report on Bosnian Croat attacks upon Bosnian government positions, destruction of the old bridge in Mostar. RTS2: This report discusses the failed alliance between Alija Izetbegovic's Bosnian government forces and Bosnian Croat Ustasha formations. The report shows graffiti which points to a Bosnian Croat-Bosnian Muslim alliance. A brief history is given of Alija Izetbegovic's sympathizing with the Ustasha ideology. While Bosnian Muslims identified with the Ustasha at first, they eventually became targets of Ustasha attacks. Other footage includes TVBiH footage: Alija Izetbegovic and his men standing in front of a gravestone, destroyed old houses, burnt-out cars, burned bodies (?); HTV footage: Bosnian Muslim (?) soldiers, many of them wearing green head scarves; HRT: Originally produced by RTSNS, this broadcast contains an interview with Dr. Radovan Karadzic. Karadzic discusses the politics of Germany within the Bosnian war.
Serbo-Croatian language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 12 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000489
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TV Bosnia-Herzegovina: A Year After: Special about Bosnia-Herzegovina Army
n/a
Bosnian language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000489
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Various News Reports [9/42]
Mostly in German. Programs from the German TV station VOX, ARD1, N-TV, 3SAT, and other stations: SKY, TF1, HTV, HTV-TV5.
German language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour
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Fleeing from Sarajevo / Der Fluch von Sarajevo
A comprehensive historical account of the federation of the former Yugoslavia and its beginnings, including Tito's rise to power (covered in extreme detail), and the aftermath of World War II: trials, political restructuring, etc.
German language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 56 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000491
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Various News Reports [10/42]
War news.
French, German language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 1 hour 2 min.
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Insanity: Yugoslavia: The Prisoners, the Children, the Women / Der Wahnsinn: Jugoslawien: Die Gefangenen, die Kinder, die Frauen
German language, Date of production: 1993, Duration: 28 min.
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Various News Reports [11/42]
German TV (ARD or ZDF?): This report details the skepticism about the possibility of Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Muslims, and Bosnian Croats living together in peace in Sarajevo. A brief statement is made by a young man. Footage includes a long pool of blood on a street and a young woman laying in a hospital bed. This report is cut off. Needs German translation. HRT (?): This report details life in Sarajevo by focusing on the Bosnian Muslim Filipovic family, whose father is one of the Bosnian negotiators in Genf. Several family members describe their living conditions and how the war has affected them. Statements are made by Nada Filipovic, the mother who gives a brief description of her WWII experience; Dr. Amir Filipovic, a philosopher who explains how he and his family find the strength to go on; Dr. Ifet Filipovic, a cardiologist at a Sarajevo hospital; Dr. Dragan Stefanovic, a Bosnian Serb cardiologist working with Ifet Filipovic: and Gordana Laketa, a Filipovic family neighbor. Footage includes Amir, Gordana and another neighbor fixing a window; Nada Filipovic making bread; Amir collecting snow for water; Amir chopping wood; Ifet checking up on his patients; Gordana and Amir visiting a friend’s gravesite; and an empty grave site. HRT (?): This report details the efforts of the Croatian Police to halt the smuggling of weapons occurring in Croatia. The report focuses on a particular incident in Josipdol, where Vinko Mareskovic, commander of the Josipdol police station, and Damir Galic, a Jospidol policeman, were caught loading illegal weapons onto a truck. Statements are made by Marijan Benko, Head of the Criminal Division of the Croatian Ministry of Internal Affairs; Zdravko Zidovec, Assistant to the Criminal Division of the Croatian Ministry of Internal Affairs; and Smiljan Reljic, Assistant to the Criminal Division of the Croatian Ministry of Internal Affairs. German TV (ARD or ZDF?): This report focuses on the results of ethnic cleansing, which are large numbers of refugees, and men and women being held in camps. A statement is made by an unidentified rape victim regarding the abuse she suffered. Footage includes refugees housed in a former gym, Manjaca (?) camp, photos of crying women, and an empty house. The report is cut off. German TV (ARD or ZDF): The following report is in German, but it is cut off. It shows Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic giving a statement into a UN microphone. German TV (ARD or ZDF)?: This report gives an insight into the conflict in Kosovo. Albanians have been fired from government positions, and their standard of living has dropped sharply; hence, Kosovo could easily explode, the report notes. The report then goes into explaining the conflict between Macedonia and Greece regarding Greece's desire for Macedonia to change her name. The report also briefly mentions that young nationalists, such as Giorgievski (sp), could pose possible trouble. The report is then cut off. Footage includes a Kosovo Albanian being kicked and beaten by Serbian policemen,1981 Kosovo protests for autonomy, 1989 protests by Kosovo Albanians, policemen throwing tear gas (?), Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov at the independence celebration from September 18, 1991, a demonstration against the EU in Macedonia, and Giorgievski giving a speech. TVE (Spanish TV): Needs Spanish translation. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb Commander Ratko Mladic walking up the stairs of a Pale building with several of his soldiers, Radovan Karadzic giving a statement to TV5, and a January 19, 1993 meeting of the Republika Srpska Parliament, Radovan Karadzic speaking in front of the parliament. ARD-January 20, 1993: Friedhelm Brebeck reports from the January 19, 1993 Republika Srpska meeting where the Bosnian Serb parliament voted for measures proposed in the Genf plan. Cited is a statement made by Radovan Karadzic during the Parliament session. Footage includes: Bosnian Serb Parliament President Momcilo Krajisnik addressing the Parliament. ARD (January 20, 1993): The announcer gives a brief report regarding the military advances of the Bosnian government army in the area of Srebrenica. TF1: Needs French translation. HRT (?): Vlado Konstantinovic reports on the "Dortmund Initiative," a group made up of Muslims, Serbs, and Croats who are residing in Dortmund, Germany. The report outlines the group's plans for trying to find a solution together, and their attempts at trying to break through media propaganda. The report also mentions the difficulties the group is experiencing as ethnic hatreds have been transferred from the territories of the former Yugoslavia, into the minds of Serbs, Croats, and Muslims living in Germany. The report is cut off. Statements are made by two unidentified former Yugoslavs, one of them Muslim, who are now living in Germany. Footage includes Croats and Serbs demonstrating against each other in the streets of Germany, and an unsuccessful meeting between the three ethnic groups living in Germany. HRT (?): This report begins by giving a description of the tragedy the war brought to Sarajevo, also noting that despite the tragedy Sarajevans remain hopeful. The report then shows how a Sarajevo family made up of grandparents and their grandchild feed themselves by eating pigeons. Footage includes: soldiers firing heavy artillery, a cameraman getting shot in the hand, a burning building in Sarajevo, a Bosnian Muslim funeral with several caskets lined up, a group of civilians running through the streets, a street corner getting hit by a shell, a picture of a white dove with "Peace" written on it, and an empty store. HTV: This report contains an interview with reporter Tony Birtley who describes a UN evacuation of civilians. He describes the desperation of mothers who were lifting their children in the hope that someone in the trucks would take them. Birtley notes that the evacuation was left to the local authorities, and that only 17 UN soldiers were there. The interview is cut off. A statement is made by an unidentified woman. Footage includes an older woman clinging onto a UN truck, and a soldier around the civilians shooting into the air. RTS (B1): This report includes answers given by Belgrade citizens regarding the Vance-Owen peace plan, and the sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia . Statements are made by five unidentified women, and three men. RTS (B1): This is a brief broadcast which reports on the UN finding of burned (Bosnian ?) bodies of Muslims, killed by Croat forces in the town of Vitez. This report is cut off. ARD: Peter Dudzik begins his broadcast by reporting on an overnight protest held by monarchy loyalists in Serbia. He points out that even though it was expected that this movement would bring about an all out-Serb rebellion, the opposition was not strong enough. Cited is a statement made by opposition leader Vuk Draskovic. The report then shifts to Sarajevo where the discussion includes French President Francois Mitterrand's visit to Sarajevo, the opening of the airport for that event, and a brief historic background into Milosevic's nationalism. Footage included: protesters sleeping in a Belgrade street, an empty Sarajevo outdoor market, Radovan Karadzic looking over Sarajevo, a mosque being shot at, a cameraman at the Sarajevo airport being told to stop filming, and UN soldiers taking care of wounded. German TV: Pit Schnitzler reports from Belgrade about ongoing demonstrations calling for Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic to step down. He states that a combination of the Bosnian Croat offensive in Bosnia, and the inflationary economy could contribute to Milosevic stepping down from power. He briefly details the economic situation in Yugoslavia. Footage includes opposition leader Vuk Draskovic with other protest leaders, people laying on the streets, and an open market in Belgrade. 3SAT: This report is in regard to the Belgrade protests against Milosevic, although it is hard to make out the context because the report is missing the beginning and the end.
German language, Date of production: 1994,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000493
350-1-1:493/3
End of Report of OSA # 486
Refugees and the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Sarajevo, Zvornik, Foca; shelling and sniper activity. Massacre in the Tuzla area.
French, German language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000493
BetaSP NTSC #494
350-1-1:494/1
Report from Dobrinja by Milan Trivić
Report tells the story of two families and how they have been affected by the war. The first family lost the father to a sharpshooter, leaving the mother to fend for herself with her young daughter. This family was previously filmed, with the father still alive, after the daughter was wounded by a sharpshooter (what's the # of that tape?). The second story is a of bride whose groom was shot just before the wedding. The footage is of the family's grim reality of having to turn a wedding into a funeral. Most of the footage was shot with a home camera by Milan Trivic, a journalist.
German language, Date of production: 1993,
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000494
350-1-1:494/2
Various News Reports [12/42]
Refugees and the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Sarajevo, Zvornik, Foca; shelling and sniper activity. Massacre in the Tuzla area.
German, French language, Date of production: 1994, Duration: 35 min.
Digital version available | HU_OSA_00000494
BetaSP NTSC #495
350-1-1:495/1
Various News Reports [13/42]
ARD: Thomas Reimer reports on a peace agreement signed between Bosnia's three warring factions in Genf, Switzerland. Bosnian Serb forces are to remove their heavy weapons and Bosnian government forces are to put their heavy weapons under UN control. Karadzic refused to negotiate until an investigation of the marketplace massacre was officially conducted. Cited are statements made by Bosnian Parliament President Haris Silajdzic, Croatian Delegation Representative Mile Akmadzic, and Serbian leader Radovan Karadzic. ARD: "Five Rings Around Sarajevo: 10 Years After The Olympic Games" is a documentary by Friedhelm Brebeck. Brebeck compares the Olympic Sarajevo of 1984 to the war-torn Sarajevo of 1994. He interviews Sarajevans about their memories of the Olympic Sarajevo and what it all meant to them. Interviews are conducted with former Olympic Committee members, contestants during the 1984 games, two Olympic athletes nominated to compete in the Littlehammer games, and several Sarajevo citizens. Interviewed are the following people: Ahmet Jazic, 70 years old, carried the Olympic baton in 1984; Ibrahim Zildzo, tourist guide; Ugljesa Uzelac, Vice-President of the Olympic Organization Committee and mayor of Sarajevo during the Olympics; Ahmed Karabegovic, General Secretary of the Olympic Organizational Committee; Zijad Mehic, TV editor; Bosnian Serb Commander Kojic; Jure Franko, Slovene national who won a silver medal for Yugoslavia in the 1984 games; a Serbian ski instructor; Suad Karajic, former Olympic tobbogan team member; Slavenko Likic, speed skater, nominated to represent Bosnian in the Littlehammer games; Igor Boras, bobcat runner, nominated to compete in Littlehammer (the UN was unable to get him and Slavenko Likic out of Sarajevo in order to compete in Littlehammer); Dalida and Bojan Hadzihalovic, computer designers; Juan Antonio Samaranch; and five unidentified Sarajevo men. Footage included: 45,000 people standing in the Olympic stadium commemorating the death of Tito, the entrance of the Yugoslav Olympic team in 1984, the Olympic stadium in 1994 (turned into the largest graveyard with 10,000 graves), the destroyed Zetra Ice skating ring (turned into a garage for French foreign legion vehicles), the destroyed Skenderija building with a "Sniper Beware" sign in front of it, a 1984 Olympic hockey game, an Iman calling out for prayer, old-town Sarajevo in winter time, people standing around puddles of blood at the beginning of the armed conflict, a truck being shot at and setting on fire, policemen carrying a wounded person in a blanket, a wounded man dragging himself to cover, the destroyed Olympic museum, a destroyed Holiday Inn hotel, the "Evropa" hotel, and a Sarajevo outdoor market in winter time. Included are two ARD reports from 1984 prior to the Olympics. One broadcast reported on how other Yugoslav republics and businesses have not been helping out financially in organizing the Sarajevo games. The other reports gives an outline of why the Serbian people are not too involved in the organization of the games, part