HU OSA 300-40-16 Hungary 1956 Revolution Photographs

Identity Statement

Reference Code
HU OSA 300-40-16
Title
Hungary 1956 Revolution Photographs
Date(s)
1956 - 1957
Description Level
Series
Extent and medium (processed)
3 Oversized box (40 cm), 1.2 linear meters

Context

Name of creator(s)
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc - Research Institute
Archival history
In 1995 the Open Society Archives acquired a collection of 157 photographs from Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Hungarian Desk taken by Hungarian and Western photo journalists in Hungary during the revolution. The Research Institute of Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) in Munich, Germany collected these pictures, together with their original captions for the purposes of an exhibition organized by RFE/RL Hungarian Desk to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the Revolution at the RFE/RL in 1986. Some of the photos of the Western news agencies were published in the special edition of Life magazine in November, 1956. The publication of the photos caused great concern in Hungary and at Radio Free Europe as well fearing that the Hungarian political police might use the photographs to identify street fighters, demonstrators and other participants of the Revolution, which could potentially be dangerous for them.

Content and Structure

Scope and Content (Abstract)
A collection of 157 photographs, negatives and paper prints originate from Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Hungarian Desk. These photos were taken by Hungarian and Western photo journalists in Hungary during the 1956 Revolution.
The Research Institute of Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) in Munich, Germany collected these pictures, together with their original captions for the purposes of an exhibition organized by RFE/RL Hungarian Desk to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the Revolution at the RFE/RL in 1986. The curator of the exhibition was Gyula Borbándy.
Some of the photos of the Western news agencies were published in the special edition of Life magazine in November, 1956. The publication of the photos caused great concern in Hungary and at Radio Free Europe as well fearing that the Hungarian political police might use the photographs to identify street fighters, demonstrators and other participants of the Revolution, which could potentially be dangerous for them.
Using the original news agency and RFE/RL captions, and identifying locations of the events captured in the photos, the collection was initially processed at OSA in 1996. For reference services, reproductions – both negatives and prints – were created of the photographic master prints in 1996, too.

The collection comprises of the original RFE/RL master prints, their captions, some additional description from the 1986 Munich exhibition, and of the reproductions created by OSA for access purposes in 1996.
Many of the photographs have duplicates in various qualities and sizes. The 157 unique objects and their copies are assembled and kept in special sleeves in three acid-free archival boxes and are open for the public.
Accruals

Not Expected

Conditions of Access and Use

Conditions governing access
Not restricted
Languages
English

Notes

Note
Many of the pictures were used in the first ever exhibition organized at OSA at its 5th district Eötvös Street premises, titled “The Representation of the Counter-revolution” 5 November – 1 December 1996. The collection was re-processed by Stephanie Haszczyn (CEU student) and Zsuzsanna Zádori (OSA), the finding aids was edited by Judit Hegedűs (OSA) in 2018.

Azonosítás

Jelzet
HU OSA 300-40-16
Idő(kör)
1956 - 1957
Leírás szintje
Series
Terjedelem, adathordozók (feldolgozott)
3 levéltári doboz túlméretes, 1.2 folyóméter

Kontextus

Készítő(k) nevei
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc - Research Institute

Tartalom és Szerkezet

Gyarapodás

Nem várható

Hozzáférés és Felhasználás

Jogi helyzet
Not restricted
Nyelvek
English
Call Number Description
Oversized box (40 cm) #1
300-40-16:1/1
1956_foto_OSA_001
Imre Nagy, His Wife Mária Égető and Their Daughter Erzsébet Nagy
The members of Imre Nagy's family pose for a photograph.
300-40-16:1/2
1956_foto_OSA_002
Red Star Thrown into the Grave of Secret Police Officers in Mosonmagyaróvár
A young Hungarian revolutionary throws red star into a hole where three State Security Authority officers were buried after the city of Mosonmagyaróvár was taken over by the revolutionary forces. Before the change of hands, the three officers ordered volley-firing which ended in the massacre of one hundred and two civilian demonstrators. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Secret Police Officers Buried After Massacre. A Young Hungarian rebel throws Red Star into a hole where three secret police officers were buried after city of Mosonmagyaróvár was taken over by rebel forces. Before change of hands, the three officers ordered the massacre of 88 persons. Picture taken Oct.28. FRA/ Staff/ Lindlar. LD NEG. NY PS RM MIL STOCK ZUR PRINT. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes e
300-40-16:1/3
1956_foto_OSA_003
Ernő Gerő and János Kádár
Ernő Gerő replaced Mátyás Rákosi during 1956 and became First Secretary of the Hungarian Working People's Party, the ruling communist party in Hungary. His speech on October 23 denouncing the Hungarian students' protest angered the protesters and sparked the Hungarian revolution. He was exiled from Hungary until 1960 and following his return to Hungary was expelled from the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Pary, the successor of the Hungarian Working People's Party. János Kádár was the General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Paryfrom 1956 until 1988. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ernő Gerő, Vorsitzender des Zentralsukretariats. Erster Sekretär und vorsitzender des Znetralsekretariats wurde in Budapest Ernoe Geroe (links). Zu den gleichfalls in das 11-köpfige Führungsgremium gewählten Mitgliedern gehört Joseph Kadar (rechts), der ebenfalls verurteilt war und jetzt rehabilitie t wurde. 24.10.1956. Copyright United Pressphotos (UP) dieses photo ist ihnen nur zur veroffenflichung in ihrem blatt verkaurt und darf ohne unsere schriftliche genehmigung nicht weitergegeben,weitervetrieben oder zu reklamezwecken verwendet werden. durch annahme dieser aufnahme erklaren sie sich bereit, an United Press Photos keine verlust - oder schadenersatzanspruche zu stellen die sich aus ihrer verwendung oder veroffentlichung dieser aufnahme ergeben kohnten. frankfurt
300-40-16:1/4
1956_foto_OSA_004
Priest Leads Anti-Communist Demonstration in Győr
A priest leads a procession of high-school boys in an anti-communist demonstration through Győr. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Priest leads anti-communist demonstration. A priest leads a procession of high-school boys in a parade through Győr, North-western Hungary, October 28, in a demonstration against the communist regime. the whole of north west Hungary appears to be under the control of the "Independent Hungarian Government" at Győr. AP/VIE F 18381.291056 RG. Associated Press Photo from London (original of Wirephoto)
300-40-16:1/5
1956_foto_OSA_005
Revolutionaries Lead off Captured Officer of the State Security Authority
Revolutionaries lead off captured pfficer of the State Security Authority, who had tried to disguise himself as a doctor. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Captured secret police man. Budapest, Nov.2. AP. Revolutionaries lead off captured AVH/ communist secret police/ man who had tried to disguise himself as a doctor. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/6
1956_foto_OSA_006
Funeral Service for Hungarian Revolutionaries in Mosonmagyaróvár
The funeral service in Mosonmagyaróvár took place on the 28th October after more than 100 residents of the town were massacred by the troops of the State Security Authority. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Trauerfeier Für Offer Des Aufstandes in Ungarn. Unter grosser Anteilnahme der Bevälkerung fand am 28. Oktober 1956 in Ungarison Altenburg die Beisetzung der Opfer des Aufstandes statt. Fast 100 Einwohner wurden hier während des Aufstandes von kommunistischen ungarischen Truppen getötet. WIE/FRA/BER 2565/A 10/B 4/C 8 28.10.1956. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/7
1956_foto_OSA_007
A Hanged and Cut off Secret Police Officer
Revolutionaries hanged and cut off two officers of the State Security Authority at this tree in Budapest. ORIGINAL CAPTION: FK-D-1745. Hanged and Cut off secret police man. Budapest, Hungary, Nov.2 -AP-rebels hanged and cut off two (AVH) secret police officers at this tree in Budapest. FRA/VIE/Staff. Nov 3, 1956 HG. LD NEG. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/8
1956_foto_OSA_008
Four Rebels
Members of the Hungarian anti-communist rebel forces at the Austrian border checkpoint on the Vienna/Budapest highway. Man second from left was wounded in fighting. These rebels accompanied trucks picking up medical supplies at the border. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Faces of the Rebels. Members of the Hungarian anti-communist rebel forces at the Austrian border checkpoint on the Vienna/Budapest highway. Man second from left was wounded in fighting. These rebels accompanies trucks picking up medical supplies at the border. Picture taken October 28. FRA/Staff/Lindlar LD NEG PS RM MIL Stock ZUR NY Print Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/9
1956_foto_OSA_009
Temporary Graves on the Street
Three victims of the revolution were burried in temporary graves in a Budapest street. In the background a burnt-out truck is visible. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Strasse Wurde Friedhof. Drei Opfer des ungarisehen Aufstandee haben in einer strasse in Budapest ein vorläufiges Grab erhalten. Im Hintergrund sieht man die Trümmer eines ausgebrannten Lastwagens. LON/FRA/BER/2620/A 65/B 19/C 43/ 2.11.56 Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/10
1956_foto_OSA_010
Revolutionaries Check a Civilian's Identity Card
Revolutionaries check the identity card of a civilian in Budapest. Checks are made to to find communist functionaries and members of the secret police. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Revolutionaries Check Civilians. Budapest, Oct.31 AP Revolutionaries check identity card of a civilian in a Budapest street today. Checks are made to to find communist functionaries and members of the secret police. FRA/Staff/Lindlar. LD NEG Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/11
1956_foto_OSA_011
Hungarian Border Guards on the Austrian Border Talk to a Communist Collaborator
Two Hungarian border guards at the Austro-Hungarianian border near Szentgotthárd chat with a communist collaborator. The guard on the left, a communist sympathiser, who agreed to be photographed but refused to give his name, carries a Soviet-made submachine gun.The guard on the right, Lieutenant Kanyó, is a Communist who pretended to support the Hungarian freedom fighters when they held the upper hand but switched back when the Soviets arrived to suppress the revolution. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Communist watchdogs-- just inside Hungary at the Austrian frontier, two Hungarian border guads chat with a Communist collaborator. the guard at left, a Communist sympathiser who agreed to be photographed but refused his name, carries a 7.65 millimeter (approximately .32-caliber) Soviet made sub-machinegun. The guard at right, Lieutenant Kanyo, is a diehard Communist who pretended to sympathise with the hungarian freedom fighters when the held the upper hand but switched back when the Soviets cracked down. Photo was taken Nov.6, 1956, near the small Hungarian town of Szentgotthárd, in southwest Hungary 40 miles east of the Austrian city of Graz.
300-40-16:1/12
1956_foto_OSA_012
Border Guard After the Soviet Suppression of the Revolution
A Hungarian border guard on the Austro-Hungarian border near Szentgotthárd wearing a cap which displays the red star after the Soviet crackdown on the freedom fighters. He agreed to the photograph, but refused to give his name. He carries a 7.65 millimeter (approximately 32-caliber) Soviet made submachine gun. ORIGINAL CAPTION: On guard-- communist sympathising Hungarian border guard has resotred the red star to his cap after the Soviet crackdown on the freedom fighters. He agreed to photograph, but refused to give his name. He carries a 7.65 millimeter (approximately .32-caliber) Soviet made sub-machinegun. Photo was tken on Nov.6, 1956, just insdie the border near the southwest Hungarian small town of Szentgotthárd, 40 miles east of the Austrian city of Graz.
300-40-16:1/13
1956_foto_OSA_013
Poster Calling to Fight and Strike
Poster of the Hungarian revolutionary youth on a public telephone box on Kosztolányi Dezső Square addressing the Hungarian people to fight and go on with stikes for independence. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Kosztolányi Square: Poster of the Hungarian revolutionary youth on a public telephone box
300-40-16:1/14
1956_foto_OSA_014
Women Returning from Austria to Hungary
Hungarian women, who escaped with their husbands and children to Austria prepare to retum to the Hungarian border town of Szentgotthárd. The border barrier is just in front of the house with snow on roof. Defying the communist crackdown, the women hope to salvage personal belongings and rejoin their men in Austria. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Bleak Return-- Grim faced Hungarian women who escaped with their husbands to Austria prepare to return with their children to the Hungarian border town of Szentgotthárd. Border barrier is just in front of house with snow on roof. Defying the Communist crackdown, the women hope to salvage personal belongings and rejoin their men in Austria. Photo was take n Nov. 6 1956 at the border just 40 miles east of Graz.
300-40-16:1/15
1956_foto_OSA_015
Fighting Scene on a Street
Fighting in Budapest, with burning tank, people milling around and smoke rising in the distance. Népszínház Street ; József Boulevard ORIGINAL CAPTION: In Brand Gesteckt.... wurde diezes Geschütz auf Selbatfahr.. lafette von Aufständischen in den Strassen von Budapest während der echweren Kämpfe. WIE/FRA/BER/2570/A 15 Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/16
1956_foto_OSA_016
The Revolutionary Hungarian Flag
People hanging the symbol of the revolution on their balcony: the national red, white and green flag with a hole in the middle where the communist coat of arms was cut out. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Archiv-Bild Nur leinweise Nach Benutzung zurück an U.P. Frankfurt. Copyright UNITED PRESS PHOTOS 2, Rue des Italiens- Paris (IX) Teleph. TAltbout 62-58 le droit de reproduire la presente photo est vendu uniquement a votre Publication. Vous ne pouvez ni la retroceder, meme gratuitement, ni l'utiliser pout la publicite, sans accord prealable et ecrit d'UNITED PRESS PHOTOS/ Nous degageons notre responsabilite de tous dommages ou toutes consequences du fait de sa publication ou de sa perte, qui sont a votre charge exclusive.
300-40-16:1/17
1956_foto_OSA_017
Anti-Communist Soldiers Checking Documents
Anti-communist soldiers near the Austro-Hungarian border checking a Hungarian citizen under the road signs pointing to Budapest and Mosonmagyaróvár. The photographer Walter Lindlar managed to get to Győr without any difficulties. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Aufstandische Soldaten Übernahmen Kontrolle-- in dem von ihnen besetzten Gebiet zwischen der Österreichischen Grenze und dem Platten- see führen die anti-kommunistischen ungarischen Truppen an allen wichtigen Strassenkreuzungen Ausweiskontrollen durch. Associated Press Photo zeigt anti-kommunistischen ungarische Soldaten, die an einer Strassen-kreuzung in der Nähe der ungarischen Stadt Gyoer einen Zivilisten kontrollieren. Das Bild machte am 28.Oktober 1956 der AP-photograph Walter Lindlar, der bis nach Gyoer ohne Schwierigkeiten fahren durfte. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/18
1956_foto_OSA_018
A Broken Tram in Budapest in front of Hotel Astoria
Smashed and derailed tram cars in Budapest, in front of Hotel Astoria. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Latest pictures out of Hungary.... Just received by air.... smashed street-cars in Budapest smashed and derailed before the Hotel B----t Astoria in Budapest. AP/VIE 18446. An Associated Press photo. Copyright Associated Press Photo supplied by The Associated Press LTD 83-86 Farringdon Street, London, E.C.4. Fleet Street 1515.
300-40-16:1/19
1956_foto_OSA_019
Destruction on Rákóczi Street, Budapest
The wreckage on Rákóczi Street after a Soviet bomb was dropped on Budapest. The Soviets proved unable to break Budapest with tanks and artillery, so they began to use bomber planes. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Russische Bomben Auf Budapest-- unser Associated Press Photo zeigt einen Blick in die Budapester Rakoczy Strasse nach einem russischen Bombenangriff auf die schwerleidende Stadt am 8. November 1956. Nachdem die sowjetischen Truppen nicht in der lage gewesen waren, mit Panzern und artillerie den Wilderstand der Freiheits-kampfer zu brechen, astzten sie Flugzeuge ein. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/20
1956_foto_OSA_020
Removing the Red Star from the Budapest Town Hall
Cheering demonstrators watch as one of them rips away the red star that ornates the Budapest Town Hall. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungary Rebels. Budapest: Demonstrators watch happily as one of them rips away the red star emblem that ornate Budapest Town Hall facade. Street fighting broke out in the Hungarian Capital between demonstrators and police forces. the government of the newly appointed Premier Imre Nagy had to call on Russian troops to help quell the rebels. Credit: United Press Photo (JM) Archiv-Bild Nur leinweise Nach Benutzung zurück an U.P. Frankfurt. Copyright UNITED PRESS PHOTOS 2, Rue des Italiens- Paris (IX) Teleph. TAltbout 62-58 le droit de reproduire la presente photo est vendu uniquement a votre Publication. Vous ne pouvez ni la retroceder, meme gratuitement, ni l'utiliser pout la publicite, sans accord prealable et ecrit d'UNITED PRESS PHOTOS/ Nous degageons notre responsabilite de tous dommages ou toutes consequences du fait de sa publication ou de sa perte, qui sont a votre charge exclusive.
300-40-16:1/21
1956_foto_OSA_021
Damaged Killán Barracks and Neighboring Building
Severely damaged buildings in Budapest. Kilián barracks is on the right side of the picture. Üllői Street. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Budapest Am 16. November 1956. Besonders tiefe Spuren der Kämpfe um Budapest trugen die Häuser davon, die gegenüber der Maria-Theresia- Kaserme (Kilian-Kaserne) stehen, um die lange und heftig gekämpft wurde. Dieses Bild wurde am 16.November 1956 aufgenommen und uns von einem Flüchtling mitgebracht. Wie/Fra/Ber 2786/A16/010. 19.11.56. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
300-40-16:1/22
1956_foto_OSA_022
A Captured Soviet Army Tank Flies the Hungarian Flag
A captured Soviet tank flies the Hungarian red, white and green flag as its crew of Hungarian Revolutionaries prepare to join in the fighting. ORIGINAL CAPTION: 58103: A captured Russian Army tank flies the Hungarian red white and green tank as its Hungarian rioters crowd readies to go to the fighting Archiv-Bild Nur leinweise Nach Benutzung zurück an U.P. Frankfurt. Copyright UNITED PRESS PHOTOS 2, Rue des Italiens- Paris (IX) Teleph. TAltbout 62-58 le droit de reproduire la presente photo est vendu uniquement a votre Publication. Vous ne pouvez ni la retroceder, meme gratuitement, ni l'utiliser pout la publicite, sans accord prealable et ecrit d'UNITED PRESS PHOTOS/ Nous degageons notre responsabilite de tous dommages ou toutes consequences du fait de sa publication ou de sa perte, qui sont a votre charge exclusive.
300-40-16:1/23
1956_foto_OSA_023
The Ruins of a Department Store
A department store in ruins. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ruins of a department store (location unknown)
300-40-16:1/24
1956_foto_OSA_024
A Blown Up Soviet Tank Surrounded by Civilians
A broken Soviet tank sits on the corner of Móricz Zsigmond Circus and Himfy Street, with a small crowd around it. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Móricz Zsigmond Circle: Destroyed Soviet tank at the corner of Himfy Street
300-40-16:1/25
1956_foto_OSA_025
A Destroyed Building on Móricz Zsigmond Circus
People look at the building in the center of the photo, which was destroyed by point blank fire of Soviet tanks. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Móricz Zsigmond Circle no.2: House destroyed by point-blank fire of Soviet tanks
300-40-16:1/26
1956_foto_OSA_026
Destroyed Apartment Buidling on Móricz Zsigmond Circus
The aftermath of fighting shows at Móricz Zsigmond Circus. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Móricz Zsigmond Circle: Destroyed Apartment Building
300-40-16:1/27
1956_foto_OSA_027
Red Cross Casualty Clearance in Budapest
A Red Cross truck has a man in white medical smock waving a red cross flag from the running board as it tours the war-torn Budapest in search of victims of the fighting. A man armed with a rifle sits on the mudguard at the front as an additional precaution against interference. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Casualty clearance. Red cross truck has a man in white medical smock waving a red cross flaf from the running board as it tours the war-torn Budapest in search of victims of the fighting. A man armed with a rifle sits on the mudguard in front as an additional precaution against interference. NCHR F 18593 011156ErG Associated Press Photo from London. Copyright Associated Press Photo supplied by The Associated Press Ltd., 83-86, Farringdon Street, London, E.C.4. Phone: Fleet Street 1515
300-40-16:1/28
1956_foto_OSA_028
A Bullet Damaged Tram at Rákóczi Square
The tram on Rákóczi Square was damaged in the early days of the fighting. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Rákóczi Square: Streetcar damaged in the early fighting.
300-40-16:1/29
1956_foto_OSA_029
A Man Looking at a Ruined Building
A man looks at the ruins of an apartment building. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ruins of an apartment house (location unknown)
300-40-16:1/30
1956_foto_OSA_030
The Remains of a Corner Building
As they walk by, women look up at the huge hole in the building. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Heavily damaged apartment houses (location unknown)
300-40-16:1/31
1956_foto_OSA_031
The Austro-Hungarian Border
A sign in the woods reads country border in German. A watchtower is in the background.
300-40-16:1/32
1956_foto_OSA_032
Removal of the Soviet Emblem
Workman on a ladder removes Soviet emblem from the facade of a building on Honvéd Street. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Honvéd Street. Workman on ladder removes Soviet emblem
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1956_foto_OSA_033
Destroyed Soviet Artillery on Ferenc Boulevard
Two pieces of Soviet artillery lie broken on tram tracks. People walk and cycle by. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ferenc Circle: Destroyed and damaged Soviet artillery
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1956_foto_OSA_034
Caskets of Victims of the Mosonmagyaróvár Massacre
Mourners pray at the caskets of massacre victims, piled up one atop the other. Over one hundred Hungarians who were shot by order of Secret Police officers in Mosonmagyaróvár before the anti-Communist revolutionaries could take over the West Hungarian town. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Caskets of Massacre Victims. Women pray at caskets, piled up one atop the other, containing the bodies of some of the 88 Hungarians shot by order of Secret Police officers in Magyarovar before the anti-communist rebels forces could take over the west Hungarian town. Picture taken October 28. Fra/Staff/Lindlar Oct 29, 1956 HG. LD NEG NY PS RM MIL STOCK ZUR PRINT Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_035
Endre Horváth, János Tomán and László Germán
Endre Horváth (in the middle), member of the Transdanubian National Revolutionary Committee, together with his advisors, János Tomán (left) and László Germán (right). ORIGINAL CAPTION: AP Funkphoto Aus Wien. AP Abonnementsphoto. Associated Press photo Frankfurt. Führer Der Aufständischen. Der ungarische Revolutionsführer Endre Horvath (Mitte), Präsident der Transdonauischen Freiheitskämpfer mit seinen Beratern. Links, der militärisch Ratgeber, Johann Toman; rechts, der politische Ratgeber, German Maszlo. FRA/STAFF/VIE/2629/A74/ 3/11/1956. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_036
Hungarian Freedom Fighters Driving a Captured Soviet Tank
Waving the Hungarian flag, Hungarian revolutionaries hurry to the help of their comrades on a captured Soviet tank in Budapest. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungary Uprises. Budapest: After overpowering the crew of a Russian made tank Hungarian rioter crowd on it end go to the help of their comrades waving the flag of Nationalist Hungary during the uprising in Budapest that necessitates the use of Russian troops. Oct 26.56. United Press Photos Copyright United Pressphotos (UP) dieses photo ist ihnen nur zur veroffenflichung in ihrem blatt verkaurt und darf ohne unsere schriftliche genehmigung nicht weitergegeben,weitervetrieben oder zu reklamezwecken verwendet werden. durch annahme dieser aufnahme erklaren sie sich bereit, an United Press Photos keine verlust - oder schadenersatzanspruche zu stellen die sich aus ihrer verwendung oder veroffentlichung dieser aufnahme ergeben kohnten. frankfurt
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1956_foto_OSA_037
Stalin's Boots Fly the Hungarian Flag
A Hungarian national flag has been stuck in Iosiph Stalin's boots, the only piece of the giant bronze statue of the Soviet dictator that remained on the pedestal. The statue stood on Felvonulási Square, currently Ötvenhatosok Square ORIGINAL CAPTION: United Press Photo. Budapest. In Joseph Stalin's empty boots a National Hungarian flag has been stuck, sorn in many places by bullets. Two huge empty boots are all that's left of the oversize bronze statue of the late Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin FK23293/3 Copyright United Pressphotos (UP) dieses photo ist ihnen nur zur veroffenflichung in ihrem blatt verkaurt und darf ohne unsere schriftliche genehmigung nicht weitergegeben,weitervetrieben oder zu reklamezwecken verwendet werden. durch annahme dieser aufnahme erklaren sie sich bereit, an United Press Photos keine verlust - oder schadenersatzanspruche zu stellen die sich aus ihrer verwendung oder veroffentlichung dieser aufnahme ergeben kohnten. frankfurt
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1956_foto_OSA_038
The Budapest-Vienna Highway off Mosonmagyaróvár at the Beginning of the Siege of the Hungarian Capital
A few kilometres from the Austro-Hungarian border near Mosonmagyaróvár, the main road to Budapest has been blocked by the Soviets at the beginning of the siege of the Hungarian capital. ORIGINAL CAPTION: AP Abonnements photo. Associated Press Photo. Frankfurt/main. Mit der blockierung. Der Hauptstrasse Budapest-Wien leiteten die sowjets am 3. November 1956 ihren Angriff auf die ungarische Hauptstadt ein. Under Associated Press Photo zeigt die blockierte Strasse bei Madyarovar, wenige kilometer vor der österrei-ohischen grenze. WIE/FRA/BER/2634/ A 2/B 1/C 2 Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_039
A Soviet Tank at Mosonmagyaróvár
Soviet tanks arrive to stifle the movement of the Hungarian revolutionaries as the siege of Budapest begins. ORIGINAL CAPTION: AP Abonnements photo. Associated Press Photo. Frankfurt/main. Sowjetpanzer Ersticken Freiheitsbewegung. Sowjetische panzer beim einrücken am 4. November 1956 in Ungarisch-altenburg (Magyarova) zur Unterdrückung der ungarischen Freiheitsbewegung. Das Bild wurde von einem Flüchtling, der am 5. November in Österreich eintraf, gemacht. WIE/FRA/BER/2656/A 24/B/ 7/ C 17/ 5.11.56 Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_040
Peter Hoffer, Walter Lindlar with Two Others
In a meadow, Associated Press reporter Peter Hoffer, standing the closest to the Volkswagen, and Associated Press photorapher Walter Lindlar and two others stand by their Volkswagen Beetle in which they escaped from Budapest before the siege began. The car had a dent during their escape. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Durchgekommen.... sind Peter Hoffer, Reporter der Associated Press, und der Frankfurter AP-Photograph Walter Lindlar. Mit ihrem Volkswagen schlugen sie sich über Feldwege zur österreichischen Grenze. Alle Hauptstrasse waren durch sowjetische Truppen abgesperrt. Der Volkswagenerlitt Beschädigungen, als ihn ein sowjetpanzer von der strasse drängte- undser bild- von Walter Lindler aufgenommen- zeigt drei unbekannte personen und den AP reporter PeterHoffwe (direkt neben dem Volkswagen) Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_041
Funeral of Freedom Fighters
Funeral of victims of the Hungarian revolution. In the West Hungarian town of Mosonmagyaróvár, over one hundred civilian residents were killed by the State Security Authority in the last few days. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Offer des Ungarischen aufstandes beigesetzt. In der west-ungarischen stadt altenberg, wo in den letzten tagen fast 100 einwohner durch kommunistische ungarische truppen getötet wurden, fand am 28 oktober 1956 die beisetzung der opfer statt. Associated press photo zeigt ungarische frei-heitskämpfer, die einen sarg in das massengrab niederlassen. WIE/FRA/BER 2564/A9/B3/C7 28.10.56 Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_042
Hungarian Refugees Arrive at Victoria Station, London
Some of the 240 Hungarian refugees who arrived at Victoria Station, London, on November 19, 1956 with the national flag draped in black. Most of them had no possessions except for the clothes they wore. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarians arrive in London. Some of the 240 Hungarian refugees who arrived at Victorian Station, London, this evening, November 19, are shown with their national flag draped in black. Most of them have only the clothes they wear. Associated Press Photo from London. Copyright Associated Press Photo supplied by The Associated Press Ltd., 83-86, Farringdon Street, London, E.C.4. Phone: Fleet Street 1515
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1956_foto_OSA_043
Hungarian Refugee Róbert Lipowitz
Munich, Germany. Róbert Lipowitz, a 34-year-old refugee, radio repairman from Budapest, commenting on RFE programs and broadcast before and after the Hungarian revolution said: Radio Free Europe told off those Russians. They were afraid of the Radio. ORIGINAL CAPTION: RFE: Munich, Germany, Jan 1957- AP Robert Lipowitz, 34 year old refugee radio repairman from Budapest, commenting on RFE programs and casts before and during the Hungarian revolution, said: "RFE told off those Russians. they were afraid of RFE". FRA/STAFF/GODOT (PARIS) jan 19, 1957 HG Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_044
Debris on Baross Street after Fighting
Debris on the intersection of József Boulevard and Baross Street, and severely damaged buildings in the distance. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Corner of Jozsef circle and Baross street: debris from damaged buildings litters the pavement.
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1956_foto_OSA_045
Shelled Building on Ferenc Boulevard
Heavily damaged apartment building on Ferenc Boulevard opposite Tűzoltó Street. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ferenc Square: apartment house in Tuzoltö Street heavily damaged by artillery fire.
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1956_foto_OSA_046
Building Barricades
Hungarian revolutionaries build a barricade from cobble stones on the first day of the seige of Budapest against the invading Soviet army. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Zu ihrem verzweifelten widerstand... (kampfe in budapest). in den strassen der ungarischen Hauptstadt rissen die Freiheitskämpfer das Strassenpflaster auf, um barrikaden zu errichten. Erst der einsatz von artillerie und flugsaugen brachte den widerstand der im vergleich zu den sowjetischen truppen nur spärlich bewaffneten rebellen gegen das kommunistische regime zum dahinschwinder. Dieses bild, das am 4. november 1956 in Budapest aufgenommen wurde, also am tage des beginns der russichen intervention, erreichte uns erst am 11.november 1956 mit unserem an diesem tage aus Budapest zurückkehrenden photographen. WIE/FRA/BER/ 2713/A9 12.11.56 Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_047
Three Hungarians Run across the Austro-Hungarian Border on Christmas Eve
Three Hungarians dash accross the snowy no man’s land of the Austro- Hungarian border in their flight to freedom on Christmas Eve. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarians Dash to Freedom. Three Hungarians dash across the snow in the no man's land of the austro-hungarian border in their flight to freedom on Christmas Eve, December 24. They spent Christmas Day at a refugee camp in Austria Associated Press Photo from London. Copyright Associated Press Photo supplied by The Associated Press Ltd., 83-86, Farringdon Street, London, E.C.4. Phone: Fleet Street 1515
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1956_foto_OSA_048
Hungarian Freedom Fighters Burn Photographs of Stalin
Revolutionaries burn pictures of Stalin and communist literature in a Budapest street during the short-lived victory of the revolution. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Stalin Pictures Burned. Budapest, after the revolution - AP- revolutionaries burn Stalin pictures and communist literature in a budapest street after winning the revolution. Pictures handed out by revolutionaries to Enre Marton, Ap's Budapest correspondent. FRA/BUD LD PS RM MIL STOCK PRINT nov 1 1956 HG Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_049
Crowd Surrounds Food Aid Trucks
With the shops in Budapest empty, residents had to rely on relief delivery. These two food aid lorries are packed with vegetables, mostly potatoes. ORIGINAL CAPTION: AP Abonnements Photo Associated press photo. Hunderte von Budapestern.... drängten sich am 29. November 1956 um zwei Last-wagen mit gemüse, meist zwieblen, um etwas von der Ladung für ihre eigene Küche zu erwischen. LON/FRA/BER/2997/A29/C21 4.12.56 Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_050
Headshot of László Juhász, a Hungarian Refugee
Munich, Germany László Juhász, a 25-year-old refugee metalworker from Budapest, comments on the Radio Free Europe broadcasts before and during the Hungarian revolution. He said: Radio Free Europe shoots back at the reds, hitting them hard with facts and details. The best way to deal with them is to use their own methods.” ORIGINAL CAPTION: For use with Germany Mailer no.2775 by Herb Altschull. Radio Free Europe. Munich, Germany, Jan.1957- AP- Laszlo Juhas, a 25 year old refugee metal worker from Budapest, commenting on RFE casts before and during the hungarian revolution, said "RFE shoots back at the reds, hitting them hard with facts and details. the best way to deal with them is to use their own methods." fra/staff/godot (paris) Jan 19 1957 HG LD PRINT NY NEG Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_051
The New Police Force Guard the Headquarters of the Dissolved State Security Authority
A member of the newly formed police force, called the quilted jackets, guards the headquarters of the former State Security Authority headquarter at 60 Andrássy Avenue, Budapest. ORIGINAL CAPTION: CHECK NOTES GODOT.F. 22546. 101256. Associated Press Photo from London
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1956_foto_OSA_052
Headshot of Gergely Petrero, a Hungarian Refugee
Gergely Petrero, 16, an escapee from Budapest, commenting on the Radio Free Europe broadcasts before and during the Hungarian revolution, said: Radio Free Europe was a main factor in the revolution... we listened for news that the United Nations was coming... The Western radio stations betrayed us, because no help came. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Radio Free Europe. Munich, Germany, Jan 1957 AP Petrero Gergerly, 16, an escapee from Budapest, commenting on the RFE casts before and during the hungarian revolution, said "RFE was a main factor in the Revolution... we listened for news that the United Nations was coming... the western radio stations betrayed us, because no help came". FRA/STAFF/GODOT (PARIS) LD PRINT NY NEG Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_053
Damaged Shops on Bartók Béla Street
A man walks by damaged shop fronts on Bartók Béla Street ORIGINAL CAPTION: Bela Bartok street: damaged shops
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1956_foto_OSA_054
Break in the Fighting on Móricz Zsigmond Circus
Paving stones were ripped up on Móricz Zsigmond Circus to build the barricade at the far end of the circus. The painted writing on the wall on the right says Death to the State Security Authority. The clothing store in the building on the left corner was burned out during the later stages of fighting. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Móricz Zsigmond Circle: Ripped up paving stones litter the square. Across the square in the background, a pavingstone barricade. "Death to the Avo" (secret police) is painted on wall at right. Clothing store in building at left on corner was burned out in later stages of fighting.
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1956_foto_OSA_055
Remains of Soviet Artillery on Ferenc Boulevard
Remains of blown up heavy Soviet artillery on Ferenc Boulevard.
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1956_foto_OSA_056
Móricz Zsigmond Circus in Disarray
View of disarrayed Móricz Zsigmond Circus with people and truck.
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1956_foto_OSA_056
Móricz Zsigmond Circus in Disarray
View of disarrayed Móricz Zsigmond Circus with people and truck. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Móricz Zsigmond Circle: general views
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1956_foto_OSA_057
Freedom Fighters Ride Tanks through the Streets
Two tanks side by side roll down the street under the gaze of onlookers.
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1956_foto_OSA_058
Remains of Exploded Soviet Ammunition Trucks on Ferenc Boulevard
Passers-by look at the last pieces of an armoured vehicle. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ferenc Circle: remains of an exploded Soviet ammunition truck
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1956_foto_OSA_059
Destroyed Buildings on Ferenc Boulevard Near Üllői Street
Heavily damaged apartment buildings on Ferenc Boulevard near Üllői Street. The famous Kilián barracks are on the right corner.
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1956_foto_OSA_060
A Destroyed Department Store on Rákóczi Street
Wreckage of the fashionable department store Minőségi Aruház, Bazar of Quality, on Rákóczi Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_061
The Damaged Rókus Chapel and Rókus Hospital
Rókus Chapel and Rókus Hospital behind it damaged by fire from Soviet tanks. A Red Cross flag is hung on the building on the left.. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Rokus Chapel: Chapel and hospital behind it (note red cross flag at left) damaged by fire from Soviet tanks
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1956_foto_OSA_062
The Damaged Rókus Chapel and Rókus Hospital
Rókus Chapel and Rókus Hospital behind it damaged by fire from Soviet tanks. A Red Cross flag is hung on the building on the left. Gyulai Pál Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_063
Damaged Artillery in the Rain
Bajcsy Zsilinszky Street: An overtumed shell of a damaged State Security Authority truck.
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1956_foto_OSA_064
Removing of the Soviet Emblem from the Soviet Monument on Szabadság Square
Soviet Emblem is being removed from the Monument to the Soviet Heroes who Died in the Second World War on Szabadság Square. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Szabadsag Ter (Freedom Square), Hungarian flag flies above monument to Soviet troops killed in the "liberation" of Budapest in 1944-45. Hungarian on ladder is removing the Soviet emblem
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1956_foto_OSA_065
A Blown Up Soviet Tank on Üllői Street near Kilián Barracks
The remains of a tank lie on the side of Üllői Street next to a the Killán barracks.
Oversized box (40 cm) #2
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1956_foto_OSA_066
János Kádár
Headshot of János Kádár, General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party from 1956 until 1988. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Janos Kadar
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1956_foto_OSA_067
Houses Damaged by the Soviets on the Corner of Üllői and Miksa Streets
Houses Damaged by the Soviets on the Corner of Üllői and Miksa Streets ORIGINAL CAPTION: Corner of Ulloi and Miksa Streets: Damaged Soviet tank in front of ruin of dwelling house
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1956_foto_OSA_068
Destroyed Soviet Tanks on Üllői Street
A broken tank blocks Üllői Street.
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Troops of the Hungarian Army in Front of the Ministry of Defense
A unit of the newly founded Hungarian Army guards the Ministry of Defense with a tank and trucks.
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1956_foto_OSA_070
Damaged Kilián Barracks and Houses on Ferenc Boulevard and Üllői Street
View of Ferenc Boulevard near Kilián barracks after the first days of fighting. ORIGINAL CAPTION: View of Grand Boulevard near Kilian-barracks after the first days of fighting
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1956_foto_OSA_071
Damaged Homes on József Boulevard
Apartment buildings on József Boulevard destroyed by Soviet artillery fíre.
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1956_foto_OSA_072
Ruined Building in Budapest
Ruined building in Budapest
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1956_foto_OSA_073
Workman on a Ladder removes Soviet Emblem from a Building
The Soviet Emblem is being removed from the facade of a building on Honvéd Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_074
Soviet-Hungarian Friendship Painted on a Tank
Soviet-Hungarian Friendship painted on a blown up Soviet tank in the junction of Móricz Zsigmond Circus and Himfy Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_075
Remains of Exploded Soviet Armoured Vehicles
The skeletons of three vehicles are being examined by revolutionaries.
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1956_foto_OSA_076
A Russian Language Appeal to the Soviet Soldiers at Móricz Zsigmond Circus
The appeal to Soviet soldiers reads: Soviet Soldiers! Do not fire at people who do not have arms. Traitors of our homeland deceived you. The Hungarian workers and Youth want freedom and more bread. Do not fight Hungarian workers. The Hungarian youth
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1956_foto_OSA_077
A Makeshift Barricade
Cobble stones from the Boulevard have been dug up and used to build a barricade.
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1956_foto_OSA_078
Destroyed Department Store
The smoke blackened facade of the burned out fashionable department store Minőségi Áruház, Bazar of Quality, on Rákóczi Street. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Rákóczi Street: smoke blackened facade of burned out fashionable department store
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1956_foto_OSA_079
A Ruined Building on the Corner of Ferenc Boulevard and Mester Street
A destroyed building in the distance on the corner of Ferenc Boulevard and Mester Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_080
Damaged Apartment Buildings on József Boulevard
Apartment Buildings Damaged by Soviet Fire on József Boulevard.
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Destroyed Department Store on Rákóczi Street
Only the skeleton of the department store Divatcsarnok, Fashion Hall, remains after shelling on Rákóczi Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_082
Damaged Building on Baross Street
Destroyed apartment building on Baross Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_083
Barricade with Sign Russians Go Home!!
A barricade made from the cobble stones pried from the paving bears a poster saying Russians Go Home!! written in Hungarian and Russian.
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1956_foto_OSA_084
Communist Books and Papers are Burned on Lenin Boulevard
Communist literature is being burnt in front of the Horizont bookshop, specialized in Soviet literature, on Lenin Boulevard (today Teréz Boulevard).
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1956_foto_OSA_085
Torn and Charred Books on Lenin Boulevard
Remeains of burnt books and papers cover the street in front of Horizont bookshop, specialized in Soviet literature, on Lenin Boulevard, today Teréz Boulevard.
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1956_foto_OSA_086
Books and Papers Are Burned on Lenin Boulevard
Communist literature and papers are burned on Lenin Boulevard, today Teréz Boulevard in front of Horizont bookshop, specialized in Soviet literature.
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1956_foto_OSA_087
Blown Up Soviet Tank on Ferenc Boulevard
Remains of a blown up Soviet tank on Ferenc Boulevard. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ferenc Circle: remains of an exploded Soviet tank
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1956_foto_OSA_088
Destroyed House on Baross Street
The inside of a flat is clearly visible in the destroyed the building. Baross Street.
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Destroyed Building on József Boulevard
A man looks at the remains of a building. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Jozsef Circle: Destroyed dwelling house
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1956_foto_OSA_090
Damaged Building on Bartók Béla Street
Locals gather in front of the ruined building on Bartók Béla Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_091
Books Are Burned on Lenin Boulevard
A crowd of people gathers outside Horizont bookshop on Lenin Boulevard (today Térez Boulevard), specializing in Soviet literature, to burn the books.
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1956_foto_OSA_092
Russians Go Home! Painted on a Shop Window
Writing in Russian on a shop window says Russians Go Home!
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1956_foto_OSA_093
Corpse of a Revolutionary with a Wreath
The body of a Hungarian freedom fighter lies on the ground with a wreath laid on him.
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1956_foto_OSA_094
Soviet Officers on the Top of Their Tank
Soviet soldiers, recognizable from their uniforms, ride on a tank.
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1956_foto_OSA_095
A Damaged Soviet Armored Personnel Carrier
Display Item Not For Sale is painted in Hungarian on a damaged Soviet vehicle.
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1956_foto_OSA_096
Muzzle of a Soviet Tank Gun in the Budapest Suburb of Pestszentlőrinc
The street name Avenue of the Red Army can be read under the muzzle of a Soviet tank gun in the Budapest suburb of Pestszentlőrinc. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Under the muzzle of a Soviet tank gun in the Budapest suburb of Pest Szent Loerinz, the street sign reads "avenue of the Red Army"
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1956_foto_OSA_097
Destroyed Buildings on József Boulevard
Apartment buildings on József Boulevard destroyed by Soviet troops.
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1956_foto_OSA_098
Russian Tanks Outside the Parliament
Three Russian tanks stand guard on the square in front of the Parliament building in Budapest. On October 25, 300 Hungarians were killed on the square when State Security Authority personnel fired at the crowd. Kossuth Square. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Russian Tanks in Budapest! russian tanks stand guard in the square outside the Parliament building in Budapest, Hungary. On October 25, 300 Hungarians were killed in the square by fire from the State Security. Russian tanks fought back! Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_099
The Hungarian Flag is Placed in Stalin's Boots
Revolutionaries stand on the pedestal and place the Hungarian flag into Iosiph Stalin's boots, the only remains of the giant bronze statue of the Soviet dictator. The statue stood on Felvonulási Square, currently Ötvenhatosok Square ORIGINAL CAPTION: Copyright United Pressphotos (UP) dieses photo ist ihnen nur zur veroffenflichung in ihrem blatt verkaurt und darf ohne unsere schriftliche genehmigung nicht weitergegeben,weitervetrieben oder zu reklamezwecken verwendet werden. durch annahme dieser aufnahme erklaren sie sich bereit, an United Press Photos keine verlust - oder schadenersatzanspruche zu stellen die sich aus ihrer verwendung oder veroffentlichung dieser aufnahme ergeben kohnten. frankfurt
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1956_foto_OSA_100
Revolutionaries with the Head of the Removed Stalin Statue
A rope is wrapped around the head of the fallen Stalin statue as revolutionaries try to rip it apart. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Copyright United Pressphotos (UP) dieses photo ist ihnen nur zur veroffenflichung in ihrem blatt verkaurt und darf ohne unsere schriftliche genehmigung nicht weitergegeben,weitervetrieben oder zu reklamezwecken verwendet werden. durch annahme dieser aufnahme erklaren sie sich bereit, an United Press Photos keine verlust - oder schadenersatzanspruche zu stellen die sich aus ihrer verwendung oder veroffentlichung dieser aufnahme ergeben kohnten. frankfurt
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1956_foto_OSA_101
The Remains of a Corner Building and of a Soviet Tank
The hull of a Soviet tank lies in a Budapest intersection, its turret blown off and its mechanism scattered on the cobbles. ORIGINAL CAPTION: in the strange stillness after battle, the hull of a Soviet tank lies in a Budapest intersection, its turret blown off and its mechanism scattered on the cobbles like fragments of a squashed insect Copyright: 1956 by Time Inc.
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1956_foto_OSA_102
Demonstration of Hungarian Workers in Miskolc
In spite of the enforced martial law, Hungarian workers in Miskolc organised a demontration against the Kádár Regime on the l0th December, 1956, which ended in bloodshed. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Trosz Verkündung des standrechtes... führten die Arbeiter der ostungarischen Stadt miskolz am 10. Dezember 1956 eine demonstration gegen die regierung Kadar durch, in deren Verlaug es zu blutigen Zusammenstösben mit der kommunistischen polizei kam. Das bild wurde uns heute von einem in Wien eingetroffen ungarischen Flüchtling zur Verfügung gestellt. Copyright United Pressphotos (UP) dieses photo ist ihnen nur zur veroffenflichung in ihrem blatt verkaurt und darf ohne unsere schriftliche genehmigung nicht weitergegeben,weitervetrieben oder zu reklamezwecken verwendet werden. durch annahme dieser aufnahme erklaren sie sich bereit, an United Press Photos keine verlust - oder schadenersatzanspruche zu stellen die sich aus ihrer verwendung oder veroffentlichung dieser aufnahme ergeben kohnten. frankfurt
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1956_foto_OSA_103
Hungarian Soldier Wearing the Hungarian National Colors on his Cap
A smiling soldier wears Hungary's national colours instead of the red star on his cap to show his support for the revolution. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Nationalfarben Ersetzen Roten Stern. Der rote stern an der mütze dieses ungarischen soldaten ist ersetzt durch die ungarischen nationalfarben grün-weiss-rot. Der soldat gehört zu den ungarischen freiheitskämpfern, die nach vorliegenden Berichten das an Österreich grenzende gebiet bis zum plattensee unter Kontrolle haben WIE/FRA/BER 2559/A Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_104
Soviet Tanks Guard a Budapest Intersection
Debris from the fighting can be seen on the right, as two tanks guard the intersection. Two tanks guard the intersection after the fighting. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Copyright United Pressphotos (UP) dieses photo ist ihnen nur zur veroffenflichung in ihrem blatt verkaurt und darf ohne unsere schriftliche genehmigung nicht weitergegeben,weitervetrieben oder zu reklamezwecken verwendet werden. durch annahme dieser aufnahme erklaren sie sich bereit, an United Press Photos keine verlust - oder schadenersatzanspruche zu stellen die sich aus ihrer verwendung oder veroffentlichung dieser aufnahme ergeben kohnten. frankfurt
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1956_foto_OSA_105
Bureau de Presse de l'Assamblee des Nations Captives d'Europe
A large number of people are present at the Press Office of the Assembly of the Captive Nations of Europe. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Bureau de Presse de l'assemblee des nations captives d'Europe 94, Rue St-Lazare, Paris (9)
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1956_foto_OSA_106
People on Köztársaság Square
A crowd of people on Köztársaság Square. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Josef Stefan Bischoff, Denninger Str. 108, 8000 München 81, Tel: (089) 913146
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1956_foto_OSA_107
Demonstrators Carrying Hungarian National Flags and Placards in Vienna
Demonstrators carrying Hungarian national flags and placards attempt to march to the Hungarian Legation in Vienna on 27th October but are headed off by Austrian police. The demonstrators were said to be Hungarian exiles. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarian exiles demonstrate in Vienna. Demonstrators carrying Hungarian flags and placecards are headed off by Austrian police as they attempt to march on the Hungarian legation in Vienna, Oct.27. The demonstrators were said to be Hungarian exiles. AP / vie f18342. Associated press photo from london. (original of wirephoto) Copyright Associated Press Photo supplied by The Associated Press LTD 83-86 Farringdon Street, London, E.C.4. Fleet Street 1515.
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1956_foto_OSA_108
Erzsébet Bridge in Ruins
A high column of smoke rises into the sky behind the ruins of the Erzsébet Bridge. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Über dem Leidenden Budapest.... steht eine hohe Rauchsäule und im Vordergrunde links ragt ein Pfeiler der zerstörten Elisabeth-brücke traurig in den Himmel. Dieses bild wurde von unserem erst heute aus Budapest zurück-gekehrten photographen während der Tage in denen sowjetische truppen den widerstand der freiheitskampfer zerschbugon Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_109
A Hungarian Soldier Wearing His Cap without the Red Star
Hungarian guard on duty at the Austrian border wearing his cap without the red star gives light to a civilian. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Border incident. Hungarian guard on duty at the Austrian border has ripped the red star from the front of his cap in this photo made as he gives a light to a civilian, october 26. Associated Press Photo from London. (Original of wirephoto)
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1956_foto_OSA_110
Hungarian Freedom Fighters Request Medical Supplies
Hungarian freedom fighters arrive at the Austrian border post at Nickelsdorf to request medical supplies, including urgently needed blood plasma for their injured. Viennese locals queued at Vienna’s main hospital to donate blood for the Hungarian Revolutionaires, who reported that Soviet bullets killed seventy five and injufred two hundred. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarian Rebels ask Austrian blood. Hungarian "freedom fighters" called October 27 at the Austrian border post as Nickelsdorf to request medical supplies, including urgently needed blood plasma for their injured. Viennest queued outside Vienna's main hospital to donate blood for the rebels, who reported 75 dead and 200 injured from Soviet bullets. Associated Press Photo from London. (Original of wirephoto)
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1956_foto_OSA_111
The Greatest Show Trial Against the Hungarian Freedom Fighters Begins
On the 18th of February, 1957 the greatest show trial against the Hungarian freedom fighters began. The twelve were accused of agitation against the Soviet Army and calling for strikes. In the photo there are some of the accused, a student girl among them. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Schauprozess in Budapest. In Budapest hat am 18. Februar 1957 der bisher grösste Schauprozess gegen Teilnehmer am ungarischen Freiheitskampf begonnen. Verhandelt wird gegen 12 Angeklagte, von denen drei des Mordes beschuldigt werden, während den anderen "Aufhetzung zum Streik und zum hass gegen die Sowjetarmee" vorgeworfen wird. Es wird mit einer Prozessdauer von einem Monat gerechnet. Associated press photo zeigt einen teil der angeklagten, unter ihnen auch eine studentin, am ersten Verhandlungstage. Hinter den angeklagtensitzen bewaffnete Polizisten. Copyright by and the property of The Associated Press G.m.b.H. Bilderdienst- Frankfurt/Main. Moselstr.27 - telef: 3299733377. Vervielfaltigung, Verbreitung und Vorführung dieses Bildes ist nur mit unserer Genehmigung und unter nennung des urhebervermerkes 'photo AP' oder 'photo ASSOCIATED PRESS' und gegen Ubersendung eines Belegexemplares gestattet. Verwendung zu Werbezweken ist untersagt. Die ASSOCIATED PRESS G.m.b.H. übernimmt keine direkte oder indirekte Haftung für Schäden oder Ansprüche, die im zusammenhang mit der veröffentichung dieses Bildes entstehen.
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1956_foto_OSA_112
Hungarians Release British Students Accused of Espionage
Four British students Roger Cooper (20), Christopher Lord (21), Basel Cripps and Judith Cripps, the daughter of the one-time British Chancellor, arrive in Austria on the 2nd February after unexpectantly being released by the Hungarian Kádár Regime. The students had been held in Hungary since 17th January. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarians Release students. Four British students released by the Hungarians are shown at Nickelsdorf after crossing into Austria, Feb 2. Right to left- Christopher Lord, 21; Basil Lord, 25; Roger Cooper, 20; and standing in front of Cooper is Judith Cripps, 19. The British students have been held in Hungary since Jan 17. (Original of Wirephoto) Copyright Associated Press Photo supplied by The Associated Press LTD 83-86 Farringdon Street, London, E.C.4. Fleet Street 1515.
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1956_foto_OSA_113
Watchtower Near Szentgotthárd
The watchtower is located near Szentgotthárd, forty miles east of the Austrian city of Graz. Austro-Hungarian border. ORIGINAL CAPTION: hated symbol- this was a watchtower on the austro-hungarian frontier near Szentgotthard, 40miles east of the austrian city of Graz, on nov.6 1956. (1) the symbol of Communist terror silhouetted against the Central European autumn landscape...
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1956_foto_OSA_114
Watchtower Near Szentgotthárd
The watchtower is forty miles east of the Austrian city of Graz. The photograph was taken before it was set on fire by an escaping Hungarian freedom fighter. ORIGINAL CAPTION: hated symbol- this was a watchtower on the austro-hungarian frontier near Szentgotthard, 40miles east of the austrian city of Graz, on nov.6 1956. (2) .... before flames set by an escaping Hungarian freedom fighter.
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1956_foto_OSA_115
The Remains of the Watch Tower Near Szentgotthárd
Set on fire, only charred ruins remain of the watchtower three hours later. ORIGINAL CAPTION: hated symbol- this was a watchtower on the austro-hungarian frontier near Szentgotthard, 40miles east of the austrian city of Graz, on nov.6 1956. (3)... leave only charred ruins three hours later
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1956_foto_OSA_116
Imre Nagy Meets People
Imre Nagy holds the hand of a crying woman in a crowd.
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1956_foto_OSA_117
János Kádár on Holiday in the Soviet Union
János Kádár, László Rajk, Mrs. Rajk and an unidentified person on holiday in the Soviet Union.
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1956_foto_OSA_118
Two Men in Front of a Microphone
Two unidentified men.
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1956_foto_OSA_119
Mátyás Rákosi and László Rajk
Mátyás Rákosi on the steps of a train and László Rajk involved in conversation with someone not seen in the photo.
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1956_foto_OSA_120
Pál Maléter
A headshot of Pál Maléter in uniform.
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1956_foto_OSA_121
Imre Nagy
Imre Nagy delivers a speech.
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1956_foto_OSA_122
László Rajk's Family
Júlia Rajk, wife of László and her son László Rajk Jr.
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1956_foto_OSA_123
A Crying Man Carrying his Belongings
Four refugees walk through a field in the snow, the man is crying.
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1956_foto_OSA_124
Smoke from a Fire in the Distance
A cloud of smoke pours into the sky in the distance in South Budapest.
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1956_foto_OSA_125
Watchtower
Watchtower in the middle of a field.
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1956_foto_OSA_126
The Personal Tank of Colonel Maléter
Colonel Maléter's tank blocks the entrance to the Kilián Barracks. Üllői Street.
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1956_foto_OSA_127
Officers of the State Security Authority Face Their Captors
Crowded against a wall near their fallen building, security police officers face their captors. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Crowded against a wall near their falled building, Hungarian security police face their captors. These men had chosen to live by the sword. To them torture and death had long been a way of life Copyright 1956 by Time Inc.
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1956_foto_OSA_128
People Spit on the Head of Stalin
As the revolution begins, the hated symbols of Communism are the first to be destroyed. Here the angry people spit on the head of Iosiph Stalin, broken from toppled statue and left on a street of Budapest. Soon after this photograph was taken, the head was broken into pieces. ORIGINAL CAPTION: As the uprising begins, the hated symbols of Communism are first destroyed. Here the head of Josef Stalin, broken from a toppled statue, is spat upon in a Budapest street. Soon it was broken into pieces. Copyright 1956 by Time Inc. All rights reserved by International and Pan-American Copyright Conventions. Reproduction in whole or part without written permission is strictly prohibited. C.p.7.
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1956_foto_OSA_129
Bodies of Victims of the Massacre at Mosonmagyaróvár
In the town of Mosonmagyaróvár, grief stricken Hungarians mourn over the bodies of relatives and friends. Over one hundred of them were massacred by the State Security Authority. Their crime was asking for the Soviet emblems to be removed from the State Security Authority building. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Massacre at Magyarovar. In the town of Magyarovar, grief stricken Hungarians mourn over the bodies of relatives and friends. Eighty-five of them were shot and killed by security police. Their crime: asking that Soviet emblems be removed from the AVH building Copyright 1956 by Time Inc.
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1956_foto_OSA_130
Students Gather around the Statue of General Bem in Budapest
Masses gather around the statue of General Bem on 23rd October, 1956. At the rally that touched off the revolution, Budapest students proclaim their solidarity with the Polish people beneath the statue of General Bem, a Pole who fought with the Hungarian revolutionaries in 1848. ORIGINAL CAPTION: At the rally that touched off the revolution, Budapest students proclaim their solidarity with the Polish people beneath the statue of General Bem, a Pole who fought with the Hungarian revolutionaries of 1848.
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1956_foto_OSA_131
A Hungarian Flag Flies from the Captured Building of the State Security Authority in Budapest
The Hungarian State Security Authority building a day or so after it was captured by the freedom fighters. A Hungarian flag flies from the balcony. ORIGINAL CAPTION: The Hungarian secret police (AVH) building a day or so after it was captured by the freedom fighters. A Hungarian flag flies from the balcony
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1956_foto_OSA_132
A Tank Guards the Residence of Cardinal József Mindszenty
Hungarian soldiers backed up by a tank guard the bullet and shell-pocked Budapest residence of Cardinal József Mindszenty. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarian soldiers backed up by a tank guard the bullet and shell-pocked Budapest residence of Jozsef Cardinal Mindszenty
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1956_foto_OSA_133
Soviet Soldiers Wait for Orders by Their Tank
Waiting for orders to begin the onslaught, Soviet tankmen stand by their vehicles. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Awaiting orders to begin the slaughter, apparently so confident that they are not even on guard against snipers hiding in the battered buildings all around them, Russian tankmen stand by their machines. Copyright 1956 by Time Inc
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1956_foto_OSA_134
A Captured Soviet Tank Flies the Hungarian Flag
People look on as the tank is taken by the Hungarian revolutionaries. ORIGINAL CAPTION: A captured Soviet tank flies the Hungarian flag. October 30.
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1956_foto_OSA_135
A Man in a Hat
A behatted man smokes a cigarette in the midst of a crowd.
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1956_foto_OSA_136
Imre Nagy
Headshot of Imre Nagy. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Imre Nagy. A muscovite communist, Nagy became prime minister in June 1953 with a reformist program. His name and policy became associated with the elimination of Stalinist abuses and a general relaxation of policies. In early 1955 the Stalinists staged a comeback. Nagy was forced to resign in April and subsequently was condemned as a "right wing deviationist". During the months of pre-revolutionary ferment many hopes were attached to is person and his possible comeback. On October 24th the Party leadership once again made him prime minister.
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1956_foto_OSA_137
András Hegedüs
Headshot of András Hegedüs. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Andras Hegedus. When Imre Nagy was forced to resign in April 1955 Party boss Rákosi picked Hegedus as the new prime minister. On 24 October 1956 he was replaced by Imre Nagy. He then left the country, together with Ernő Gerő, for the Soviet Union. He returned to Hungary in 1958 and started a new career as a maverick Sociologist. In 1973 Hegedus was expelled from the Party.
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Ernő Gerő
Headshot of Ernő Gerő. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Ernő Gerő
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Hungarian Red Cross Flies a Flag Painted with Human Blood
Hungarian Red Cross workers carry a Red Cross flag painted with human blood. The volunteers applied first aid and evacuated the wounded. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarian Red Cross workers carrying a red cross flag painted with human blood. The volunteers applied first aid and evacuated the wounded. October 28.
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1956_foto_OSA_140
Zoltán Tildy
Headshot of Zoltán Tildy. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Zoltan Tildy
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Béla Kovács
Headshot of Béla Kovács. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Bela Kovacs
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1956_foto_OSA_142
Hungarian Revolutionaries at the Hegyeshalom Border Station
Armed Hungarian revolutionaries lie on the ground at the border station of Hegyeshalom. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarian rebels guarding the highway near the Hegyeshalom border station on November 8.
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1956_foto_OSA_143
A Damaged Building on the Corner of the Kilián Barracks
Corner of the Kilian Barracks. The gun turret in the centre foreground was blown off the tank on the far right. Üllői Street. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Corner of the Kilian Barracks. Note the gun turret in the centre foreground and the tank off which it was blown at the far right.
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1956_foto_OSA_144
A Hungarian Army Anti-Tank Gun
A Hungarian Army anti-tank gun used against Soviet tanks. It is standing in front of a motion picture theatre. Signs from the theatre have been placed on the gun. The sings say in Hungarian, from bottom to top: Prolonged; Only for persons over sixteen; Box office hours. ORIGINAL CAPTION: A Hungarian Army anti-tank gun used against Soviet tanks. It is standing before a motion picture theatre. Signs from the theatre have been placed on the gun. Roughly translated, they mean (from bottom to top):"held over" (i.e. "the fight goes on") ; "only for those over sixteen"; "box office will be open".
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1956_foto_OSA_145
Entrance to Kossuth Rádió
Entrance to Kossuth Rádió. At the beginning of the revolution, the security police shot out of the windows of this building into the crowd. The new banner reads Free Hungarian Radio in Hungarian. Bródy Sándor Street 5-7. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Entrance to Radio Kossuth where, at the beginning of the revolution, the security police shot out of the windows into the crowd. The new banner reads: "Free Hungarian Radio". (on the front of the photo).
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1956_foto_OSA_146
Mass Anti-Soviet Demonstration in Budapest
Hungarian patriots hold an anti-Soviet mass demonstration in a torn-up Budapest street late on 24th October. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Hungarian patriots hold a mass anti-Soviet demonstration in a torn-up Budapest street late on October 24
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1956_foto_OSA_147
The Funeral of the Victims of the Mosonmagyaróvár Massacre.
Over one hundred people were killed by State Security Authority officers in the Mosonmagyaróvár massacre. Here, a coffin is being lowered into the ground.
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1956_foto_OSA_148
Photographs from Life Magazine used by the Communist Authorities After the Revolution
Life magazine photographs cut out from a Communist newspaper. Names of the State Security Authority officers in police uniform standing by the wall are Sándor Vörös, Sándor Könczöl, István Kálmán, István Holicza, József Csalai, Zoltán Kucsera, József K. Farkas, Lajos Berta Somogyi, László Elek. Six of them testified after the revolution, Kálmán, Kucsera and Elek died. The photo on the back side shows Somogyi and Farkas celebrating their award an promotion for fighting the counter-revolution. ORIGINAL CAPTION: These pictures, taken by a Life corresppondent, show unarmed defenders of people's democracy in Hungary being dealt with summarily by counter-revolution. Two of the men- Farkas and Somogyi- who escaped death by chance, appear in the third picture (see over), after receiving award for fighting against counter-revolution
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Original graphic design for a poster on the First Anniversary of the Revolution
The poster says Remberer October 23, 1956. Hungarian brothers either living on free land or suffering the terror at home! We, Hungarians living in camps in Yugoslavia, in our souls celebrate with you the anniversary of the days of our glorious revolution. We bow with reverence to the memory of our heroes and to the united will of fighters. We pledge: We will be faithful to the pure spirit of October 23 and fighting heroes, and our lives are the proof that Hungarians merit freedom. Group of university students. A special record in this series of photographs.
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Poster Saying Russians Go Home
Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lived on in Hungary, were appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action was taken by the police, who waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. The painted text says in Hungarian Russians Go Home. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lives on in Hungary, have been appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters have attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action has been taken by the police who have waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. Photo shows: "Russky, go home" still the watchword
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Poster Saying S.O.S. Hungary
Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lived on in Hungary, were appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action was taken by the police, who waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. The text says SOS Hungary in Hungarian and the poster representss the appeal of a nation behind bars. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lives on in Hungary, have been appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters have attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action has been taken by the police who have waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. Photo shows: "SOS Hungary" is the appeal of a nation behind bars
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Poster saying Our Only Weapon: Strike
Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lived on in Hungary, were appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action was taken by the police, who waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. The poster s the entrance to a mine shaft, the cart bears the word Strike in Hungarian. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lives on in Hungary, have been appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters have attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action has been taken by the police who have waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. Photo shows: At the entrance to a mine shaft, "our only weapon: strike"
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Poster saying Dec 4, 1956
Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lived on in Hungary, were appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action was taken by the police, who waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. Photo shows: Black flag with text which says Dec. 4, 1956. It was exactly one month earlier that reinforced Soviet troops cracked down on the Hungarian freedom fighters. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lives on in Hungary, have been appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters have attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action has been taken by the police who have waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. Photo shows: Black flag with "Dec. 4" marks the passing of one month since reinforced Soviet troops cracked down on the Hungarian freedom fighters.
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Poster saying Budapest Does Not Forget
Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lived on in Hungary, were appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action was taken by the police, who waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. The poster says Budapest Does Not Forget in Hungarian. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lives on in Hungary, have been appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters have attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action has been taken by the police who have waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. Photo shows: "Budapest DOES NOT forget" marks the spirit of the devestated city
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Poster saying:Collaborators: This Will Be Your Reward
Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lived on in Hungary, were appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action was taken by the police, who waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. The poster shows a gallows in the background, the words say Collaborators: This Will Be Your Reward! in Hungarian. ORIGINAL CAPTION: Posters such as this, showing that the spirit of resistance lives on in Hungary, have been appearing on walls and trees in Kispest on the outskirts of Budapest, since Dec. 1 1956. The posters have attracted large crowds, but during the daytime no counter-action has been taken by the police who have waited until nightfall before trying to remove them. Photo shows: Gallows is background for warning, "collaborators: this will be your reward".
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Original Caption List to the 1956 Photographs from Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty
List of the photographs from the Munich exhibition in 1986.
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Stalin's Statue after Demolition
Newspaper cutout of a photograph with a caption labelling it as the decapitated statue of Stalin in Budapest in October ORIGINAL CAPTION: Octobre, à Budapest, les insurgés décapitent la statue de Staline
Oversized box (40 cm) #3
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Reproductions of 1956 Hungary Archival Photographs
1956-os fotók reprodukciói
Reproductions - both the 35 mm negatives and paper prints - of the 157 pieces of photographs that are held in the first 2 boxes within this very series. The reproductions were produced at OSA in 1996 so that the original vintage photographs would be spared from intensive use by the researchers.
A 300-40-16-os sorozat első 2 dobozában archivált 157 darab fotó reprodukciói. A reprodikciók készítéséhez 35 mm-es fotó eljárást alkalmaztak, és mind a negatív, mind a róluk készült papírképek ebben a dobozban vannak lefűzve. Ezek a reprodukciók az OSA Archívumban készültek 1996-ban azzal a céllal, hogy az eredeti vintázs fotókat kímélhesse az Archívum, helyettük a reprodukciókat kapták kézhez a kutatók, történészek, érdeklődők.